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Recovery Strategy for Hotwater Physa

References Cited

References Cited


British ColumbiaMinistry of Sustainable Resource Development Resource Inventory Standards Committee

Canadian Wildlife Service Species At Risk website

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada

Environment Canada accessed March 2006.  Banff longnose dace.

Natureserve accessed March 2006

Scientific Publications:

Brown, K.M., J.E. Alexander and J.H. Thorp.  1998. Differences in the ecology and distribution of lotic pulmonate and prosobranch gastropods.  American Malacological Bulletin 14(2): 91 - 101.

Lee, Jacqueline S. and J.D. Ackerman.  1998. Status of Hotwater Physa, Physella wrighti (Te and Clarke, 1985). Report accepted by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in April 1998.

Lee, J.S.  2001.  Freshwater Molluscs of British Columbia Assessments for All Recorded or Potential Taxa.  A report prepared for the BC Conservation Data Centre Resource Inventory Branch, Wildlife Inventory Section.  109pp.

Porsild, A.E. and H.A. Crum.  1959.  The vascular flora of Liard River Hotsprings, BC, with notes on some bryophytes.  National Museum of Canada, Bulletin No. 171.

Peepre. J.S., P. Jordan and J. Nathan.  1990.  Liard  Hotsprings Provincial Park Master Plan.  Ministry of Parks, British Columbia.

Remigio, E., D. Lepitzki, J. Lee and P. Hebert.  2001.  Molecular systematic relationships and evidence for a recent origin of the thermal spring endemic snails Physella johnsoni and Physella wrighti (Pulmonata: Physidae).  Canadian Journal of Zoology 79: 941 – 1950.

Russell-Hunter, W.D.  1978.  Ecology of freshwater pulmonates. Pages 336 - 383 in Pulmonates. Volume 2A: Systematics, Evolution and Ecology.  V. Fretter and J. Peake (eds).  Academic Press, London.

Salter, S. 2001.  Management of Hot Water Physa (Physella wrighti) in Liard River Hot Springs with Observations on the Deer River and Grayling River Hotsprings. Prepared for British Columbia Parks, Peace-Liard District, Ministry of the Environment, Lands and Parks. Fort St. John, B.C.

Salter, S.  2003.  Invertebrates of selected thermal springs of British Columbia.  Project report submitted to the Habitat Conservation Trust Fund, British Columbia.  88pp.

Scudder, G.G.E. 1989. The adaptive significance of marginal populations: A general perspective. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 105:180–185Taylor, D.W.  2003.  Introduction to Physidae (Gastropoda: Hygrophila); biogeography, classification, morphology.  Revista de Biología Tropical Volume 51, Supplemental 1:1-287.

Te, G.A., and A.H. Clarke. 1985.  Physella (Physella) wrighti (Gastropoda: Physidae), a new species of tadpole snail from Liard River Hotsprings, British Columbia.  Canadian Field Naturalist 99: 295 – 299.

Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn, A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelson, R.J. Neeves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione, and J.D> Williams. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: molluscs. 2nd edition. Special publication 26. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Wethington, A.R.  2002.  Conservation issues concerning the endangered Physa (Physella) johnsoni, the Banff Springs Snail. Abstracts - American Malacological Society, Charleston 2002

Wethington, A. and R. P. Guralnick.  2004.  Are populations of physids from different hot-springs distinctive lineages? American Malacological Bulletin 19(1/2):135-144.

Personal Communication

Elliott, John.  Section Head, Fish and Wildlife Allocation. Omineca/Peace Region.  BC Ministry of Environment.

Goetz, Peter. BC Ministry of Environment.  Area Supervisor, Fort Nelson.

Hill, Bonny.  BC Hydro, Burnaby, BC.

Lee, Jacquie.  Independent malacologist, North Vancouver, BC.

Ramsay, Leah.  Program Zoologist.  BC Conservation Data Centre.  BC Ministry of Environment. 

Rowe, Mike.  Wildlife Biologist.  BC Ministry of Environment. Omineca/Peace Region, Ft. St. John, BC.

Salter, Sue.  Private consultant.  Summerland, BC.