COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status Report on the Deepwater Sculpin (Western and Great Lakes-Western St. Lawrence Populations) in Canada
- Assessment Summary
- Executive Summary
- COSEWIC History, Mandate, Membership and Definitions
- Lists of Figures and Tables
- Species Information
- Population Sizes and Trends
- Limiting Factors and Threats
- Special Significance of the Species
- Existing Protection or Other Status Designations
- Technical Summary
- Acknowledgements and Information Sources
- Authorities Contacted et Biographical Summary of Report Writers
We are greatly in debt to Dr. William Franzin and Douglas Watkinson of the Freshwater Institute for logistic support and advice while conducting the 2004 survey for deepwater sculpin. Dave Boguski was an amazing field assistant who put in countless hours on lake sampling for deepwater sculpin after helping prepare for our numerous field trips during the 2004 survey. We are grateful for comments from the reviewers in range jurisdictions where deepwater sculpin occur. Fisheries and Oceans provided financial support during the course of this research, making the assembly of this updated status report possible. The Northern Scientific Training Project also provided funding. Ken Stewart was always willing to give advice during the preparation of this report. Finally, we are thankful to COSEWIC for funding this report.
Black, G.A., and M.W. Lankester. 1981. The biology and parasites of deepwater sculpin, Myoxocephalus quadricornis thompsonii (Girard), in Burchell Lake, Ontario. Can. J. Zool. 59:1454-1457.
Brandt, S.B. 1986. Disappearance of the deepwater sculpin (Myoxocephalus thompsoni) from Lake Ontario: the keystone predator hypothesis. J. Great Lakes Res. 12(1):18-24.
Bronte, C.R., M.P. Ebener, D.R. Schreiner, D.S. DeVault, M.M. Petzold, D.A. Jensen, C. Richards, and S.J. Lozano. 2003. Fish community change in Lake Superior, 1970-2000. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60:1552-1574.
Canadian Endangered Species Council. 2001. The general status of species in Canada. Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and Government Services.
Casselman, J.M., K.A. Scott, D.M. Brown, and C.J. Robinson. 1999. Changes in relative abundance, variability, and stability of fish assemblages of eastern Lake Ontario and the Bay of Quinte--the value of long-term community sampling. Aquatic Ecosystem Health Management 2, 255-269.
Casselman, J.M., and K.A. Scott. 2003. Fish-community dynamics of Lake Ontario--Long-term trends in the fish populations of eastern Lake Ontario and the Bay of Quinte, p. 349-383. In M. Munawar [ed.], State of Lake Ontario: Past, present and future. Ecovision World Monograph Series, Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management Society. 664 p.
Christie, W.J. 1973. A review of the changes in the fish species composition of Lake Ontario. Great Lakes Fishery Commission Technical Report No. 23.
Coad, B.W., H. Waszczuk, and I. Labignan. 1995. Encyclopedia of Canadian Fishes. Canadian Museum of Nature and Canadian Sportfishing Production Inc., Singapore.
Crossman, E.J., and H.D. Van Meter. 1979. Annotated list of the fishes of the Lake Ontario watershed. Great Lakes Fishery Commission Technical Report 36. Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Dadswell, M.J. 1972. Post-glacial dispersal of four freshwater fishes on the basis of new distribution records from eastern Ontario and western Quebec. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. Canada. 29:545-553.
Dadswell, M.J. 1974. Distribution, ecology, and postglacial dispersal of certain crustaceans and fishes in eastern North America. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Publications in Zoology 11:1-110.
Davis, B.M., J.F. Savino, and L.M. Ogilvie. 1997. Diets of the forage fish in Lake Michigan. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report, Chicago, Illinois.
Day, S.C. 1983. Biological population characteristics, and interactions between an unexploited Burbot (Lota lota) population and an exploited Lake Trout (Salvelinus namaycush) population from Lake Athapapuskow, Manitoba. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Dymond, J.R. 1926. The fishes of Lake Nipigon. University of Toronto Studies, Biological Series 27, Publications of the Ontario Fisheries Research Laboratory, Toronto, Ontario. Pp. 1-108.
Dymond, J.R., J.L. Hart, and A.L. Pritchard. 1929. The fishes of the Canadian waters of Lake Ontario. University of Toronto Studies, Biological Series 37, Publications of the Ontario Fisheries Research Laboratory, Toronto, Ontario, pages 3-35.
Eshenroder, R.L., and C.C. Krueger. 2002. Reintroduction of native fishes to the Great Lakes proper: a research theme area. Great Lakes Fishery Commission, Board of Technical Experts, Ann Arbor, MI.
Geffen, A.J., and R.D.M. Nash. 1992. The life-history strategy of deepwater sculpin, Myoxocephalus thompsoni (Girard), in Lake Michigan: dispersal and settlement patterns during the first year of life. Journal of Fish Biology 41 (supplement B): 101-110.
Girard, G. 1852. Contributions to the natural history of the freshwater fishes of North America. I. A monograph of the cottids, Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge 3 (article 3).
Hubbs, C.L., and K.F. Lagler. 1947. Fishes of the Great Lakes region. Bull. Cranbrook Inst. Sci. 26:1-186.
Hubbs, C.L., and K.F. Lagler. 1958. Fishes of the Great Lakes region. Bull. Cranbrook Inst. Sci. 26:1-213 rev. ed.
Kontula, T. 2003. Relationships of Palearctic and Nearctic ‘glacial relict’ Myoxocephalus sculpins from mitochondrial DNA data. Molecular Ecology 12:3179-3184.
Kraft, C.E., and J.F. Kitchell. 1986. Partitioning of food resources by sculpins in Lake Michigan. Environmental Biology of Fishes 16(4):309-316.
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae, 12th Edition, Volume 1.
Madenjian, C.R., G.L. Fahnenstiel, T.H. Johengen, T.F. Nalepa, H.A. Vanderploeg, G.W. Fleischer, P.J. Schneeberger, D.M. Benjamin, E.B. Smith, J.R. Bence, E.S. Rutherford, D.S. Lavis, D.M. Robertson, D.J. Jude, and M.P. Ebener. 2002. Dynamics of the Lake Michigan food web, 1970-2000. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59:736-753.
Madenjian, C.R., D.W. Hondorp, T.J. Desorcie, and J.D. Holuszko. 2005. Sculpin community dynamics in Lake Michigan. Journal of Great Lakes Research 31:267-276.
McAllister, D.E. 1961. The origin and status of the deepwater sculpin, Myoxocephalus thompsonii, a Nearctic glacial relict. National Museum of Canada Bulletin 172:44‑65.
McAllister, D.E., and J.C. Ward. 1972. The deepwater sculpin, Myoxocephalus quadricornis thompsoni, new to Alberta, Canada. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 29:344‑345.
McAllister, D.E., and J. Aniskowicz. 1976. Vertebral number in North American sculpins of the Myoxocephalus quadricornis-complex. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 33:2792‑2799.
McAllister, D.E., V. Legendre, and J.G. Hunter. 1987. List of the Inuktituk (Eskimo), French, English, and scientific names of Marine Fishes of Arctic Canada. Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Ottawa. Rapp. Manusr. Can. Sci. Halieut. Aquat. 1932: 11 pp.
McPhail, J.D., and C.C. Lindsey. 1970. Freshwater fishes of northwestern Canada and Alaska. Fisheries Research Board of Canada Bulletin 173.
Mills, E.L., J.M. Casselman, R. Dermott, J.D. Fitzsimons, G. Gal, K.T. Holeck, J.A. Hoyle, O.E. Johannsson, B.F. Lantry, J.C. Makarewicz, E.S. Millard, I.F. Munawar, M. Munawar, R. O’Gorman, R.W. Owens, L.G. Rudstam, T. Schaner, and T.J. Stewart. 2003. Lake Ontario: food web dynamics in a changing ecosystem (1970-2000). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60:471-490.
NatureServe. [accessed June 2005].
Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Perez, L.T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea, and J.D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. 6th Ed. Special Publication 29. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.
Owens, R.W., R. O’Gorman, T.H. Eckert, and B.F. Lantry. 2003. The offshore fish community in southern Lake Ontario, 1972-1998, p. 407-441. In M. Munawar [ed.], State of Lake Ontario: Past, present and future. Ecovision World Monograph Series, Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management Society. 664 p.
Parker, B.J. 1988. Status of the deepwater sculpin, Myoxocephalus thompsoni, in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 102(1):126-131.
Pothoven, S.A., T.F. Nalepa, P.J. Schneeberger, and S.B. Brandt. 2001. Changes in diet and body composition of lake whitefish in southern Michigan associated with changes in benthos. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 21:876‑883.
Roseman, E.F., D.J. Jude, M.K. Raths, T.G. Coon, and W.W. Taylor. 1998. Occurrence of the deepwater sculpin (Myoxocephalus thompsoni) in western Lake Erie. Journal of Great Lakes Research 24(2):479-483.
Scott, W.B., and E.J. Crossman. 1973. The freshwater fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada Bulletin 184, 966 p.
Selgeby, J.H. 1988. Comparative biology of the sculpins of Lake Superior. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 14:44-51.
Smith, C.L. 1985. The inland fishes of Albany, New York. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.
Stapleton, H.M., R.J. Letcher, and J.E. Baker. 2001. Metabolism of PCBs by the Deepwater Sculpin (Myoxocephalus thompsoni). Environmental Science and Technology 35:4747-4752.
Stewart, K.W., D.A. Watkinson. 2004. The freshwater fishes of Manitoba. The University of Manitoba Press, Winnipeg, Manitoba. 276 p.
Stone, U.B. 1947. A study of the deep-water cisco fishery of Lake Ontario with particular reference to the bloater Leucichthys hoyi (Gill). Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 74:230-249.
Trautman, N.B. 1981. Fishes of Columbus, Ohio. Ohio State University Press.
Walters, V. 1955. Fishes of western Arctic America and eatern Arctic Siberia. Taxonomy and zoogeography. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 106:259‑368.
- Date Modified: