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Recovery Strategy for the Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea) in Canada [Proposed]


This recovery strategy has been prepared in cooperation with the jurisdictions responsible for the Prothonotary Warbler. Environment Canada has reviewed and accepts this document as its recovery strategy for the Prothonotary Warbler, as required under the Species at Risk Act. This recovery strategy also constitutes advice to other jurisdictions and organizations that may be involved in recovering the species.

The goals, objectives and recovery approaches identified in the strategy are based on the best existing knowledge and are subject to modifications resulting from new findings and revised objectives.

This recovery strategy will be the basis for one or more action plans that will provide details on specific recovery measures to be taken to support conservation and recovery of the species. The Minister of the Environment will report on progress within five years.

Success in the recovery of this species depends on the commitment and cooperation of many different constituencies that will be involved in implementing the directions set out in this strategy and will not be achieved by Environment Canada or any other jurisdiction alone. In the spirit of the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk, the Minister of the Environment invites all responsible jurisdictions and Canadians to join Environment Canada in supporting and implementing this strategy for the benefit of the Prothonotary Warbler and Canadian society as a whole.


Responsible Jurisdictions

Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service – Ontario

Parks Canada Agency

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources



Jon McCracken – Bird Studies Canada
Sandy Dobbyn – Ontario Parks
Lyle Friesen – Canadian Wildlife Service
Jeff Robinson – Canadian Wildlife Service
Allen Woodliffe – Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources
Dan Lebedyk – Essex Region Conservation Authority
Dean Ware – Private Consultant
Don Wills – Private Consultant


The recovery strategy benefited from comments and suggestions provided by Environment Canada (Madeline Austen, Martin Damus, Robert Décarie, Wendy Dunford, Maggie Galloway, Kate Hayes, Rick Pratt, Ken Tuininga, Mary Vallianatos, and Christine Vance) and the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (Bill Crins, Brian Huis, Kate MacIntyre, Tim Marchand, Chris Risley, and Sue Russell). Funding for the strategy’s development was provided by the Canadian Wildlife Service – Ontario Region, with support from Bird Studies Canada, Essex Region Conservation Authority, and the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Thanks are extended to Judie Shore for the cover drawing.