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COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Atlantic Salmon (Inner Bay of Fundy populations) in Canada

Special Significance of the Species

The iBoF Atlantic salmon are a unique Canadian lineage, distinct from all other Atlantic salmon worldwide.  They represent one of only a few Atlantic salmon lineages in Canada (e.g., Figure 2).

These salmon are also contributors to both freshwater and marine ecology of the Bay of Fundy region, moving nutrients between ecosystems as migrants and linking energy flow as prey and as predators within ecosystems. They are the principle host species for the eastern pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera) and possibly the dwarf wedgemussel (Alasmidonta heterodon) (Hanson and Locke 2001, National Recovery Team 2002).  They are traditionally utilized by: (i) Aboriginal peoples, including the Maliseet and Mi’kmaq, (ii) commercial fisheries (captured from at least 1875 through 1984), and (iii) recreational fisheries (caught through 1990).  Estimates of the annual value of the iBoF recreational fishery alone range from more than $250,000 (National Recovery Team 2002) to more than one million dollars (Gardner Pinfold 1991).  They are also the subjects of local art and education, and symbols of heritage and health to peoples of Canada.