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Consultation Workbook of the Ungava beluga whales

Summary

Eastern Hudson Baypopulation

Status Endangered

Reason for designation The population has been reduced by at least 50% and continues to decline. Overhunting continues throughout its summer and migratory range. Mathematical models predict that it will likely disappear under present hunting levels in less than 10 to 15 years. Concerns have been expressed about habitat degradation of estuaries by hydroelectric projects, and by small vessel traffic disturbance.

Occurrence Nunavut, Quebec, Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean

Status history Designated Threatened in April 1988.

Status re-examined and designated as Endangered in May 2004. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Ungava Baypopulation

Status Endangered

Reason for designation

All signs indicate that the population residing in Ungava Bay is very low and may be extirpated. However, it is difficult to definitely conclude that it has been extirpated because beluga from other populations may visit Ungava Bay. Hunting caused the population decline and continues in Ungava Bay, posing a threat to any remaining beluga.

Occurrence

Quebec, Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean

Status history

Designated Endangered in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2004. Last assessment based on an update status report.