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Species at Risk Act - Legal Listing Consultation Workbook, Copper redhorse

Overview of potential consequences for different stakeholders

This consultation workbook was designed so that the different stakeholders can better understand the implications on their activities of adding the copper redhorse to the List of Species at Risk. If the species is listed, automatic prohibitions under SARA will apply. Under the terms of SARA, some prohibitions protect the individuals of a species designated as “extirpated”, “endangered” or “threatened”. The Act prohibits the killing, harming, harassing, capturing or taking of any individual belonging to an “endangered” or “threatened” species, or damaging or destroying its habitat. It also prohibits people from possessing, collecting, buying, selling or trading individuals – any part or derivative of such an individual – from an “extirpated”, “endangered” or “threatened” species.

A recovery process will be implemented and will likely result in the adoption of management measures that may have consequences on the activities of stakeholders concerned. In order to better illustrate this fact, a few examples of possible consequences are presented below. These examples, taken from the Plan de rétablissement pour la survie du chevalier cuivré(Moxostoma hubbsi) 2004-2008 (Gariépy S. and N. Vachon. 2004), are obviously not an extensive list of measures and is not necessarily a representation of what will actually become the adopted measures. It should be noted that the SARA was designed to implement a cooperation approach for species recovery, and in the event this species is added to the official list, all future management measures will be subjected to more consultations with regulating bodies and stakeholders.

3.1 Shoreline residents and landowners

Re-vegetating projects aiming at stabilizing river banks and protecting riparian strips, such as those put forward by agricultural or environmental groups or by public and private bodies, should be implemented.

3.2 Agricultural and industrial activities

Agricultural soil erosion at the head of watersheds and all along the river system sends suspended sediments, pesticides, fertilizers and agriculture-based pathogens into streams. To offset this phenomenon, cooperative measures between biologists, municipalities, governments, environmental groups and agricultural representatives involved in this issue should be encouraged. 

3.3 Recreational activities

In 2002, in order to protect the copper redhorse habitat, the Pierre-Étienne-Fortin Wildlife Sanctuary was created and regulations were implemented.

Acquiring river properties and managing strategic territories that give access to areas visited by this species would reduce the disturbance generated by boaters by limiting their access to these areas.

3.4 Fishery industry

Catching copper redhorse either through sport fishing or commercial fishing has already been outlawed in streams that are part of its distribution range. It is important to outline the extent of the threat that any fishery activity has on the copper redhorse. Should one of these activities threaten the survival and recovery of a species listed on the List of Species at Risk, management measures will be taken to eliminate the threat. Fishing could be prohibited, areas could be closed to fishing, fishing gear may have to be modified, or other measures could be adopted in collaboration with industry in order to eliminate or reduce interactions between the species and the fishery.

3.5 Municipal activities

Measures that are aimed at improving the quality and the flow rate of water, rigorous guidelines concerning development that can impact the habitat of the copper redhorse, and measures reducing the disappearance of natural shorelines could be developed.

Promoters of project involving the streams targeted by the copper redhorse recovery strategy should first take an inventory of the species and a conduct a risk assessment. Critical habitats will be subjected to strict protection measures and it will be forbidden to destroy even a part.

Additional or extended measures will not be implemented until new consultations have taken place.

3.6 Aboriginal activities

Aboriginal people will be contacted. Their interest in the copper redhorse is still unknown. It should be noted however that the recovery planning process will require new consultations.