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Recovery Strategy For Northern Riffleshell, Snuffbox, Round Pigtoe, Mudpuppy Mussel and Rayed Bean in Canada [Proposed]

c) Stewardship Approaches

PriorityNoObjec tive Addr essedBroad Approach/ StrategySpecific StepsAnticipated EffectThreat Addr essed
URGENT3-1vRiparian buffersEstablish riparian buffer zones in areas of high erosion potential by encouraging naturalization or planting of native species.Will improve water quality by reducing bank erosion, sedimentation and overland run-off.Siltation and turbidity, nutrient loads, toxic compounds, thermal effects.
URGENT3-2vTile drainageWork with landowners to mitigate the effects of tile drainage. Will reduce nutrient and sediment inputs.Siltation and turbidity, nutrient loads, toxic compounds
URGENT3-3vHerd managementEncourage the active exclusion of animals from the watercourse.Will reduce bank erosion, sediment and nutrient inputs.Siltation and turbidity, nutrient loads, toxic compounds, thermal effects.
URGENT3-4vLivestock waste managementAssist with establishing adequate manure collection and storage systems to avoid accidental spills, and winter-spreading of manure.Will improve water quality by reducing nutrients.Siltation and turbidity, nutrient loads.
URGENT3-5vFarm planningEncourage the development and implementation of Environmental Farm Plans and Nutrient Management Plans.Will assist with minimizing inputs of nutrients and sediments.Siltation and turbidity, nutrient loads, thermal effects.
URGENT3-6vSewage treatmentWork with landowners to improve faulty septic systems.Will improve water quality by reducing nutrient inputs.Siltation and turbidity, nutrient loads, toxic compounds.
BENEFICIAL3-8vSoil testingEncourage soil testing to determine fertilizer application rates.Will reduce nutrient inputs to the river.Nutrient loads.

The stewardship activities outlined here can be described as “best management practices” and represent a selection of activities that can be encouraged within these predominantly agricultural watersheds to help reduce the impacts of terrestrial practices on aquatic ecosystems.  Encouragement can be achieved through increasing awareness of these activities as well as through the provision of financial assistance to local landowners.

d) Awareness Approaches

PriorityNoObjec tive Addr essedBroad Approach/ StrategySpecific StepsAnticipated EffectThreat Addr essed
URGENT4-1viiAwareness – stewardship actionsIncrease public knowledge of stewardship options and financial assistance available to participate in activities. Increased public participation in recovery actions and a reduction in threats to the Northern Riffleshell, Snuffbox, Round Pigtoe, Mudpuppy Mussel and Rayed Bean. All threats.
URGENT4-2viiExotic speciesIncrease public awareness of the potential impacts of transporting/releasing exotic species.Will reduce the risk of zebra mussels becoming established in the reservoirs.Exotic species.
beneficial4-3viiOutreachEncourage public support and participation by developing awareness materials and programs.Will increase public awareness of the importance of species at risk.All threats.

Public participation in the recovery process for these species is essential as the primary threats to populations in the Ausable, Grand, Sydenham and Thames rivers result from diffuse non-point source inputs relating to the general agricultural activities within these watersheds. Recovery can not occur without the full participation of local citizens and landowners. The need for an effective public awareness program is crucial to the recovery of these species.