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Recovery Strategy for the Pink Sand-verbena (Abronia umbellata) in Canada (Proposed)

4. Bibliography

Buell, A.C. A.J. Pickart, and J.D. Stuart. 1995. Introduction history and invasion patterns of Ammophila arenaria on the north coast of California. Conservation Biology 9:1587–1593.

Couch, E.B. 1941. Notes on the ecology of the sand dune plants. Plant World 17:204–208.

Douglas, G.W. 2001. Abronia umbellata ssp. acutalata: Rarest plant on the planet or the rarest plant in Canada. Menziesia 6:4–5.

Ferris, R.S. 1944. Nyctaginaceae in L. Abrams (ed.) Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States. Vol. II. Polygonaceae to Krameriaceae. Stanford Univ. Press, Stanford, CA.

Gamon, J., E. Alverson, and N. Sprague. 1986. Report on the status of Abronia umbellata Lam. ssp. acutalata (Standl.) Tillet. Unpubl. report on file with the Oregon Department of Agriculture, Salem, OR.

Hesp, P. 2002. Foredunes and blowouts: initiation, geomorphology and dynamics. Geomorphology 48:245–268.

Johnson, A.F. 1985. Ecología de Abronia maritima, especie pionera de las dunas del oeste de México. Biotica 10:19–34.

Liddle, M.J. and P. Grieg-Smith. 1975. A Survey of Tracks and Paths in a Sand Dune Ecosystem. II. Vegetation. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 12(3):909-930.

Meyers, C.K. 1990. A survey of habitat and occurrence of Abronia umbellata ssp. breviflora on South Spit, Humboldt County, California. Humboldt County Planning Department, Eureka, California.

Pickart, A.J. and J.O. Sawyer. 1998. Ecology and restoration of northern California coastal dunes. California Native Plant Society, Sacramento, California.

Pimentel, R.A. 1981. A comparative study of data and ordination techniques based on a hybrid swarm of sand verbenas (Abronia Juss.). Systematic Zoology 30:250–267.

Purer, E.A. 1936. Studies of certain coastal sand dune plants of Southern California. Ecological Monographs 6:1–88.

Rittenhouse, B. 1994. European beachgrass and its problems. Hortus Northwest 5:1–2.

Royce, C.L. and G.L. Cunningham. 1982. The ecology of Abronia angustifolium Greene (Nyctaginaceae). I. Phenology and perennation. The Southwestern Naturalist 27:413–423.

Seabloom E.W. and A.M. Wiedemann. 1994. Distribution and effects of Ammophila breviligulata Fern. (American beachgrass) on the foredunes of the Washington coast. J. of Coastal Research 10: 178–188.

USFWS. 2005. United States Fish and Wildlife Service Web search engine. Available http://search.fws.gov/index.html. (Accessed: August 3, 2005).

Wiedemann, A.M. 1984. The ecology of Pacific Northwest coastal sand dunes: a community profile. FWS/OBS–84/04, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, OR.

Wilson, R.C. 1976. Abronia: IV. Anthocarp dispersibility and its ecological implications for nine species of Abronia. Aliso 8:493–506.

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