COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Butternut in Canada
- Assessment Summary
- Executive Summary
- COSEWIC History, Mandate, Membership and Definitions
- Lists of Figures and Tables
- Species Information
- Population Sizes and Trends
- Limiting Factors and Threats
- Special Significance of the Species
- First Nations Traditional Knowledge
- Existing Protection or other Status Designations
- Technical Summary
- Acknowledgements and Authorities Consulted
- Literature Cited and Biographical Summary of the Report Writers
Acknowledgements and Authorities Consulted
The butternut literature review by V.R. Fleugel was used as a starting point in putting together the present report. Dr. Mike Ostry, USDA North Central Forest Experiment Station, Henry Kock, University of Guelph Arboretum, and Dr. Martin Hubbes, professor emeritus, University of Toronto, all participated in discussions at the commencement of our report preparation, and we are indebted to their deep interest and open sharing of ideas and literature. Henry Kock and Rob Guthrie provided Tree Atlas data; the Atlas would not have been possible without the many landowners and volunteers who provided info and compiled the data, and financial support from the Ontario Forest Research Institute. The authors also appreciate the contributions of data and information from a variety of contacts.
Karen Zhou, OMNR Terrestrial Assessment Program database specialist, assisted with assembling growth and yield data. Bob Johnston, OMNR Regional Native Liaison Officer, OMNR Northeast Region, reviewed the aboriginal traditional knowledge section. Sylvia Greifenhagen, Ontario Forest Research Institute, assisted with assembling pathology information. Bob Sajan assisted with assembly of insect pest descriptions. Allen Bibby, Corey Van Es (Kemptville District, OMNR) and Mike Dunkley (Science and Information, Peterborough, MNR) assisted with map preparation. Ed Hurleyand Ken J. Harrison, Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service provided information on the status of butternut in New Brunswick. The cover image of a butternut silhouette is from Farrar, 1998 (Trees in Canada CD-ROM), and is used with permission.
A number of authorities were contacted and provided information for the Butternut status report: Parks Canada (including representatives from a number of individual parks), provincial agencies (including representatives from provincial parks, forestry services, and wildlife conservation and management departments), conservation data centres, various arboreta, conservation associations and coalitions and the COSEWIC Secretariat. A full list is available on request from the COSEWIC Secretariat.
Funding for the preparation of this status report was provided by the Forest Gene Conservation Association.
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