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Recovery Strategy for the Hill's Thistle (Cirsium hillii) in Canada

3. References

Brownell, V.R. and J.L. Riley. 2000. The Alvars of Ontario: Significant Natural Areas in the Ontario Great Lakes Region. Federation of Ontario Naturalists, Don Mills, Ontario. 269 pp.

Bruce Peninsula and Manitoulin Island Alvar Recovery Team. 2009. Identification of Hill's Thistle critical habitat: justification for boundaries of individual polygons. Unpublished document available from the chairman of the recovery team. Parks Canada, Ottawa. 8 pp and accompanying database and shape files.

Catling, P.M. 1995. The extent of confinement of vascular plants to alvars in Southern Ontario. Canadian Field Naturalist 109:172-181.

COSEWIC. 2004. COSEWIC status report on Hill's Thistle (Cirsium hillii). Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 40 pp. http://www.cosewic.gc.ca

COSEWIC. 2009. Wildlife Species Assessment. COSEWIC's Assessment Process and Criteria. Government of Canada.

COSEWIC. 2010. COSEWIC Wildlife Species Search - Hill's Thistle. Government of Canada.

Endangered Species Act. 2007. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Online at www.ontario.ca/speciesatrisk

Environment Canada. 2005. Policy on the Feasibility of Recovery in RENEW Recovery Handbook (ROMAN), working draft. Recovery Secretariat, Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

Environment Canada. 2009. Hill's Thistle page. Accessed November 5, 2009. http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/species/speciesDetails_e.cfm?sid=807

Gaiser, L.D. 1966. A Survey of the Vascular Plants of Lambton County, Ontario. Compiled by Raymond J. Moore. Ottawa: Plant Research Institute, Research Branch, Canada Department of Agriculture. 122pp.

Higman, P.J. and M.R. Penskar. 1999. Special plant abstract for Cirsium hillii (Hill's Thistle). Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Lansing, MI. 2 pp. Online at http://web4.msue.msu.edu/mnfi/abstracts/botany/Cirsium_hillii.pdf

Hill, E.J. 1910. The pasture-thistles, east and west. Rhodora 12:211-214.

Hilty, J. 2008. Insect visitors of prairie wildflowers in Illinois.

International Alvar Conservation Initiative. 1996. Conserving Great Lakes Alvars. Final Technical Report of the International Alvar Conservation Initiative. The Nature Conservancy, Chicago, Illinois.

Jackson, J. 2004. Wasaga Beach Provincial Park. Prescribed burn report 2004. Ontario Parks, Ministry of Natural Resources. Unpaginated.

Jalava, J.V. 1998. Alvar stewardship packages. Ontario Natural Heritage Information Centre Newsletter 4(2):14.

Jalava, J.V. 2004. Biological Surveys of Bruce Peninsula Alvars. Prepared for NatureServe Canada, Ontario Natural Heritage Information Centre and Parks Canada. iii + 21 pp.

Jalava, J.V. 2005. Biological surveys of Bruce Peninsula Alvars, summary report. Unpublished report, Prepared for Bruce Peninsula National Park, Parks Canada. iii + 80 pp.

Jalava, J.V. 2007. Species at Risk Inventory: Hill's Thistle (Cirsium hillii). Prepared for Parks Canada Agency, Bruce Peninsula National Park / Fathom Five National Marine Park, Tobermory, Ontario. 15 pp.

Jalava, J.V. 2008a. Alvars of the Bruce Peninsula: A Consolidated Summary of Ecological Surveys. Prepared for Parks Canada, Bruce Peninsula National Park, Tobermory, Ontario. iv + 350 pp + appendices.

Jalava, J.V. 2008b. Summary of Updated Hill's Thistle (Cirsium hillii) Occurrence Data in Bruce County. Unpublished report to Bruce Peninsula National Park, Parks Canada, Tobermory. 2 pp.

Janke, K., C. Homuth and M. Lake. 2006. Hill's Thistle (Cirsium hillii) monitoring, Wasaga Beach Provincial Park, 2006. Ontario Parks, Ministry of Natural Resources. Unpaginated.

Jones, J. 1995. International Alvar Conservation Initiative field data form for Evansville Shrub Alvar, on file at the Natural Heritage Information Centre, Peterborough, Ontario.

Jones, J. 1995-2009. Field data forms (1995-1998 from the International Alvar Conservation Initiative) on file at the Natural Heritage Information Centre, Peterborough, Ontario.

Jones, J.A. 1998. Manitoulin's Flat Rock Country: a landowner's guide to a special habitat. Federation of Ontario Naturalists, Don Mills, Ontario. 17 pp.

Jones, J.A. 2000. Fire history of the bur oak savannas of Sheguiandah Township, Manitoulin Island. Michigan Botanist 39(1): 3-15.

Jones, J.A. 2004. Alvars of the North Channel Islands. Report to NatureServe Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

Jones, J.A. 2005. More alvars of the North Channel Islands and the Manitoulin Region: Report prepared for Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Espanola Office.

Jones, J.A. 2006a. Report from field work on Iris lacustris and Cirsium hillii in the Manitoulin Region in 2006. Report prepared for Parks Canada, Species at Risk Section, Peterborough, Ontario.

Jones, J.A. 2007. Report from the 2007 Species-At-Risk surveys on the Wikwemikong Reserve. Unpublished report to the Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reserve on file with the Wikwemikong Lands Office.

Jones, J.A. 2008. Report from field work on Hill's Thistle in Manitoulin and Algoma Regions in 2008. Unpublished report to Parks Canada, Ottawa. 6 pp.

Parks Canada Agency. 2010. Recovery Strategy for Lakeside Daisy (Hymenoxys acaulis) in Canada. Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Parks Canada Agency, Ottawa. 71 pp.

Jones, J.A. and C. Reschke. 2005. The role of fire in Great Lakes alvar landscapes. The Michigan Botanist (44) 1: 13-27.

Kell, David J. 2006. Cirsium. In: Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vol. 19. Oxford University Press.

Lee, H.T., W.D. Bakowsky, J. Riley, J. Bowles, M. Puddister, P. Uhlig, and S. McMurray. 1998. Ecological Land Classification for Southern Ontario: First Approximation and Its Application. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Southcentral Sciences Section, Science Development and Transfer Branch. SCSS Field Guide FG-02.

Ministry of Municipal Affairs & Housing. 2005. Provincial Policy Statement. Issued under Section 3 of the Planning Act. 37 pp.

Moore, R.J. and C. Frankton. 1974. The Thistles of Canada. Monograph No. 10, Canada Department of Agriculture, Research Branch, Ottawa. 111 pp.

Morton, J.K. and J.M. Venn. 2000. The Flora of Manitoulin Island, 3rd ed. University of Waterloo Biology Series Number 40. Waterloo, Ontario.

Natural Heritage Information Centre (NHIC). 2009. Element occurrence, natural areas, vegetation communities and species databases and species lists. Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, Ontario. On-line electronic databases.

NatureServe. 2009. On line Explorer. http://www.natureserve.org Accessed November, 2009.

NatureServe. 2010. On line Explorer. http://www.natureserve.org Accessed June, 2010.

North-South Environmental Inc. 2005. Detailed life science inventory of Wasaga Beach Provincial Park. Prepared for Ontario Parks Central Zone, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Huntsville, Ontario. 77 pp.

Penskar, M.R. 2001. Rangewide status assessment of Hill's Thistle (Cirsium hillii Canby) Fern.). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 3. East Lansing Field Office, East Lansing, Michigan. 11 pp.

Reschke, C., R. Reid, J. Jones, T. Feeney and H. Potter. 1999. Conserving Great Lakes Alvars: Final Technical Report of the International Alvar Conservation Initiative. The Nature Conservancy, Chicago, Illinois. 230 pp.

Schaefer, C.A. 1995-1996. International Alvar Conservation Initiative field data forms on file at the Natural Heritage Information Centre, Peterborough, Ontario.

Schaefer, C.A. 1996. Comments on the role of fire in Bruce Peninsula alvars. Prepared for the Federation of Ontario Naturalists, Don Mills, Ontario. 6 pp.

Schaefer, C.A. and D.W. Larson. 1997. Vegetation, environmental characteristics and ideas on maintenance of alvars on the Bruce Peninsula, Canada. Journal of Vegetation Science 8:797-810.

South Western Ontario Orthorectification Project (SWOOP). 2006. Satellite imagery for Southern Ontario.

The Nature Conservancy. 1990. Element Stewardship Abstract for Cirsium hillii - Hill's Thistle. The Nature Conservancy Midwest Regional Office, Minneapolis, MN. 15 pp.

Voss, E.G. 1996. Michigan Flora: Vol. 3. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 622 pp.

White, D. 2007a. Hill's Thistle (Cirsium hillii) at Wasaga Beach Provincial Park: a monitoring protocol. Unpublished report to Ontario Parks, Central Zone, Huntsville, Ontario. 18 pp.

White, D. 2007b. Hill's Thistle at Wasaga Beach Provincial Park: Implementation and monitoring protocol and field manual. Unpublished report to Ontario Parks, Central Zone, Huntsville, Ontario. 50 pp.

Woodliffe, P.A. and G.M. Allen. 1990. A Life Science Inventory and Ranking of 30 Natural Areas of Walpole Island Indian Reserve. In: Conserving Carolinian Canada, Conservation Biology in the Deciduous Forest Region. G.M. Allen, P.F.J. Eagles and S.D. Price (Eds). World Wildlife Fund, Canada. University of Waterloo Press. 346 pp.

Personal Communication Sources:

Jarmo Jalava. Consulting Ecologist, Paisley, Ontario. jjalava@yahoo.com

Burke Korol. Ecologist, Ontario Parks, Central Zone, Huntsville, Ontario. burke.korol@ontario.ca

Wayne Selinger. 2010. District Biologist, Manitoulin District, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. wayne.selinger@ontario.ca

Joan Venn. Herbarium Curator, Dept. of Biology, University of Waterloo. jvenn@sciborg.uwaterloo.ca