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Recovery Strategy for the Seaside Centipede Lichen (Heterodermia sitchensis) in Canada (Proposed)

3 References Cited

Franklin, J.F., K. Cromack, W. Denison, A. McKee, C. Maser, J. Sedell, F. Swanson, and G. Juday. 1981. Ecological characteristics of old-growth Douglas-fir forests. United States Department of Agriculture (Forest Service), General Technical Report PNW-118.

Goward, T. 1984. Heterodermia sitchensis, a new lichen from the Pacific Northwest of North America. The Bryologist 37: 366-368.

Goward, T. 1993 ("1991"). Epiphytic lichens: going down with the trees. Pp. 153-158 in Rautio, S. (ed.), Community action for endangered species: a public symposium on B.C.'s threatened and endangered species and their habitat. Federation of British Columbia Naturalists, Vancouver.

Goward, T. 1994a. Notes on oldgrowth-dependent epiphytic macrolichens in inland British Columbia, Canada. Acta Botanica Fennica 150: 31-38.

Goward, T. 1994b. Status report on the seaside Centipede Lichen, Heterodermia sitchensis, in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Working Document, June 1994.

Goward, T. 2001. The Seaside Centipede Lichen, Heterodermia sitchensis: Notes on Distribution and Ecology. Parks Canada Unpublished Report.

Goward, T. 2004. Notes on the Lichens of Haida Gwaii With Special Emphasis on the Seaside Centipede Lichen (Heterodermia sitchensis). Unpublished report prepared for Parks Canada.

Goward, T. and K.G. Wright. 2002. Heterodermia sitchensis Project Field Summary. Unpublished report prepared for Parks Canada.

Goward, T. and K.G. Wright. 2003. The seaside Centipede Lichen, Heterodermia sitchensis: notes on distribution and ecology. II. Unpublished report prepared for Parks Canada.

Harris, L.D. 1984. The fragmented forest: Island biogeography theory and the preservation of biotic diversity. The University of Chicago Press.

McHenry, G. and T. Tønsberg. 2002. Heterodermia sitchensis found in Oregon, U.S.A. Evansia 19: 158-160.

NatureServe. 2005. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 4.6. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. (Accessed: December 7, 2005).

Wright, K.G. 2004. Seaside Centipede Lichen (Heterodermia sitchensis) 2004 Studies Field Summary Report. Unpublished report prepared for Parks Canada.