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Sand-verbena Moth (Copablepharon Fuscum)

Existing Protection or Other Status

The protection status of Copablepharon fuscum, Abronia latifolia and dune plant communities is presented in this section.

Copablepharon fuscum

No national, provincial or state jurisdictions have designated the protection status of C. fuscum (NatureServe, 2002). It is not listed in the BC Conservation Data Centre’s database or in the international database maintained by NatureServe (NatureServe, 2002). Staff from BC Parks and Capital Regional District Parks is aware of the presence of C. fuscum in parks in the respective jurisdictions, but there are no formal protection measures in place. One site with a relatively large population of A. latifolia but without a confirmed population of C. fuscum has recently been added to the Gulf Islands National Park Reserve and will be managed by Parks Canada.

Abronia latifolia

A. latifolia is listed by the BC Conservation Data Centre as G5 S3 which indicates it is vulnerable to extirpation or extinction provincially but is considered secure globally (BC Conservation Data Centre, 2002a). It is not listed by the Washington Natural Heritage Program (Washington Department of Natural Resources, 2002).

Dune Plant Communities

Dune plant communities were recently designated by the BC Conservation Data Centre as part of the Provincial Rare Natural Plant Community Red and Blue List (BC Conservation Data Centre, 2002b). They are included under the plant association “Carex macrocephala Herbaceous Vegetation” which is currently listed as S1S2 (Red List). The Sensitive Ecosystems Inventory of Southeastern Vancouver Island and Gulf Islands grouped dune and spit vegetation under the “Sparely Vegetated Sensitive Ecosystem Type” (Ward et al., 1998). The Washington Natural Heritage Program lists several coastal plant communities under “High-Quality Plant Communities and Wetland Ecosystems”. They include “Coastal Spit with Native Vegetation” (Washington Department of Natural Resources, 2002).

Portions of all sites in Canada where C. fuscum occurs are protected as provincial or regional parks. One population is fully encompassed within a provincial park. Four of five populations in Washington State occur in sites with some degree of park protection: two are located in state parks, one in a US Fish and Wildlife National Wildlife Refuge, and the last is situated within a National Historic site. The remaining population is located in a military reserve.

The Park Act of British Columbia prevents the collection of plants or animals from provincial parks without a park use permit. This provides limited protection of C. fuscum and A. latifolia in one Canadian site.