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Recovery Strategy for the Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos), Prairie Population, in Canada

4. References

AGBRT (Alberta Grizzly Bear Recovery Team). 2005. Draft Alberta grizzly bear recovery plan. Alberta Sustainable Resources Development, Fish and Wildlife Division, Alberta Species at Risk Recovery Plan Draft. Edmonton, Alberta. 57 pp.

Banci, V. 1991. Update the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) status report on the grizzly bear Ursus arctos (Prairie, Alberta, British Columbia, Northwest Territories and Yukon Territory populations) in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. 188 pp.

Campbell, D. 2008. Personal communication. Regina, Saskatchewan.

COSEWIC 2002. COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the Grizzly Bear Ursus arctos in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vii + 91 pp.

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Government of Canada. 2005. Draft Policy on the Feasibility of Recovery. Ottawa, Ontario. 3 pp.

Gunther, K.A., M.A. Haroldson, K. Frey, S.L. Cain, J. Copeland, and C.C. Schwartz. 2004. Grizzly bear-human conflicts in the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem, 1992-2000. Ursus 15:10-22.

Hamilton, A.N, D.C. Heard, and M.A. Austin. 2004. British Columbia Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos) Population Estimate 2004. British Columbia Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection. Victoria, British Columbia. 7 pp.

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Harris, R.B., C.C. Schwartz, M.A. Haroldson, and G.C. White. 2006. Trajectory of the Yellowstone grizzly bear population under alternative survival rates. Wildlife Monographs 161: 44-56.

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McLellan, B.N., F. Hovey, R. Mace, J. Woods, D. Carney, M. Gibeau, W. Wakkinen, and W. Kasworm. 1999. Rates and causes of grizzly bear mortality in the interior mountains of British Columbia, Alberta, Montana, Washington, and Idaho. Journal of Wildlife Management 63: 911-920.

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Morton, K. 2008. Personal communication. Lethbridge, Alberta.

Morton, K. and L. Lester. 2004. Prairie Grizzly Operation Strategy, 2004. Draft July 15, 2004. Draft report prepared for the Lethbridge Wildlife Management Area, Alberta Sustainable Research Development. Lethbridge, Alberta. 9 pp.

Murphy, K. M. 1998. The ecology of the cougar (Puma concolor) in the northern Yellowstone ecosystem: interactions with prey, bears and humans. Ph.D. diss., University of Idaho, Moscow.

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Nielsen, P.L. 1975. The past and present status of the plains and boreal forest grizzly bear in Alberta. Canadian Wildlife Service, unpublished report 75-40. Edmonton, Alberta. 65 pp.

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Proctor, M.F. 2008. Personal communication. Kaslo, British Columbia.

Proctor, M.F., B.N. McLellan, C. Strobeck, and R.M.R. Barclay. 2005. Genetic analysis reveals demographic fragmentation of grizzly bears yielding vulnerably small populations. Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences 272: 2409-2416.

Pyare, S., S. Cain, D. Moody, C. Schwartz, and J. Berger. 2004. Carnivore re-colonization: reality, possibility and a non-equilibrium century for grizzly bears in the Southern Yellowstone ecosystem. Animal Conservation 7: 71-77.

Quinlan, R. 2007. Personal communication. Lethbridge, Alberta.

Riley, J.L., S.E. Green, and K.E. Brodribb. 2007. A Conservation Blueprint for Canada's Prairies and Parklands. Nature Conservancy of Canada. Toronto, Ontario.

Ross, P.I. 2002. Update COSEWIC status report on the grizzly bear Ursus arctos in Canada, in COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the Grizzly bear Ursus arctos in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. 91 pp.

Samson, F. and F. Knopf. 1994. Prairie Conservation in North America. Bioscience 44: 418-421.

Schwartz, C.C., S.D. Miller, and M.A. Haroldson. 2003. Grizzly bear. Pages 556-586 in G.A. Feldhamer, B.C. Thompson, and J.A. Chapman, editors. Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management, and Conservation. Second edition. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, Maryland.

Schwartz, C.C., M.A. Haroldson, G.C. White, R.B. Harris, S. Cherry, K.A. Keating, D. Moody, and C. Servheen. 2006. Temporal, spatial, and environmental influences on the demographics of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Wildlife Monographs 161: 1-68.

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Sutton, R.W. 1967. Possible recent occurrence of grizzly in Manitoba. Blue Jay 25: 190-191.

U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1993. Grizzly bear recovery plan. Prepared by C. Servheen. Missoula, MT.

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U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2008. (

Watmough, M., D. 2008. Personal communication. Edmonton, Alberta.

White, T. 1965. The possibility of Grizzly bears still existing in Saskatchewan. Blue Jay 23:136-140.

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