Warning This Web page has been archived on the Web.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived on the Web is for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It has not been altered or updated after the date of archiving. Web pages that are archived on the Web are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards, as per the Policy on Communications and Federal Identity.

Skip booklet index and go to page content

Recovery Strategy for the Basking Shark (Cetorhinus maximus) in Canadian Pacific Waters

11. References

Bonfil, R. 1994. Overview of world elasmobranch fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 341. FAO, Rome, Italy.

CITES (Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). 2009. CITES species database. Web site: http://www.cites.org/eng/resources/species.html [accessed February 2010].

CMS (Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals). 2010a. The CMS Appendices.  http://www.cms.int/documents/appendix/additions_table1.pdf. [Accessed July 2010].

CMS (Convention on Migratory Species). 2010b. CMS news release. http://www.cms.int/news/PRESS/nwPR2010/02_feb/CMS_press_release_global_agreement_sharks.pdf. [Accessed July 2010].

Compagno, L.J.V. 2001. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269 pp.

COSEWIC 2007. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Basking Shark Cetorhinus maximus (Pacific population) in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vii + 34 pp. (http://www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/document/default_e.cfm?documentID=1387 ).

Cotton, Peter, A., David W. Sims, Sam Fanshawe and Mark Chadwick. 2005. The effects of climate variability on zooplankton and Basking Shark (Cetorhinus maximus) relative abundance off south Britain. Fisheries Oceanography 14(2):151-155.

Darling, J.D., and K. E. Keogh. 1994. Observations of Basking Sharks, Cetorhinus maximus, in Clayoquot Sound. BC. Canadian Field-Naturalist 108(2): 199-210.

Environment Canada. 2008. DRAFT guidelines on identifying and mitigating threats to species at risk. Government of Canada, Ottawa.

Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO). 2009. Recovery potential assessment for Basking Sharks in Canadian Pacific waters. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2009/046.

Fowler, S.L. 2005. Cetorhinus maximus. In: IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 09 February 2010.

Francis, M.O. and C. Duffy. 2005. Distribution, seasonal abundance and bycatch of Basking Sharks (Cetorhinus maximus), with observations on their winter habitat. Marine Biology 140:831-842.

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2010. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.  http://www.fishbase.org/, version (01/2010).

Gore, M.A., Rowat, D, Hall, J., Gell, F.R., and Ormond, R.F. 2008. Transatlantic migration and deep mid-ocean diving by Basking Shark. Biol. Lett. Doi:10.1098/rsbl.2008.0147.

Gore et al. 2010. Basking Shark conference proceedings not yet published. This citation is a place holder.

Green. 1891. The economic fishes of British Columbia. Papers and Communications Read Before the Natural History Society of British Columbia 1(1):20-33.

Harvey-Clark, C. J., W.T. Stobo, H. Helle and M. Mattson. 1999. Putative mating behaviour in Basking Sharks of the Nova Scotia coast. Copeia, 780-782.

Hoelzel, A.R., M.S. Shivji, J.E. Magnussen and M.P. Francis. 2006. Low worldwide genetic diversity in the Basking Shark (Cetorhinus maximus). Biology Letters 2 639–642.

King, J.R.  (Ed.).  2005.  Report of the Study Group on Fisheries and Ecosystem Responses to Recent Regime Shifts.  PICES Scientific Report No. 28, 162 pp.

McFarlane, S., J. King, K. Leask and L.B. Christensen, 2009. Assessment of information used to develop a Recovery Potential Assessment for Basking Shark Cetorhinus maximus (Pacific Population) in Canada. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2008/071. vi + 98 p.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).  2010.  Species of Special Concern webpage.  http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/concern/#list.  [Accessed July 2010].

Sandoval-Castillo J.,  J. Ramirez-Gonzaleza and C. Villavicencio-Garayzara. 2008. First record of Basking Shark (Cetorhinus maximus) in Mexico? Marine Biodiversity Records. Doi:10.1017/S1755267206001874.

Sims, D.W. and P.C. Reid. 2002. Congruent trends in long-term zooplankton decline in the north-east Atlantic and Basking Shark (Cetorhinus maximus) fishery catches off west Ireland. Fisheries Oceanography 11, 59-63.

Sims, D.W. and V.A. Quayle. 1998. Selective foraging behaviour of Basking Sharks on zooplankton in a small-scale front. Nature 393:460-464.

Sims, D.W., Southall, E.J., Richardson, A.J., Reid, P.C., and Metcalfe, J.D. 2003. Seasonal movements and behaviour of Basking Sharks from archival tagging: no evidence of winter hibernation. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 248, 187–196.

Sims, D.W., Southall, G.A. Tarling and J.D. Metcalfe. 2005. Habitat-specific normal and reverse diel vertical migration in the plankton-feeding Basking Shark. Journal of Animal Ecology 74: 755-761.

Sims, D. W., Witt, M. J., Richardson, A. J., Southall, E. J., and J.D. Metcalfe (2006).  Encounter success of free-ranging marine predator movements across a dynamic prey landscape. Proc. R. Soc. B 273, 1195–1201.

Sims, D.W. 2008. Sieving a living: a review of the biology, ecology and conservation status of the plankton-feeding Basking Shark Cetorhinus maximus. Adv. Mar. Biol. 54, 171–220.

Skomal, G. B., S. I. Zeeman, J. H. Chisholm, E. L. Summers, H. J. Walsh, K. W. McMahon and S. R. Thorrold. 2009. Transequatorial migrations in Basking Sharks in the western Atlantic Ocean. Current Biology 19: 1-4.

Southall, E.J., D.W. Sims, J.D. Metcalfe, J.I. Doyle, S. Fanshawe, C.Lacey, J. Shrimpton, J.-L. Solandt and C.D. Speedie. 2005. Spatial distribution patterns of Basking Sharks on the European shelf: preliminary comparison of satellite-tag geolocation, survey and public sightings data. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 85(5): 1083-1088.

Squire, James L., Jr., 1967. Observations of Basking Sharks and great white sharks in Monterey Bay: 1948-50. Copeia, 1967(1): 247-250.

Squire, James L., Jr., 1990. Distribution and apparent abundance of the Basking Shark, Cetorhinus maximus, off the central and southern California coast, 1962-85. Marine Fisheries Review 52(2): 8-11.

Thomas, T. 2004. Dancing on the Belly of the Shark and Other Adventures on Monterey Bay. Quarterly Bulletin of the Monterey Bay History and Art Association, Vol. LIII, No. 1, Spring 2004, pp. 2-25.

Wallace, Scott and Brian Gisborne. 2006. Basking Sharks: The Slaughter of BC’s Gentle Giants. Vancouver, New Star Books. 88 pp.