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Recovery strategy for the Northern Abalone

3. References

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Adkins, B. E. 2000.  The British Columbia fishery for northern abalone, Haliotis kamtschatkana: management from inception to closure and beyond [Abstract].In Workshop on rebuilding abalone stocks in British Columbia.  Edited by A. Campbell. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 130. pp. 51.

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Breen, P. A.  1986.  Management of the British Columbia fishery for northern abalone (Haliotis kamtschatkana). In  North Pacific Workshop on Stock Assessment and Management of Invertebrates.  Edited by G. S. Jamieson and N. Bourne. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 92. pp. 300-312.

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Campbell, A.  1997.  Possible criteria for reopening the northern abalone (Haliotis kamtschatkana) fishery in British Columbia.  Can Stock Assessment Secretariat Res. Doc. 97/64. 47 p.

Campbell, A., Winther, I., Adkins, B., Brouwer, D., and Miller, D.  1998.  Survey of the northern abalone (Haliotis kamtschatkana) in the central coast of British Columbia, May 1997. DFO Can. Stock Assess. Sec. Res. Doc. 1998/89: 28 p.

Campbell, A. (Editor). 2000a. Workshop on Rebuilding Abalone Stocks in British Columbia.  Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 130. 150 p.

Campbell, A. 2000b. Review of northern abalone, Haliotis kamtschatkana, stock status in British Columbia. In Workshop on rebuilding abalone stocks in British Columbia. Edited by A. Campbell. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 130. pp. 41-50.

Campbell, A., Brouwer, D., Rogers, J., and Miller, D. C. 2000a.  Abalone resurvey in the south east Queen Charlotte Islands, 1998.  Can MS. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2528. 30 p.

Campbell, A., Lessard, J., and Jamieson, G.S.  2003.  Fecundity and seasonal reproduction of northern abalone, Haliotis kamtschatkana, in Barkley Sound, Canada. J. Shellfish Res. 22: 811-818.

Campbell, A., Lucas, B.G., and G. Parker. 2000b.  Discussion on an experimental approach for northern abalone stock rebuilding in British Columbia.  Can. Stock Assessment Secretariat Res. Doc. 2000/47. 24 p.

Campbell, A., Manley, I., and Carolsfeld, W.  1992.  Size at maturity and fecundity of the abalone, Haliotis kamtschatkana, in British Columbia.  Can MS. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2169: 47-65.

Campbell, A., Winther, I ., Adkins, B., Brouwer, D., and Miller, D. 1998.  Survey of the Northern Abalone (Haliotis kamtschatkana) in the central coast of British Columbia, May 1997.  Can. Stock Assessment Secretariat Res. Doc. 98/89. 28 p.

Clavier, J.  1992.  The ormer (Haliotis tuberculata) fishery of France and the Channel Islands. In Abalone of the world: biology, fisheries and culture. Edited by S. A. Shepherd, M. J. Tegner and S. A. Guzman del Proo.  Fishing News Books, Blackwell Sci. Pub. Ltd., Oxford, U. K. pp.  454-457.

Cook, P. 2003.  A review of abalone enhancement and rehabilitation in South Africa.  In Proceedings of the workshop on rebuilding techniques for abalone in British Columbia. Edited by A. Campbell, A. J. Shellfish Res. 22(3): 853-854.

de Waal, S.W.P., Branch, G.M., Navarro, R. 2003.  Interpreting evidence of dispersal by Haliotis midae juveniles seeded in the wild.  Aquaculture 62336 (2003) 1–12.

Davies, K., Atkins, M., and Lessard, J.  2006.  Survey of northern abalone, Haliotis kamtschatkana, populations in Queen Charlotte and Johnstone Straits, British Columbia, May 2004. Can. Manuscr. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2743: 17 p.

Dovetail. 1999. A Strategy for Rebuilding Abalone Stocks in British Columbia: Report on the Workshop on Rebuilding Abalone Stocks in British Columbia, Nanaimo, B.C., February 23-26, 1999. Prepared for Fisheries and Oceans Canada by Dovetail Consulting Inc., Vancouver, B.C. 39 pp.

Emmett, B., and Jamieson, G.S.  1988.  An experimental transplant of northern abalone, Haliotis kamtschatkana, in Barkley Sound, British Columbia.  Fish. Bull. U. S.  87:  95-104.

Farlinger, S.  1990.  Review of the biological basis for management of the British Columbia abalone fishery.  Can. MS. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2099:  41-65.

Geiger, D.L., and Poppe G.T.  2000. Haliotidae. In Conchological Iconography. G.T. Poppe & K. Groh (eds.). Conchbooks, Wiesbaden. 135 pp., 83 pls.

Griffiths, A. 2006.  Investigations into mortality in juvenile Haliotis kamtschatkana (northern abalone) and factors that affect outplanting.  M.Sc. Thesis 2006, University of Victoria, Department of Biology.  77p.

Harbo, R.  1997.  Abalone dive fishery (closed).  Can. MS. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2369: 86-92.

Jamieson, G.S. E.J. Gregr, and C. Robinson.  2004.  Northern sbalone case study for the determination of SARA critical habitat.  Can. Science Advisory Secretariat Res. Doc. 2004/117. 57 p.

Jamieson, G.S. 1999.  Review of status of northern, or pinto abalone, Haliotis kamtschatkana, in Canada.  Can. Stock Assessment Secretariat Res. Doc. 99/190. 22p.

Jones, R.  2000.  Haida abalone issues.  In Workshop on rebuilding abalone stocks in British Columbia. Edited by A. Campbell. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 130. pp. 5-6.

Jubinville, B.  2000.  Enforcing the fishery closure for northern abalone (Haliotis kamtschatkana) in British Columbia [Abstract]. In Workshop on rebuilding abalone stocks in British Columbia. Edited by A. Campbell. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 130. pp. 52.

Lessard, J., Atkins, M. and Campbell, A. 2007. Resurvey of northern abalone, Haliotis kamtschatkana, populations along the central coast of British Columbia, April 2001. Can. Manuscr. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2791: 42 p.

Lessard, J., Campbell, A., Zhang, Z., MacDougall, L., and Hankewich, S.  2006.  Recovery potential analysis for northern abalone, Haliotis kamtschatkana.  Paper presented and accepted with revisions at PSARC (Pacific Science Advice Review Committee), Nov 2006.

Levitan, D. R., and Sewell, M. A.  1998.  Fertilization success in free-spawning marine invertebrates: review of the evidence and fisheries implications. In Proceedings of the North Pacific Symposium on Invertebrate Stock Assessment and Management.  Edited by G. S. Jamieson and A. Campbell. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 125. pp.  159-164.

Levitan, D. R., Sewell, M. A., and Chia, F. S.  1992.  How distribution and abundance influences fertilization success in the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus franciscanus.  Ecology 73:  248-254.

Lucas, B. G., Campbell, A., and Cripps, K.  1999.  Resurvey of abalone populations at Tribal Group, Simonds Group and Stryker Island, central coast of British Columbia, 1998.  Can. MS. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2487. iv + 18 p.

McLean, J. H.  1966.  West American prosobranch gastropoda: Superfamilies Patellacae, Pleurotomariacea, and Fissurellacea. Ph. D. dissertation, Stanford University, CA. 255 p.

McShane, P. E.  1992.  Early life history of abalone: a review. In Abalone of the world: biology, fisheries and culture. Edited by S. A. Shepherd, M. J. Tegner and S. A. Guzman del Proo.  Fishing News Books, Blackwell Sci. Pub. Ltd., Oxford, U. K.  pp. 120–138.

McShane, P. E.  1995a.  Recruitment variation in abalone: its importance to fisheries management.  Mar. Freshwater Res. 46:  555-570.

McShane, P. E.  1995b.  Estimating the abundance of abalone: the importance of patch size.  Mar. Freshwater Res. 46:  657-662.

McShane, P. E., Black, K. P., and Smith, M. G.  1988.  Recruitment processes in Haliotis rubra (Mollusca: Gastropoda) and regional hydrodynamics in southeast Australia imply localised dispersal of larvae.  J.  Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 124:  175-203.

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Quayle, D. B.  1971.  Growth, morphometry and breeding in the British Columbia abalone, (Haliotis kamtschatkana Jonas). Fish. Res. Board Can. Tech. Rep. 279. 84 p.

Reece, G.  2000.  Tsimshian Nation abalone issues. In Workshop on rebuilding abalone stocks in British Columbia.  Edited by A. Campbell. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 130. pp. 4.

Roberts, R. and Andrew, N. 2003.  Overview of abalone stock enhancement in New Zealand and lessons from laboratory studies of abalone larval settlement and post-larval feeding.  In Proceedings of the workshop on rebuilding techniques for abalone in British Columbia. Edited by A. Campbell, A. J. Shellfish Res. 22(3): 852- 853.

Sasaki, R., and Shepherd, S. A.  1995.  Larval dispersal and recruitment of Haliotis discus hannai and Tegula spp. On Miyagi Coasts, Japan.  Mar. Freshwater Res. 46:  519-529.

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Shepherd, S. A., and Baker, J. L  1998.  Biological reference points in an abalone fishery. In Proceedings of the North Pacific Symposium on Invertebrate Stock Assessment and Management.  Edited by G. S. Jamieson and A. Campbell. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 125. pp.  235-245.

Shepherd, S. A., and Brown, L. D.  1993.  What is an abalone stock: implications for the role of refugia in conservation.  Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 50:  2001-2009.

Shepherd, S. A., and Partington, D.  1995.  Studies on southern Australian abalone (Genus Haliotis). XVI. Recruitment, habitat and stock relations. Mar Freshwater Res. 46:  669-680.

Shepherd, S. A., Preece, P. A., and White, R. W. G.  2000.  Tired nature’s sweet restorer?  Ecology of abalone (Haliotis spp.) stock enhancement in Australia. In Workshop on rebuilding abalone stocks in British Columbia.  Edited by A. Campbell. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 130. pp. 84-97.

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Sloan, N. A., and Breen, P. A.  1988.  Northern abalone, Haliotis kamtschatkana, in British Columbia: fisheries and synopsis of life history information. Can Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 103.  46 p.

Sloan, N.A.  2003.  Evidence of California-Area abalone shell in Haida trade and culture.  Canadian Journal of Archaeology 27: 273-286.

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Standley, C. S. 1987.  Temperature and salinity effects on gamete viability and early development of pinto abalone, red sea urchins, and green sea urchins. M.Sc. thesis, University of Alaska, Juneau. 90 pp.

Stewart, H.  1977.  Indian Fishing.  Early methods on the northwest coast.  Douglas McIntyre, Vancouver/Toronto.  University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA 181p.

Tegner, M. J.  2000.  Abalone (Haliotis spp.) enhancement in California: what we’ve learned and where we go from here.  In Workshop on rebuilding abalone stocks in British Columbia. Edited by A. Campbell. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 130. pp. 61-71.

Tegner, M. J., and Butler, R. A.  1985a.  Drift-tube study of the dispersal potential of green abalone (Haliotis fulgens) larvae in the southern California Bight: implications for the recovery of depleted populations.  Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 26:  73-84.

Thomas, G., and Campbell, A.  1996.  Abalone resurvey in Aristazabal Island, the Estevan group and Banks Island, June 1993.  Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2089:  97-109.

Thompson, W. F. 1914. Report on the abalone of British Columbia (Haliotis gigantae, Chemnitz). [= H. kamtschtakana Jonas] Rep. B.C. Commissioner Fish. (1913), 126-130.

Wallace, S. S. 1999.  Evaluating three forms of marine reserves on Northern Abalone (Haliotis kamtschatkana) populations in British Columbia, Canada.  Conservation Biol.  13: 882-887.

Watson, J. C.  1993.  The effects of sea otters (Enhydra lutris) foraging on shallow rocky communites off northwestern Vancouver Island, British Columbia.  Ph. D. dissertation, Universty of California at Santa Cruz. 169 p.

Watson, J. C., Ellis, G. E., Smith, T. G., and Ford, J. K. B.  1996.  Updated status of the sea otter, Enhydra lutris, in Canada. Can. Field-Nat. 111: 277-286.

Watson, J. C. 2000.  The effects of sea otters (Enhydra lutris) on abalone (Haliotis spp.) populations.  In Workshop on rebuilding abalone stocks in British Columbia.  Edited by A. Campbell. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 130. pp. 123-132.

Winther, I., Campbell, A., Thomas, G. A., Adkins, B. E., and Clapp, B. G.  1995.  Abalone resurvey in the southeast Queen Charlotte Islands, 1994.  Can MS. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2273.  46 p.

Withler, R. E.  2000.  Genetic tools for identification and conservation of exploited abalone (Haliotis spp.)In Workshop on rebuilding abalone stocks in British Columbia.  Edited by A. Campbell. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 130. pp. 101-110.

Withler, R.E., Campbell, A., Li, S., Miller, K.M., Brouwer, D., and Lucas, B.G.  2001.  High levels of genetic variation in northern abalone, Haliotis kamtschatkana, of British Columbia. Can. Stock Assessment Secretariat Res. Doc. 2001/097.

2005 British Columbia Seafood Industry Year in Review www.env.gov.bc.ca/omfd/reports/index.html

4. Bibliography for additional reading on abalone

Campbell, A. (Editor). 2003.  Proceedings of the workshop on rebuilding techniques for abalone in British Columbia.  J. Shellfish Res. 22(3): 801- 855.

Cook, P.A. and Mai, K. (Editors). 2001. Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Abalone Biology, Fisheries, and Culture.  J. Shellfish Res. 23(4): 931- 1228.

Cook, P.A. (Editor).  2001.  Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Abalone Biology, Fisheries, and Culture.  J. Shellfish Res. 20: 565- 904.

Cook, P.A., Davis, G.E., Haaker, P.L., and Leighton, D.L. (Editors).  1998.  Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Abalone Biology, Fisheries, and Culture.  J. Shellfish Res. 17: 589- 904.

Shepherd, S.A., Day, R.W., and Butler,. A.J. (Editors).  1995.  Progress in fisheries research.  Mar. Freshw. Res. 46: v + 519-695.

Shepherd, S.A., Tegner, M.J., and Guzman del Proo, S.A. (Editors).  1992.  Abalone of the world, biology, fisheries, and culture.  Fishing News Books, Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford, U.K. 608p.