Warning This Web page has been archived on the Web.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived on the Web is for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It has not been altered or updated after the date of archiving. Web pages that are archived on the Web are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards, as per the Policy on Communications and Federal Identity.

Skip booklet index and go to page content

Roseate Tern (Sterna Dougallii)

References Cited

ACTWoG (Atlantic Canada Tern Working Group). 2000. Fall meeting 2000. Unpublished minutes, Canadian Wildlife Service, Sackville, NB.

Amey, K.D.D. 1998. Seabirds as indicators of changes in availability and commerical weir landings of herring. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick.

Boyne, A.W. 1998a. Tern restoration plan for Country Island, Nova Scotia. Unpublished Canadian Wildlife Service proposal, Environment Canada, Atlantic Region.

Boyne, A.W. 1998b. Status of Roseate Tern recovery effort: Annual report. Unpublished report, Canadian Wildlife Service, Sackville, NB.

Boyne, A.W. 1999. Status of Roseate Tern recovery effort: Annual report. Unpublished report, Canadian Wildlife Service, Sackville, NB.

Boyne, A.W., S.E. Chisolm, and T.E. Smith. 2001. Country Island Tern Restoration Project annual report 2001 - Year 4. Unpublished report, Canadian Wildlife Service, Sackville, NB.

Boyne, A.W., D. Grecian, and J. Hudson. 2001. Census of terns and other colonial waterbirds in Prince Edward Island - 1999. Technical Report Series No. 372. Canadian Wildlife Service, Atlantic Region. 22 pp.

Boyne, A.W., and J. Hudson. 2002. Census of terns and other colonial waterbirds along the Gulf of St. Lawrence coast of New Brunswick - 2000. Technical Report Series No. 397. Canadian Wildlife Service, Atlantic Region. 29 pp.

Burger, J.  1998.  Effects of motorboats and personal watercraft on flight behaviour over a colony of Common Terns.  The Condor 100: 528-534.

Carney, K.M. and Sydeman, W.J.  1999.  A review of human disturbance effects on nesting colonial waterbirds.  Waterbirds 22: 68-79.

Chisholm, S.E., A.W. Boyne, and M. Charrete. 2002. Country Island Tern Restoration Project annual report 2002 - Year 5. Unpublished report, Canadian Wildlife Service, Sackville, NB.

COSEWIC. 2003. Canadian Species at Risk, November 2003. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 44 pp.

D’Eon, T.C. 2001. Tern report 2001: Lobster Bay - Southwest Nova Scotia. Available at http://fox.nstn.ca/~deonted/tern01.html.

D’Eon, T.C. 2003. Tern report 2003: Lobster Bay - Southwest Nova Scotia. Available at http://fox.nstn.ca/~deonted/tern03.html.

Environment Canada. 2004. Federal Policy Discussion Paper on Critical Habitat. February 2004. Species at Risk Act Public Registry. Available at http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/policies/showDocument_e.cfm?id=271

Erskine, A. J. 1992. Atlas of breeding birds of the Maritime Provinces. Nimbus Publishing Limited and the Nova Scotia Museum of Natural History. Halifax, NS. 270 pp.

Erwin, R.M. 1989. Responses to human intruders by birds nesting in colonies: Experimental results and management guidelines. Colonial Waterbirds 12: 104-108.

Gochfeld, M., Burger, J. and Nisbet, I.C.T.  1998.  Roseate Tern (Sterna dougallii).  In The Birds of North America.  No. 370 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc.  Philadelphia, PA.

Government of Canada. 2002. Bill C-5:An Act respecting the protection of wildlife species at risk in Canada, Species at Risk Act (SARA). Public Works and Government Services Canada -- Publishing, Ottawa, Canada. 97 pp.

Gregoire, K. 2000. Sanctuary and Scholarship Trust Fund annual report. Nova Scotia Birds 43: 32.

Hatch, J.J., J.A. Spendelow, J.D. Nichols, and J.E. Hines. 1997. Recent numerical changes in North American Roseate Terns and their conjectured cause. Pages 19-20 in L.R. Monteiro, editor. Proceedings of the 7th Roseate Tern Workshop, Horta, Azores, Portugal, April 1997.

Hays, H., J. DiCostanzo, G. Cormons, P. de Tarso Zuquim Antas, J. L. Xavier do Nascimento, I. de Lima Serrano do Nascimento, and R. E. Bremer. 1997. Recoveries of Roseate and Common Terns in South America.  Journal of Field Ornithology 68:79-90.

Horn, A.G. and P. Shepherd. 1998. Sable Island Tern Project - 1998 final report. Unpublished report for Sable Offshore Energy, Inc.

Joint Public Review Panel. 1997. The joint public review panel report, Sable Gas Projects.

Kadlec, J.A. and W.H. Drury. 1968. Structure of the New England herring gull population. Ecology 49: 644-675.

Kirkham, I.R. and D. N. Nettleship. 1986. Status of the Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii (Montagu) in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa, Ont.

Kress, S.W. 1997. Using animal behavior for conservation: case studies in seabird restoration from the Maine Coast, USA. Journal of the Yamashina Institute of Ornithology 29: 1-26.

Kress, S.W. and C.S. Hall. 2004. Tern Management Handbook: Coastal Northeastern United States and Atlantic Canada. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Hadley, Massachusetts. 164 pp.

Kress, S.W., E. H. Weinstein, and I.C.T. Nisbet.  1983. The status of tern populations in northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. Colonial Waterbirds 6: 84-106.

Kushlan, J. A., M.J. Steinkamp, K.C. Parsons, J. Capp, M. Acosta Cruz, M. Coulter, I. Davidson, L. Dickson, N. Edelson, R. Elliot, R. M. Erwin, S. Hatch, S. Kress, R. Milko, S. Miller, K. Mills, R. Paul, R. Phillips, J. E. Saliva, B. Sydeman, J. Trapp, J. Wheeler, and K. Wohl. 2002. Waterbird Conservation for the Americas: The North American Waterbird Conservation Plan, Version 1. Waterbird Conservation for the Americas. Washington, DC, U.S.A.

Lebreton, J.D. , Hines, J.E., Pradel, R., Nichols, J.D. and Spendelow, J.A. 2003. Estimation by capture-recapture of recruitment and dispersal over several sites. Oikos 101: 253-264.

Leonard, M.L., A.W. Boyne, and J.S. Boates. 2004. Status and recovery of Roseate Terns (Sterna dougallii) in Nova Scotia. Proceedings of the Nova Scotia Institute of Science. 42: 253-262.

Lock, A.R.  1971. Census of seabirds nesting in Nova Scotia, May 18 to June 30, 1971. Unpublished report, Canadian Wildlife Service, Dartmouth, N.S.

Lock, A.R.  1988.  Recent increases in the breeding population of ring-billed Gulls Larus delawarensis, in Atlantic Canada.  Canadian Field-Naturalist 102: 627-633.

Lock, A.R., Boates, S., Cohrs, S., D'Eon, T. C., Johnson, B. and LaPorte, P. 1993. Canadian Roseate Tern recovery plan. Recovery of Nationally Endangered Wildlife Report No. 4. Canadian Wildlife Federation, Ottawa.

Mawhinney, K., Diamond, T., Kehoe, P. and Benjamin, N.  1999.  Status and productivity of Common Eiders in relation to the status of Great Black-backed Gulls and Herring Gulls in the southern Bay of Fundy and northern Gulf of Maine.  Waterbirds 22: 253-262.

Milko, R., L. Dickson, R. Elliot, and G. Donaldson. 2003. Wings Over Water: Canada’s Waterbird Conservation Plan. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada. Ottawa, Ontario. 28 pp.

Nisbet, I.C.T. 1981. Biological characteristics of the roseate tern Sterna dougallii. Unpublished report prepared for the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service; Newton Corner, Massachusetts.

Nisbet, I.C.T. 2000. Disturbance, habituation, and management of waterbird colonies. Waterbirds 23: 312-332.

Nisbet, I.C.T., J.S. Hatfield, W.A. Link, and J.A. Spendelow. 1999. Predicting chick survival and productivity of Roseate Terns from data on early growth. Waterbirds 22: 90-97.

Nisbet, I.C.T. and J.A. Spendelow. 1999. Contribution of research to management and recovery of the Roseate Tern: review of a twelve-year project. Waterbirds 22: 239-252.

Nisbet, I.C.T. and M.J. Welton. 1984. Seasonal variations in breeding success of Common Terns: consequences of predation. Condor 86: 53-60.

Olsen, K.M. and H. Larsson. 1995. Terns of Europe and North America. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, N.J.

Paquet, J., T. Gibson, and S.L. Seward. 1999. Non-lethal predator control as a method for restoring tern colonies and other research conducted on Country Island: Country Island Tern Restoration Project final report. Unpublished report, Canadian Wildlife Service, Sackville, N.B.

Rodgers, J.A. and H.T. Smith. 1995. Set-back distances to protect nesting bird colonies from human disturbance in Florida. Conservation Biology 9: 89-99.

Smith, T.E., M.L. Leonard, M. Jensen, and A.W.  Boyne 2000. Restoration of Roseate Terns (Sterna dougallii) to Country Island, Nova Scotia. Unpublished report to the Endangered Species Recovery Fund, World Wildlife Fund Canada.

Spendelow, J.A. 1982. An analysis of temporal variation in and the effects of habitat modification on the reproductive success of Roseate Terns. Colonial Waterbirds 5: 19-31.

Spendelow, J.A. 1996. Comparisons of nesting habitat modification techniques for Roseate Terns at Falkner Island, Connecticut. Pages 18-21 in N. Ratcliffe, editor. Proceedings of the Roseate Tern Workshop, Glasgow University, Scotland, March 1995.

Spendelow, J.A., J.D. Nichols, G.D. Cormons, J. Burger, C. Safina, J.E. Hines, M. Gochfeld, I.C.T. Nisbet,I.C.T. 1995. Estimating annual survival and movement rates of adults within a metapopulation of Roseate Terns. Ecology 76: 2415-2428.

Spendelow, J.A., J.D. Nichols, J.E. Hines, J.-D. Lebreton, and R. Pradel. 2002. Modelling postfledging survival and age-specific breeding probabilities in species with delayed maturity: a case study of Roseate Terns at Falkner Island, Connecticut. Pages 385-405 in B. J. T. Morgan and D. L. Thomson, editors. Statistical Analysis of Data from Marked Bird Populations, Journal of Applied Statistics 29.

Taylor, S., I. McLaren, and K. Dillon. 2002. Return of breeding Laughing Gulls to Atlantic Canada. Birders Journal 11: 58-60.

USFWS (United States Fish and Wildlife Service). 1987. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; determination: two populations of the Roseate Tern and Bonamia grandiflora (Florida bonamia), Final Rules. US Federal Register 52: 211: 42064-42071.

USFWS (United States Fish and Wildlife Service). 1998. Roseate Tern Recovery Plan - Northeastern Population, First Update. Hadley, MA.

Whittam, R.M. 1997. The effects of predation on the breeding biology and behaviour of Roseate, Arctic and Common Terns nesting on Country Island, Nova Scotia. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Whittam, R.M. 1999. Updated COSEWIC status report on the Roseate Tern, Sterna dougallii. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa, Ont.