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COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the Atlantic Cod in Canada

Existing Protection or Other Status

In Canada, Atlantic cod is protected federally by the Fisheries Act and by the Oceans Act.  Several of the cod populations in Canadian waters are managed jointly with other countries.  For example, the Georges Bank cod stock (NAFO Division 5ej,m) is jointly managed by Canada’s DFO and the National Marine Fisheries Service in the United States.  The cod stocks inhabiting the Newfoundland & Labrador population and the offshore waters of the Arctic population are managed jointly by Canada and international fishing nations, such as Russia, Portugal and Spain, under the auspices of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO).

Other Status Designations:  IUCN: Vulnerable; Global Heritage Status Rank: G5.