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Recovery Strategy for Deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum) in Canada


Anderson, R.C., J.S. Fralish and J.M. Baskin. 1999. Savannas, Barrens, and Rock Outcrop Plant Communities of North America. Cambridge University Press. 470 pp.

Argus, G.W., K.M. Pryer, D.J. White and C.J. Keddy (Eds). 1982-1987. Atlas of the Rare Vascular Plants of Ontario. National Museum of National Sciences, Ottawa.

Argus, G.W. and K.M. Pryer. 1990. Rare Vascular Plants in Canada. Our Natural Heritage. Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa. 191 pp.

Badcock, A.C. 1958. Prescribed burning and the growing of blueberries. Newfoundland Res. Comm. Symp. Prescribed Burning. Memorial University of Newfoundland. 1958: 53-56.

Bramwell, K. 1998. Review of Deerberry Monitoring. St. Lawrence Island National Park. Mallorytown. Unpublished Report.

Brownell, V.R. 1984. A management plan for rare vascular plants in St. Lawrence Islands National Park. Parks Canada, Cornwall.

Caccia, R. 2001. Personal communication.

Cane, J.H., G.C. Eickwort, F.R. Wesley and J. Speilholz. 1985. Pollination ecology of Vaccinium stamineum (Ericaceae: Vacciniadeae). Amer. J. Bot. 72(1): 135-142.

Catling, P.M. and V.R. Brownell. 1999. Granite Barrens, the flora and ecology of southern Ontario Granite Barrens. Pp 392-405 in (eds). R.C. Anderson, J.S. Fralish and J.M. Baskin. Savannas, Barrens, and Rock Outcrop Plant Communities of North America. Cambridge University Press. 470 pp.

Caughley, G. and A.G. Gunn. 1996. Conservation Biology in Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press. 459 pp.

Chamberlain, B. 1994. Rare Plant Monitoring. St. Lawrence Islands National Park, Mallorytown. Unpublished Report.

Clark, J.S. and P.D. Royall. 1996. Local and regional sediment charcoal evidence for fire regimes in presettlement northeastern North America. Journal of Ecology 84: 365-382.

Clegg, M.T. and A.H.D. Brown. 1983. The founding of plant populations. Pp 216-228 in (ed.) C.M. Schonewald Cox, S.M. Chambers, B. MacBryde and W.L. Thomas, 1983. Genetics and Conservation. Benjamin Cummings Publishing Company. Menlo Park, California.

Crins, W.J. and P.W.C. Uhlig. 2000. Ecoregions of Ontario: Modifications to Angus Hills' Site Regions and Districts: Revisions and Rationale. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. 7 pp.

Cronquist, A. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada 2nd ed. New York Botanical Gardens, NY. 910 pp.

Crowder, A. 1982. Resource management study of selected rare plants in St. Lawrence Islands National Park. 4. Vaccinium stamineum. Kingston.

Crowder, A. 2008. Personal communication.

Crowder, A. and R. Harmsen. 1998. Notes on forest succession in old fields in southeastern Ontario; the woody species. Canadian Field-Naturalist 112: 410-418.

El-Fityani, T. 2006. The Recent Progress of St. Lawrence Islands National Park towards the Recovery of Deerberry, Vaccinium stamineum, in the Thousand Islands Region. St. Lawrence Islands National Park, Resource Conservation. August 2006.

Eriksson, O. and H. Froberg. 1996. 'Windows of opportunity' for recruitment in long-lived clonal plants; experimental studies of seedling establishment in Vaccinium shrubs. Canadian Journal of Botany 74: 1329-1374.

Farrar, J., A. Crowder and M. Hummel. 1978. Ecological effects of fire and its management. Parks Canada. 2 vols.

Ford, B.A. 1984. Deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum L.) in Ontario. The Plant Press. 2(2): 40-42.

Ford, B.A. 1993. Conservation Recommendations for Deerberry, Vaccinium stamineum L. a threatened species in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) Ottawa. 3 pp.

Ford, B.A. 1994. Status report on the Deerberry, Vaccinium stamineum L., in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) Ottawa. pp 24.

Ford, B.A. 1995. Status of the Deerberry, Vaccinium stamineum L. (Ericaceae) in Canada. Rhodora 97: 255-263.

Gilpin, M.E. 1987. Spatial structure and population vulnerability in (ed.) M.E. Soule, Viable populations for conservation. Cambridge University Press.

Howe, H.F. 1986. Seed dispersal by fruit-eating birds and mammals. Pp. 123-190 in (ed.) D.R. Murray. Seed Dispersal. Academic Press, New York.

Howe, M.D. 1968. Vascular Plants of Oneida County. Utica College, Syracuse.

Huntley, B. 1991. How plants respond to climate change: migration rates, individualism and consequences for plant communities. Annals of Botany 67: 15-22. Supplement.

Husband, B.C. and S.C.H. Barrett 1996. A metapopulation perspective in plant population biology. Journal of Ecology 84: 461-469.

Jacquemart, A.L. 1996. Vaccinium uliginosum L. Biological Flora of the British Isles. Journal of Ecology 84: 771-785.

Korcak, R.F. 1998. Nutrition of blueberry and other calcifuges. Horticultural Reviews 10: 183-228. Timber Press, Portland Oregon.

Kristensen, D. 2007. Personal communication. Deerberry Recovery Team member.

Lande, R. and G. Barrowclough. 1987. Effective population size, genetic variation and their use in population management. In (ed.) M.E. Soule, Viable populations for conservation. Cambridge University Press.

Larson, D. 2001. Personal communication. Professor. University of Guelph, Department of Biology.

Lee, H., W. Bakowsky, J. Riley, J. Bowles, M. Puddister, P. Uhlig and S. McMurray. 1998. Ecological Land Classification for Southern Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. North Bay, Ontario. 225 pp.

Matlack, G.R., D.J. Gibson and R.E. Good. 1993. Clonal propagation, local disturbance and the structure of vegetation; ericaceous shrubs in the pine barrens of New Jersey. Biological Conservation 63: 1-8.

McNamee, S.D.W. 1997. Factors affecting the establishment of woody plants during old field succession. M.Sc. thesis. Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario.

Meyers, G. 2001. Personal communication.

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Oldham, Michael J. 2008. Personal communication. Botanist-Herpetologist. Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.

Reschke, C. 1990. Ecological Communities of New York State. New York Natural Heritage Program, Latham, N. Y. 96 pp.

Ritchie, R. 2008. Personal communication. Deerberry Recovery Team member.

Sceicz, J.M. and G.M. MacDonald. 1990. Postglacial vegetation history of oak savannah in southern Ontario. Canadian Journal of Botany 69: 1507-1519.

Scott, J. 1967. Burning as a management tool. Department of Lands and Forests. Prescribed Fire Symposium, Ontario. Toronto, Ontario.

Skinner, J.R and S. Foré. 2002. Influence of burning on changes in the size, shape and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) profile composition of Vaccinium stamineum L. patches. Truman State University. Kirksville. Missouri.

Soper, J.H. and M.L. Heimburger. 1982. Shrubs of Ontario. Royal Ontario Museum. Toronto. 495 pp.

Tervo, Rob. 2008. Personal communication. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Vineland, Ontario.

Thompson, S. 2009. Personal communication, Deerberry Recovery Team chair (teleconference, August 24, 2009)

Thompson-Black, M. 2001. Personal communication. Deerberry Recovery Team member

Van Wieren, Josh. 2008. Personal communication. Park Ecologist, St. Lawrence Islands National Park, Parks Canada.

VanderKloet, S.P. and N.M. Hill. 1994. The paradox of berry production in temperate species of Vaccinium. Canadian Journal of Botany 72: 52-58.

Vanzant, H. and K. Miyanishi. 1993. Impacts of prescribed burning and deer browsing on Quercus muehlenbergii in a southern Ontario oak savanna. Abstract of 78th meeting of the Ecological Society of America.

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Vlasman, K. 2009. Personal communication.

Voss, E.G. 1996. Michigan Flora: Part III. Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium, Bulletin 61. Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Weir, R.D. 1989. Birds of the Kingston Region. Quarry Press Kingston. 608 pp.

Weldy, T., R. Mitchell and R. Ingalls. 2002. New York Flora Atlas ("). New York Flora Association, New York State Museum, Albany, NY.

Whelan, R.J. 1986. Seed Dispersal in relation to fire. Pp. 237-272 in (ed.) D.R. Murray. Seed Dispersal, Academic Press, New York.

Will-Wolf, S. and F. Steams, 1999. Dry Soil Oak Savanna in the Great Lakes Region. Pp. 135-154 in (eds.) R.C. Anderson, J.S. Fralish and J.M. Baskin. Savannas, Barrens, and Rock Outcrop Plant Communities of North America. Cambridge University Press. 470 pp.

Yakimowsky, S.B. and C.G. Eckert, 2007. Threatened peripheral populations in context: geographical variation in populations frequency and size and sexual reproduction in a clonal woody shrub. Conservation Biology 21(3): 811-822.

Yakimowsky, S.B. and C.G. Eckert. 2008. Populations do not become less genetically diverse or more differentiated towards the northern limit of the geographical range in clonal Vaccinium stamineum (Ericaceae). New Phytologist 180: 534-544.

Recovery strategy development team members
Name (Recovery Strategy Development Team)Affiliation and location
Shaun Thompson (Chair)Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Kemptville, ON
Dr. Adele CrowderQueen‟s University (emeritus), Kingston, ON
Dr. Chris EckertQueen‟s University, Kingston, ON
Dale KristensenQueens, University, Kingston, ON
Jeff LeggoParks Canada Agency, St. Lawrence Islands National Park, Mallorytown, ON
Kirsten QuerbachParks Canada Agency
Robert RitchieNiagara Parks Commission
Melinda Thompson-BlackOntario Ministry of Natural Resources, Aurora, ON
Dr. Sam VanderKloetAcadia University, Wolfville, NS
Josh Van WierenParks Canada Agency, St. Lawrence Islands National Park, Mallorytown, ON
Sarah YakimowskyUniversity of Toronto, Toronto, ON
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