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Canadian Species at Risk (November 2003)

Canadian Species at Risk

NOVEMBER 2003

 

Sand-verbena Moth, Copablepharon fuscum, designated Endangered by COSEWIC in November 2003. Line drawing by Nick Page, Vancouver, British Columbia.

 

Aussi disponible en francais

COSEWIC logo

 

For additional copies contact:

COSEWIC Secretariat
Canadian Wildlife Service
Environment Canada
Ottawa, ON
K1A 0H3

Tel.: (819) 997-4991 / (819) 953-3215
Fax: (819) 994-3684

E-mail: COSEWIC/COSEPAC@ec.gc.ca

Web site: http://www.cosewic.gc.ca

 

Courier address:
4th Floor,
Place Vincent Massey,
351 St. Joseph Blvd.,
Gatineau, QC.
J8Y 3Z5

 

Cover Illustration: Sand-verbena Moth, Copablepharon fuscum, designated Endangered by COSEWIC in November 2003. Line drawing by Nick Page, Vancouver, British Columbia.


This publication can be cited as follows: COSEWIC, 2003. Canadian Species at Risk, November 2003. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 44 pp.

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About COSEWIC

 

COSEWIC Mandate

Designations are made on native species for the following taxonomic groups: mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, arthropods, molluscs, vascular plants, mosses, and lichens. The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) assesses the national status of wild species, subspecies, varieties, or other designatable units that are considered to be at risk in Canada.

COSEWIC membership

COSEWIC comprises members from each provincial and territorial government wildlife agency, four federal agencies (Canadian Wildlife Service, Parks Canada Agency, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, and the Federal Biosystematics Partnership, chaired by the Canadian Museum of Nature), three nonjurisdictional members and the co-chairs of the species specialist and the Aboriginal Traditional Knowledge subcommittees. The Committee meets to consider status reports on candidate species.

Definitions

The following definitions were reviewed by COSEWIC in May 2003:

Species   Any indigenous species, subspecies, variety, or geographically or genetically distinct population of wild fauna and flora.

Extinct (X)   A species that no longer exists.

Extirpated (XT)   A species no longer existing in the wild in Canada, but occurring elsewhere.

Endangered (E)   A species facing imminent extirpation or extinction.

Threatened (T)  A species likely to become endangered if limiting factors are not reversed.

Special Concern (SC)*   A species of special concern because of characteristics that make it particularly sensitive to human activities or natural events.

Not at Risk (NAR)**     A species that has been evaluated and found to be not at risk.

Data Deficient (DD)*** A species for which there is insufficient scientific information to support status designation.

 


 

* Formerly described as "Vulnerable" from 1990 to 1999, or "Rare" prior to 1990.

** Formerly described as "Not In Any Category", or "No Designation Required."

*** Formerly described as "Indeterminate" from 1994 to 1999 or "ISIBD" (insufficient scientific information on which to base a designation) prior to 1994.

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Summary Tables

Species designated in the five "risk" categories and in the NOT AT RISK and DATA DEFICIENT categories

Table 1. Summary of COSEWIC's assessment results for the "risk" categories. The results include the November 2003 meeting.

TAXON/STATUSEXTINCTEXTIRPATEDENDANGEREDTHREATENEDSPECIAL
CONCERN
TOTALS
Mammals2422132465
Birds322292258
Reptiles 45111131
Amphibians 155819
Fishes5220222978
Arthropods 365216
Molluscs12112319
Vascular Plants 2623937140
Mosses1152 9
Lichens  2 46
Totals1221160108140441

 

Table 2. Summary of COSEWIC's assessment results for the Not at Risk category. The results include the November 2003 meeting.

TAXON/STATUSNOT AT RISK
Mammals46
Birds35
Reptiles5
Amphibians14
Fishes35
Arthropods0
Molluscs2
Vascular Plants16
Mosses0
Lichens0
Totals153

 

Table 3. Summary of COSEWIC's assessment results for the Data Deficient category. The results include the November 2003 meeting.

TAXON/
STATUS
DATA DEFICIENT
Mammals9
Birds2
Reptiles2
Amphibians0
Fishes9
Arthropods0
Molluscs4
Vascular Plants4
Mosses0
Lichens2
Totals32

 

 

 

 

 

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Results of November 2003 COSEWIC meeting

Table 4. November 2003 results by status and taxon.

TAXON/
STATUS
EXTINCTEXTIRPATEDENDANGEREDTHREATENEDSPECIAL
CONCERN
NOT AT RISKDATA
DEFICIENT
TOTALS
Mammals    2 13
Birds  21   3
Reptiles       0
Amphibians       0
Fishes  1  113
Arthropods  12   3
Molluscs    1124
Vascular Plants  42   6
Mosses   1   1
Lichens       0
Totals008632423

 

Table 5. November 2003 results by status and type of change in status.

STATUS
CHANGE*
/STATUS
EXTINCTEXTIRPATEDENDANGEREDTHREATENEDSPECIAL
CONCERN
NOT AT RISKDATA
DEFICIENT
TOTALS
New  6411214
Uplisted  121  4
Downlisted       0
No Change  1    1
Changed    1 23
De-listed     1 1
Totals008632423

* Explanation of terms on following page.

 

 

 

 

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COSEWIC Assessment Results

The tables that follow (Tables 6-8) are organized by status category and then by taxonomic group. An explanation of the symbols and abbreviations is provided below. For each species, the information provided includes the common name, scientific name, population name, and range of occurrence in Canada (by province, territory or ocean). The most recent date of assessment by COSEWIC is shown, and symbols provide information on the outcome of status re-assessments (e.g., uplisting, downlisting) and the basis of re-assessment for species evaluated against the new quantitative criteria. For birds, range of occurrence includes the Canadian breeding and wintering distribution.

The first COSEWIC "Endangered Species List" was issued in 1978. In 1990, it was decided that all species considered by COSEWIC should be included in this document even if the species were Not at Risk or Data Deficient. Therefore, this document is divided into three separate sections. The first section (Table 6) includes species assessed and designated as Extinct, Extirpated, Endangered, Threatened or Special Concern. The second section (Table 7) includes species assessed and found to be in the Not at Risk category. The third section (Table 8) includes species assessed and found to be in the Data Deficient category because of insufficient scientific information. All three sections include the geographical occurrence and most recent date of assessment.

Explanation of Symbols

Re-assessments and new assessments

↑     Species placed in a higher risk category (uplisted) after re-assessment on the date shown.

↓     Species placed in a lower risk category (downlisted) after re-assessment on the date shown.

Species stays in the same risk category (no change) after re-assessment on the date shown.

Species moved to the Not at Risk category from a risk category (de-listed) on the date shown.

R Species moved to the Data Deficient category from a risk category, or to a risk category from the Data Deficient category (changed), on the date shown. (no arrow) New species assessed on the date shown.

Evaluation with COSEWIC's new quantitative criteria

COSEWIC has recently begun using quantitative criteria to assess species' risk of extinction. These criteria were adapted from the criteria used by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and have been used by COSEWIC since October 1999.

1 or 1+  Assessment based on a new status report or an update status report. A plus sign (+) indicates the report has an addendum or that the report has been modified.

2 or 2+ Species re-assessed using an existing status report. A plus sign (+) indicates the report has an addendum or that the report has been modified.

Geographical occurrence abbreviations

AB     Alberta

NS      Nova Scotia

QC      Québec

BC      British Columbia

NT     Northwest Territories

SK      Saskatchewan

MB      Manitoba

NU      Nunavut

YT     Yukon Territory

NB      New Brunswick

ON      Ontario

NL      Newfoundland and Labrador

PE     Prince Edward Island

 

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Table 6. Species assessed and designated in the five "risk" categories, with range of occurrence (by province, territory or ocean) and date of last assessment. For extinct and extirpated species, the historical range of occurrence and the approximate date of disappearance are shown (441 species).

EXTINCT CATEGORY (12)
Taxon/ Assessment DetailsCommon NameScientific NamePopulation NameHistorical Range of OccurrenceExtinction DateAssessment Date
Mammals (2)
∆    ↔Caribou dawsoni subspeciesRangifer tarandus dawsoni BC1920sMay 2000
2   ↔Mink, SeaMustela macrodon NB NS Atlantic Ocean1894May 2000
Birds (3)
2   ↔Auk, GreatPinguinus impennis QC NB NS NL1844May 2000
2   ↔Duck, LabradorCamptorhynchus labradorius QC NB NS NL1875May 2000
2   ↔Pigeon, PassengerEctopistes migratorius SK MB ON QC NB NS PE1914May 2000
Reptiles (0)
Amphibians (0)
Fishes (5)
2   ↔Cisco, DeepwaterCoregonus johannae ON1952May 2000
2   ↔Dace, Banff LongnoseRhinichthys cataractae smithi AB1986May 2000
2   ↔Stickleback, Benthic Hadley LakeGasterosteus sp. BC1999May 2000
2   ↔Stickleback, Limnetic Hadley LakeGasterosteus sp. BC1999May 2000
2   ↔Walleye, BlueStizostedion vitreum
glaucum
 ON1965May 2000
Arthropods (0)
Molluscs (1)
2   ↔Limpet, EelgrassLottia alveus alveus QC NS NL1929May 2000
Vascular Plants (0)
Mosses (1)
Moss, Macoun's ShiningNeomacounia nitida ONnot observed since 1864Nov 2002
Lichens (0)

 

EXTIRPATED CATEGORY (21)
Taxon/ Assessment DetailsCommon NameScientific NamePopulation NameHistorical Range of OccurrenceExtinction DateAssessment Date
Mammals (4)
1   ↔Bear, GrizzlyUrsus arctosPrairie populationAB SK MB1880sMay 2002
2   ↔Ferret, Black-footedMustela nigripes AB SK MB1974May 2000
2   ↔Walrus, AtlanticOdobenus rosmarus rosmarusNorthwest Atlantic populationAtlantic Oceanmid 19th centuryMay 2000
2   ↔Whale, GreyEschrichtius robustusAtlantic populationAtlantic Oceanbefore end of 1800sMay 2000
Birds (2)
2   ↔Prairie-Chicken, GreaterTympanuchus cupido AB SK MB ONlast reported in 1987 in SaskatchewanMay 2000
2  ↔Sage-Grouse phaios subspecies, GreaterCentrocercus urophasianus phaios BCnot observed since 1960sMay 2000
Reptiles (4)
Gophersnake, PacificPituophis catenifer catenifer BCnot observed since 1957May 2002
2   ↔Lizard, Pigmy Short-hornedPhrynosoma douglasiiBritish Columbia populationBClast reported in 1898, near Osoyoos, BCMay 2000
Rattlesnake, TimberCrotalus horridus ON1941May 2001
Turtle, Pacific PondActinemys marmorata BCnot observed since 1959May 2002
Amphibians (1)
Salamander, TigerAmbystoma tigrinumGreat Lakes populationON1915Nov 2001
Fishes (2)
2  ↔Chub, GravelErimystax x-punctatus ONlast reported in 1958, Thames River drainageMay 2000
2 ↔PaddlefishPolyodon spathula ON1917May 2000
Arthropods (3)
2   ↔Blue, KarnerLycaeides melissa samuelis ON1991May 2000
2   ↔Elfin, FrostedCallophrys [Incisalia] irus ON1988May 2000
2   ↔Marble, IslandEuchloe ausonides BCbefore 1910May 2000
Molluscs (2)
Snail, Puget OregonianCryptomastix devia BCnot observed since 1905Nov 2002
2   ↔Wedgemussel, DwarfAlasmidonta heterodon NB1968May 2000
Vascular Plants (2)
2  ↔Spring Blue-eyed MaryCollinsia verna ONnot observed since 1954May 2000
2   ↔Tick-trefoil, illinoisDesmodium illinoense ONnot observed since 1888May 2000
Mosses (1)
Moss, Incurved GrizzledPtychomitrium incurvum ON1828Nov 2002
Lichens (0)

 

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ENDANGERED CATEGORY (160)
Taxon/ Assessment DetailsCommon NameScientific NamePopulation Name

Range of

Occurrence

Assessment Date
Mammals (22)
1   Badger jacksoni subspecies, AmericanTaxidea taxus jacksoni ONMay 2000
1   Badger jeffersonii subspecies, AmericanTaxidea taxus jeffersonii BCMay 2000
 Caribou, PearyRangifer tarandus pearyiBanks Island populationNTApr 1991
 Caribou, PearyRangifer tarandus pearyiHigh Arctic populationNT NUApr 1991
1   ↔Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribouAtlantic-Gaspésie populationQCMay 2002
2   ↔Fox, SwiftVulpes velox AB SKMay 2000
2+  ↔Marmot, Vancouver IslandMarmota vancouverensis BCMay 2000
2   ↔Marten, NewfoundlandMartes americana atrata NLMay 2000
1   ↑Mole, Townsend'sScapanus townsendii BCMay 2003
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucasSoutheast Baffin Island-
Cumberland Sound
population
NU NL Arctic OceanApr 1990
  ↔Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucasSt. Lawrence River
population
QCApr 1997
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucasUngava Bay populationNU QC
Arctic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Apr 1988
1   Whale, BlueBalaenoptera musculusAtlantic populationAtlantic OceanMay 2002
1   Whale, BlueBalaenoptera musculusPacific populationPacific OceanMay 2002
 Whale, BowheadBalaena mysticetusEastern Arctic populationNU Arctic OceanApr 1980
 Whale, BowheadBalaena mysticetusWestern Arctic populationYT NT NU Arctic OceanApr 1986
2+  Whale, KillerOrcinus orcaNortheast Pacific southern resident populationPacific OceanNov 2001
1   Whale, North Atlantic RightEubalaena glacialis Atlantic OceanMay 2003
   ↔Whale, North Pacific RightEubalaena japonica Pacific OceanApr 1990
2+  ↑Whale, Northern BottlenoseHyperoodon ampullatusScotian Shelf populationAtlantic OceanNov 2002
Whale, SeiBalaenoptera borealisPacific populationPacific OceanMay 2003
1   ↔WolverineGulo guloEastern populationQC NLMay 2003
Birds (22)
1  ↔Bobwhite, NorthernColinus virginianus ONNov 2003
1   ↑Chat auricollis subspecies, Yellow-breastedIcteria virens auricollisBritish Columbia populationBCNov 2000
1   ↔Crane, WhoopingGrus americana NT ABNov 2000
1   ↔Curlew, EskimoNumenius borealis YT NT NU BC AB SK
MB ON QC NB NS PE
May 2000
1   ↔Flycatcher, AcadianEmpidonax virescens ONNov 2000
Lark strigata subspecies, HornedEremophila alpestris strigata BCNov 2003
2   ↔Owl caurina subspecies, SpottedStrix occidentalis caurina BCMay 2000
2   ↔Owl, BarnTyto albaEastern populationON QCMay 2000
2   ↔Owl, BurrowingAthene cunicularia BC AB SK MBMay 2000
1   Plover circumcinctus subspecies, PipingCharadrius melodus circumcinctus AB SK MB ONMay 2001
1   Plover melodus subspecies, PipingCharadrius melodus melodus QC NB NS PE NLMay 2001
1   ↔Plover, MountainCharadrius montanus AB SKNov 2000
1   ↔Rail, KingRallus elegans ONNov 2000
2   ↔Sage-Grouse urophasianus subspecies, GreaterCentrocercus urophasianus urophasianus AB SKMay 2000
1   Screech-Owl macfarlanei subspecies, WesternMegascops kennicottii macfarlanei BCMay 2002
1   ↔Shrike migrans subspecies, LoggerheadLanius ludovicianus migrans MB ON QCNov 2000
1   ↔Sparrow, Henslow'sAmmodramus henslowii ONNov 2000
2   ↔Tern, RoseateSterna dougallii QC NB NSOct 1999
1   ↔Thrasher, SageOreoscoptes montanus BC AB SKNov 2000
2   ↔Warbler, Kirtland'sDendroica kirtlandii ONMay 2000
2   ↔Warbler, ProthonotaryProtonotaria citrea ONMay 2000
1   ↑Woodpecker, White-headedPicoides albolarvatus BCNov 2000
Reptiles (5)
NightsnakeHypsiglena torquata BCMay 2001
1   ↔Racer, BlueColuber constrictor foxii ONMay 2002
1   ↔Seaturtle, LeatherbackDermochelys coriacea Pacific Ocean Atlantic OceanMay 2001
2  ↔Snake, Sharp-tailedContia tenuis BCOct 1999
 Watersnake, Lake ErieNerodia sipedon insularum ONApr 1991
Amphibians (6)
1   ↔Frog, Northern CricketAcris crepitans ONMay 2001
2   ↔Frog, Northern LeopardRana pipiensSouthern Mountain populationBCMay 2000
1   ↔Frog, Oregon SpottedRana pretiosa BCMay 2000
Frog, Rocky Mountain TailedAscaphus montanus BCMay 2000
Salamander, TigerAmbystoma tigrinumSouthern Mountain populationBCNov 2001
Fishes (20)
1   Cod, AtlanticGadus morhuaNewfoundland and Labrador populationAtlantic OceanMay 2003
2   ↔Dace, NooksackRhinichthys sp. BCMay 2000
1   ↑Dace, SpeckledRhinichthys osculus BCNov 2002
2   ↑Lamprey, Morrison CreekLampetra richardsoni BCMay 2000
2+  ↑Madtom, NorthernNoturus stigmosus ONNov 2002
Salmon, AtlanticSalmo salarInner Bay of Fundy populationsNB NS (rarely NL)
Atlantic Ocean
May 2001
Salmon, CohoOncorhynchus kisutchInterior Fraser populationBC Pacific OceanMay 2002
1   ↔Salmon, SockeyeOncorhynchus nerkaCultus populationBC Pacific OceanMay 2003
1   ↔Salmon, SockeyeOncorhynchus nerkaSakinaw populationBC Pacific OceanMay 2003
1   ↑Shiner, PugnoseNotropis anogenus ONNov 2002
1   Stickleback, Benthic Enos LakeGasterosteus sp. BCNov 2002
2   ↑Stickleback, Benthic Paxton LakeGasterosteus sp. BCMay 2000
2   ↑Stickleback, Benthic Vananda CreekGasterosteus sp. BCMay 2000
1   Stickleback, Limnetic Enos LakeGasterosteus sp. BCNov 2002
2   ↑Stickleback, Limnetic Paxton LakeGasterosteus sp. BCMay 2000
2  ↑Stickleback, Limnetic Vananda CreekGasterosteus sp. BCMay 2000
1   ↑Sturgeon, WhiteAcipenser transmontanus BCNov 2003
1   ↔Sucker, SalishCatostomus sp. BCNov 2002
1   ↔Trout, AuroraSalvelinus fontinalis timagamiensis ONMay 2000
1   ↔Whitefish, AtlanticCoregonus huntsmani NSNov 2000
Arthropods (6)
Blue, IslandPlebejus saepiolus insulanus BCNov 2000
Checkerspot, Taylor'sEuphydryas editha taylori BCNov 2000
Metalmark, MormonApodemia mormoSouthern Mountain populationBCMay 2003
Moth, Sand-verbenaCopablepharon fuscum BCNov 2003
Moth, YuccaTegeticula yuccasella ABMay 2002
2   ↔Ringlet, MaritimeCoenonympha tullia nipisiquit QC NBMay 2000
Molluscs (11)
2   ↔Bean, RayedVillosa fabalis ONMay 2000
Forestsnail, OregonAllogona townsendiana BCNov 2002
Hickorynut, RoundObovaria subrotunda ONMay 2003
KidneyshellPtychobranchus fasciolaris ONMay 2003
2   ↔Lampmussel, Wavy-rayedLampsilis fasciola ONOct 1999
Mussel, MudpuppySimpsonaias ambigua ONMay 2001
2   ↔Physa, HotwaterPhysella wrighti BCMay 2000
2+  ↔Riffleshell, NorthernEpioblasma torulosa rangiana ONMay 2000
2   ↑Snail, Banff SpringsPhysella johnsoni ABMay 2000
Snail, Lake Winnipeg PhysaPhysa sp. MBNov 2002
SnuffboxEpioblasma triquetra ONMay 2001
Vascular Plants (62)
2+  ↔Agalinis, Gattinger'sAgalinis gattingeri ONMay 2001
2   ↔Agalinis, Skinner'sAgalinis skinneriana ONMay 2000
2   ↔Ammannia, ScarletAmmannia robusta BC ONMay 2001
2   ↔Avens, Eastern MountainGeum peckii NSMay 2000
2   ↔Balsamroot, DeltoidBalsamorhiza deltoidea BCMay 2000
2   ↔BlueheartsBuchnera americana ONMay 2000
2+  ↔Braya, Long'sBraya longii NLMay 2000
Bugbane, TallActaea elata BCMay 2001
1   ↑Bulrush, BashfulTrichophorum planifolium ONMay 2000
2   ↔Bush-clover, SlenderLespedeza virginica ONMay 2000
2   ↔Buttercup, Water-plantainRanunculus alismaefolius var. alismaefolius BCMay 2000
ButternutJuglans cinerea NB ON QCNov 2003
2  ↔Cactus, Eastern Prickly PearOpuntia humifusa ONMay 2000
Catchfly, Coastal Scouler'sSilene scouleri ssp. grandis BCMay 2003
Collomia, SlenderCollomia tenella BCNov 2003
2   ↔Coreopsis, PinkCoreopsis rosea NSMay 2000
2   ↔Cryptanthe, TinyCryptantha minima AB SKMay 2000
2   ↔Fern, Southern MaidenhairAdiantum capillus-veneris BCMay 2000
1   ↑Fringed-orchid, Eastern PrairiePlatanthera leucophaea ONMay 2003
1   ↔Fringed-orchid, Western PrairiePlatanthera praeclara MBMay 2000
1   ↔Gentian, White PrairieGentiana alba ONMay 2001
2  ↔Ginseng, AmericanPanax quinquefolius ON QCMay 2000
2+  ↑Goat's-rue, VirginiaTephrosia virginiana ONMay 2000
2   ↔Goldenrod, ShowySolidago speciosa ONMay 2000
Grass, Forked Three-awnedAristida basiramea ON QCNov 2002
2   ↔Lady's-slipper, Small WhiteCypripedium candidum MB ONMay 2000
1   ↑Lipocarpha, Small-floweredLipocarpha micrantha BC ONNov 2002
2   ↔Lotus, Seaside Birds-footLotus formosissimus BCMay 2000
2   ↔Lousewort, Furbish'sPedicularis furbishiae NBMay 2000
2   ↔Lupine, PrairieLupinus lepidus var. lepidus BCMay 2000
Lupine, StreambankLupinus rivularis BCNov 2002
2   ↔Milkwort, PinkPolygala incarnata ONMay 2000
2   ↔Mountain-mint, HoaryPycnanthemum incanum ONMay 2000
2   ↔Mulberry, RedMorus rubra ONMay 2000
2   ↔Owl-clover, BeardedTriphysaria versicolor ssp. versicolor BCMay 2000
2+  ↑Paintbrush, GoldenCastilleja levisecta BCMay 2000
2  ↔Plantain, Heart-leavedPlantago cordata ONMay 2000
2  ↔Pogonia, Large WhorledIsotria verticillata ONMay 2000
2  ↔Pogonia, NoddingTriphora trianthophora ONMay 2000
2   ↔Pogonia, Small WhorledIsotria medeoloides ONMay 2000
1   ↔Quillwort, Engelmann'sIsoëtes engelmannii ONMay 2001
Rush, Kellogg'sJuncus kelloggii BCMay 2003
1   ↑Sand-verbena, Small-floweredTripterocalyx micranthus AB SKNov 2002
Sanicle, Bear's-footSanicula arctopoides BCMay 2001
2   ↑Sedge, False HopCarex lupuliformis ON QCMay 2000
2   ↔Sedge, JuniperCarex juniperorum ONMay 2000
Spike-rush, HorsetailEleocharis equisetoides ONNov 2000
1   ↔Sundew, Thread-leavedDrosera filiformis NSMay 2001
2   ↔Thistle, Pitcher'sCirsium pitcheri ONMay 2000
Tonella, Small-floweredTonella tenella BCNov 2003
2   ↔ToothcupRotala ramosior BC ONMay 2000
2   ↔Tree, CucumberMagnolia acuminata ONMay 2000
2   ↔Trillium, DroopingTrillium flexipes ONMay 2000
Triteleia, Howell'sTriteleia howellii BCMay 2003
2+  ↔Twayblade, PurpleLiparis liliifolia ONMay 2001
1   ↑Violet, Bird's-footViola pedata ONMay 2002
Willow, BarrensSalix jejuna NLMay 2001
2   ↔Wintergreen, SpottedChimaphila maculata ON QCMay 2000
2+  ↔Wood-poppyStylophorum diphyllum ONMay 2000
 2  ↑Woodsia, Blunt-lobedWoodsia obtusa ON QCMay 2000
1Woolly-heads, DwarfPsilocarphus brevissimus BCNov 2003
Woolly-heads, TallPsilocarphus elatiorPacific populationBCMay 2001
Mosses (5)
Moss, Margined StreamsideScouleria marginata BCNov 2002
1Moss, Poor PocketFissidens pauperculus BCNov 2001
2+  ↑Moss, Rigid AppleBartramia stricta BCMay 2000
Moss, Silver HairFabronia pusilla BCNov 2002
Moss, Spoon-leavedBryoandersonia illecebra ONMay 2003
Lichens (2)
Lichen, Boreal FeltErioderma pedicellatumAtlantic populationNB NSMay 2002
2   ↔Seaside CentipedeHeterodermia sitchensis BCMay 2000

 

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THREATENED CATEGORY (108)
Taxon/ Assessment DetailsCommon NameScientific NamePopulation NameRange of OccurrenceAssessment Date
Mammals (13)
1   ↑Bat, PallidAntrozous pallidus BCMay 2000
1   ↔Bison, WoodBison bison athabascae YT NT BC ABMay 2000
 Caribou, PearyRangifer tarandus pearyiLow Arctic populationNT NUApr 1991
1   ↔Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribouBoreal populationNT BC AB SK MB ON QC NLMay 2002
1   ↔Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribouSouthern Mountain populationBC ABMay 2002
1   ↑Ermine haidarum subspeciesMustela erminea haidarum BCMay 2001
1   ↑Fox, GreyUrocyon cinereoargenteus MB ONMay 2002
2   ↔Otter, SeaEnhydra lutris BC Pacific OceanMay 2000
2+  ↔Shrew, Pacific WaterSorex bendirii BCMay 2000
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucasEastern Hudson Bay
population
QC Arctic OceanApr 1988
1   ↔Whale, HumpbackMegaptera novaeangliaeNorth Pacific populationPacific OceanMay 2003
2+  ↑Whale, KillerOrcinus orcaNortheast Pacific northern resident populationPacific OceanNov 2001
2+  ↑Whale, KillerOrcinus orcaNortheast Pacific transient populationPacific OceanNov 2001
Birds (9)
Albatross, Short-tailedPhoebastria albatrus BCNov 2003
2   ↑Bittern, LeastIxobrychus exilis MB ON QC NBNov 2001
2   ↔Falcon anatum subspecies, PeregrineFalco peregrinus anatum YT NT NU BC AB SK
MB ON QC NB NS NL
May 2000
1   ↑Goshawk laingi subspecies, NorthernAccipiter gentilis laingi BCNov 2000
2   ↑Gull, Ross'sRhodostethia rosea NT NU MBNov 2001
1   ↔Murrelet, MarbledBrachyramphus marmoratus BCNov 2000
2   ↔Pipit, Sprague'sAnthus spragueii AB SK MBMay 2000
 Shrike excubitorides subspecies, LoggerheadLanius ludovicianus excubitorides AB SK MBApr 1986
1   ↔Warbler, HoodedWilsonia citrina ONNov 2000
Reptiles (11)
2   ↔Foxsnake, EasternElaphe gloydi ONMay 2000
2   ↑Gartersnake, Butler'sThamnophis butleri ONNov 2001
Gophersnake, Great BasinPituophis catenifer deserticola BCMay 2002
1   ↔MassasaugaSistrurus catenatus ONNov 2002
2   ↔Ratsnake, EasternElaphe obsoleta ONMay 2000
Ribbonsnake, EasternThamnophis sauritusAtlantic populationNSMay 2002
2   ↑Snake, Eastern Hog-nosedHeterodon platirhinos ONNov 2001
2   ↔Snake, QueenRegina septemvittata ONMay 2000
1   ↔Softshell, SpinyApalone spinifera ON QCMay 2002
StinkpotSternotherus odoratus ON QCMay 2002
 Turtle, Blanding'sEmydoidea blandingiiNova Scotia populationNSApr 1993
Amphibians (5)
2+  ↑Salamander, Allegheny Mountain DuskyDesmognathus ochrophaeus QCNov 2001
1   ↑Salamander, Coastal GiantDicamptodon tenebrosus BCNov 2000
Salamander, JeffersonAmbystoma jeffersonianum ONNov 2000
2   ↑Spadefoot, Great BasinSpea intermontana BCNov 2001
2+  ↔Toad, Fowler'sBufo fowleri ONNov 2000
Fishes (23)
BocaccioSebastes paucispinis Pacific OceanNov 2002
2+  ↑Chubsucker, LakeErimyzon sucetta ONNov 2001
 Cisco, BlackfinCoregonus nigripinnis ONApr 1988
1   ↔Cisco, ShortjawCoregonus zenithicus NT AB SK MB ONMay 2003
Cisco, ShortnoseCoregonus reighardi ONApr 1987
1   Cod, AtlanticGadus morhuaLaurentian North populationAtlantic OceanMay 2003
CuskBrosme brosme Atlantic OceanMay 2003
1   ↔Darter, ChannelPercina copelandi ON QCMay 2002
2+  ↔Darter, Eastern SandAmmocrypta pellucida ON QCNov 2000
2   ↑Gar, SpottedLepisosteus oculatus ONNov 2000
2   ↑Lamprey, Cowichan LakeLampetra macrostoma BCNov 2000
2+  ↑Minnow, Western SilveryHybognathus argyritis ABNov 2001
 Redhorse, BlackMoxostoma duquesnei ONApr 1988
 Redhorse, CopperMoxostoma hubbsi QCApr 1987
2   ↑Sculpin, Cultus PygmyCottus sp. BCNov 2000
 Sculpin, DeepwaterMyoxocephalus thompsoniGreat Lakes populationsONApr 1987
1   ↔Sculpin, ShortheadCottus confusus BCMay 2001
2   ↑Shiner, CarmineNotropis percobromus MBNov 2001
2   ↔Smelt, Lake Utopia DwarfOsmerus sp. NBMay 2000
 Whitefish, LakeCoregonus clupeaformisLake Simcoe populationONApr 1987
Wolffish, NorthernAnarhichas denticulatus Arctic Ocean Atlantic OceanMay 2001
Wolffish, SpottedAnarhichas minor Arctic Ocean Atlantic OceanMay 2001
Arthropods (5)
Hairstreak, Behr's (Columbia)Satyrium behrii columbia BCNov 2000
Metalmark, MormonApodemia mormoPrairie populationSKMay 2003
Skipper, DakotaHesperia dacotae MB SKNov 2003
Skipper, DunEuphyes vestrisWestern populationBCNov 2000
Skipperling, PoweshiekOarisma poweshiek MBNov 2003
Molluscs (2)
2   ↔Abalone, NorthernHaliotis kamtschatkana Pacific OceanMay 2000
Jumping-slug, DromedaryHemphillia dromedarius BCMay 2003
Vascular Plants (39)
1   ↔Aster, AnticostiSymphyotrichum anticostense QC NBMay 2000
2   ↑Aster, Crooked-stemSymphyotrichum prenanthoides ONMay 2002
1   ↑Aster, Western SilverySymphyotrichum sericeum MB ONMay 2000
1   ↔Aster, White WoodEurybia divaricata ON QCNov 2002
2+  ↔Aster, White-topSericocarpus rigidus BCMay 2000
2   ↑Aster, WillowleafSymphyotrichum praealtum ONMay 2003
1   ↑Bartonia, BranchedBartonia paniculata ssp. paniculata ONNov 2003
1   ↑Blazing Star, DenseLiatris spicata ONMay 2001
1   ↔Blue-flag, WesternIris missouriensis ABMay 2000
2   ↔Braya, Fernald'sBraya fernaldii NLMay 2000
2   ↑BuffalograssBuchloë dactyloides SK MBNov 2001
 Chestnut, AmericanCastanea dentata ONApr 1987
1   ↔Coffee-tree, KentuckyGymnocladus dioicus ONNov 2000
1   ↔ColicrootAletris farinosa ONNov 2000
Corydalis, Scouler'sCorydalis scouleri BCMay 2001
Daisy, LakesideHymenoxys herbacea ONMay 2002
1   ↔DeerberryVaccinium stamineum ONNov 2000
Fern, Lemmon's HollyPolystichum lemmonii BCMay 2003
2   ↔Gentian, PlymouthSabatia kennedyana NSMay 2000
2   ↔Golden CrestLophiola aurea NSMay 2000
1   ↔GoldensealHydrastis canadensis ONMay 2000
2+  ↔Greenbrier, Round-leavedSmilax rotundifoliaGreat Lakes Plains populationONMay 2001
1   ↑Hackberry, DwarfCeltis tenuifolia ONNov 2003
1   ↑Hoptree, CommonPtelea trifoliata ONNov 2002
1   ↑Hyacinth, WildCamassia scilloides ONMay 2002
1   ↔Jacob's-ladder, Van Brunt'sPolemonium vanbruntiae QCNov 2002
Lily, Lyall's MariposaCalochortus lyallii BCMay 2001
2   ↔Mosquito-fern, MexicanAzolla mexicana BCMay 2000
1+  ↓Mouse-ear-cress, SlenderHalimolobos virgata AB SKMay 2000
1   ↑Orchid, PhantomCephalanthera austiniae BCMay 2000
2+  ↔Prairie-clover, HairyDalea villosa var. villosa SK MBMay 2000
2   ↔RedrootLachnanthes caroliana NSMay 2000
Sanicle, PurpleSanicula bipinnatifida BCMay 2001
1   ↑SoapweedYucca glauca ABMay 2000
1   ↔Spiderwort, WesternTradescantia occidentalis AB SK MBNov 2002
Spike-rush, TubercledEleocharis tuberculosa NSMay 2000
2   ↔Violet, Yellow MontaneViola praemorsa ssp. praemorsa BCMay 2000
2   ↔Water-pennywortHydrocotyle umbellata NSMay 2000
1   ↔Water-willow, AmericanJusticia americana ON QCMay 2000
Mosses (2)
Bryum, Porsild'sMielichhoferia macrocarpa AB BC NL NUNov 2003
Moss, Haller's AppleBartramia halleriana BC ABNov 2001
Lichens (0)

 

 

SPECIAL CONCERN CATEGORY (140)
Taxon/ Assessment DetailsCommon NameScientific NamePopulation NameRange of OccurrenceAssessment Date
Mammals (24)
 Bat, FringedMyotis thysanodes BCApr 1988
 Bat, SpottedEuderma maculatum BCApr 1988
1   ↔Bear, GrizzlyUrsus arctosNorthwestern populationYT NT NU BC ABMay 2002
2+  ↔Bear, PolarUrsus maritimus YT NT NU MB ON QC NLNov 2002
2   ↔Beaver, MountainAplodontia rufa BCNov 2001
1   ↑Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribouNorthern Mountain populationYT NT BCMay 2002
 Cottontail nuttallii subspecies, Nuttall'sSylvilagus nuttallii nuttallii BCApr 1994
 Kangaroo Rat, Ord'sDipodomys ordii AB SKApr 1995
2   ↔Mole, EasternScalopus aquaticus ONNov 2000
 Mouse megalotis subspecies, Western HarvestReithrodontomys megalotis megalotis BCApr 1994
1   ↓Porpoise, HarbourPhocoena phocoenaNorthwest Atlantic
population
Atlantic OceanMay 2003
1   RPorpoise, HarbourPhocoena phocoenaPacific Ocean populationPacific OceanNov 2003
2   ↔Prairie Dog, Black-tailedCynomys ludovicianus SKNov 2000
1   ↑Sea Lion, StellerEumetopias jubatus BC Pacific OceanNov 2003
 Seal Lacs des Loups Marins subspecies, HarbourPhoca vitulina mellonae QCApr 1996
 Shrew, GaspéSorex gaspensis QC NB NSApr 1988
 Squirrel, Southern FlyingGlaucomys volans ON QC NSApr 1988
2   ↔Vole, WoodlandMicrotus pinetorum ON QCNov 2001
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucasEastern High Arctic / Baffin Bay populationNU Arctic OceanApr 1992
 Whale, FinBalaenoptera physalus Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Apr 1987
2+Whale, KillerOrcinus orcaNortheast Pacific offshore populationPacific OceanNov 2001
 Whale, Sowerby's BeakedMesoplodon bidens Atlantic OceanApr 1989
1   RWolf, EasternCanis lupus lycaon ON QCMay 2001
1   ↔WolverineGulo guloWestern populationYT NT NU BC AB SK MB ONMay 2003
Birds (22)
1   ↔Chat virens subspecies, Yellow-breastedIcteria virens virens ONNov 2000
1   ↔Curlew, Long-billedNumenius americanus BC AB SKNov 2002
1   ↓Duck, HarlequinHistrionicus histrionicusEastern populationNU QC NB NS NLMay 2001
2   ↔Falcon pealei subspecies, PeregrineFalco peregrinus pealei BCNov 2001
      ↓Falcon tundrius subspecies, PeregrineFalco peregrinus tundrius YT NT NU QC NLApr 1992
Goldeneye, Barrow'sBucephala islandicaEastern populationQC NB NS PE NLNov 2000
2   ↔Gull, IvoryPagophila eburnea YT NT NU NLNov 2001
      ↓Hawk, FerruginousButeo regalis AB SK MBApr 1995
      ↔Hawk, Red-shoulderedButeo lineatus ON QC NBApr 1996
 Heron fannini subspecies, Great BlueArdea herodias fannini BCApr 1997
 Murrelet, AncientSynthliboramphus antiquus BCApr 1993
2   ↔Owl, BarnTyto albaWestern populationBCNov 2001
2   ↔Owl, FlammulatedOtus flammeolus BCNov 2001
 Owl, Short-earedAsio flammeus YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS NS NLApr 1994
2   ↔Rail, YellowCoturnicops noveboracensis NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NBNov 2001
1   Screech-Owl kennicottii subspecies, WesternMegascops kennicottii kennicottii BCMay 2002
1   Sparrow princeps subspecies, SavannahPasserculus sandwichensis princeps NSMay 2000
 Thrush, Bicknell'sCatharus bicknelli QC NB NSApr 1999
1   ↔Warbler, CeruleanDendroica cerulea ON QCMay 2003
      ↔Waterthrush, LouisianaSeiurus motacilla ON QCApr 1996
2   ↔Woodpecker, Lewis'sMelanerpes lewis BCNov 2001
 Woodpecker, Red-headedMelanerpes erythrocephalus SK MB ON QCApr 1996
Reptiles (11)
Boa, RubberCharina bottae BCMay 2003
 Lizard, Greater Short-hornedPhrynosoma hernandesi AB SKApr 1992
MilksnakeLampropeltis triangulum ON QCMay 2002
 Racer, Eastern Yellow-belliedColuber constrictor
flaviventris
 SKApr 1991
Ribbonsnake, EasternThamnophis sauritusGreat Lakes populationONMay 2002
 Skink, Five-linedEumeces fasciatus ONApr 1998
 Skink, Northern PrairieEumeces septentrionalis
septentrionalis
 MBApr 1989
Skink, WesternEumeces skiltonianus BCMay 2002
Turtle, Northern MapGraptemys geographica ON QCMay 2002
 Turtle, SpottedClemmys guttata ON QCApr 1991
 Turtle, WoodGlyptemys insculpta ON QC NB NSApr 1996
Amphibians (8)
Frog, Coast TailedAscaphus truei BCMay 2000
2   ↔Frog, Northern LeopardRana pipiensWestern Boreal/Prairie populationsNT AB SK MBNov 2002
2  ↔Frog, Red-leggedRana aurora BCMay 2002
2+  ↔Salamander, Coeur d'AlenePlethodon idahoensis BCNov 2001
 Salamander, Small-mouthedAmbystoma texanum ONApr 1991
2   ↔Salamander, SpringGyrinophilus porphyriticus ON QCMay 2002
2   ↔Toad, Great PlainsBufo cognatus AB SK MBMay 2002
Toad, WesternBufo boreas YT NT BC ABNov 2002
Fishes (29)
 Buffalo, BigmouthIctiobus cyprinellus SK MB ONApr 1989
 Buffalo, BlackIctiobus niger ONApr 1989
1   ↔Chub, SilverMacrhybopsis storeriana MB ONMay 2001
 Cisco, SpringCoregonus sp. QCApr 1992
1   Cod, AtlanticGadus morhuaArctic populationArctic OceanMay 2003
1   Cod, AtlanticGadus morhuaMaritimes populationAtlantic OceanMay 2003
 Dace, RedsideClinostomus elongatus ONApr 1987
 Dace, UmatillaRhinichthys umatilla BCApr 1988
 Darter, GreensideEtheostoma blennioides ONApr 1990
1   ↔Killifish, BandedFundulus diaphanusNewfoundland populationNLMay 2003
 KiyiCoregonus kiyi ONApr 1988
 Lamprey, ChestnutIchthyomyzon castaneus SK MBApr 1991
 Lamprey, Northern BrookIchthyomyzon fossor MB ON QCApr 1991
1   ↔Minnow, PugnoseOpsopoeodus emiliae ONMay 2000
      ↔Redhorse, RiverMoxostoma carinatum ON QCApr 1987
Sculpin, Columbia MottledCottus bairdi hubbsi BCMay 2000
2+  ↔Shiner, BridleNotropis bifrenatus ON QCNov 2001
      ↔Shiner, SilverNotropis photogenis ONApr 1987
 Stickleback, Charlotte UnarmouredGasterosteus sp. BCApr 1983
 Stickleback, GiantGasterosteus sp. BCApr 1980
 Sturgeon, GreenAcipenser medirostris BCApr 1987
 Sturgeon, ShortnoseAcipenser brevirostrum NBApr 1980
2+  ↔Sucker, SpottedMinytrema melanops ONNov 2001
 Sunfish, OrangespottedLepomis humilis ONApr 1989
 Sunfish, RedbreastLepomis auritus NBApr 1989
1   ↔Topminnow, BlackstripeFundulus notatus ONMay 2001
2+  ↔WarmouthLepomis gulosus ONNov 2001
 Whitefish, SquangaCoregonus sp. YTApr 1987
Wolffish, AtlanticAnarhichas lupus Atlantic OceanNov 2000
Arthropods (2)
2   ↔MonarchDanaus plexippus BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PENov 2001
Weidemeyer's AdmiralLimenitis weidemeyerii ABMay 2000
Molluscs (3)
Jumping-slug, WartyHemphillia glandulosa BCMay 2003
Mussel, Rocky Mountain RidgedGonidea angulata BCNov 2003
1Oyster, OlympiaOstrea conchaphila BCNov 2000
Vascular Plants (37)
1   ↓Ash, BlueFraxinus quadrangulata ONNov 2000
 Aster, BathurstSymphyotrichum subulatumBathurst populationNBApr 1992
 Aster, Gulf of St. LawrenceSymphyotrichum
laurentianum
 QC NB PEApr 1989
1Beggarticks, Vancouver IslandBidens amplissima BCNov 2001
 Bulrush, Long'sScirpus longii NSApr 1994
 Columbo, AmericanFrasera caroliniensis ONApr 1993
Fern, American Hart's-tongueAsplenium scolopendrium ONNov 2000
 Fern, Broad BeechPhegopteris hexagonoptera ON QCApr 1983
2   ↔Fern, Coastal WoodDryopteris arguta BCNov 2001
 Fleabane, Provancher'sErigeron philadelphicus var. provancheri QCApr 1992
 Gentian, Victorin'sGentianopsis victorinii QCApr 1987
Goldenrod, Riddell'sSolidago riddellii MB ONNov 2000
 Goosefoot, SmoothChenopodium subglabrum AB SK MBApr 1992
 Green DragonArisaema dracontium ON QCApr 1984
2   ↔Hairgrass, MackenzieDeschampsia mackenzieana SKNov 2001
      ↓Helleborine, GiantEpipactis gigantea BCApr 1998
1+  ↔Indian-plantain, TuberousArnoglossum plantagineum ONMay 2002
 Lilaeopsis, EasternLilaeopsis chinensis NSApr 1987
 Locoweed, Hare-footedOxytropis lagopus ABApr 1995
 Meadowfoam, Macoun'sLimnanthes macounii BCApr 1988
2   ↔Milk-vetch, Fernald'sAstragalus robbinsii var. fernaldii QC NLNov 2001
      ↔Oak, ShumardQuercus shumardii ONApr 1999
2+  ↓Pepperbush, SweetClethra alnifolia NSMay 2001
 Pondweed, Hill'sPotamogeton hillii ONApr 1986
 Quillwort, Bolander'sIsoëtes bolanderi ABApr 1995
2+  ↓Rose, Climbing PrairieRosa setigera ONMay 2003
 Rose-mallow, SwampHibiscus moscheutos ONApr 1987
 Rue-anemone, FalseEnemion biternatum ONApr 1990
 Rush, New JerseyJuncus caesariensis NSApr 1992
Tansy, FloccoseTanacetum huronense var. floccosum SKMay 2000
2   ↔Thrift, AthabascaArmeria maritima ssp. interior SKMay 2002
 Water-hemlock, Victorin'sCicuta maculata var. victorinii QCApr 1987
Willow, Felt-leafSalix silicicola NU SKMay 2000
Willow, Sand-dune Short-capsuledSalix brachycarpa var. psammophila SKMay 2000
Willow, Turnor'sSalix turnorii SKMay 2000
Woolly-heads, TallPsilocarphus elatiorPrairie populationAB SKMay 2001
Yarrow, Large-headed WoollyAchillea millefolium var. megacephalum SKMay 2000
Mosses (0)
Lichens (4)
 Cryptic PawNephroma occultum BCApr 1995
Lichen, Boreal FeltErioderma pedicellatumBoreal populationNLMay 2002
 Oldgrowth SpecklebellyPseudocyphellaria rainierensis BCApr 1996
 Seaside BoneHypogymnia heterophylla BCApr 1996

 

Return to Table of Contents

Table 7. Species assessed and found to be in the NOT AT RISK category with geographical occurrence and date of last assessment (by province, territory or ocean) (153 species).

NOT AT RISK CATEGORY (153)
Taxon/ Assessment DetailsCommon NameScientific NamePopulation NameRange of OccurrenceAssessment Date
Mammals (46)
1    Badger taxus subspecies, AmericanTaxidea taxus taxus AB SK MBMay 2000
      ↔Bear, American BlackUrsus americanus YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS NLApr 1999
1    ↔Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribouNewfoundland populationNLMay 2002
      ↔Cottontail pinetis subspecies, Nuttall'sSylvilagus nuttallii pinetis AB SKApr 1994
 Dolphin, Atlantic White-sidedLagenorhynchus acutus Atlantic OceanApr 1991
 Dolphin, BottlenoseTursiops truncatus Atlantic OceanApr 1993
  Dolphin, CommonDelphinus delphis Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Apr 1991
 Dolphin, Northern Right WhaleLissodelphis borealis Pacific OceanApr 1990
 Dolphin, Pacific White-sidedLagenorhynchus obliquidens Pacific OceanApr 1990
 Dolphin, Risso'sGrampus griseus Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Apr 1990
 Dolphin, StripedStenella coeruleoalba Atlantic Ocean Pacific OceanApr 1993
 Dolphin, White-beakedLagenorhynchus albirostris Atlantic OceanApr 1998
      √Gopher, Plains PocketGeomys bursarius MBApr 1998
1    ↔Lynx, CanadaLynx canadensis YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS NLMay 2001
  ↔NarwhalMonodon monceros Arctic OceanApr 1987
 Porpoise, Dall'sPhocoenoides dalli Pacific OceanApr 1989
 Sea Lion, CaliforniaZalophus californianus BC Pacific OceanApr 1987
 Seal Pacific subspecies, HarbourPhoca vitulina richardsi BC Pacific OceanApr 1999
 Seal, BeardedErignathus barbatus YT NT NU NL Arctic Ocean Atlantic OceanApr 1994
 Seal, GreyHalichoerus grypus NB NL NS PE QC
Atlantic Ocean
Apr 1999
 Seal, HoodedCystophora cristata NL NU QC Atlantic
Ocean
Apr 1986
 Seal, Northern ElephantMirounga angustirostris BC Pacific OceanApr 1986
 Seal, Northern FurCallorhinus ursinus BC Pacific OceanApr 1996
 Seal, RingedPhoca hispida NL NU NT YT
Atlantic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
Apr 1989
 Squirrel, Cascade Mantled GroundSpermophilus saturatus BCApr 1992
 Squirrel, FoxSciurus niger MB ONApr 1979
 Walrus, AtlanticOdobenus rosmarus rosmarusEastern Arctic populationArctic OceanApr 1987
      √Weasel, Prairie Long-tailedMustela frenata longicauda AB SK MBApr 1993
 Whale, Baird's BeakedBerardius bairdii Pacific OceanApr 1992
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucasBeaufort Sea / ArcticOcean populationArctic OceanApr 1985
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucasWestern Hudson Bay
population
Arctic OceanApr 1993
 Whale, Blainville's BeakedMesoplodon densirostris Atlantic OceanApr 1989
 Whale, Cuvier's BeakedZiphius cavirostris Atlantic Ocean Pacific OceanApr 1990
 Whale, False KillerPseudorca crassidens Pacific OceanApr 1990
 Whale, GreyEschrichtius robustusNortheast Pacific
population
Pacific Ocean
Arctic Ocean
Apr 1987
 Whale, Hubbs' BeakedMesoplodon carlhubbsi Pacific OceanApr 1989
1    √Whale, HumpbackMegaptera novaeangliaeWestern North Atlantic populationAtlantic OceanMay 2003
 Whale, Long-finned PilotGlobicephala melas Atlantic OceanApr 1994
 Whale, Northern BottlenoseHyperoodon ampullatusDavis Strait populationAtlantic OceanApr 1993
 Whale, Pygmy SpermKogia breviceps Atlantic Ocean Pacific OceanApr 1994
 Whale, Short-finned PilotGlobicephala macrorhynchus Pacific OceanApr 1993
 Whale, SpermPhyseter macrocephalus Atlantic Ocean Pacific OceanApr 1996
 Whale, Stejneger's BeakedMesoplodon stejneri Pacific OceanApr 1989
 Whale, True's BeakedMesoplodon mirus Atlantic OceanApr 1989
 Wolf, Northern GreyCanis lupus occidentalis YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NLApr 1999
  Wolf, Southern GreyCanis lupus nubilus BCApr 1999
Birds (35)
      √Bluebird, EasternSialia sialis AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PEApr 1996
1    ↔Chat auricollis subspecies, Yellow-breastedIcteria virens auricollisPrairie populationAB SKNov 2000
 Coot, AmericanFulica americana YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NSApr 1991
 Cormorant, Double-crestedPhalocrocorax auritus YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NLApr 1978
 Crane tabida subspecies, SandhillGrus canadensis tabida BC MB ONApr 1979
 Eagle, BaldHaliaeetus leucocephalus YT NT NU BC AB SK
MB ON QC NB NS PE
NL
Apr 1984
      ↔Eagle, GoldenAquila chrysaetos YT NT NU BC AB SK
MB ON QC NL
Apr 1996
      ↔Falcon, PrairieFalco mexicanus BC AB SKApr 1996
 Flycatcher, GreyEmpidonax wrightii BCApr 1992
 Goshawk atricapillus subspecies, NorthernAccipiter gentilis atricapillus YT NT NU BC AB SK
MB ON QC NB NS PE
NL
Apr 1995
 Grebe, Red-neckedPodiceps grisegena YT NT NU BC AB SK
MB ON QC NS NL
Apr 1982
      ↔GyrfalconFalco rusticolus YT NT NU BC AB SK
ON QC NS PE NL
Apr 1987
 Harrier, NorthernCircus cyaneus YT NT NU BC AB SK
MB ON QC NB NS PE
NL
Apr 1993
      √Hawk, Cooper'sAccipiter cooperii BC AB SK MB ON QC
NB NS
Apr 1996
 Hawk, Red-tailedButeo jamaicensis YT NT NU BC AB SK
MB ON QC NB NS PE
NL
Apr 1995
 Hawk, Rough-leggedButeo lagopus YT NT NU BC MB
ON QC NL
Apr 1995
      ↔Hawk, Sharp-shinnedAccipiter striatus YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NLApr 1997
 Loon, CommonGavia immer YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NLApr 1997
 Loon, Yellow-billedGavia adamsii YT NT NU BC AB MB QCApr 1997
 MerlinFalco columbarius YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NLApr 1985
 Owl, BorealAegolius funereus YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NLApr 1995
      √Owl, Great GreyStrix nebulosa YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QCApr 1996
 Owl, Northern HawkSurnia ulula YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NLApr 1992
 Owl, SnowyBubo scandiaca YT NT NU MB QC NLApr 1995
      √Pelican, American WhitePelecanus erythrorhynchos BC AB SK MB ONApr 1987
 Screech-Owl, EasternMegascops asio SK MB ON QC NBApr 1986
      √Sparrow, Baird'sAmmodramus bairdii AB SK MBApr 1996
 Sparrow, Nelson's Sharp-tailedAmmodramus nelsoni BC AB SK MB ON QC
NB NS PE
Apr 1998
      √Swan, TrumpeterCygnus buccinator YT NT BC AB SK ONApr 1996
      ↔Tern, BlackChlidonias niger NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NSApr 1996
      √Tern, CaspianSterna caspia NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NLApr 1999
 Tern, CommonSterna hirundo NT AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NLApr 1998
      √Warbler, PrairieDendroica discolor ONApr 1999
 Wren, CanyonCatherpes mexicanus BCApr 1992
 Wren, SedgeCistothorus platensis AB SK MB ON QC NBApr 1993
Reptiles (5)
1  Brownsnake, DeKay'sStoreria dekayi ON QCMay 2002
1  Gartersnake, NorthwesternThamnophis ordinoides BCMay 2003
1  Lizard, Northern AlligatorElgaria coerulea BCMay 2002
 Racer, Western YellowbelliedColuber constrictor mormon BCApr 1991
1  Watersnake, NorthernNerodia sipedon sipedon ON QCMay 2002
Amphibians (14)
 EnsatinaEnsatina eschscholtzii BCApr 1999
1  Frog, Columbia SpottedRana luteiventris YT BC ABMay 2000
 Frog, Northern LeopardRana pipiensEastern populationON QC NB NS NLApr 1999
 Frog, PickerelRana palustris ON QC NB NSApr 1999
Frog, Western ChorusPseudacris triseriata ON QCMay 2001
1  MudpuppyNecturus maculosus MB ON QCMay 2000
 Salamander,Four-toedHemidactylium scutatum ON QC NB NSApr 1999
 Salamander, Northern DuskyDesmognathus fuscus ON QC NBApr 1999
 Salamander, NorthwesternAmbystoma gracile BCApr 1999
Salamander, TigerAmbystoma tigrinumPrairie / Boreal populationAB SK MBNov 2001
1  Salamander, Western Red-backedPlethodon vehiculum BCNov 2001
1  Spadefoot, PlainsSpea bombifrons AB SK MBMay 2003
1  Toad, CanadianBufo hemiophrys NT AB SK MBMay 2003
 Treefrog, Cope's GreyHyla chrysoscelis MBApr 1999
Fishes (35)
 BloaterCoregonus hoyi ONApr 1988
1    RChiselmouthAcrocheilus alutaceus BCMay 2003
 Chub, HornyheadNocomis biguttatus MB ONApr 1988
 Chub, RiverNocomis micropogon ONApr 1988
 Dace, LeopardRhinichthys falcatus BCApr 1990
 Darter, LeastEtheostoma microperca ONApr 1989
 Darter, RiverPercina shumardi MB ONApr 1989
 Darter, TessellatedEtheostoma olmstedi ON QCApr 1993
 Herring, BluebackAlosa aestivalis NB NSApr 1980
 Killifish, BandedFundulus diaphanusMainland populationMB ON QC NB NS PE NLApr 1989
1    √Madtom, BrindledNoturus miurus ONMay 2001
 Minnow, BluntnosePimephales notatus MB ON QCApr 1998
 Minnow, CutlipsExoglossum maxillingua ON QCApr 1994
 Minnow, Eastern SilveryHybognathus regius ON QCApr 1997
 Pickerel, ChainEsox niger QC NB NSApr 1997
 Pickerel, RedfinEsox americanus americanus QCApr 1998
 Redhorse, GoldenMoxostoma erythrurum MB ONApr 1989
1    √Sardine, PacificSardinops sagax Pacific OceanMay 2002
 Sculpin, FourhornMyoxocephalus quadricornisSalt water formArctic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Apr 1989
 Sculpin, SpoonheadCottus ricei YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QCApr 1989
1    √Shiner, BigmouthNotropis dorsalis MBNov 2003
 Shiner, BlackchinNotropis heterodon MB ON QCApr 1994
 Shiner, GhostNotropis buchanani ONApr 1993
 Shiner, RedfinLythrurus umbratilis ONApr 1988
 Shiner, RosyfaceNotropis rubellus ON QCApr 1994
 Shiner, StripedLuxilus chrysocephalus ONApr 1993
 Shiner, WeedNotropis texanus MBApr 1999
 Silverside, BrookLabidesthes sicculus ON QCApr 1989
      √Stoneroller, CentralCampostoma anomalum ONApr 1998
 Sturgeon, LakeAcipenser fulvescens AB SK MB ON QCApr 1986
 Sucker, MountainCatostomus platyrhynchus BC AB SKApr 1991
 Sunfish, GreenLepomis cyanellus ONApr 1987
 Sunfish, LongearLepomis megalotis ON QCApr 1987
1  Wolf-eelAnarrhichthys ocellatus Pacific OceanMay 2003
 Y-PricklebackAllolumpenus hypochromus BCApr 1991
Arthropods (0)
Molluscs (2)
1  Capshell, Rocky MountainAcroloxus coloradensisWestern populationBC ABNov 2001
1  Crater, Spike-lipAppalachina sayana NB NS ON QCNov 2003
Vascular Plants (16)
 Aster, Short'sSymphyotrichum shortii ONApr 1999
 Aster, YukonSymphyotrichum yukonense YT NTApr 1996
 Brickellia, Large-floweredBrickellia grandiflora BC ABApr 1996
  FameflowerTalinum sediforme BCApr 1990
  Fleabane, DwarfErigeron radicatus AB SKApr 1996
 Goldenweed, Northern MockStenotus borealis YTApr 1997
  Mermaid, FalseFloerkea proserpinacoides ON QC NSApr 1984
 Phlox, BluePhlox alyssifolia AB SKApr 1996
  Pink, RushStephanomeria runcinata AB SKApr 1996
  Rhododendron, PacificRhododendron macrophyllum BCApr 1997
  Sagebrush, Wood'sArtemisia rupestris ssp. woodii YTApr 1997
  Sedge, NebraskaCarex nebrascensis ABApr 1995
 Stitchwort, SandStellaria arenicola AB SKApr 1992
  Wallflower, Narrow-leavedErysimum angustatum YTApr 1993
      √Willow, Tyrrell'sSalix tyrrellii NT SKApr 1999
  Woolly-heads, SlenderPsilocarphus tenellus var. tenellus BCApr 1996
Mosses (0)
Lichens (0)

 

Return to Table of Contents

Table 8. Species assessed and found to be in the DATA DEFICIENT category because of insufficient scientific information, with geographical occurrence and date of last assessment (by province, territory or ocean) (32 species).

DATA DEFICIENT CATEGORY (32)
Taxon/ Assessment DetailsCommon NameScientific NamePopulation NameRange of OccurrenceAssessment Date
Mammals (9)
1    RBat, Keen's Long-earedMyotis keenii BCNov 2003
      RCougarPuma concolor couguarEastern populationON QC NB NSApr 1998
  Mouse dychei subspecies, Western HarvestReithrodontomys megalotis dychei ABApr 1994
 Seal Altantic subspecies, HarbourPhoca vitulina concolor MB NB NL NS NU ON
PE Atlantic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
Apr 1999
 Vole, SagebrushLemmiscus curtatus AB SKApr 1996
 Whale, Dwarf SpermKogia simus Pacific OceanApr 1997
2+  ↔Whale, KillerOrcinus orcaNorthwest Atlantic / Eastern Arctic populationsArctic Ocean Atlantic OceanNov 2001
1  Whale, SeiBalaenoptera borealisAtlantic populationAtlantic OceanMay 2003
 Wolf, Arctic GreyCanis lupus arctos NT NUApr 1999
Birds (2)
 Poorwill, CommonPhalaenoptilus nuttallii BC AB SKApr 1993
 Tern, Forster'sSterna forsteri BC AB SK MB ONApr 1996
Reptiles (2)
1  BullsnakePituophis catenifer sayi AB SKMay 2002
1  Turtle, Eastern BoxTerrapene carolina carolina ONMay 2002
Amphibians (0)
Fishes (9)
 Catfish, FlatheadPylodictis olivaris ONApr 1993
 Cisco, BeringCoregonus laurettae YTApr 1990
 Lamprey, DarktailLethenteron alaskense NTApr 1990
1    RMadtom, MarginedNoturus insignis ON QCMay 2002
1    RPrickleback, PigheadAcantholumpenus mackayi Arctic OceanMay 2003
1    RSculpin, FourhornMyoxocephalus quadricornisFreshwater formNL NT NUNov 2003
 Sculpin, SpinynoseAsemichthys taylori Pacific OceanApr 1997
2   ↔Whitefish, LakeCoregonus clupeaformisMira River populationNSNov 2000
1    RWolffish, BeringAnarhichas orientalis Arctic OceanNov 2002
Arthropods (0)
Molluscs (4)
1  Capshell, Rocky MountainAcroloxus coloradensisEastern populationON QCNov 2001
1  Duskysnail, SquatLyogyrus granum NB NSNov 2003
1  Fieldslug, EveningDeroceras hesperium BCNov 2003
 Snail, Gatineau TadpolePhysella parkeri latchfordi QCApr 1997
Vascular Plants (4)
 Barley, LittleHordeum pusillum ABApr 1993
 Goldenweed, Rabbit-brushEricameria bloomeri BCApr 1997
 Pinweed, ImpoverishedLechea intermedia var. depauperata SKApr 1997
 Whitlow-grass, KananaskisDraba kananaskis ABApr 1992
Mosses (0)
Lichens (2)
1  Stubble, Flexuous GoldenChaenotheca servitii NSNov 2002
1  Stubble, Red OakPhaeocalicium minutissimum QC NBNov 2002

Return to Table of Contents

Record of Status Re-assessments

A short history is provided for each species that has been re-assessed by COSEWIC, including date(s) of assessment and the status assigned. In October 1999 COSEWIC began using quantitative criteria to augment the earlier method of using status definitions to assign status. For species assessed since October 1999, the type of status report used as the basis for re-assessment is indicated. Update reports focus on changes in the biological and threat information that has become available since the last time a report was prepared. For some species, COSEWIC deemed the existing report suitable for re-assessment.

Acadian Flycatcher

Designated Endangered in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Allegheny MountainDusky Salamander

Designated Special Concern in April 1998. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

American Badger

Designated Not at Risk in April 1979. Original Canada-wide listing de-activated in May 2000 when the American Badger was split according to subspecies.

American Black Bear

Designated Not at Risk in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999.

American Ginseng

Designated Threatened in April 1988. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

American Water-willow

Designated Threatened in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

American White Pelican

Designated Threatened in April 1978. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1987.

AnticostiAster

Designated Threatened in April 1990. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

AthabascaThrift

Designated Threatened in April 1981. Status re-examined and downlisted to Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Atlantic Cod

Designated Special Concern in April 1998. Split into four populations in May 2003. Original listing was de-activated. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Atlantic Walrus (Northwest Atlantic population)

Extirpated around 1850. Designated Extirpated in April 1987. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Atlantic Whitefish

Designated Endangered in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Aurora Trout

Designated Endangered in April 1987. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Baird's Sparrow

Designated Threatened in April 1989. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1996.

Banded Killifish (Newfoundland population)

Designated Special Concern in April 1989. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

BanffLongnose Dace

Extinct since 1986. Designated Extinct in April 1987. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Banff Springs Snail

Designated Threatened in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Barn Owl

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Special Concern in April 1984. In April 1999, COSEWIC assessed the Western and Eastern populations of this species separately. The original listing for the Canadian range of the Barn Owl was de-activated.

Barn Owl (Eastern population)

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Special Concern in April 1984. In April 1999, COSEWIC assessed the Western and Eastern populations of this species separately. The Eastern population was designated Endangered. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Barn Owl (Western population)

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Special Concern in April 1984. In April 1999, the Western and Eastern populations were assessed separately. The Western population was designated Special Concern. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Bashful Bulrush

Designated Special Concern in April 1986. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Bearded Owl-clover

Designated Endangered in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Beluga Whale (St. Lawrence River population)

Designated Endangered in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1997.

Benthic Hadley Lake Stickleback

Extinct in 1999. Designated Extinct in April 1999. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Benthic Paxton Lake Stickleback

Designated Threatened in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Benthic Vananda Creek Stickleback

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Bering Wolffish

Designated Special Concern in April 1989. Status re-examined in November 2002 and changed to Data Deficient. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Bigmouth Shiner

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in November 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Bird's-foot Violet

Designated Threatened in April 1990. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Black Tern

Designated Not at Risk in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1996.

Black-footed Ferret

Extirpated by 1974. Designated Extirpated in April 1978. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Blackstripe Topminnow

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Black-tailed Prairie Dog

Designated Special Concern in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed Special Concern in April 1988, April 1999 and in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Blue Ash

Designated Threatened in April 1983. Status re-examined and downlisted to Special Concern in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Blue Racer

Designated Endangered in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Blue Walleye

Extinct since 1965. Designated Extinct in April 1985. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Blue Whale

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Special Concern in April 1983. In May 2002, the species was split into two populations: Blue Whale (Atlantic population) and Blue Whale (Pacific population). The Atlantic population and the Pacific populations were both designated Endangered in May 2002. The original listing for Blue Whale was de-activated.

Bluehearts

Designated Threatened in April 1985. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Blunt-lobed Woodsia

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Bowhead Whale (Eastern and Western Arctic Populations)

Designated Endangered in April 1980. Split into two populations (Eastern Arctic and Western Arctic) to allow a separate designation for the Western Arctic population in April 1986. Original listing was de-activated.

Branched Bartonia

Designated Special Concern in April 1992. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Bridle Shiner

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Brindled Madtom

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Buffalograss

Designated Special Concern in April 1998. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Burrowing Owl

Designated Threatened in April 1979. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1991. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1995. Status reexamined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Butler's Gartersnake

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

CanadaLynx

Designated Not at Risk in April 1989. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Caribou dawsoni subspecies

Extinct by the 1920's. Designated Extinct in April 1984. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Carmine Shiner

Designated Special Concern in April 1994. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Caspian Tern

Designated Special Concern in April 1978. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1999.

Central Stoneroller

Designated Special Concern in 1985. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in 1998.

Cerulean Warbler

Designated Special Concern in April 1993. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Channel Darter

Designated Threatened in April 1993. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Chiselmouth

Designated Data Deficient in April 1997. Status re-examined and designated Not at Risk in May 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Climbing Prairie Rose

Designated Special Concern in April 1986. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2002. Downlisted to Special Concern in May 2003. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Coastal Giant Salamander

Designated Special Concern in April 1989. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Coastal Wood Fern

Designated Special Concern in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Coeur d'AleneSalamander

Designated Special Concern in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Colicroot

Designated Threatened in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Common Hoptree

Designated Special Concern in April 1984. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Cooper's Hawk

Designated Special Concern in April 1983. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1996.

Cougar (Eastern population)

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined in April 1998 and designated Data Deficient.

Cowichan LakeLamprey

Designated Special Concern in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1998. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Crooked-stem Aster

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Cucumber Tree

Designated Endangered in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Cultus Pygmy Sculpin

Designated Special Concern in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Deepwater Cisco

Extinct since 1952. Designated Extinct in April 1988. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Deerberry

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Deltoid Balsamroot

Designated in April 1996 as Endangered. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Dense Blazing Star

Designated Special Concern in April 1988. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Drooping Trillium

Designated Endangered in April 1996. Status re-assessed and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Dwarf Hackberry

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Dwarf Wedgemussel

Extirpated by 1968. Designated Extirpated in April 1999. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Eastern Bluebird

Designated Special Concern in April 1984. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1996.

Eastern Foxsnake

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Eastern Hog-nosed Snake

Designated Special Concern in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Eastern Mole

Designated Special Concern in April 1980. Status re-examined and confirmed Special Concern in April 1998 and in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Eastern Mountain Avens

Designated Endangered in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1999 and May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Eastern Prairie Fringed-orchid

Designated Special Concern in April 1986. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Eastern Prickly Pear Cactus

Designated Endangered in April 1985. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Eastern Ratsnake

Designated Threatened in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Eastern Sand Darter

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Eastern Wolf

Designated Data Deficient in April 1999. Status re-examined in May 2001 and designated Special Concern. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Eelgrass Limpet

Extinct since 1929. Designated Extinct in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Engelmann's Quillwort

Designated Endangered in April 1992. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Enos LakeSticklebacks

Designated Threatened in April 1988. Split into two species when re-examined in November 2002: Benthic Enos Lake Stickleback and Limnetic Enos Lake Stickleback. The original listing was de-activated. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Ermine haidarum subspecies

Designated Special Concern in April 1984. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Eskimo Curlew

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

False Hop Sedge

Designated Threatened in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Fernald's Braya

Designated Threatened in April 1997. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Fernald's Milk-vetch

Designated Special Concern in April 1997. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Ferruginous Hawk

Designated Threatened in April 1980. Status re-examined and downlisted to Special Concern in April 1995.

Flammulated Owl

Designated Special Concern in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed Special Concern in April 1999 and in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Fourhorn Sculpin (Freshwater form)

Designated Special Concern in April 1989. Status re-examined in November 2003 and designated Data Deficient. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Fowler's Toad

Designated Special Concern in April 1986. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Frosted Elfin

Extirpated by 1988. Designated Extirpated in April 1999. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Furbish's Lousewort

Designated Endangered in April 1980. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Gattinger's Agalinis

Designated Endangered in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report that was modified.

Giant Helleborine

Designated Threatened in April 1984. Status re-examined and downlisted to Special Concern in April 1998.

Golden Crest

Designated Threatened in April 1987. Status re-examined and confirmed Threatened in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Golden Eagle

Designated Not at Risk in April 1987. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1996.

Golden Paintbrush

Designated Threatened in April 1995. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Goldenseal

Designated Threatened in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Gravel Chub

Last recorded in Thames River drainage, ON in 1958. Designated Endangered in April 1985. Status re-examined and uplisted to Extirpated in April 1987. Extirpated status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Great Auk

Believed to be Extinct since 1844. Designated in April 1985 based on historic records only. Status report prepared and approved by COSEWIC in 1994. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Great Basin Spadefoot

Designated Special Concern in April 1998. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Great Grey Owl

Designated Special Concern in April 1979. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1990. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1996.

Great Plains Toad

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed Special Concern in May 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Greater Prairie-Chicken

Last reported in 1987. Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status reexamined and uplisted to Extirpated in April 1990. Status re-confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Greater Sage-Grouse phaios subspecies

Has not been reported since the 1960s. Designated Extirpated in April 1997. Extirpated status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Greater Sage-Grouse urophasianus subspecies

Given conditional designation of Threatened in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1998 based on a revised status report. Status re-examined confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Grey Fox

Designated Special Concern in April 1979. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Grey Whale (Atlantic population)

Extirpated before the end of the 1800's. Designated Extirpated in April 1987. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Grizzly Bear

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Not at Risk in April 1979. Split into two populations in April 1991 (Prairie population and Northwestern population). Original listing for "Grizzly Bear" across Canada deactivated.

Grizzly Bear (Northwestern population)

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Not at Risk in April 1979. Split into two populations in April 1991 (Prairie population and Northwestern population). Northwestern population designated Special Concern in April 1991. The status was re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Grizzly Bear (Prairie population)

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Not at Risk in April 1979. Split into two populations in April 1991 (Prairie population and Northwestern population). Prairie population designated Extirpated in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000 and in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Gyrfalcon

Designated Not at Risk in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1987.

Hairy Prairie-clover

Designated Threatened in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Harbour Porpoise (Northwest Atlantic population)

Designated Threatened in April 1990. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1991. Downlisted to Special Concern in May 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Harbour Porpoise (Pacific Ocean population)

Designated Data Deficient in April 1991. Status re-examined and designated Special Concern in November 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Harlequin Duck (Eastern population)

The Eastern population was designated Endangered in April 1990. Status reexamined and downlisted to Special Concern in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Heart-leaved Plantain

Designated Endangered in April 1985. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Henslow's Sparrow

Designated Threatened in April 1984. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1993. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Hoary Mountain-mint

Designated Endangered in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Hooded Warbler

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Hotwater Physa

Designated Endangered in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Humpback Whale (North Pacific population)

The "Western North Atlantic and North Pacific populations" were given a single designation of Threatened in April 1982. Split into two populations in April 1985 (Western North Atlantic population and North Pacific population). North Pacific population designated Threatened in 1985 and confirmed in May 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Humpback Whale (Western North Atlantic and North Pacific populations)

The "Western North Atlantic and North Pacific populations" were given a single designation of Threatened in April 1982. Split into two populations in April 1985 (Western North Atlantic population and North Pacific population). Original listing was de-activated.

Humpback Whale (Western North Atlantic population)

The "Western North Atlantic and North Pacific populations" were given a single designation of Threatened in April 1982. Split into two populations in April 1985 (Western North Atlantic population and North Pacific population). Western North Atlantic population designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status reexamined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in May 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Illinois Tick-trefoil

No site records since 1888. Designated Extirpated in April 1991. Extirpated status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Island Marble

Extirpated by 1910. Designated Extirpated in April 1999. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Ivory Gull

Designated Special Concern in April 1979. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1996 and in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Juniper Sedge

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Karner Blue

Has not been observed since 1991. Designated Extirpated in April 1997. Extirpated status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Keen's Long-eared Bat

Designated Special Concern in April 1988. Status re-examined in November 2003 and designated Data Deficient. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Kentucky Coffee-tree

Designated Threatened in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Killer Whale (North Pacific "resident" populations)

Designated Threatened in April 1999. The Killer Whale (North Pacific "resident" populations) was de-activated in November 2001 when it was split into two populations: Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific northern resident population) and Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific southern resident population). Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific transient population)

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Killer Whale (Northwest Atlantic / Eastern Arctic populations)

Designated Data Deficient in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

King Rail

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Kirtland's Warbler

Designated Endangered in April 1979. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Labrador Duck

Believed to be Extinct since 1875. Designated in April 1985 based on historic records only. Status report prepared and approved by COSEWIC in 1994. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Lake Chubsucker

Designated Special Concern in April 1994. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Lake Utopia Dwarf Smelt

Designated Threatened in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Lake Whitefish (Mira River population)

Designated Data Deficient in April 1999 and in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Large Whorled Pogonia

Designated Endangered in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Least Bittern

Designated Special Concern in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Leatherback Seaturtle

Designated Endangered in April 1981. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Lewis's Woodpecker

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Limnetic Hadley Lake Stickleback

Extinct in 1999. Designated Extinct in April 1999. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Limnetic Paxton Lake Stickleback

Designated Threatened in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Limnetic Vananda Creek Stickleback

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Loggerhead Shrike

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Threatened in April 1986. The excubitorides and the migrans subspecies were designated separately in April 1991, and the original listing was de-activated.

Loggerhead Shrike migrans subspecies

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Threatened in April 1986. Split according to subspecies in April 1991. The migrans subspecies was uplisted to Endangered in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Long-billed Curlew

Designated Special Concern in April 1992. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Longjaw Cisco

Extinct since 1975. Designated Extinct in April 1985. Status confirmed in May 2000. De-activated in May 2002 because it was concluded that this species is a synonym of the Shortjaw Cisco, Coregonus zenithicus, which was designated as Threatened in 1987. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Long's Braya

Designated Endangered in April 1997. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Louisiana Waterthrush

Designated Special Concern in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1996.

Mackenzie Hairgrass

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Marbled Murrelet

Designated Threatened in April 1990. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Margined Madtom

Designated Threatened in April 1989. Status re-examined in May 2002 and placed in the Data Deficient category. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Maritime Ringlet

Designated Endangered in April 1997. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Massasauga

Designated Threatened in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Mexican Mosquito-fern

Designated Threatened in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Monarch

Designated Special Concern in April 1997. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Morrison Creek Lamprey

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Mountain Beaver

Designated Not at Risk in April 1984. Status re-examined and uplisted to Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed as Special Concern in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Mountain Plover

Designated Endangered in April 1987. Status re-examined and confirmed November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Narwhal

Designated Not at Risk in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1987.

Newfoundland Marten

Designated Not at Risk in April 1979. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in April 1986. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Nodding Pogonia

Designated Threatened in April 1988. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Nooksack Dace

Designated Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

North Pacific Right Whale

The Right Whale was considered a single species and designated Endangered in 1980. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1985 and in April 1990. Split into two species in May 2003. North Pacific Right Whale was not re-evaluated, but retains the Endangered status of the original Right Whale. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Northern Abalone

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Northern Bobwhite

Designated Endangered in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Northern Bottlenose Whale

The Northern Bottlenose Whale was given a single designation of Not at Risk in April 1993. Split into two populations in April 1996 to allow a separate designation of the Northern Bottlenose Whale (Scotian Shelf population). Northern Bottlenose (Davis Strait population) was not re-evaluated, but retains the Not at Risk status of the original Northern Bottlenose Whale. Original listing was de-activated.

Northern Bottlenose Whale (Scotian Shelf population)

The Northern Bottlenose Whale was given a single designation of Not at Risk in April 1993. Split into two populations in April 1996 to allow a separate designation of the Northern Bottlenose Whale (Scotian Shelf population). Scotian Shelf population designated Special Concern in April 1996. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in November 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Northern Cricket Frog

Designated Endangered in April 1990. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Northern Goshawk laingi subspecies

Designated Special Concern in April 1995. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Northern Leopard Frog (Southern Mountain population)

Designated Endangered in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Northern Leopard Frog (Western Boreal/Prairie populations)

Designated Special Concern in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Northern Madtom

Examined in April 1993 and placed in the Data Deficient category. Re-examined in April 1998 and designated Special Concern. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in November 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Northern Riffleshell

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Nuttall's Cottontail pinetis subspecies

Designated Not at Risk in 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1994.

Oregon Spotted Frog

Designated Endangered in an emergency listing in November 1999. Status reexamined and confirmed in May 2000. Assessment based on a new status report.

Pacific Sardine

Designated Special Concern in April 1987. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Pacific Water Shrew

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Paddlefish

Disappeared from Canada in approximately 1917. Designated Extirpated in April 1987. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Pallid Bat

Designated Special Concern in April 1988. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Passenger Pigeon

Believed to be Extinct since 1914. Designated in April 1985 based on historic records only. Status report prepared and approved by COSEWIC in 1994. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Peary Caribou

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Threatened in April 1979. Split into three separate populations in April 1991: Banks Island, High Arctic and Low Arctic populations. The original listing was de-activated.

Peregrine Falcon anatum subspecies

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined and downlisted to Threatened in April 1999. Status re-assessed and confirmed Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Peregrine Falcon pealei subspecies

Designated Special Concern in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Peregrine Falcon tundrius subspecies

Designated Threatened in April 1978. Status re-examined and downlisted to Special Concern in April 1992.

Phantom Orchid

Designated Special Concern in April 1992. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Pighead Prickleback

Designated Special Concern in April 1989. Status re-examined in May 2003 and designated Data Deficient. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Pigmy Short-horned Lizard (British Columbia population)

Last reported in 1898. Designated Extirpated in April 1992. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Pink Coreopsis

Designated Endangered in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Pink Milkwort

Designated Endangered in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Piping Plover

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Threatened in April 1978. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1985. In May 2001, the species was re-examined and split into two groups according to subspecies. The melodus subspecies and circumcinctus subspecies were each designated Endangered in May 2001. The original listing was de-activated.

Pitcher's Thistle

Designated Threatened in April 1988. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Pixie Poacher

Designated Data Deficient in April 1991. Status re-examined and de-activated in November 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Plains Pocket Gopher

Designated Special Concern in April 1979. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1998.

Plymouth Gentian

Designated Threatened in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Polar Bear

Designated Not at Risk in April 1986. Status re-examined and uplisted to Special Concern in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed as Special Concern in April 1999 and in November 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Prairie Falcon

Designated Not at Risk in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1982 and in April 1996.

Prairie Long-tailed Weasel

Designated Threatened in April 1982. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1993.

Prairie Lupine

Designated Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Prairie Warbler

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1999.

Prothonotary Warbler

Designated Special Concern in April 1984. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Pugnose Minnow

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Pugnose Shiner

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in November 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Purple Twayblade

Designated Threatened in April 1989. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed as Endangered in May 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report that was modified.

Queen Snake

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Rayed Bean

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Red Mulberry

Designated Threatened in April 1987. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Red-legged Frog

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Redroot

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Red-shouldered Hawk

Designated Special Concern in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1996.

Right Whale

The Right Whale was considered a single species and designated Endangered in 1980. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1985 and in April 1990. Split into two species in May 2003 to allow a separate designation of the North Atlantic Right Whale. North Pacific Right Whale was not re-evaluated, but retains the Endangered status of the original Right Whale. Original listing was de-activated. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Rigid Apple Moss

Designated Threatened in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

River Redhorse

Designated Special Concern in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1987.

Roseate Tern

Designated Threatened in April 1986. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1999. Endangered status re-examined and confirmed in October 1999. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Ross's Gull

Designated Special Concern in April 1981. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1996. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Round-leaved Greenbrier (Great Lakes Plains population)

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Sage Thrasher

Designated Endangered in April 1992. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Salish Sucker

Designated Endangered in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Savannah Sparrow princeps subspecies

Designated Special Concern in April 1979. Status re-examined and confirmed Special Concern in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Scarlet Ammannia

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Sea Mink

Believed Extinct since 1894. Designated Extinct in April 1986. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Sea Otter

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1986. Status re-examined and downlisted to Threatened in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Seaside Birds-foot Lotus

Designated Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Seaside Centipede

Designated Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Sharp-shinned Hawk

Designated Not at Risk in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1997.

Sharp-tailed Snake

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in October 1999. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Shorthead Sculpin

Designated Threatened in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed Threatened in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Shortjaw Cisco

Designated Threatened in April 1987. Status re-examined and confirmed Threatened in May 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Showy Goldenrod

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Shumard Oak

Designated Special Concern in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999.

Silver Chub

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Silver Shiner

Designated Special Concern in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1987.

Skinner's Agalinis

Designated Endangered in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Slender Bush-clover

Designated Endangered in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Slender Mouse-ear-cress

Designated Endangered in April 1992. Status re-examined and downlisted to Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report with an addendum.

Small White Lady's-slipper

Designated Endangered in April 1981. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Small Whorled Pogonia

Designated Endangered in April 1982. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Small-flowered Lipocarpha

Designated Threatened in April 1992. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in November 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Small-flowered Sand-verbena

Designated Threatened in April 1992. Re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in November 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Soapweed

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Sockeye Salmon (Cultus population)

Designated Endangered in an emergency listing in October 2002. Status reexamined and confirmed in May 2003. Assessment based on a new status report.

Sockeye Salmon (Sakinaw population)

Designated Endangered in an emergency listing in October 2002. Status reexamined and confirmed in May 2003. Assessment based on a new status report.

Southern Maidenhair Fern

Designated Endangered in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Speckled Dace

Designated Special Concern in April 1980. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in November 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Spiny Softshell

Designated Threatened in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Spotted Gar

Designated Special Concern in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed Special Concern in April 1994. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Spotted Owl caurina subspecies

Designated Endangered in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Spotted Sucker

Designated Special Concern in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1994 and in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Spotted Wintergreen

Designated Endangered in April 1987. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Sprague's Pipit

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Spring Blue-eyed Mary

No site records since 1954. Designated Extirpated in April 1987. Extirpated status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Spring Salamander

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Steller Sea Lion

Designated Not at Risk in April 1987. Status re-examined and uplisted to Special Concern in November 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Sweet Pepperbush

Designated Threatened in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1998. Status re-examined and downlisted to Special Concern in May 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report that was modified.

Swift Fox

Last seen in Saskatchewan in 1928. Designated Extirpated in April 1978. Status re-examined and downlisted to Endangered in April 1998 after successful re-introductions. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Thread-leaved Sundew

Designated Endangered in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Tiny Cryptanthe

Designated Endangered in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Toothcup

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Townsend's Mole

Designated Threatened in April 1996. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Trumpeter Swan

Designated Special Concern in April 1978. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1996.

Tuberous Indian-plantain

Designated Special Concern in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report that was modified.

Tyrrell's Willow

Designated Threatened in April 1981. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1999.

Van Brunt's Jacob's-ladder

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Vancouver Island Marmot

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1997 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Virginia Goat's-rue

Designated Threatened in April 1996. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Warmouth

Designated Special Concern in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Water-pennywort

Designated Endangered in April 1985. Status re-examined and downlisted to Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Water-plantain Buttercup

Designated Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Wavy-rayed Lampmussel

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in October 1999. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Western Blue-flag

Designated Threatened in April 1990. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Western Prairie Fringed-orchid

Designated Endangered in April 1993. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Western Screech-Owl

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Data Deficient in April 1995. In May 2002, the species was re-examined and split into two groups according to subspecies. The kennicottii subspecies was designated Special Concern and the macfarlanei subspecies was designated Threatened in May 2002. The original listing was de-activated. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Western Silvery Aster

Designated Special Concern in 1988. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Western Silvery Minnow

Designated Special Concern in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Western Spiderwort

Designated Threatened in April 1992. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

White Prairie Gentian

Designated Endangered in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

White Sturgeon

Designated Special Concern in April 1990. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in November 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

White Wood Aster

Designated Threatened in April 1995. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

White-headed Woodpecker

Designated Threatened in April 1992. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

White-top Aster

Designated Threatened in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Whooping Crane

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Wild Hyacinth

Designated Special Concern in April 1990. Re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Willowleaf Aster

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2003. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Wolverine

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Special Concern in April 1982. Split into two populations in April 1989 (Western and Eastern populations). Original listing was de-activated.

Wolverine (Eastern population)

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Special Concern in April 1982. Split into two populations in April 1989 (Western population and Eastern population). Eastern population was designated Endangered in April 1989 and confirmed in May 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Wolverine (Western population)

The species was considered a single unit and assigned a status of Special Concern in April 1982. Split into two populations in April 1989 (Western and Eastern populations). Western population was designated Special Concern in April 1989 and confirmed in May 2003. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Wood Bison

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined and downlisted to Threatened in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Woodland Caribou (Atlantic-Gaspésie population)

Atlantic-Gaspésie population designated Threatened in April 1984. Status reexamined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Woodland Caribou (Boreal population)

The Boreal population was designated Threatened in May 2000. This newlydefined population is comprised of a portion of the de-activated "Western population" and all of the de-activated "Labrador-Ungava population." Status reexamined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Woodland Caribou (Labrador-Ungava population)

Labrador-Ungava population was designated Not at Risk in April 1984. Labrador-Ungava population de-activated in May 2000. Former Labrador-Ungava population is contained within the Boreal population.

Woodland Caribou (Newfoundland population)

Newfoundland population was designated Not at Risk in April 1984. Status reexamined and confirmed in May 2000 and in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Woodland Caribou (Northern Mountain population)

The Northern Mountain population was designated Not at Risk in May 2000. This population was formerly designated as part of the "Western population" (now de-activated). Status re-examined and uplisted to Special Concern in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Woodland Caribou (Southern Mountain population)

The Southern Mountain population was designated Threatened in May 2000. This population was formerly designated as part of the "Western population" (now de-activated). Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Woodland Caribou (Western population)

Western population was designated Special Concern in April 1984. Western population de-activated in May 2000. Former Western population is contained within the following newly designated populations: Northern Mountain, Southern Mountain and Boreal.

Woodland Vole

Designated Special Concern in April 1998.Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Wood-poppy

Designated Endangered in April 1993. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Yellow Montane Violet

Designated Threatened in April 1995. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Yellow Rail

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Yellow-breasted Chat auricollis subspecies (British Columbia population)

The British Columbia population of the auricollis subspecies was designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Yellow-breasted Chat auricollis subspecies (Prairie population)

The Prairie population of the auricollis subspecies was designated Not at Risk in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Yellow-breasted Chat virens subspecies

Designated Special Concern in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

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Record of Name Changes

Common and scientific names (including population names, where applicable) previously used by COSEWIC, and other synomyms.

Previous Name(s) or Synonym Current Common Name or Scientific 
Abronia micrantha Name (population) Tripterocalyx micranthus 
Acadian Whitefish Atlantic Whitefish 
Acris crepitans blanchardi Acris crepitans 
American Marten (Newfoundland population) Newfoundland Marten 
Anatum Peregrine Falcon Peregrine Falcon anatum subspecies 
Apple Moss Rigid Apple Moss 
Ascaphus truei (Pacific Coast population) Ascaphus truei 
Ascaphus truei (Southern Mountain population) Ascaphus montanus 
Asplenium scolopendrium var. americanum Asplenium scolopendrium 
Aster anticostensis Symphyotrichum anticostense 
Aster curtus Sericocarpus rigidus 
Aster divaricatus Eurybia divaricata 
Aster laurentianus Symphyotrichum laurentianum 
Aster praealtus Symphyotrichum praealtum 
Aster prenanthoides Symphyotrichum prenanthoides 
Aster shortii Symphyotrichum shortii 
Aster subulatus var. obtusifolius Symphyotrichum subulatum (Bathurst population) 
Aster yukonensis Symphyotrichum yukonense 
Bathurst Aster Bathurst Aster (Bathurst population) 
Benthic Texada Island Stickleback Benthic Paxton Lake Stickleback 
Black Ratsnake Eastern Ratsnake 
Blackline Prickleback Pighead Prickleback 
Blanchard's Cricket Frog Northern Cricket Frog 
Blue-eyed Mary Spring Blue-eyed Mary 
Bowl Limpet Eelgrass Limpet 
Bufo woodhousii fowleri Bufo fowleri 
Cacalia plantaginea Arnoglossum plantagineum 
Charlotte Unarmoured Sticklebacks Charlotte Unarmoured Stickleback 
Cimicifuga elata Actaea elata 
Clemmys insculpta Glyptemys insculpta 
Clemmys marmorata Actinemys marmorata 
Common Hop-tree Common Hoptree 
Common Watersnake Northern Watersnake 
Coregonus canadensis Coregonus huntsmani 
Coregonus clupeaformis Coregonus clupeaformis (Mira River population) 
Eastern Fox Snake Eastern Foxsnake 
Eastern Loggerhead Shrike Loggerhead Shrike migrans subspecies 
Eastern Massasauga Massasauga 
Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake EasternMassasauga
Milksnake Milksnake 
Eastern Prairie Fringed OrchidEastern Prairie Fringed-orchid
Eastern Short-horned Lizard Greater Short-horned Lizard 
Eastern Spiny Softshell Turtle Spiny Softshell 
Eastern Yellow-breasted Chat Yellow-breasted Chat virens subspecies 
Elaphe obsoleta obsolete Elaphe obsoleta 
Elaphe vulpina gloydi Elaphe gloydi 
Elgaria coerulea principis Elgaria coerulea 
Emydoidea blandingi Emydoidea blandingii (Nova Scotia population) 
Ermine (Queen Charlotte Islands population) Ermine haidarum subspecies 
Few-flowered Club-rush Bashful Bulrush 
Gasterosteus aculeatus Gasterosteus sp. 
Gentiana victorinii Gentianopsis victorinii 
Goat's-rue Virginia Goat's-rue 
Great Basin Gopher Snake Great Basin Gophersnake 
Greater Sandhill Crane Sandhill Crane tabida subspecies 
Grey Wolf Arctic Grey Wolf 
Grey Wolf Eastern Wolf 
Grey Wolf Northern Grey Wolf 
Grey Wolf Southern Grey Wolf 
Grizzly Bear [no population name] Grizzly Bear (Northwestern population) 
Gymnocladus dioica Gymnocladus dioicus 
Haplopappus macleanii Stenotus borealis 
Harbour Seal Harbour Seal Atlantic subspecies 
Harbour Seal Harbour Seal Pacific subspecies 
Harbour Seal (Lac des Loups Marins landlocked  population) Harbour Seal Lacs des Loups Marins subspecies 
Icteria virens virens (Eastern population) Icteria virens virens 
Incisalia irus Callophrys [Incisalia] irus 
Ipswich" Savannah Sparrow "Savannah Sparrow princeps subspecies 
Isopyrum biternatum Enemion biternatum 
Lake Erie Water Snake Lake Erie Watersnake 
Lake Lamprey Cowichan Lake Lamprey 
Lake Simcoe Whitefish Lake Whitefish (Lake Simcoe population) 
Lanius ludovicianus excubitorides (Prairie population) Lanius ludovicianus excubitorides 
Lanius ludovicianus migrans (Eastern population) Lanius ludovicianus migrans 
Leatherback Turtle Leatherback Seaturtle 
Lilaeopsis Eastern Lilaeopsis 
Limnetic Texada Island Stickleback Limnetic Paxton Lake Stickleback 
Loggerhead Shrike (Eastern population) Loggerhead Shrike migrans subspecies 
Loggerhead Shrike (Prairie population) Loggerhead Shrike excubitorides subspecies 
Long-tailed Weasel (Prairie population) Prairie Long-tailed Weasel 
Lottia alveus Lottia alveus alveus 
Lynx Canada Lynx 
MacLean's Goldenweed  Northern Mock Goldenweed  
Mexican Mosquito FernMexican Mosquito-fern
Mira River WhitefishLake Whitefish (Mira River population)
Mountain Dusky SalamanderAllegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander
Mustela erminea haidarum (Queen Charlotte Islands population)Mustela erminea haidarum
Night Snake Nightsnake 
North Sea Beaked Whale Sowerby's Beaked Whale 
Northern Bottlenose Whale Northern Bottlenose Whale (Davis Strait population) 
Northern Bottlenose Whale (Gully population) Northern Bottlenose Whale (Scotian Shelf population) 
Northern Goshawk Northern Goshawk atricapillus subspecies 
Northern Leopard Frog (Prairie population) Northern Leopard Frog (Western Boreal/Prairie populations) 
Northern Red-legged Frog Red-legged Frog 
Northern Ribbonsnake (Atlantic population) Eastern Ribbonsnake (Atlantic population) 
Northern Ribbonsnake (Great Lakes population) Eastern Ribbonsnake (Great Lakes population) 
Northern Spotted Owl Spotted Owl caurina subspecies 
Northwestern Alligator Lizard Northern Alligator Lizard 
Notropis rubellus (Eastern population) Notropis rubellus 
Notropis rubellus (Manitoba population) Notropis percobromus 
Nuttall's Cottontail (British Columbia population) Nuttall's Cottontail nuttallii subspecies 
Nuttall's Cottontail (Prairie population) Nuttall's Cottontail pinetis subspecies 
Nyctea scandiaca Bubo scandiaca 
Oncorhynchus nerka (Cultus Lake population) Oncorhynchus nerka (Cultus population) 
Oncorhynchus nerka (Sakinaw Lake population) Oncorhynchus nerka (Sakinaw population) 
Otus asio Megascops asio 
Otus kennicottii Megascops kennicottii 
Otus kennicottii kennicottii Megascops kennicottii kennicottii 
Otus kennicottii macfarlanei Megascops kennicottii macfarlanei 
Pacific Giant Salamander Coastal Giant Salamander 
Pacific Gopher Snake Pacific Gophersnake 
Pacific Great Blue Heron Great Blue Heron fannini subspecies 
Panax quinquefolium Panax quinquefolius 
Peale's Peregrine Falcon Peregrine Falcon pealei subspecies 
Phrynosoma douglassii brevirostre Phrynosoma hernandesi 
Phrynosoma douglassii douglassii Phrynosoma douglasii (British Columbia population) 
Plains Spadefoot Toad Plains Spadefoot 
Polemonium van-bruntiae Polemonium vanbruntiae 
Prairie Loggerhead Shrike Loggerhead Shrike excubitorides subspecies 
Pygmy Short-horned Lizard (British Columbia population)Pigmy Short-horned Lizard (British Columbia population) 
Queen Charlotte Goshawk Northern Goshawk laingi subspecies 
Rangifer tarandus dawsoni (Queen Charlotte Islands population)Rangifer tarandus dawsoni 
Rosyface Shiner (Eastern population)Rosyface Shiner
Rosyface Shiner (Manitoba population)Carmine Shiner
Sage Grouse (British Columbia population)Greater Sage-Grouse phaios subspecies
Sage Grouse (Prairie population) Greater Sage-Grouse urophasianus subspecies 
Salamander Mussel Mudpuppy Mussel 
Sand Verbena Small-flowered Sand-verbena 
Sand Verbena Moth Sand-verbena Moth 
Scirpus verecundus Trichophorum planifolium 
Simpsonais ambigua Simpsonaias ambigua 
Sistrurus catenatus catenatus Sistrurus catenatus 
Smallmouth Salamander Small-mouthed Salamander 
Sockeye Salmon (Cultus Lake population) Sockeye Salmon (Cultus population) 
Sockeye Salmon (Sakinaw Lake population) Sockeye Salmon (Sakinaw population) 
Solidago speciosa var. rigidiuscula Solidago speciosa 
Speotyto cunicularia Athene cunicularia 
Spiny Softshell Turtle Spiny Softshell 
Spotted Owl Spotted Owl caurina subspecies 
Streaked Horned Lark Horned Lark strigata subspecies 
Strix occidentalis Strix occidentalis caurina 
Tailed Frog (Pacific Coast population) Coast Tailed Frog 
Tailed Frog (Southern Mountain population) Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog 
Tundra Peregrine Falcon Peregrine Falcon tundrius subspecies 
Van Brunt's Jacob's Ladder Van Brunt's Jacob's-ladder 
Virgulus sericeus Symphyotrichum sericeum 
Western Harvest Mouse (British Columbia population) Western Harvest Mouse megalotis subspecies 
Western Harvest Mouse (Prairie population) Western Harvest Mouse dychei subspecies 
Western Prairie Fringed Orchid Western Prairie Fringed-orchid 
Western Silver-leaved Aster Western Silvery Aster 
Western Yellow-breasted Chat (British Columbia  population) Yellow-breasted Chat auricollis subspecies (British Columbia population)  
Western Yellow-breasted Chat (Prairie population) Yellow-breasted Chat auricollis subspecies (Prairie population) 
Willow Aster Willowleaf Aster 
Woodland Caribou (Queen Charlotte Islands population) Caribou dawsoni subspecies 
Woodland Caribou Dawson's subspecies Caribou dawsoni subspecies 
Yellow-breasted Chat (British Columbia population) Yellow-breasted Chat auricollis subspecies (British Columbia population) 
Yellow-breasted Chat (Eastern population) Yellow-breasted Chat virens subspecies 
Yellow-breasted Chat (Prairie population) Yellow-breasted Chat auricollis subspecies (Prairie population) 

 

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COSEWIC subcommittees (2004)

 

COSEWIC logo

The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife
in Canada (COSEWIC)
was created in 1977 as a result of a
recommendation at the Federal-Provincial Wildlife
Conference held in 1976.


It arose from the need for a single, official,
scientifically sound, national classification
of wildlife species at risk.


In 1978, COSEWIC designated its first species and
produced its first list of
Canadian species at risk.


In 2002, COSEWIC celebrated 25 years of
science-based assessment of the status of species
at risk in Canada.


On June 5th 2003, the Species at Risk Act (SARA)
was proclaimed. SARA establishes COSEWIC as an
advisory body, ensuring that species will continue to
be assessed under a rigorous and independent
scientific process.

 

Environment Canada          Environnement Canada

Canadian Wildlife Service          Service canadien de la faune

The Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, provides full administrative and financial support to the COSEWIC Secretariat.

 

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