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Recovery Strategy for the Dwarf Wedgemussel


Unless otherwise cited, information in this Draft Recovery Strategy is based on the COSEWIC Status Report (Hanson and Locke 1999), which includes substantial original information based on an intensive survey by the authors in 1997 and 1998.

Clarke, A. H. 1981.  The Freshwater Molluscs of Canada.  National Museum of Natural History, National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.  446 pp.

Chaput, G and R. G. Bradford. 2003.  American shad (Alosa sapidissima) in Atlantic Canada.  Cdn. Sci. Advisory Secretariat Res. Doc. 2003/009: 71 pp.

Government of New Brunswick 2005.  Petitcodiac Environmental Impact Assessment – Environmental Impact Assessment Report, Executive Summary.   Available at

Hanson, J. M. and A. Locke 1999.  COSEWIC status report on the dwarf wedgemussel Alasmidonta heterodon in Canada in COSEWIC assessment and status report of the dwarf wedgemussel Alasmidonta heterodon in Canada.   Committee on Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa.  1-18 pp.   Available from COSEWIC Secretariat, c/o Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa (Ontario) K1A 0H3

Interstate Commission on the Potomac River 2004.  The Potomac River American shad restoration project – 2004 summary report.  6 + i pp.   Available at

Jones, Jess. 2006.  Personal communication.  United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Blacksburg, Virginia.

Nedeau, Ethan 2005.  In hopes the dwarf wedgemussel survives.  Gulf of Maine Times 9 (4) (available at

Neves, Richard J.  2006.  Personal communication.  Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia.

Olney, J. E., D. A. Hopler Jr., T. P. Gunter Jr., K. L. Maki and J. M. Hoenig.  2003.   Signs of recovery in the James River, Virginia (USA).  Am. Fish. Soc. Symp. 35: 323-329

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