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Recovery Strategy for three Wolffish: Northern, Spotted & Atlantic (Proposed) 2007
- Executive Summary
- Species Information
- Population Abundance
- Biological Limiting Factors
- Habitat Identification and Ecological Role
- Importance To People
- Challenges, Feasibility and Scale for Recovery
- Perspective On The Assessment And Designation Of Wolffish Species
- Overview, Goals and Strategies
- Permitted Activities, Impacts and Recovery Strategy
- Litterature Cited
- Glossary Of Terms
- Appendix A: Record Of Cooperation And Consultation
- Appendix B: Table of Data
References annotated with superscript numbers refer to numbered citations from Table 1:
15Albikovskaya, L. K. 1982. Distribution and abundance of Atlantic Wolffish, Spotted Wolffish and Northern Wolffish in the Newfoundland Region. NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 3:29-32.
1Albikovskaya, L. K. 1983 Feeding characteristics of wolffishes in the Labrador-Newfoundland region. NAFO Sci. Coun. Stud 6: 35-38.
Andrade, Y. and J. W. Loder. 1997. Convective descent simulations of drilling discharges on Georges and Sable Island Banks. Can. Tech. Rep. Hydrogr. Ocean Sci. 185: vi + 83p.
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Atkinson, D. B. 1994. Some observations on the biomass and abundance of fish captured during stratified-random bottom trawl surveys in NAFO Divisions 2J and 3KL, autumn 1981-1991. NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies 21: 43-66.
8Barsukov, V. V. 1959. The Wolffish (Anarhichadidae). Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk. USSR Fauna: Fishes, 5(5), 173 pp. (Translated for Smithsonian Institution and National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C., by Indian National Scientific Documentation, New Delhi, 1972.
16Beese, G and R. Kandler. 1969. Contributions to the biology of the three North Atlantic species of catfish Anarhichas lupus L., A. minor Olafs and A. denticulatus Kr. Berichte der Deutschen Wissenschaftlichen Kommission fur Meeresforschung, 20(1):21-59.
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10Falk-Petersen, I. B., T. K. Hansen, R. Fieler. and L. M. Sunde. 1999. Cultivation of the spotted wolffish Anarhichas minor (Olafsen) – a new candidate for cold-water fish farming. Aquaculture Research, 30:711-718.
5Falk-Petersen, I.-B., T. Haug and E. Moksness. 1990. Observations on the occurrence, size and feeding of pelagic larvae of the common wolffish (Anarhichas lupus) in western Finmark, northern Norway. J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer. 46:148-154.
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11Johannessen, T., J. Gjøsæter and E. Moksness. 1993. Reproduction, spawning behaviour and captive breeding of the common wolffish, Anarhichas lupus L. Aquaculture 115:41-51.
12Keats, D. W., G. R. South and D. H. Steele. 1985. Reproduction and egg guarding by Atlantic wolffish (Anarhichas lupus: Anarhichidae) and ocean pout (Macrozoarces americanus: Zoarcidae) in Newfoundland waters. Ca. J. Zool. 63:2565-2568.
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Kulka D. W. 1986. Estimates of discarding by the Newfoundland offshore fleet in 1985 with reference to trends over the past 5 years. NAFO SCR Doc. 86/95, Ser. No N1221. 20p.
Kulka D. W., J. Wroblewski., S. Naryanan, A. Oake, B. McGrath, and A. Collier 1995. Recent changes in the winter distribution and movements of northern Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua Linnaeus, 1758) on the Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf J. Mar. Sci. 52: 889-902 14 p.
Kulka, D. W. and E. M. DeBlois 1996. Non traditional groundfish species on Labrador Shelf and Grand Banks – Wolfish, Monkfish, White Hake and Winter Flounder. DFO Atl. Fish. Res. Doc. 96/97 49p.
Kulka, D. W., and D. A. Pitcher. 2001. Spatial and Temporal Patterns in Trawling Activity in the Canadian Atlantic and Pacific. ICES CM 2001/R:02 57 p. 122.
Kulka, D. W. and M. R. Simpson 2004. Determination of Allowable Harm for Spotted (Anarhichas minor) and Northern (Anarhichas denticulatus) Wolffish. Atl. Fish. Res. Doc. 04/049 64 pp.
Kulka D. W. 2004. Proceedings of Species at Risk Atlantic Zonal Assessment Process– Determination of Allowable Harm for Spotted and Northern Wolffish; May 7, 2004, St Johns NL. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Proceed. Ser. 2004/028.
19Kulka, D. W., M. R Simpson and R. G. Hooper 2004. Changes in Distribution and Habitat Associations of Wolffish (Anarhichidae) in the Grand Banks and Labrador Shelf. Atl. Fish. Res. Doc. 04/113 44 pp.
McRuer, J., T. Hurlbut, and B. Morin. 2001. Status of the Atlantic wolffish (Anarhichas lupus) in the Maritimes (NAFO Sub-Area 4 and 5). CSAS Res Doc 2001/138.
Morton, B. 2001. Dredging through the remains. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 42 (5) : 333-334.
Möller, V. and H-J. Rätz 1999. Assessment of Atlantic Wolffish (Anarhichas lupus L.) off West and East Greenland, 1982-98 NAFO SCR Res Doc. 99/37 14 p.
Moksness, E. 1994. Growth rates of the common wolffish, Anarhichas lupus L., and spotted wolffish, A. minor Olafsen, in captivity. Aquacult. Fish Manage. 25: 363-371.
Moksness, E. and D. Stefanussen. 1990. Growth rates in cultured common wolffish (Anarhichus lupus) and spotted wolffish (A. minor).ICES CM 1990/F:2.
Musick, J. A. 1999. Criteria to define extinction risk in marine fishes. Fisheries 24 (12): 6-14.
Neff, J. 1987. Biological effects of drilling fluids, drill cuttings and produced waters. In long-term environmental effects of offshore oil and gas development. Edited by D.F. Boesch and N.N. Rabalais. Elsevier Science Publishing Co., New York 469-538 p.
Nelson, G. A., and M. R. Ross. 1992. Distribution, growth and food habits of the Atlantic wolffish (Anarhichus lupus) from the Gulf of Maine-Georges bank region. NAFO Sci. Coun. Stud. 13:53-61.
NRC (National Research Council). 1983. Drilling discharges in the marine environment. National Academy Press, 180 p.
O'Dea, N. R. and R. L. Haedrich 2003. A Review of the Status of the Atlantic Wolffish, Anarhichas lupus, in Canada. Can. Field-Nat. Vol. 116, no. 3, pp. 423-432.
Olsgard, F. and J. S. Gray. 1995. A comprehensive analysis of the effects of offshore oil and gas exploration and production on the benthic communities of the Norwegian continental shelf. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 122: 277-306.
Orlava, E.L., L. I. Karamushko, E. G. Berestovskii, and E. A. Kireeva. 1989a. Studies on feeding in the Atlantic wolffish, Anarhichas lupus, and the spotted wolffish, A. minor, under experimental conditions. J. Ichthyol. 29:91-101.
Orlava, E.L., L. I. Karamushko, E. G. Berestovskii, and E. A. Kireeva. 1989b. Studies of the feeding of common and spotted wolffish (Anarhichas lupus and A. minor) under experimental conditions J. Ichthyol. 29: 792-801.
7Pavlov, D. A. 1994. Fertilization in the Wolffish, Anarhichas lupus: External or Internal? J. Ichthyol. 34(1):140-151.
6Pavlov, D. A. and G. G. Novikov. 1993. Life history and peculiarities of common wolffish (Anarhichas lupus) in the White Sea. ICES J. mar. Sci., 50:271-277.
Payne, J., L. L. Fancey, J. Hellou, M. J. King and G. L. Fletcher. 1995. Aliphatic hydrocarbons in sediments: A chronic toxicity study with winter flounder (Pleuronectes americanus) exposed to oil well drill cuttings. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 52: 2724-2735.
Payne, J., L. Fancy, C. Andrews, J. Meade, F. Power, K. Lee, G. Veinott and A. Cook. 2001. Laboratory exposures of invertebrate and vertebrate species to concentrations of IA-35 (Petro-Canada) drill mud fluid, production water and Hibernia drill mud cuttings. Can. Data Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. No. 2560: iv + 27 p.
Payne, J., C. Andrews, S. Whiteway and K. Lee. 2001. Definition of sediment toxicity zones around oil development sites: Dose response relationships for the monitoring surrogated Microtox® and Amphipods, exposed to Hibernia source cuttings containing a synthetic base oil. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. No. 2577: vi + 10 p.
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Riget, F. 1986. Migrations of spotted wolffish (Anarhichas minor Olafsen) in West Greenland. NAFO SCR Doc. 86/45 Ser.
Riget, F. and J. Messtorff. 1987. Distribution, abundance and migration of Atlantic wolffish (Anarhichas lupus) and spotted wolffish (Anarhichas minor) in West Greenland waters.NAFO SCR Doc. 87/61 Ser.
13Ringo, E. and H. Lorentsen. 1987. Brood protection of wolffish (Anarhichas lupus L.) eggs. Aquaculture. 65:239-241.
Rodriguez-Marin, E, A. Punzon, J. Pax and I. Olaso. 1994. Feeding of the most abundant fish species on the Flemish Cap in summer 1993. NAFO SCR Doc; 94/35; Serial NAFO; N2403. 33pp.
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18Shevelev M. S. and A. P. Kuz’michev. 1990. New data on the biology of the wolffish, Anarhichas latifrons. Voprosy ikhtiologii, 30(3):386.
Simpson, M.R. and D. W. Kulka. 2002. Status of the three wolffish species (Anarhichas lupus, A. minor and A. denticulatus) in Newfoundland waters (NAFO Divisions 2GHJ3KLNOP). CSAS Res. Doc. 2002/078.
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17Stock Status Report 2002. Wolffish in Divisions 2GHJ, 3KLNO and Subdivisions 3Ps/3Pn. A2-16/2002.
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14Templeman, W 1984. Migrations of Wolffishes, Anarhichas sp., from tagging in the Newfoundland Area. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol 5:93-97.
2Templeman, W. 1985. Stomach contents of Atlantic Wolffish (Anarhichas lupus) from the Northwest Atlantic. NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies 8:49-51.
3Templeman, W. 1986a. Contribution to the biology of the Spotted Wolffish (Anarhichas minor) in the Northwest Atlantic. J. Northw. Atl. Sci. Vol 7:47-55.
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