Species at Risk Program: Results-Based Management and Accountability Framework and Risk-Based Audit Framework

Annex A

SAR Program RMAF-RBAF’s Alignment to Department/Agency’s 2008 Program Activity Architecture (PAA)
Program Activity ArchitectureRMAF-RBAF
PAA TitlePAA Expected ResultRMAF-RBAF
Output / Outcome
RMAF-RBAF Indicators
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Strategic Outcome
Canada’s national capital is restored, conserved and enhanced
Program Sub-Activity
Biodiversity and Wildlife Program
Sub Program Activity
Wildlife ProgramThis program provides funding for species at risk habitat conservation, restoration, protection and enhancement, wetland and invasive alien species management.  It aims to engage partners in project selection and program stewardship activities.  The program establishes and coordinates national and regional habitat and invasive alien species funding priorities as well as coordinating with other policy-related activities stimulated by other federal government departments or other levels of government.  The program leads implementation of habitat conservation for migratory birds.Conservation and protection of species at risk
  • Number of species assessed by COSEWIC that are subsequently listed under SARA
  • Number of species that have been reassessed to a lower threat category
  • Number of species that have been reassessed to a higher threat category
  • Number of species that have been removed from the list of wildlife SAR because they are no longer at risk
  • % of listed species (% extirpated, % endangered, % threatened, % concerned) for which the recovery goals have been achieved.

 

Program Sub-Sub-Activity
Species at Risk ProgramThrough the overall administration and implementation of the Species at Risk Act (SARA), the purpose of this program is to prevent Canadian indigenous species, subspecies and distinct populations of wildlife from becoming extirpated or extinct, to provide for the recovery of endangered or threatened species, and to encourage the management of other species to prevent them from becoming at risk. Using the best available knowledge, the program develops recovery strategies and action plans for priority listed species. This program creates prohibitions and provides a framework for actions. Working in partnership with other government departments, provinces and territories, it respects the authority of federal ministers and provincial governments. This program is consistent with Aboriginal and treaty rights and continues to integrate Aboriginal traditional knowledge (ATK) into the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) assessment process.

Assessment & Protection

COSEWIC Status Report

  • % of SAR species for which COSEWIC completed a conservation status review within 10 years.
Secretariat support for COSEWIC
  • Trend in the resources provided to COSEWIC activities
  • # of meetings organized
Report on the general status of species
  • Trend in the number of species addressed in report on the general status of species
Listing consultations
  • % of species assessed for which consultation have taken place
  • % of species assessed found on Aboriginal lands for which consultations have taken place and have met the federal requirements, including those of land claim agreements
  • Number of partners contacted during listing consultations
  • Number of Aboriginal people or organization contacted during listing consultations
  • Number of stakeholders contacted during listing consultations
Response statements
  • % of response statements issued within 90 days

Minister’s recommendations

Statements that support decisions

  • % of GIC receipt that led to a GIC decision issued within nine months
Engagement by partners and Aboriginal people in SAR assessment and protection activities
  • Extent to which partners are engaged in assessment and protection activities
  • Extent to which Aboriginal people are engaged in assessment and protection activities
  • Number of partners providing input during the listing process
  • Number of Aboriginal people or organizations providing input during the listing process
Identification of SAR priorities through a coordinated early detection system based in science, ATK and risk ranking of species
  • % of species assessed by COSEWIC that were identified a priori as at risk in the report on the general status of species
  • % of COSEWIC decisions that were informed by ATK  and scientific information
Legislative frameworks collectively provide protection to species at risk, their residence and critical habitat
  • Number of times SARA was invoked to protect species at risk and their residence on lands of federal responsibility
  • Number of times SARA was invoked to protect critical habitat identified in recovery strategy
  • Progress towards a complementary set of F/P/T species at risk legislation and policies
Engagement and support by stakeholders in the development of SAR assessment and protection activities
  • Extent to which stakeholders are engaged in assessment and protection activities
  • Number of stakeholders providing input during the listing process

Recovery Planning

Recovery strategies, recovery action plans, and management plans

  • % of recovery strategies, action plans and management plans developed and published within legislative timelines for listed SAR
  • % of listed SAR with a recovery strategy, action plan or management plan in place
  • % of threatened and endangered species for which critical habitat was identified in recovery strategies or action plans  (part or whole)
Recovery planning consultations
  • % of listed SAR for which recovery planning consultations have taken place
  • Number of partners and Aboriginal people contacted during the recovery planning consultations
  • Number of stakeholders contacted during the recovery planning consultations
Engagement by partners and Aboriginal people in SAR recovery strategies, action plans and management plans
  • Extent to which partners are engaged in recovery planning activities
  • Extent to which Aboriginal people are engaged in recovery planning activities
  • Number of partners that have participated during recovery planning
  • Number of Aboriginal people or organizations that have participated during recovery planning
  • Number of provincial recovery documents that can be adopted in their present condition
Engagement and support by stakeholders in recovery strategies, actions plans and management plans
  • Extent to which stakeholders are engaged and support recovery planning
  • Number of stakeholders that provided input during recovery planning
  • % of recovery planning documents for which comments were received through the public comment period from stakeholders

Implementation

Core departments’ implementation of priority actions

  • % of priority actions implemented and completed
Implementation of priority recovery actions by partners and Aboriginal people
  • Distribution of the financial contribution by types of projects  (IRF, HSP, Aboriginal, ESRF) funded by the federal government in recovery implementation
  • % of priority actions identified in recovery strategies, action plans and management plans that have been implemented by partners and Aboriginal people
  • % of projects funded under G&Cs that have been implemented by partners and Aboriginal people
Increased Aboriginal capacity to participate in SAR planning and implementation
  • Level of awareness of Aboriginal people with respect to SAR issues and opportunity for action
Implementation of priority recovery actions by stakeholders
  • % of actions identified as priority in recovery strategies, action plans and management plans that have been implemented by stakeholders
  • % of projects funded under G&Cs that have been implemented by stakeholders
Stakeholders have the information necessary to contribute to the protection of species at risk and their habitat
  • Level of awareness of stakeholders with respect to SAR issues and opportunity for action
  • Effectiveness of compliance promotion tools and policies in encouraging related communities to comply with SARA requirements

Monitoring and Evaluation

SAR 5-year recovery implementation reports

  • % of reports posted on Public Registry on time
Annual report to Parliament on the administration of SARA
  • Extent to which requirements under the Act are met

Round table meetings

Responses to round table recommendations

  • Timeliness of roundtable meetings
  • Timeliness of Minister’s response to recommendations
Improved species monitoring
  • % of Schedule 1 species that are monitored; % of species with monitoring programs that cover critical habitat
  • Reduction in the number of data deficient species
  • # of collaborative arrangements for sharing data on SAR
Improved administration of SARA
  • Extent to which round table recommendations have an influence over the management of the program
  • Examples of improvements to the administration of SARA, such as:
    • functioning of governance structures
    • % of deadlines that are met
Engagement and support for species monitoring
  • Level of engagement and support by stakeholders in species monitoring
National Wildlife IssuesThis program aims to enable the effective management of federal wildlife programs and related intergovernmental partnerships by providing support for their administration. This program works by conducting analysis and providing advice and services related to legislative interpretation, regulatory development, environmental assessment linkages, and permitting for the Migratory Birds Convention Act (MBCA), the Species at Risk Act (SARA), and the Convention on the International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES). This program organizes and supports SARA governance meetings, meetings of the Canadian Wildlife Directors’ Committee (CWDC), the National Aboriginal Committee on Species at Risk (NACOSAR), and the Canada-US-Mexico Trilateral. This program is necessary in order to efficiently implement and build the capacity of strategies, programs and partnerships related to the protection and conservation of Canada’s wildlife.Federal SAR policies and guidelines
  • Extent to which core departments follow the policies and guidelines
  • Extent to which policies and guidance documents meet program management needs
Protection

Permits
  • Number of permit requests or applications received
  • Number of permits issued
  • Average time required to respond to permit application, trend in average
  • % of enforcement actions with respect to permits
Compliance promotion strategies, plans, tools and policies
  • % of annually listed SAR covered by compliance promotion strategies and plans
  • % of regulated communities that have been targeted by compliance promotion activities
Orders to legally protect critical habitat
  • Number of orders to protect critical habitats
  • % of critical habitat in federal protected areas that are published in the Canada Gazette on time as per subsection 58(3)
GIC listing order
  • % of GIC receipt that led to a GIC decision issued within nine months
Orders, other than listing orders
  • Number of emergency listing orders, trend in number of orders
  • Number of emergency protection orders
  • Number of orders to apply section 32 and/or section 33 to non-federal lands (safety net)
Regulations to protect critical habitat on federal lands
  • Number of regulations to protect critical habitat on federal lands
Legal obligations are met
  • Number of legal challenges to the listing process
  • % of legal challenges successfully defended or resolved
Implementation of compliance promotion
  • Implementation of actions outlines in compliance promotion plans
Critical habitat is protected
  • % of critical habitat identified in SARA recovery strategies that is protected
CEAA recommendations
  • Number of CEAA projects that identified mitigation and monitoring measures related to SAR
  • Number of projects reviewed by an environmental assessment officer that had a SAR component
Inclusions of SAR, their residence and /or critical habitat, in environmental assessments
  • Number of CEAA projects that identified mitigation and monitoring measures related to SAR
Program Sub-Activity
Land and landscapes ProgramThis program sub-activity aims to protect, conserve and restore ecological significant habitats, facilitating a national evolution toward systems of integrated landscape management. It seeks to improve the management of protected areas and seeks opportunities to enhance protected areas networks. It aims to promote partnerships for the conservation and sustainable management of habitats and landscapes. This program area is necessary to protect ecosystems from human impacts that affect the capacity of nature to continue to provide essential assets and services needed by present and future generations of Canadians.  The program also plays a national leadership role with respect to the Canadian Biodiversity Strategy and Canada's international biodiversity responsibilities.Implementation of priority recovery actions by partners and Aboriginal people
  • % of projects funded under G&Cs that have been implemented by partners and Aboriginal people
Implementation of priority recovery actions by stakeholders
  • % of projects funded under G&Cs that have been implemented by stakeholders
Program Sub-Sub-Activity
Conservation Partnerships and ProgramThis program provides funding for species at risk habitat conservation, restoration, protection and enhancement, wetland and invasive alien species management.  It aims to engage partners in project selection and program stewardship activities.  The program establishes and coordinates national and regional habitat and invasive alien species funding priorities as well as coordinating with other policy-related activities stimulated by other federal government departments or other levels of government.  The program leads implementation of habitat conservation for migratory birds.

G&C Funding Support

Funding agreements

  • Number of applications for funding received
  • Trend in the amount of G&C funding provided
  • Number of projects funded under G&Cs
  • Number of funding agreements signed
  • Number of projects funded under the Aboriginal programs
  • Number and type of Aboriginal organizations involved in the Aboriginal programs
Strategic Outcome:
Canadians and their environment are protected from the effects of pollution and waste
Program Activity
Chemicals Management Program
Program Sub-Activity
Risk Management Program
Program Sub-Sub-Activity
EnforcementThis program aims to protect the health and environment of Canadians by compelling compliance with the requirements of departmental legislation. This program is necessary because it verifies whether regulatory requirements are being met by physically inspecting regulated sites and/or reviewing submitted records. In the case of violations, this program employs the available tools mandated by the legislation in question, including intelligence gathering and analysis, surveillance, inspections and sampling, investigations and prosecutions to secure compliance.  This contributes to the achievement of departmental goals by helping to change behaviour in the target population.

Enforcement tools and policies

Trained enforcement officers

Enforcement activities / investigative reports

  • % of listed SAR covered by compliance promotion and enforcement planning mechanisms
  • Number of SARA-trained enforcement officers (F/P/T)
  • Number of recorded violations, charges laid, charges approved, enforcement inspections and investigations by the core departments enforcement officers
  • Number of S.93 requests for investigation processed by the core departments enforcement officers
  • Number of S.93 requests for investigation completed by the core departments enforcement officers
Enforcement of general and critical habitat prohibitions by departments
  • Number of recorded violations, charges laid, charges approved, enforcement inspections and investigations by core departments enforcement officers
  • % of S.93 of SARA requests for investigation processed by core departments enforcement officers
  • % of S.93 of SARA requests for investigation completed by core departments enforcement officers
FISHERIES AND OCEANS CANADA
Strategic Outcome:
Healthy and Productive Aquatic Ecosystems
Program Activity
Species at Risk ManagementAquatic species at risk are managed to provide for the recovery of extirpated, endangered, threatened species and the management of special concern species to prevent them of becoming at riskConservation and protection of species at risk
  • Number of species assessed by COSEWIC that are subsequently listed under SARA
  • Number of species that have been reassessed to a lower or higher threat category
  • Number of species that have been removed from the list of wildlife SAR because they are no longer at risk
  • % of listed species (% extirpated, % endangered, % threatened, % special concerned) for which the recovery goals have been achieved
Sub Program Activity
Protection: To identify, species that are at risk and to protect individuals and their habitat from being harmed.
  • Undertake listing consultations with partners and stakeholders
  • Clear set of federal policies and departmental guidelines are developed
Listing consultations
  • % of species assessed for which consultations have taken place
  • % of species assessed found on Aboriginal lands for which consultations have taken place and have met the federal requirements, including those of land claim agreements
  • Number of partners contacted during listing consultations
  • Number of Aboriginal people or organization contacted during listing consultations
  • Number of stakeholders contacted during listing consultations
Permits
  • Number of permit requests or applications received
  • Number of permits issued
  • Average time required to respond to permit applications, trend in average
  • % of enforcement actions with respect to permits
Policies and Guidelines
  • Extent to which core departments follow the policies and guidelines
  • Extent to which policies and guidance documents meet program management needs
Recovery: To establish and implement recovery goals, objectives and approaches for the recovery of species at risk and identify appropriate measures and actions to effectively achieve those goals.
  • Recovery strategies, action plans and management plans are posted on SAR Public Registry
  • Governments and stakeholders start implementing recovery actions
  • Clear set of federal policies and departmental guidelines are developed
Recovery Strategies / Recovery Action Plans / Management Plans
  • % of recovery strategies, action plans and management plans developed and published within legislative timelines for listed SAR
  • % of recovery strategies, action plans and management plans under federal lead developed and published within legislative timelines for listed SAR
  • % of listed SAR with a recovery strategy, action plan or management plan in place 
  • % of threatened and endangered species for which critical habitat was described in recovery strategies or action plans  (part or whole)
Recovery Planning Consultations
  • % of listed SAR for which recovery planning consultations have taken place
  • Number of partners and Aboriginal people contacted during the recovery planning consultations
  • Number of stakeholders contacted during the recovery planning consultations
Federal SAR recovery planning policies and guidelines
  • Extent to which core departments follow the policies and guidelines
  • Extent to which policies and guidance documents meet program management needs
Monitoring and Evaluation: To detect changes in the status of the species, to determine the effectiveness of protection and recovery measures, to measure progress towards achieving recovery goals, and to examine the effectiveness of the administration of SARA, in order to ensure continual improvement of the SAR Program.
  • Monitoring and evaluation plans will be developed for species with posted action plans
Improved species monitoring
  • % of Schedule 1 species that are monitored
  • % of species with monitoring programs that cover critical habitat
  • Reduction in the number of data deficient species
  • # of collaborative arrangements for sharing data on SAR
Engagement and support for species monitoring
  • Level of engagement and support by stakeholders in species monitoring
Program Sub-Sub-Activity
NONE PROPOSED
PARKS CANADA
Strategic Outcome:
Canadians have a strong sense of connection, through meaningful experiences, to their national parks, national historic sites and national marine conservation areas and these protected places are enjoyed in ways that leave them unimpaired for present and future generations.
Program Activity
Heritage Resources ConservationThe state of ecosystems in national parks and the state of cultural resources in national historic sites are improved.Core departments’ implementation of priority actions 
  • % of priority actions implemented and completed
Implementation of compliance promotion
  • Implementation of actions outlined in compliance promotion plans
Enforcement of general and critical habitat prohibitions by departments
  • Number of recorded violations, charges laid, charges approved, enforcement inspections and investigations by core departments enforcement officers
  • % of S.93 of SARA requests for investigation processed by core departments enforcement officers
  • % of S.93 of SARA requests for investigation completed by core departments enforcement officers
Critical habitat is protected
  • % of critical habitat identified in SARA recovery strategies that is protected
Public Appreciation and UnderstandingThe protection and presentation of natural and cultural heritage of PC administered places is supported by targeted Canadian audience.Stakeholders have the information necessary to contribute to the protection of species at risk and their habitat
  • Level of awareness of stakeholders with respect to SAR issues and opportunity for action
  • Effectiveness of compliance promotion tools and policies in encouraging related communities to comply with SARA requirements
Outreach Education and Agency CommunicationPC’s administered places are understood and appreciated by targeted Canadian audiences.Stakeholders have the information necessary to contribute to the protection of species at risk and their habitat
  • Level of awareness of stakeholders with respect to SAR issues and opportunity for action
  • Effectiveness of compliance promotion tools and policies in encouraging related communities to comply with SARA requirements
Visitor ExperienceVisitor at surveyed locations feel a sense of personal connection to the places visited.Stakeholders have the information necessary to contribute to the protection of species at risk and their habitat
  • Level of awareness of stakeholders with respect to SAR issues and opportunity for action
  • Effectiveness of compliance promotion tools and policies in encouraging related communities to comply with SARA requirements
Program Sub-Activity

National Parks Conservation

National Marine Conservation Areas Sustainability

Priority ecological issues are understood.

Ecosystem conservation is improved through active management.

The state of ecological sustainability in the context of resource use in national marine conservation areas is understood.

 

Core departments’ implementation of priority actions 

 

  • % of priority actions implemented and completed
EngagementTargeted Canadian audiences are engaged in the protection and presentation of PC’s administered places.Recovery Planning Consultations
  • % of listed SAR for which recovery planning consultations have taken place
  • Number of partners and Aboriginal people contacted during the recovery planning consultations
  • Number of stakeholders contacted during the recovery planning consultations

 

Engagement by partners  and Aboriginal people in SAR recovery strategies, action plans and management plans
  • Extent to which partners are engaged in recovery planning activities
  • Extent to which Aboriginal people are engaged in recovery planning activities
  • Number of partners that have participated during recovery planning
  • Number of Aboriginal people or organizations that have participated during recovery planning
  • Number of provincial recovery documents that can be adopted in their present condition

 

Implementation of priority  recovery actions partners and Aboriginal people
  • Distribution of the financial contribution by types of projects  (IRF, HSP, Aboriginal, ESRF) funded by the federal government in recovery implementation
  • % of priority actions identified in recovery strategies, action plans and management plans that have been implemented by partners and Aboriginal people
Increased Aboriginal capacity to participate in SAR planning and implementation
  • Level of awareness of Aboriginal peoples with respect to SAR issues and opportunity for action

 

National Parks, National Historic Sites and National Marine Conservation Areas InterpretationVisitors at surveyed locations learned from experience and active participation.Stakeholders have the information necessary to contribute to the protection of species at risk and their habitat
  • Level of awareness of stakeholders with respect to SAR issues and opportunity for action
  • Effectiveness of compliance promotion tools and policies in encouraging related communities to comply with SARA requirements
Program Sub-Sub-Activity
Species at RiskParks Canada assumes its lead role in the development of national recovery strategies for 15% of federally listed species at risk.Recovery Strategies
Recovery Action Plans
Management Plans
  • % of recovery strategies, action plans and management plans developed and published within legislative timelines for listed SAR
  • % of listed SAR with a recovery strategy, action plan or management plan in place
  • % of threatened and endangered species for which critical habitat was identified in recovery strategies or action plans  (part or whole)
Stable or improved condition of species at risk on lands and water administered by Parks Canada.Conservation and protection of species at risk
  • Number of species assessed by COSEWIC that are subsequently listed under SARA
  • Number of species that have been reassessed to a lower threat category
  • Number of species that have been reassessed to a higher threat category
  • Number of species that have been removed from the list of wildlife SAR because they are no longer at risk
  • % of listed species (% extirpated, % endangered, % threatened, % special concerned) for which the recovery goals have been achieved