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COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the swift fox (Vulpes velox) in Canada (2000)

Assessment Summary


Assessment Summary – May 2000

Common name: Swift fox

Scientific name: Vulpes velox

Status: Endangered

Reason for designation: The species was previously extirpated from Canada.  A small population is now established in Alberta and Saskatchewan through re-introductions.  Animals are successfully breeding in the wild, although the species is potentially at risk from coyote predation and habitat loss.

Occurrence: Alberta, Saskatchewan

Status history: Last seen in Saskatchewan in 1928.  Designated Extirpated in April 1978.  Status re-examined and downlisted to Endangered in April 1998 after successful reintroductions.  Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000.  May 2000 assessment based on new quantitative criteria applied to information from the existing 1998 status report.