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Appendix 1:  Glossary of Terms

Action Plan: A document that sets out specific ways to put a recovery strategy into effect.

Aquatic species: All ‘fish’ including:

a)    parts of fish

b)    shellfish, crustaceans, marine animals and any parts of shellfish, crustaceans or marine animals

c)    the eggs, sperm, spawn, larvae, spat and juvenile stages of fish, shellfish, crustaceans and marine animals

Competent Minister:  The Minister of Fisheries and Oceans is the competent minister for listed aquatic species.  The Minister of Canadian Heritage (Parks Canada Agency) is the competent minister for listed species found in national parks national historic sites and other national protected heritage areas.  The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for all other listed species and for the overall administration of the law.

Critical habitat: Habitat that is necessary for the survival or recovery of a listed wildlife species and that is identified as the species’ critical habitat in the recovery or in an action plan for the species

Data deficient species: Wildlife species for which there is insufficient evidence to determine whether or not the species is in fact at risk.

Endangered species: Wildlife species that is facing imminent extirpation or extinction

Extinct species: Wildlife species that no longer exists anywhere.

Extirpated species: Wildlife species that no longer exist in the wild in Canada, but exist elsewhere in the wild

Habitat: In respect to aquatic species, spawning grounds and nursery, rearing, food supply, migration and any other areas on which aquatic species depend directly or indirectly in order to carry out their life processes, or areas where aquatic species formerly occurred and have the potential to be reintroduced

Management Plan: A document that sets out specific ways to manage threats to a species of special concern in order to prevent the species of special concern from becoming threatened or endangered.

Recovery Strategy: A document prepared by the competent minister in cooperation and consultation with other governments, wildlife management boards, Aboriginal organizations, landowners and others who are likely to be affected by the strategy.  It identifies the population goal and objectives, and broad recovery approaches to abate threats.

Species of Special Concern : Wildlife species that may become a threatened or endangered species because of a combination of biological characteristics and identified threats

Threatened species: Wildlife species that is likely to become an endangered species if nothing is done to reverse the factors leading to its extirpation or extinction

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