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Recovery Strategy for the Shortnose Cisco (Coregonus reighardi) in Canada


Appendix A: Effects on the environment and other species

A strategic environmental assessment (SEA) is conducted on all Species at Risk Act (SARA) recovery planning documents, in accordance with the Cabinet Directive on the Environmental Assessment of Policy, Plan and Program Proposals. The purpose of a SEA is to incorporate environmental considerations into the development of public policies, plans, and program proposals to support environmentally sound decision-making.

Recovery planning is intended to benefit species at risk and biodiversity in general. However, it is recognized that strategies may also inadvertently lead to environmental effects beyond the intended benefits. The planning process based on national guidelines directly incorporates consideration of all environmental effects, with a particular focus on possible impacts upon non-target species or habitats. The results of the SEA are incorporated directly into the strategy itself, but are also summarized below in this statement.

As recovery is not feasible for the Shortnose Cisco, this recovery strategy does not propose any specific recovery actions or activities that would adversely affect the environment or other species. General conservation approaches detailed in Section 4 of this report including education, management, and research strategies are directed at improving our fundamental knowledge of the deepwater cisco species and ultimately improving the ability to manage them as a whole. Other deepwater cisco species under consideration by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) (i.e. Shortjaw Cisco) or currently listed under SARA (i.e. Kiyi) can only benefit from an improved understanding of the species complex.

Appendix B: Record of cooperation and consultation

During consultations on the proposed listing of the Shortnose Cisco, Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) published notices in 12 local newspapers inviting comment and an expression of interest in the species. These Newspapers included:

Sarnia Observer
Parry Sound North Star
Sault Star
Le Gout de Vivre
Goderich Signal Star
Kincardine News
Port Elgin Shoreline Beacon
Lucknow Sentinel
Collingwood-Wasage Connection
Wiarton Echo
Midland Penetagnuishene Mirrror
Grand Bend Lakeshore Advance

In addition, 38 Aboriginal communities and organizations were directly contacted and provided with information packages on the Shortnose Cisco inviting comment and an expression of interest. These communities/organizations included:

Chippewas – Kettle and Stony Point
Whitefish Lake
Walpole Island
Chippewas – Thames River First Nation (FN)
Henvey Inlet FN
Aamjiwaang FN
Shawanaga FN
Mississaugas of the Credit
Six Nations – Grand River
Chippewas-Georgina Island
Moose Deer Point
Mississauga of Scugog Island FN
Chippewas of Mnijkaning FN
Curve Lake
Wahta Mohawk
Hiawatha FN
Chippewas of Nawash FN
Alderville (Sugar Island)
Mohawks – Bay of Quinte
Batchewana FN
Grand River FN
M’Chigeeng FN
Zhibaahaasing FN
Serpent River
Mohawks of Akwesasne
Sagamok Anishnawbek
Whitefish River
Anishnabek/Ontario Fisheries Resource Centre

Similarly, information packages were sent to 28 non-aboriginal organizations including:

Algoma Manitoulin Commercial Fishermen’s Association
Canadian Federation of Agriculture
Bait Association of Ontario
Canadian Nature Federation
Canadian Council of Professional Fish Harvesters
Canadian Parks/Recreation Association
Canadian Environmental Network
Canadian Society of Environmental Biologists
Great Lakes Fishery Commission
Ontario Environmental Network
Lake Superior Advisory Committee
Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters
Northern Ontario Charter Boat Operators Association
Ontario Hydro One
Northern Ontario Tourism Outfitters
Ontario Power Generation
Northwestern Ontario Sportsmen’s Alliance
World Wildlife Fund – Canada
Northwestern Ontario Tourism Association
Lake Huron Fishing Club
Ontario Commercial Fisheries Association
Municipality of Huron-Kinross
Canadian Port and Harbour Association
Lake Superior Binational Forum
Municipality of Kincardine
Municipality of Arran-Elderslie
Municipality of Saugeen Shores
Lake Huron Charter Boat Association

A total of nine replies were received in response to the general and direct notifications; three from First Nation Communities, two from environmental organizations, one from industry, and three from private individuals. Comments received ranged from supporting the listing (4) to being neutral (neither supporting nor opposing the listing). A draft recovery strategy was forwarded to all nine respondents identified.

The Shortnose Cisco Recovery Strategy was prepared by DFO in consultation with various researchers, biologists and managers knowledgeable of the deepwater cisco in the Great Lakes. A formal recovery team was not convened for the species given the lack of knowledge on the species, its presumed extinction and the fact that recovery was deemed non-feasible. Individuals consulted or participating during the development of the recovery strategy included:

  • Tom Pratt, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Sault Ste. Marie, ON
  • Nick Mandrak, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Burlington, ON
  • Jim Reist, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Winnipeg, MB
  • Dana Boyter, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Burlington, ON
  • Pooi-Leng Wong, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Winnipeg, MB
  • Ken Cullis, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Thunder Bay, ON
  • Lloyd Mohr, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Owen Sound, ON
  • Scott Reid, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, ON
  • Scott Gibson, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, ON

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources participated throughout the development and review of this recovery strategy and once completed it will contribute to meeting their requirements for a recovery strategy under Ontario’s Endangered Species Act 2007. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service – Division of Endangered Species also provided comments indicating general concurrence with the approach proposed in this recovery strategy.

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