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Recovery Strategy : Forked Three-awned Grass (Aristida basiramea) au Canada


Allen, G. and Nantel, P. Site inspection of the Anten Mills Aristida population on October 12, 2005.

Allred, K. W. 2001-2002.  Aristida in : Manual of Grasses for North America. Grass Manual on The Web (http://herbarium.usu.edu/webmanual/). Utah State University, Logan UT.

Allred, K. W. 2001. Draft section on Aristida in the Flora of North America. 9 June 2001.
Pages 1-16.

Bakowsky, W.D. 1996.Vegetation Communities of Southern Ontario. OMNR Natural Heritage Information Centre, Peterborough, Ontario.

Barbeau, O. and Brisson, J., 2004. La situation de l’Aristide à rameaux basilaires (Aristida basiramea Engelm.ex. Vasey) au Québec. Institut de recherche en biologie végétale.  Rapport préparé pour le Ministère de l’environnement du Québec, Direction du patrimoine écologique et du développement durable. 29 p.

COSEWIC, 2002 COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Forked Three-awned Grass Aristida basiramea in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada.  Ottawa.  Vi + 29 p.

Environment Canada, 2005. RENEW Recovery Handbook (ROMAN), working draft. Recovery Secretariat, Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Gleason, H.A., and Cronquist, A., 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, 2nd ed. New York Botanical Gardens, NY. 910 p.

Hanna, R., 1984. Life science areas of natural and scientific interest in Site District 6-6. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Parks and Recreational Areas Section, Central Region, Richmond Hill.

Jones, J.A., 2000.  Fire history of the bur oak savannas of Sheguiandah Township, Manitoulin Island.  The Michigan Botanist 39(1) pp. 3-15.

Jones, J.A. 2005. Report from field work on Forked Three-awned Grass (Aristida basiramea). Prepared for Parks Canada. Winter Spider Eco-Consulting, October 14, 2005., 18 p.

Jones, J.A. and Jalava, J.V. 2006. A recovery strategy of alvar ecosystems of the Bruce Peninsula and Manitoulin regions. Prepared for the Bruce Peninsula-Manitoulin Island Alvar Ecosystem Recovery Team. 61 pp.

King, M. 2005. Phase II: Planning and implementation of a complete inventory of all Beausoleil First Nation lands. Prepared for Beausoleil First Nation. 8 p.

McGregor, et al., 1986 Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas.

Natural Heritage Information Centre, 2005. On line databases, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough. http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/nhic/nhic.cfm

Natural Heritage Information Centre, 2004. Element Occurrence report for Aristida basiramea, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough. http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/nhic/nhic.cfm

NatureServe 2005 On line Explorer (databases) at http://www.natureserve.org

Oldham, M.J. 1999.  Natural Heritage Resources of Ontario: Rare Vascular Plants.  Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, at http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/nhic/nhic.cfm

Oldham, M.J. 2002. COSSARO Candidate species at risk evaluation form for Forked Three-awned Grass (Aristida basiramea). Committee on the status of species at risk in Ontario (COSSARO) Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough.  18 p.

Parks Canada Biotics, NatureServe Canada Databases, 2005.

Pavlik, B. M., D. L. Nickrent, et al. 1993.The recovery of an endangered plant. I. Creating a new population of Amsinckia grandiflora. Conser. Biol. 7(3): 510.

The Planning Partnership, 2000. Township of Tiny Official Plan Final Version. 89 p. Available on-line at http://www.township.tiny.on.ca

Reschke, C., R. Reid, J. Jones, T. Feeney and H. Potter. 1999. Conserving Great Lakes Alvars: Final Technical Report of the International Alvar Conservation Initiative. The Nature Conservancy, Chicago, Illinois. 230 p.

Sharp and Associates Inc. 2003. A natural heritage evaluation of the Beausoleil Band First Nation reserve (Christian, Hope, and Beckwith Islands). An initial summary based on existing information. Prepared for Ministry of Natural Resources, Midhurst District Office. Mirek Sharp & Associates Inc., Guelph, ON, April 29, 2003. 19 p.

Voss, E.G. 1972. Michigan Flora. Part 1: Gymnosperms and Monocots. Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium. 488 p.

Personal Communications:

List of members for personal communications
MemberAssociation or Organisation
Gary AllenOntario Service Center, Parks Canada
Madeline AustenEnvironment Canada, Ontario Region
Wasyl BakowskyOntario Ministry of Natural Resources
Line Couillard Ministère du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et des Parcs (Québec)
David FeatherstoneNottawasaga Valley Conservation Authority
Melvin KingBeausoleil First Nation
Michael J. OldhamOntario Ministry of Natural Resources
Michael PenskarMichigan Natural Features Inventory
Andrew PromaineGeorgian Bay Islands National Park
Raymond QuennevilleFire Specialist, Parks Canada, Québec City
Dr. A.A. ReznicekUniversity of Michigan
Tim TullyAwenda Provincial Park

Appendix 1.  Actions Already Completed or Underway

2001 Ontariosites surveyed and documented by Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR)
2002 Status report compiled for COSEWIC recommended Endangered
  Species designated Endangered by COSEWIC, November 2002
 Conservation easement put in place for part of Anten Mills population
2003 Cazaville site surveyed and documented for Québec Ministry of Environment
  A. basirameaadded to the Species at Risk in Ontario (SARO) List as Endangered
2004 Report on status of the species in Québec compiled for Québec Ministry of Environment; S1 ranking recommended
  The species recommended for listing as menacée (highest status) by Québec Advisory Committee on Endangered Flora
2005Aristida basiramea listed “Endangered” in Schedule 1 of SARA (January 12th)
  ChristianIsland population reexamined by Environment Canada (EC), OMNR, and Beausoleil First Nation (BFN); additional subpopulations noted in proximity to former ball diamond population
 Environment Canada began working with Beausoleil First Nation to address concerns regarding Aristida basiramea and its occurrence on or adjacent to culturally significant sites.
  BFN Band Council resolution designated two band-owned Aristida sites for conservation
  Draft Federal Recovery Strategy prepared
  Consultation with Anten Mills site owners and one Macey Lake owner in preparation for regulation of the species as Endangered in Ontario
  Discussions in progress for zonation of Beausoleil Island population within Georgian Bay Island National Park
 ChristianIsland habitat documented and surveyed for further subpopulations. Vegetation community type, extent, quality also mapped (September 2005)

Vegetation community documented at Beausoleil Island site; monitoring of populations begun (October 2005)

Consultation begun with Beausoleil First Nation (October 2005)

2006Habitat Stewardship Program funded project to begin the protection of the Cazaville population

Anten Mills landowners contacted in preparation for regulation of the species as Endangered in Ontario

Beausoleil First Nation enacts Band Council Resolution approving Forked Three-awned Grass Recovery Strategy.

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