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COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Atlantic Salmon (Lake Ontario population) in Canada

Information Sources

Abraham, W.J. 1983.  A Plan to Determine the Feasibility of Atlantic Salmon Restoration in Lake Ontario.  New York Department of Environmental Conservation. 13p.

Alexander, Sir J.E. (Editor). 1860. Salmon Fishing in Canada. cited in Dymond, J.R. 1965. The Lake Ontario Salmon (Salmo salar). Edited by H.H. Mackay. Ontario Department of Lands and Forests, Maple. 283 p.

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Bisset, J., J. Bowlby, M. Jones, B. Marchant, L. Miller-Dodd, S. Orsatti, L. Stanfield. An Atlantic salmon restoration plan for Lake Ontario.  February 1995.

Blair, A.A. 1938. Scales of Lake Ontario salmon indicate a land-locked form. Copeia.1938 (4): 206.

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Dymond, J.R. 1965. The Lake Ontario Salmon (Salmo salar). Edited by H.H. Mackay. Ontario Department of Lands and Forests, Maple. 283 p.

Eckert, T.H. 2003. Lake Ontario Fishing Boat Census 2002. 59 p. In 2002 Annual Report, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Bureau of Fisheries Lake Ontario Unit and St. Lawrence River Unit to the Great Lakes Fishery Commission’s Lake Ontario Committee, March 27-28 2003.

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Fleming, I.A. 1998. Pattern and variability in the breeding system of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), with comparisons to other salmonids. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55 (Suppl. 1): 59-76.

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Lake OntarioLaMP.  2004.  Website: http://gleams.altarum.org/glwatershed/lamps/lakeontario/background.html.

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Mills, D. 1989. Ecology and Management of Atlantic salmon. Chapman & Hall, London, xiii + 351 p.

Moir, H.J., C. Soulsby, and A. Youngson. 1998. Hydraulic and sedimentary characteristics of habitat utilized by Atlantic salmon for spawning in the Girnock Burn, Scotland. Fish. Manage. Ecol. 5: 241-254.

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NatureServe. 2001. NatureServe Explorer, Conservation Status Report. Web Site: http://www.natureserveexplorer.org/servlet/NatureServe.

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Peterson, R.H. 1978. Physical characteristics of Atlantic salmon spawning gravel in some New Brunswick streams. Fish. Mar. Serv. Tech. Rep. No. 785.

Rimmer, D.M., U. Paim, and R.L. Saunders. 1984. Changes in the selection of microhabitat by juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) at the summer-autumn transition in a small river. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 41: 469-475.

Saunders, R.L. 1965. Adjustment of buoyancy in young Atlantic salmon and brook trout by changes in swimbladder volume. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 22: 335-352.

Scott, R.J., D.L.G. Noakes, F.W.H. Beamish and L.M. Carl.  2003.  Chinook salmon impede Atlantic salmon conservation in Lake Ontario.  Ecology of Freshwater Fish 12: 66-73.

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Simcoe, Diary, pp. 238, 331. Fox, "The Literature of Salmo salar", p. 48. Quoted in Edward E. Prince, "The Maximum Size of Fishes and its Causes," in Annual Report of the Department of Marine and Fisheries, 1903 (Ottawa: King's Printer, 1904), Appendix II p.1x. In Dunfield, R.W. 1985. The Atlantic salmon in the history of North America. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 80: 181 p.

Stanfield, L.W., S.F. Gibson, and J.A. Borwick.  2005.  Using a landscape approach to predict the distribution and density patterns of juvenile salmonines in the Lake Ontario basin.  Special publication of the American Fisheries Society.  Proceedings of Special Symposium: Influences of landscape on stream habitat and biological communities.  Madison, Wisconsin.  In Press

Stanfield, L.W., and B.W. Kilgour. 2005.  Effects of percent impervious cover on fish and benthos assemblages and in-stream habitats in Lake Ontario tributaries.  Special publication of the American Fisheries Society.  Proceedings of Special Symposium: Influences of landscape on stream habitat and biological communities.  Madison, Wisconsin.  In Press

Stanfield, L. and M. L. Jones.  2003 . Factors influencing rearing success of Atlantic salmon stocked as fry and parr in Lake Ontario tributaries. N. Amer. Jour. Fish. Man. 23: 1175-1183.

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Wankowski, J.W.J., and J.E. Thorpe. 1979. Spatial Distribution and feeding in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. juveniles.  Journal of Fish Biology 14: 239-247.

Webster, D.A. 1982. Early History of Atlantic Salmon in New York. New York Fish and Game Journal. 29(1): 26-44.

Wilmot, S. 1879. Ontario salmon, special report in Report on fish-breeding. Ann. Rept. Minister of Marine and Fish Canada for 1879, Pt. 2, pp.35-46. In Dymond, J.R. 1965. The Lake Ontario Salmon (Salmo salar). Edited by H.H. Mackay: Ontario Department of Lands and Forests, Maple. 283 p.

Wilzbach, M.A., M.E. Mather, C.L. Folt, A. Moore, R.J. Naiman, A.F. Youngson, and J. McMenemy. 1998. Proactive responses to human impacts that balance development and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) conservation: an integrative model. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55 (Suppl. 1): 288-302.