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NORTHERN SPOTTED OWL (Strix occidentalis caurina)

Literature Cited

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Barrows, C., and K. Barrows. 1978. Roost characteristics and behavioural thermoregulation in the Spotted Owl. Western Birds 9:1–8.

Bart, J. 1995. Amount of suitable habitat and viability of Northern Spotted Owls. Conservation Biology 9:943–946.

Blackburn, I.R., and S. Godwin. 2003. Status of the Northern Spotted Owl in British Columbia. BC Minist. Water, Land and Air Protection, Surrey, BC.

Blackburn, I.R., and A.S. Harestad. 2002. Supplement to the population assessment of the Northern Spotted Owl in British Columbia 1992–2001. BC Minist. Water, Land and Air Protection, Surrey, BC. 44pp.

Blackburn, I.R., A.S. Harestad, J.N.M. Smith, S. Godwin, R. Hentze, and C.B. Lenihan. 2002. Population assessment of the Northern Spotted Owl in British Columbia 1992–2001. BC Minist. Water, Land and Air Protection, Surrey, BC. 22pp.

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Demarchi, D.A. 1998. A spatial simulation model for evaluating the response of rare and endangered species to conservation strategies and forest practices: A case study of the Northern Spotted Owl. M.Sc. thesis, Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver, BC.

Dunbar, D., and I. Blackburn. 1994. Management options for the Northern Spotted Owl in British Columbia. Report of the Canadian Spotted Owl Recovery Team. BC Minist. Environ. Lands and Parks, Surrey, BC. 180pp.

Dunbar, D., Booth, B., Forsman, E., Hetherington, A., and D. Wilson. 1991. Status of the Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis) and Barred Owl (Strix varia) in southwestern British Columbia. Canadian Field-Naturalist 105:464–468.

Forsman, E.D. 2003. Northern Spotted Owl. Available online at http://biology.usgs.gov/s+t/SNT/noframe/pn172.htm

Forsman, E.D., R.G. Anthony, J.A. Reid, P.J. Loschl, S.G. Sovern, M. Taylor, B.L. Biswell, A. Ellingson, E.C. Meslow, G.S. Miller, K.A. Swindle, J.A. Thrailkill, F.F. Wagner, and D.E. Seaman. 2002a. Natal and breeding dispersal of Northern Spotted Owls. Wildlife Monographs 149:1–35.

Forsman, E.D., and A.R. Giese. 1997. Nests of the Northern Spotted Owl on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Wilson Bulletin 109:28–41.

Forsman, E.D., E.C. Meslow, and H.M. Wight. 1984. Distribution and biology of the Spotted Owl in Oregon. Wildlife Monographs 87:1–64.

Forsman, E.D., I.A. Otto, S.G. Govern, M. Taylor, D.W. Hays, H. Allen, S.L. Roberts, and D.E. Seaman. 2001. Spatial and temporal variation in diets of Spotted Owls in Washington. J. Raptor Research 35:141–150.

Forsman, E.D., J.A. Reid, S. Graham, J.S. Mowdy, and A.L. Price. 2002b. Demographic characteristics of Northern Spotted Owls (Strix occidentalis) on the Tyee Study Area, Roseburg, Oregon, 1985–2002. Unpub. report for wildlife habitat relationships in Washington and Oregon, USDA Forest Service.

Forsman, E.D., S. Sovern, and M. Taylor. 2002c. Demography of Spotted owls on the east slope of the Cascade Range, Washington, 1989–2002. Unpub. report for wildlife habitat relationships in Washington and Oregon, USDA Forest Service.

Franklin, A.B., K.P. Burnham, G.C. White, R.G. Anthony, E.D. Forsman, C. Schwarz, J.D. Nichols, and J. Hines. 1999. Range-wide status and trend in Northern Spotted Owl populations. Unpub. report. Colorado State University and Oregon State University, Fort Collins, CO.

Franklin, A.B., R.J. Gutiérrez, P.C. Carlson, D. Pavlacky, J. Rockwiett, W. King, A. Walston, and S. Unger. 2002. Population ecology of the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) in northwestern California: Annual results, 2001. Annual Progress Report for Region 5, USDA Forest Service. 18pp.

Gutiérrez, R.J., A.B. Franklin, and W.S. La Haye. 1995. Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis). In A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Birds of North America No. 179. Acad. Nat. Sci., Philadelphia, PA, and Am. Ornithol. Union, Washington, DC. 28pp.

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Hamer, T.E., D.L. Hays, C.M. Senger, and E.D. Forsman. 2001. Diets of Northern Barred Owls and Northern Spotted Owls in an area of sympatry. J. Raptor Research 35:221–227.

Hamer, T.E., S.G. Seim, and K.R. Dixon. 1989. Northern Spotted Owl and Northern Barred Owl habitat use and home range size in Washington. Preliminary Report, Washington Department of Wildlife. 65pp.

Hanson, E., D. Hays, L. Hicks, L. Young, and J. Buchanan. 1993. Spotted Owl habitat in Washington. Washington Forest Practices Board, Washington. 116pp.

Harper, W.L., and R. Milliken. 1994. Other species associated with late successional forests. Appendix C. in D. Dunbar and I. Blackburn, Management options for the Northern Spotted Owl in British Columbia. Report of the Canadian Spotted Owl Recovery Team. BC Minist. Environ. Lands and Parks, Surrey, BC. 180pp.

Herter, D.R., and L.L. Hicks. 1995. Northern Spotted Owl surveys and demography in the Plum Creek Cascade Habitat Conservation Plan area. Tech. Rep. 1, Plum Creek Timber Company, L.P., Seattle, WA. 79pp.

Hilton, A., and S. Hilton. 2002. Inventory of Northern Spotted Owls: Lillooet Forest District. Unpub. rep. for Minist. Water, Land and Air Protection, Kamloops, BC. 58pp.

Hobbs, J. 2002. Spotted Owl nest searches in the Lillooet Forest District, 2002: Summary of results. Unpub. rep. for Minist. Water, Land and Air Protection, Victoria, BC.

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Kelly, E.G. 2002. The range expansion of the Northern Barred Owl: An evaluation of the impact on Northern Spotted Owls. M.S. thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.

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Keystone Wildlife Research Ltd. 2003. Spotted Owl data review and management plan for the Fraser TSA.  Unpub. draft rep. prepared for Fraser TSA Co-operative Assoc. 53 pp.

Kirk, D.A. 1999. COSEWIC status report on the Northern Spotted Owl, Strix occidentalis caurina. Committee on the Status of Wildlife in Canada. 24pp.

Kurz, W.A., and J.A. Greenough. 1996. Spotted Owl adaptive management program and research needs: Workshop report. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC for the BC Minist. Forests and BC Minist. Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, BC. 39pp.

Lamberson, R.H., B.R. Noon, C. Voss, and R. McKelvey. 1994. Reserve design for terrestrial species: The effects of patch size and spacing on the viability of the Northern Spotted Owl. Conservation Biology 8:185–195.

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[ROMAN] RENEW Operations Manual. 2003. Working draft, 30 January 2003. RENEW Secretariat, Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa.

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[SOMIT] Spotted Owl Management Inter-Agency Team. 1997a. Spotted Owl management plan: Strategic component. B.C. Minist. Environment, Lands and Parks and B.C. Minist. Forests, Victoria, BC. 81pp.

[SOMIT] Spotted Owl Management Inter-Agency Team . 1997b. Managing Spotted Owl Habitat: Operational Guidelines Component of the Spotted Owl Management Plan. B.C. Minist. Environment, Lands and Parks and B.C. Minist. Forests, Victoria, BC. 39pp.

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