Skip booklet index and go to page content

COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status Report on the Cerulean Warbler in Canada

Acknowledgements

Rob Alvo, Dick Cannings, and Gilles Seutin provided valuable comments on earlier versions of this report. Lyle Friesen also provided helpful insight. Everybody listed in the Authorities Consulted made a significant contribution, ranging from data submission to highlighting appropriate contacts not on the original COSEWIC contact list.

Funding for this status report was provided by the Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada.


Literature Cited

Askins, R.A. 1993. Population trends in grassland, shrubland, and forest birds in eastern North America. Current Ornithology 11: 1-34.

Bannon, P., and M. Robert. 1996. Cerulean Warbler. Pp. 910-911 in J. Gauthier and Y. Aubry, eds. The breeding birds of Québec: altas of the breeding birds of southern Québec. Association québecoise des groupes d’ornithologues. Province of Québec Society for the Protection of Birds, Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Québec Region, Montréal.

Barg, J.J. 2002. Small-scale biological phenomena in a Neotropical migrant songbird: space use, habitat use, and behaviour within territories of male Cerulean Warblers. M.Sc. Thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON.

Bent, A.C. 1953. Life histories of North American wood warblers. Pt. 1. U.S. National Museum Bulletin 203.

Broley, C.L. 1929. Note on the Cerulean Warbler. Canadian Field-Naturalist 43: 21.

COSEWIC. 2000. Canadian species at risk, May 2000. Committee of the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa, ON.

Cyr, A., and J. Larivée. 1995. Atlas saisonnier des oiseaux du Québec. Société de Loisir ornithologique de l’Estrie. University of Sherbrooke Press, Sherbrooke, Québec.

David, N. 1996. Liste commentée des oiseaux du Québec. Association québécoise des groupes d’ornithologues, Montréal.

DeLury, R.E. 1922. Cerulean Warbler (D. cerulea) near Ottawa. Canadian Field-Naturalist 36: 120.

Dunn, J.L., and K.L. Garrett. 1997. A field guide to warblers of North America. Hougton-Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.

Eagles, P.F.J. 1987. Cerulean Warbler. Pp. 396-397 in M.D. Cadman, P.F.J. Eagles, and F.M. Helleiner, (eds.). Atlas of breeding birds of Ontario. University of Waterloo Press, Waterloo, ON.

Hamel, P.B. 2000a. Cerulean Warbler (Dendroica cerulea). In A. Poole and F. Gill, (eds.). Birds of North America, No. 511. The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

Hamel, P.B. 2000b. Cerulean Warbler status assessment. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Minneapolis, MN.

Harrison, H.H. 1984. Wood warblers’ world. Simon and Schuster, New York.

Howell, S.C.G., and S. Webb. 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press, New York.

James, F.C., C.E. McCulloch, and D.A. Wiedenfeld. 1996. New approaches to the analysis of population trends in land birds. Ecology 77: 13-27.

Jones, J. 2000. Assessing conservation utility: a case study of the Cerulean Warbler in eastern Ontario. Ph.D. dissertation. Queen’s University, Kingston, ON.

Jones, J, and R.J. Robertson. 2001. Territory and nest-site selection of Cerulean Warblers in eastern Ontario. Auk 118:727-735.

Jones, J., P. Ramoni-Perazzi, E.H. Carruthers, & R.J. Robertson. 2002. Species composition of bird communities in shade coffee plantations in the Venezuelan Andes. Ornitologia Neotropical 13:397-412.

Jones, J., R.D. DeBruyn, J J. Barg, and R.J. Robertson. 2001. Assessing the effects of natural disturbance on a Neotropical migrant songbird. Ecology 82:2628-2635.

Jones, J., W.J. McLeish, and R.J. Robertson. 2000a. Density influences census technique accuracy for Cerulean Warblers in eastern Ontario. Journal of Field Ornithology 71:46-56.

Jones, J., P. Ramoni-Perazzi, E.H. Carruthers, & R J. Robertson. 2000b. Sociality and foraging behavior of the Cerulean Warbler in Venezuelan shade coffee plantations. Condor 102: 958-962.

Keddy, C. 1994. Forest history of eastern Ontario. Eastern Ontario Model Forest Program, Kemptville, Ontario.

Kerry, M., G. Kelk, D. Etkin, I. Burton, and S. Kalhok. 1999. Glazed over: Canada copes with the ice storm of 1998. Environment 41: 6-11, 28-33.

Land, H.C. 1970. Birds of Guatemala. Livingston Publishing Company, Wynnewood, PA.

Link, W.A., and J.R. Sauer. 2002. A hierarchical analysis of populations change with application to Cerulean Warblers. Ecology 83:2832-2840.

McCracken, J.D. 1993. Status report on the Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 31 pp.

Newton, I. 1998. Population limitation in birds. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

Oliarnyk, C.J. 1996. Habitat selection and reproductive success of Cerulean Warblers in southeastern Ontario. M.Sc. Thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON.

Oliarnyk, C.J., and R.J. Robertson. 1996. Breeding behavior and reproductive success of Cerulean Warblers in southeastern Ontario. Wilson Bulletin 108: 673-684.

O.M.N.R. (Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources). 1997. Extension Notes: Forest History in Eastern Ontario. LandOwner Resource Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and the Eastern Ontario Model Forest. Queen’s Printer for Ontario. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Ouellet, H. 1967. The distribution of the Cerulean Warbler in the province of Quebec, Canada. Auk 84: 272-274.

Parker, T.A. III. 1994. Habitat, behavior, and spring migration of Cerulean Warbler in Belize. American Birds 48: 70-75.

Peck, G., and R. James. 1987. Breeding birds of Ontario: nidiology and distribution. Vol. 2: Passerines. Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Miscellaneous Publication, Toronto, ON.

Pyle, P. 1997. Identification guide to North American birds. Part 1: Columbidae to Plocuidae. Slate Creek Press, Bolinas, CA.

Quilliam, H.R. 1965. History of the birds of Kingston, Ontario. Kingston Field Naturalists, Kingston, ON.

Ridgely, R.S. and J.A. Gwynne, Jr. 1989. A guide to the birds of Panama. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.

Ridgely, R.S., and G. Tudor. 1989. The birds of South America. Vol. 1: the oscine passerines. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.

Robbins, C.S., J.W. Fitzpatrick, and P.B. Hamel. 1992. A warbler in trouble: Dendroica cerulea. Pp. 549-562 in J.M. Hagan, III, and D.W. Johnston, (eds.) Ecology and conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Rosenberg, K.V., S.E. Barker, and R.W. Rohrbaugh. 2000. An atlas of Cerulean Warbler popualtions. Cerulean Warbler Atlas Project, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY.

Sample, B.E., R.J. Cooper, and R.C. Whitmore. 1993. Dietary shifts among songbirds from a diflubenzuron-treated forest. Condor 95: 616-624.

Sillett, T.S., and R.T. Holmes. 2002. Variation in survivorship of a migratory songbird throughout its annual cycle. Journal of Animal Ecology 71:296-308.

Stiles, F.G., and A.F. Skutch. 1989. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.

Stoddard, H.L., Sr., and R.A. Norris. 1967. Bird casualties at a Leon County, Florida TV tower: an eleven-year study. Bulletin of the Tall Timbers Research Station 8: 1-104.

Stotz, D.F., J.W. Fitzpatrick, T.A. Parker, III, & D.K. Moskovits. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.

Varey, R.A.L. 1998. Interspecific aggression between the Cerulean Warbler and two neighbouring species: the American Redstart and Red-eyed Vireo. B.Sc. Honour’s thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario.

Veit, M.L. 1999. A study of population genetic structure and gene flow in Cerulean Warblers (Dendroica cerulea) and the implications for conservation. M.Sc. thesis. Queen's University, Kingston, ON.

Villard, M.-A., and B.A. Maurer. 1996. Geostatistics as a tool for examining hypothesized declines in migratory songbirds. Ecology 77: 59-68.

Woodward, R.L. 1995. A test of the acoustic adaptation hypothesis using songs of the Cerulean Warbler. B.Sc. Honours Thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON.


Biographical Summary of Contractors

Jennifer J. Barg graduated with an M.Sc. in 2002 from Queen’s University, Kingston, ON. Over the last 10 years, Ms. Barg has worked extensively with migratory birds, specifically wood-warblers. She was a member of Richard Holmes’ research group at Dartmouth College working on Black-throated Blue Warblers at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest in the White Mountains of New Hampshire for 6 years. This work entailed research both on the breeding grounds and on the wintering grounds in Jamaica. For her M.Sc. research, Barg focused on within-territory spatial and habitat use patterns of male Cerulean Warblers and their behavioural counterparts.

Jason Jones received his Ph.D. in 2000 from Queen’s University. His dissertation focused on habitat selection and conservation ecology of Cerulean Warblers in eastern Ontario. He currently holds the position of Croasdale Fellow in Vertebrate Biology in the Department of Biological Sciences at Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire.

Raleigh J. Robertson is a Professor of Biology at Queen’s University and is the Director of the Queen’s University Biological Station. He has recently been named as the first holder of the Baillie Family Chair in Conservation Biology at Queen’s.