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Recovery Strategy for the Vancouver Lamprey (Lampetra macrostoma) in Canada (Final)

16. References Cited

Beamish, R.J.  1982. Lampetra macrostoma, a new species of freshwater parasitic lamprey from the west coast of Canada.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 39: 736‑747.

Beamish, R.J. 1985. Freshwater parasitic lamprey on Vancouver Island and a theory of the evolution of the freshwater parasitic and non-parasitic life history types.  pp. 123-140. In R. E. Foreman, A. Gorbman, J. M. Dodd, and R. Olsson [eds.] Evolutionary biology of primitive fishes. Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York. 463 p.

Beamish, R. J. 1998. Update COSEWIC status report on the Cowichan Lake Lamprey Lampetra macrostoma in Canada. Ottawa. 9 pp.

Beamish, R.J.  2001.  Updated status of the Vancouver Island Lake Lamprey, Lampetra macrostoma, in Canada.  Canadian Field-Naturalist 115(1):  127-130.

Beamish, F.W.H. and T.E. Medland. 1988. Age determination for lampreys. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 117:63-71.

Carl, G.C. 1953. Limnobiology of Cowichan Lake, British Columbia. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 9: 417-449.

Clarke, W.C. and R.J. Beamish. 1988. Response of recently metamorphosed anadromous parasitic lamprey (Lampetra tridentata) to confinement in fresh water. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45: 42-47.

Close, D.A., M.S. Fitzpatrick and H.W. Li. 2002. The ecological and cultural importance of a species at risk of extinction, Pacific Lamprey. Fisheries 27(7): 19-25.

Docker, M.F., J.H. Youson, R.J. Beamish, and R.H. Devlin. 1999. Phylogeny of the lamprey genus Lampetra inferred from mitochondrial cytochrome b and ND3 gene sequences. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56: 2340-2349.

Fuller, P., L. Nico and E. Maynard. 2005. Petromyzon marinus. USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL.  <> Revision Date: 12/9/2004

Government of Canada. 2005. Species at Risk Act Policy. Policy on the feasibility of recovery. Draft, January 06, 2005.

Gross, M.R., J. Repka, C.T. Roberston, D.H. Secor and W. Van Winkle. 2002. Sturgeon conservation: insights from elasticity analyses. Pages 13-29 in Biology, Management, and Protection of North American Sturgeon, eds., W. Van Winkle, P. Anders, D.H. Secor, and D. Dixon. Bethesda, MD: American Fisheries Society (274 pp).

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). 2005. Lampreys.  available at:

IUCN 2001. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K. Available at

Kostow, K. 2002. Oregon lampreys: natural history status and analysis of management issues. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Larson, L.O. 1980. Physiology of adult lampreys, with special regard to natural starvation, reproduction, and death after spawning. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 37: 1762-1779.

Manion, P.J. 1967. Diatoms as food of larval sea lampreys in a small tributary of northern Lake Michigan. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 96: 224-226

McDermott, H. 2003. The lamprey of Morrison Creek. Unpublished report.

McPhail, J.D. and R. Carveth. 1993. Field key to the freshwater fishes of British Columbia. Province of British Columbia.

Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources. 2005.  The Map Place.

Moore, J.W. 1973. Food of larval sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) and American brook lamprey (Lampetra lamottei). Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 30: 7-15

Moore, J.W. 1980. Feeding of larval lamprey. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 37: 1658-1664.

Morris, W.F., and D.F. Doak. 2002. Quantitative conservation biology; theory and practice of population viability analysis. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland.

Mundahl, N.D., C. Erickson, M.R. Johnston, G.A. Sayeed and S. Taubel. 2005. Diet, feeding rate, and assimilation efficiency of American brook lamprey. Environmental Biology of Fishes 72: 67-72.

National Recovery Working Group. 2004. Recovery Handbook (ROMAN). October 2004. Working Draft. Recovery of Nationally Endangered Wildlife, Ottawa, Ontario. 75 pp. plus appendices.

Parmesan, C. and G. Yohe. 2003. A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature 421: 37-42.

Province of BC. 2005. Fish Wizard. available at:

Reed, D.H., J.J. O'Grady, B.W. Brook, J.D. Ballou, and R. Frankham. 2003. Estimates of minimum viable population sizes for vertebrates and factors influencing those estimates. Biological Conservation 113:23-24.

Rosenfeld, J.S. and T. Hatfield. 2006. Information needs for assessing critical habitat of freshwater fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63: 683–698.

Scott, W. B., and E. J. Crossman.  1973.  Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bulletin of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 184.

Sutton, T.M. and S.H. Bowen. 1994. Significance of organic detritus in the diet of larval lampreys in the Great Lakes basin. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51: 2380-2387.

Thomas, C.D.  1990. What do real population dynamics tell us about minimum viable population sizes? Conservation Biology 4: 324-327. 

Vladykov, V.D. and E. Kott. 1979. A new parasitic species of the holarctic lamprey genus Entoshpenus Gill, 1862 (Petromyzonidae) from Klamath River, in California and Oregon. Canadian Journal of Zoology 57: 808-823.