Skip booklet index and go to page content

COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Aweme Borer in Canada

Acknowledgements

In addition to all the individuals listed in the “Authorities Consulted” section, Gary G. Anweiler would like to thank the following people and agencies for providing information, permits, and other assistance: Chris Schmidt, University of Alberta; Rob Roughley, University of Manitoba;Theresa Fowler, COSEWIC; Jean‑François Landry, J.D. Lafontaine and J. Troubridge, all Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; and in particular the staff at Spruce Woods Provincial Park in Manitoba and Good Spirit Lake Provincial Park in Saskatchewan for providing vehicle access to areas of the park not open to the general public. And last but not least, Gary G. Anweiler thanks his wife Judy Weisgarber for her ongoing patience and support. Funding provided by the Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada.


Authorities Contacted

Dr. Eric L. Quinter, Div. of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History.

Dr. David Duncan, Head, Wildlife Section, Envy. Cons. Branch, CWS, Prairie and Northern Region, Edmonton AB.

Rick Pratt, CWS, Ontario Region, Nepean ON.

Dr. Gordon Court, Prov. Wild. Status Biol., Alberta Fish & Wildlife, Edmonton AB.

Dr. James Duncan, Manager, Biodiversity Conservation Section, Wildlife and Ecosystem Protection Branch, Manitoba Conservation, Winnipeg MB.

Alan Dextrase, Aquatic SAR Biologist, Species at Risk Section, Ontario Parks, Ontario Ministry Nat. Resources, Peterborough ON.

Jeanette Pepper, Zoologist, Saskatchewan CDC, Saskatchewan Environment, Regina SK.

Wayne Nordstrom, Alberta Natural Heritage Information Centre, Alberta Environment, Edmonton AB.

Nicolle Firlotte, Manitoba CDC, Winnipeg MB.

Dr. Martin Honey, Curator of Lepidoptera, Natural History Museum, London, England.

Dale Schweitzer, NatureServe and the Nature Conservancy, Post Norris, NJ.

Ken Stead, lepidopterist, Brantford, ON.

Mogens Nielsen, lepidopterist, E. Lansing, MI.

Dr. J. Donald Lafontaine – scientist and noctuid specialist, Canadian National Collection of Insects and Arthropods, Ottawa, Ontario.

Jim Troubridge – lepidopterist and noctuid specialist Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Ottawa, Ontario.


Information Sources

Bird, Henry. 1934. Decline of the noctuid genus Papaipema (Lepidoptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 27(4):551-556.

CBIF (Canadian Biophysical Information Facility). 2003. Moths of Canada website.

COSEWIC. 2003. Operations and Procedures Manual. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. November, 2003.

Dana, R. 1986. The Dakota skipper: A now rare prairie butterfly. Nat. Areas J. 3:31-34.

David, P.P. 1977. Sand Dune Occurrences of Canada: a theme and resource inventory study of eolian landforms of Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs, National Parks Branch. Ottawa. 183 pp.

Decker, G.C. 1930. Corn boring insects of Iowa with special reference to the stalk borer, Papaipema nebris (Gn.) and the four-lined borer, Luperina stipata (Morr.). PhD. Dissertation. Iowa State University, Ames Iowa. 174 pp.

Fletcher, J. and A. Gibson. 1907. Entomological record, 1906. The Annual Report of the entomological Society of Ontario, 37: 86-104.

Forbes, W.T.M. 1954. Lepidoptera ofNew Yorkand Neighboring States, Noctuidae, Part III. Memoir 329. Cornell Univ. Agricultural Research Station. Ithaca, NY.

Gauthier, D.A., K. McGovern and L. Patino. 2001. Grassland Habitat and Conservation Areas, Prairie Ecozone of Canada. Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina, Saskatchewan (www.cprc.uregina.ca). 30 pp.

Geological Survey of Canada. 2001. Sand Dune and Climate Change Studies in the Prairie Provinces. Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa.

Goldstein, P.Z. 1999. Molecular systematics and the macroevolution of host plant use in the endophagous moth genus Papaipema Smith 1899. Ph.D. Dissertation, U. of Connecticut.

Goldstein, P.Z. and E.L. Quinter. 2003. Host plant associations of western species of Papaipema (Noctuidae) with particular reference to the Apiaceous plants. J. Lep. Soc. 57(2):153-156.

Hampson, G.F. 1910. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum9:81.

Hardwick, D.F. and K. Stead. 1998. The life history of Schinia sanguinea (Geyer) (Noctuidae; Heliothentinae) with a report on a survey for Heterocera in southwestern Ontario. J. Lep. Soc., 52(4):381-355.

Hessel, S.A.1954. A guide to collecting the plant-boring larvae of the genus Papaipema Noctuidae). Lepidoptera News 8:57-63.

Hodges, R.W. et al., eds. 1983.Check List of the Lepidoptera of North America north of Mexico. E.W. Classey and the Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, London, 284 pp.

Innvista. 2004. Pinery Provincial Park. httpp://www.innvista.com/science/ecology/parks /pinery.htm. Accessed November 7, 2004.

Jones, J.A., 2000. Fire history of the bur oak savannas of Sheguiandah Township, Manitoulin Island. Michigan Botanist 39(1), pp 3-15.

Jones, Judith. pers. comm., 2006 Biologist and Consultant, Manitoulin Island.

Lafontaine, J.D. 1996 in Smith, I.M. Assessment of species diversity in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone. Biodiversity Assessment and Evaluation Research Branch, Agriculture Canada Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Center, Ottawa.(http://www.naturewatch.ca/MixedWood/) (accessed November, 2004).

Lafontaine, J.D. pers. comm., 2005 and 2006. Phone call July 2005 and April 2006. Scientist and noctuid specialist, Canadian National Collection of Insects and Arthropods, Ottawa, Ontario.

Landry, J.-F. pers. comm., 2004. E-mail correspondence to G. Anweiler, August, 2004. Lepidoptera specialist, Canadian National Collection of Insects, Ottawa.

Lyman, H.H. 1908. Recent work among the borers. Can. Ent. 40(8): 249-255.

Marshall, S.A. Review comment, 2005. Entomologist, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario

Michigan State University Extension, 2004. Michigan Natural Features Inventory. (http://web4.msue.msu.edu/mnfi/data/specialanimals.cfm) (accessed November, 2004).

Moore, S. 1930. Lepidoptera of the Beaver Islands. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 214:1-28.

NatureServe 2004. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 4.0. NatureServe, Arlington Virginia. (Accessed October 27, 2004).

Nielsen, M. pers. comm., August 2004. Email correspondence to G. Anweiler. August 2004. Lepidopterist, E. Lansing, Michigan.

Nieminen, M. 1996. Risk of population extinction in moths: effect of host plant characteristics. Oikos 76:475-484

Oldham, M. pers comm., April 2006. Email correspondence between M. Oldham (Botanist/Herpetologist, Ontario Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, Ontario) and J. Morton (Botanist/Lepidopterist, Manitoulin Island, Ontario). April 2006.

Penskar, M.R., P.J. Higman, D.A. Hyde, D.L. Cuthrell, R.A. Corner, M.A. Kost, and E.J. Judziewicz. 1999. Biological Inventory for Conservation of Great Lakes Islands: 1998 Progress report. Report # 1999-01 Michigan Natural Features Inventory. Prepared for Michigan Coastal Management Program, Land and Water Management Division, MDEQ.

Portman, T. 2004. Squeezing out the skink. Winnipeg Free Press, page B3 August 29.

Profant, D. 1991. An annotated checklist of the Lepidoptera of the Beaver Islands archipelago, Lake Michigan. Great Lakes Entomologist. 24(2):85-97.

Quinter, E.L. 1983. Papaipema, pp. 138-139 (in part). In Hodges, R.W. et al., eds. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of North America north of Mexico. E.W. Classey and the Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, London, 284 pp.

Quinter, Dr. E.L. pers. comm., 2004. Email correspondence to G. Anweiler. August 2004. Papaipema specialist, Div. of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, NY.

Rockburne, E.W. and J.D. Lafontaine. 1976. The Cutworm Moths of Ontario and Quebec. Research Branch, Canada Dept. Agriculture Pub. 1593. 164 pp.

Roughley, R.E. 2000. Aweme, Manitoba – An important historical grassland site. Arthropods of Canadian Grasslands, Newsletter #6 pp.8-14. Biological Survey of Canada.

Schweitzer, D.F. 1989. A review of Category 2 Insecta in USFWS regions 3, 4, 5. Prepared for the United States Wildlife Service in NatureServe 2004. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 4.0. NatureServe, Arlington Virginia. (Accessed October 27, 2004).

Schweitzer, D.F. 1999. Papaipema aweme in NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 4.0. NatureServe, Arlington Virginia. (Accessed October 27, 2004).

Schweitzer, D.F. 2004. August 2004. Email correspondence to G. Anweiler. August 2004. Biologist, Nature Conservancy.

Smith, I.M. no date. Assessment of Species Diversity in the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone. Biodiversity Assessment and Evaluation Research Branch, Ag. Canada Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Centre, Ottawa. (http://www.naturewatch.ca/MixedWood/) (accessed November, 2004).

Stead, K. pers. comm., 2004. Phone call and e-mail, 2004. Resident lepidopterist, The Pinery Provincial.Park, Ontario.