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Recovery Strategy for Northern Abalone (Haliotis kamtschatkana) in Canada (Final Version)

Appendix I Record of Cooperation and Consultation

Northern abalone are an aquatic species under federal jurisdiction, managed by Fisheries and Oceans Canada: 200-401 Burrard St., Vancouver, B.C. V6C 3S4.

Fisheries and Oceans Canada engaged an Abalone Recovery Team in November 2001 to work cooperatively on drafting a recovery strategy based on A Strategy for Rebuilding Abalone Populations in British Columbia (
Abalone/default_e.htm) that was developed cooperatively by First Nations, international researchers, aquaculturists, local communities, non-government organizations and federal and provincial governments in 1999.  The membership of the Recovery Team and its Recovery Implementation Group that have worked co-operatively in the development and implementation of recovery programs is provided above.  The list of participants and the thirteen peer-reviewed papers from the 1999 workshop are available in Campbell (2000a).

In addition, consultations were also undertaken with First Nations and all those interested in the recovery of northern abalone to gain input and advice on an early draft of the recovery strategy through a series of coastal workshops.  All coastal First Nations, participants from the 1999 workshop, abalone recovery action groups, commercial fishing representatives and the general public were invited to participate.  Over the course of eight workshops held February 1 2002 in Bella Bella; February 5 2002 in Port McNeil; February 8 2002 in Powell River; February 11 2002 in Port Alberni; February 12 2002 in Victoria; February 13 2002 in Nanaimo; February 19 2002 in Prince Rupert; and February 22 2002 in Skidegate, B.C., input on the draft Abalone Recovery Strategy was provided by representatives from:  abalone commercial licence holders, Ahousat First Nation, Archipelago Marine Research Ltd., A-tlegay Fisheries Society, Bamfield Huu-ay-aht Community Abalone Project Society, Bamfield Marine Station, BC Ministry of Assets and Lands, BC Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Fish, Combined North Island Fisheries Center, commercial fishers, Community Futures Development Corporation of the Powell River Region, Council of Haida Nations, Cowichan Tribes, G-N Fisheries, Groundfish Hook and Line Advisory Committee, Haida Fisheries Commission, Haida Gwaii Marine Resources Group Assn., Heiltsuk First Nations, Hemas Council, Kitasoo Fisheries Program, Kitkatla First Nation, Kwakiutl Band, Kwakiutl Nation Development Corp., Lax Kw'alaams Band Council, Living Oceans Society, Malcolm Island Shellfish Cooperative, Metlakatla Band Council, nearshore rockfish fishers, Nuchatlaht Band, Nuu chah nulth Tribal Council, Outer Coast Oysters, Oweekeno First Nations, Parks Canada Gwaii Haanas, Parks Canada Pacific Rim National Parks Reserve, Penelakut Tribes, Prince Rupert Chamber of Commerce, Quatsino Seafood, shellfish biologists, shellfish growers, Sub Sea Products, Tseshaht Band, Tsimshian Allied Tribes, University of Victoria, World Wildlife Canada (marine program), and other interested parties.  Written submissions were also provided by Lorne Clayton, IEC International Collaborative Marine Research and Development Ltd.; Erica Boulter, World Wildlife Fund; Larry Golden, Prince Rupert; John Shepherd, Northwest Community College; Stefan Ochman, Fisheries Manager, Huu-ay-aht First Nation, Fred Hawkshaw, nearshore rockfish; Michelle James, Underwater Harvesters’ Association; Robert DeVault, Outer Coast Oysters; Mike Featherstone, Pacific Urchin Harvesters’ Association; Dawn Renfrew, Bamfield Marine Sciences Center; and Mark Biagi, Community Futures Development Corporation.  Meeting records are available at  

Although northern abalone were not specifically identified within the Nisga’a Treaty, the Nisga’a Fisheries Program has an interest in abalone recovery and has been participating in the recovery program. 

Input from the workshops and written submissions encouraged the importance of enforcement and deterrents to illegal harvest, adopting an ecosystem approach, consideration for the role of culture and commercial aquaculture, co-operation from commercial urchin and geoduck and horse clam dive fishery associations, research to fill knowledge gaps, incentives for First Nations, and community involvement and education in abalone recovery.  In re-drafting the Abalone Recovery Strategy input from public workshops, written submissions and external reviews was adopted wherever possible.

In 2007, the Abalone Recovery Strategy was updated and reformatted to fit the requirements for posting under SARA.

External Reviewers (2002)

Paul A. Breen, Scientist, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research

Kon Karpoff, California Department of Fish and Game

Michele Patterson, Marine Program Director, Pacific Region, World Wildlife Fund Canada,

Scoresby Shepherd, Senior Research Fellow, South Australian Research and Development Institute

 Norm Sloan, Parks Canada, Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve

Anne Stewart, Bamfield Huu-ay-aht Community Abalone Project Society

Jane Watson,Malaspina University-College

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