Warning This Web page has been archived on the Web.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived on the Web is for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It has not been altered or updated after the date of archiving. Web pages that are archived on the Web are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards, as per the Policy on Communications and Federal Identity.

Skip booklet index and go to page content

Canadian Species at Risk (including May 2005)

Table 7. Species assessed and designated in a "risk category" (Extirpated, Endangered, Threatened or Special Concern) (487 species), with range of occurrence (by province, territory or ocean), date of assessment and Legal Listing stage (SARA). For Extirpated species, the historical range of occurrence and the approximate date of disappearance from Canada are shown.

EXTIRPATED CATEGORY (22)
Taxon/
Assess-
ment Details
Common
Name
Scientific
Name
Population
Name
Historical
Range of Occurrence
Extirpation
Date
Assessment
Date
SARA
Mammals (4)
1   ↔Bear, GrizzlyUrsus arctosPrairie populationAB SK MB1880sMay 20021
2    ↔Ferret, Black-footedMustela nigripes AB SK MB1974May 20001
2    ↔Walrus, AtlanticOdobenus rosmarus rosmarusNorthwest Atlantic populationQC NB NS NL Atlantic Oceanmid 19th centuryMay 20001
2    ↔Whale, GreyEschrichtius robustusAtlantic populationAtlantic Oceanbefore end of 1800sMay 20001
Birds (2)
2    ↔Prairie-Chicken, GreaterTympanuchus cupido AB SK MB ONlast reported in 1987 in SaskatchewanMay 20001
2    ↔Sage-Grouse phaios subspecies, GreaterCentrocercus urophasianus phaios BCnot observed since 1960sMay 20001
Reptiles (4)
Gophersnake, PacificPituophis catenifer catenifer BCnot observed since 1957May 20021
2    ↔Lizard, Pigmy Short-hornedPhrynosoma douglasiiBritish Columbia populationBClast reported in 1898, near Osoyoos, BCMay 20001
Rattlesnake, TimberCrotalus horridus ON1941May 20011
Turtle, Pacific PondActinemys marmorata BCnot observed since 1959May 20021
Amphibians (1)
1Salamander, TigerAmbystoma tigrinumGreat Lakes populationON1915November 20011
Fishes (3)
Bass, StripedMorone saxatilisSt. Lawrence Estuary populationQC Atlantic OceanLast recorded in 1968.November 2004**
2    ↔Chub, GravelErimystax x-punctatus ONlast reported in 1958, Thames River drainageMay 20001
2    ↔PaddlefishPolyodon spathula ON1917May 20001
Arthropods (3)
2    ↔Blue, KarnerLycaeides melissa samuelis ON1991May 20001
2    ↔Elfin, FrostedCallophrys [Incisalia] irus ON1988May 20001
2    ↔Marble, IslandEuchloe ausonides BCbefore 1910May 20001
Molluscs (2)
1Snail, Puget OregonianCryptomastix devia BCnot observed since 1905November 20021
2    ↔Wedgemussel, DwarfAlasmidonta heterodon NB1968May 20001
Vascular Plants (2)
2    ↔Spring Blue-eyed MaryCollinsia verna ONnot observed since 1954May 20001
2    ↔Tick-trefoil, IllinoisDesmodium illinoense ONnot observed since 1888May 20001
Mosses (1)
1Moss, Incurved GrizzledPtychomitrium incurvum ON1828November 20021
Lichens (0)

 

ENDANGERED CATEGORY (184)
Taxon/ Assessment DetailsCommon NameScientific NamePopulation NameRange of OccurrenceAssessment DateSARA
Mammals (18)
1    PBadger jacksoni subspecies, AmericanTaxidea taxus jacksoni ONMay 20001
1    PBadger jeffersonii subspecies, AmericanTaxidea taxus jeffersonii BCMay 20001
1    PCaribou, PearyRangifer tarandus pearyi NT NUMay 20042b
1    ↔Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribouAtlantic-Gaspésie populationQCMay 20021
2   ↔Fox, SwiftVulpes velox AB SKMay 20001
2+  ↔Marmot, Vancouver IslandMarmota vancouverensis BCMay 20001
2   ↔Marten, NewfoundlandMartes americana atrata NLMay 20001
1    ↑Mole, Townsend'sScapanus townsendii BCMay 20031
1    ↑Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucasEastern Hudson Bay populationNU QC Arctic Ocean Atlantic OceanMay 2004**
1    ↔Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucasUngava Bay populationQC Arctic Ocean Atlantic OceanMay 2004**
1    PWhale, BlueBalaenoptera musculusAtlantic populationAtlantic OceanMay 20021
1    PWhale, BlueBalaenoptera musculusPacific populationPacific OceanMay 20021
2+  PWhale, KillerOrcinus orcaNortheast Pacific southern resident populationPacific OceanNovember 20011
1    PWhale, North Atlantic RightEubalaena glacialis Atlantic OceanMay 20031
1    ↔Whale, North Pacific RightEubalaena japonica Pacific OceanNovember 2004**
2+  ↑Whale, Northern BottlenoseHyperoodon ampullatusScotian Shelf populationAtlantic OceanNovember 2002**
1  Whale, SeiBalaenoptera borealisPacific populationPacific OceanMay 20031
1    ↔WolverineGulo guloEastern populationQC NLMay 20031
Birds (24)
1+  ↔Bobwhite, NorthernColinus virginianus ONNovember 20031
1    ↑Chat auricollis subspecies, Yellow-breastedIcteria virens auricollisBritish Columbia populationBCNovember 20001
1    ↔Crane, WhoopingGrus americana NT ABNovember 20001
1  Crossbill percna subspecies, RedLoxia curvirostra percna NLMay 20041
1    ↔Curlew, EskimoNumenius borealis NT NU AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NLMay 20001
1    ↔Flycatcher, AcadianEmpidonax virescens ONNovember 20001
1  Lark strigata subspecies, HornedEremophila alpestris strigata BCNovember 20031
2   ↔Owl caurina subspecies, SpottedStrix occidentalis caurina BCMay 20001
2   ↔Owl, BarnTyto albaEastern populationON QCMay 20001
2   ↔Owl, BurrowingAthene cunicularia BC AB SK MBMay 20001
1    PPlover circumcinctus subspecies, PipingCharadrius melodus circumcinctus AB SK MB ONMay 20011
1    PPlover melodus subspecies, PipingCharadrius melodus melodus QC NB PE NS NLMay 20011
1    ↔Plover, MountainCharadrius montanus AB SKNovember 20001
1    ↔Rail, KingRallus elegans ONNovember 20001
2   ↔Sage-Grouse urophasianus subspecies, GreaterCentrocercus urophasianus urophasianus AB SKMay 20001
1  Sapsucker, Williamson'sSphyrapicus thyroideus BCMay 2005**
1    PScreech-Owl macfarlanei subspecies, WesternMegascops kennicottii macfarlanei BCMay 20021
1    ↔Shrike migrans subspecies, LoggerheadLanius ludovicianus migrans MB ON QCNovember 20001
1    ↔Sparrow, Henslow'sAmmodramus henslowii ONNovember 20001
2   ↔Tern, RoseateSterna dougallii QC NB NSOctober 19991
1    ↔Thrasher, SageOreoscoptes montanus BC AB SKNovember 20001
2   ↔Warbler, Kirtland'sDendroica kirtlandii ONMay 20001
2   ↔Warbler, ProthonotaryProtonotaria citrea ONMay 20001
1    ↑Woodpecker, White-headedPicoides albolarvatus BCNovember 20001
Reptiles (8)
1  NightsnakeHypsiglena torquata BCMay 20011
1    ↔Racer, BlueColuber constrictor foxii ONMay 20021
1    ↔Seaturtle, LeatherbackDermochelys coriacea Pacific Ocean Atlantic OceanMay 20011
1    ↑Skink, PrairieEumeces septentrionalis MBMay 20041
2   ↔Snake, Sharp-tailedContia tenuis BCOctober 19991
1    ↑Turtle, Blanding'sEmydoidea blandingiiNova Scotia populationNSMay 2005**
1    ↑Turtle, SpottedClemmys guttata ON QCMay 20041
1  Watersnake, Lake ErieNerodia sipedon insularum ONApril 1991 
Amphibians (6)
1    ↔Frog, Northern CricketAcris crepitans ONMay 20011
2   ↔Frog, Northern LeopardRana pipiensSouthern Mountain populationBCMay 20001
1    ↔Frog, Oregon SpottedRana pretiosa BCMay 20001
1  Frog, Rocky Mountain TailedAscaphus montanus BCMay 20001
1    ↑Salamander, Small-mouthedAmbystoma texanum ONMay 20041
1  Salamander, TigerAmbystoma tigrinumSouthern Mountain populationBCNovember 20011
Fishes (26)
1    ↑Cisco, ShortnoseCoregonus reighardi ONMay 2005**
1    PCod, AtlanticGadus morhuaNewfoundland and Labrador populationAtlantic OceanMay 2003**
2   ↔Dace, NooksackRhinichthys cataractae BCMay 20001
1    ↑Dace, SpeckledRhinichthys osculus BCNovember 20023
2   ↑Lamprey, Morrison CreekLampetra richardsoni BCMay 20001
2+  ↑Madtom, NorthernNoturus stigmosus ONNovember 20021
1  PorbeagleLamna nasus Atlantic OceanMay 2004**
1    ↑Redhorse, CopperMoxostoma hubbsi QCNovember 2004**
1  Salmon, AtlanticSalmo salarInner Bay of Fundy populationsNB NS Atlantic OceanMay 20011
1  Salmon, ChinookOncorhynchus tshawytschaOkanagan populationBC Pacific OceanMay 2005**
1  Salmon, CohoOncorhynchus kisutchInterior Fraser populationBC Pacific OceanMay 2002**
1    ↔Salmon, SockeyeOncorhynchus nerkaCultus populationBC Pacific OceanMay 20032a
1    ↔Salmon, SockeyeOncorhynchus nerkaSakinaw populationBC Pacific OceanMay 20032a
1    ↑Shiner, PugnoseNotropis anogenus ONNovember 20021
1  Skate, WinterLeucoraja ocellataSouthern Gulf populationAtlantic OceanMay 2005**
1    PStickleback, Benthic Enos LakeGasterosteus sp. BCNovember 20021
2   ↑Stickleback, Benthic Paxton LakeGasterosteus sp. BCMay 20001
2   ↑Stickleback, Benthic Vananda CreekGasterosteus sp. BCMay 20001
1    PStickleback, Limnetic Enos LakeGasterosteus sp. BCNovember 20021
2   ↑Stickleback, Limnetic Paxton LakeGasterosteus sp. BCMay 20001
2   ↑Stickleback, Limnetic Vananda CreekGasterosteus sp. BCMay 20001
1    PSturgeon, LakeAcipenser fulvescensWestern populationsAB SK MBMay 2005*
1    ↑Sturgeon, WhiteAcipenser transmontanus BCNovember 2003**
1    ↔Sucker, SalishCatostomus catostomus BCNovember 20021
1    ↔Trout, AuroraSalvelinus fontinalis timagamiensis ONMay 20001
1    ↔Whitefish, AtlanticCoregonus huntsmani NSNovember 20001
Arthropods (8)
1  Blue, IslandPlebejus saepiolus insulanus BCNovember 20001
1  Checkerspot, Taylor'sEuphydryas editha taylori BCNovember 20001
1  Flower Moth, WhiteSchinia bimatris MBMay 2005**
1  Metalmark, MormonApodemia mormoSouthern Mountain populationBCMay 20031
1  Moth, Sand-verbenaCopablepharon fuscum BCNovember 20031
1  Moth, YuccaTegeticula yuccasella ABMay 20021
2   ↔Ringlet, MaritimeCoenonympha tullia nipisiquit QC NBMay 20001
1  Skipper, OttoeHesperia ottoe MBMay 2005**
Molluscs (12)
2   ↔Bean, RayedVillosa fabalis ONMay 20001
1  Forestsnail, OregonAllogona townsendiana BCNovember 20021
1  Hickorynut, RoundObovaria subrotunda ONMay 20031
1  KidneyshellPtychobranchus fasciolaris ONMay 20031
2   ↔Lampmussel, Wavy-rayedLampsilis fasciola ONOctober 19991
1  Mussel, MudpuppySimpsonaias ambigua ONMay 20011
2   ↔Physa, HotwaterPhysella wrighti BCMay 20001
1  Pigtoe, RoundPleurobema sintoxia ONMay 20041
2+  ↔Riffleshell, NorthernEpioblasma torulosa rangiana ONMay 20001
2   ↑Snail, Banff SpringsPhysella johnsoni ABMay 20001
1  Snail, Lake Winnipeg PhysaPhysa sp. MBNovember 2002**
1  SnuffboxEpioblasma triquetra ONMay 20011
Vascular Plants (74)
2+  ↔Agalinis, Gattinger'sAgalinis gattingeri ONMay 20011
2   ↔Agalinis, Skinner'sAgalinis skinneriana ONMay 20001
2   ↔Ammannia, ScarletAmmannia robusta BC ONMay 20011
2   ↔Avens, Eastern MountainGeum peckii NSMay 20001
2   ↔Balsamroot, DeltoidBalsamorhiza deltoidea BCMay 20001
2   ↔BlueheartsBuchnera americana ONMay 20001
2+  ↔Braya, Long'sBraya longii NLMay 20001
1  Bugbane, TallActaea elata BCMay 20011
1    ↑Bulrush, BashfulTrichophorum planifolium ONMay 20001
2   ↔Bush-clover, SlenderLespedeza virginica ONMay 20001
2   ↔Buttercup, Water-plantainRanunculus alismifolius var. alismifolius BCMay 20001
1  ButternutJuglans cinerea ON QC NBNovember 20031
2   ↔Cactus, Eastern Prickly PearOpuntia humifusa ONMay 20001
1  Campion, Spalding'sSilene spaldingii BCMay 2005**
1  Catchfly, Coastal Scouler'sSilene scouleri ssp. grandis BCMay 20031
1    ↑Chestnut, AmericanCastanea dentata ONNovember 2004**
1  Collomia, SlenderCollomia tenella BCNovember 20031
2   ↔Coreopsis, PinkCoreopsis rosea NSMay 20001
2   ↔Cryptanthe, TinyCryptantha minima AB SKMay 20001
2   ↔Fern, Southern MaidenhairAdiantum capillus-veneris BCMay 20001
1    ↑Fringed-orchid, Eastern PrairiePlatanthera leucophaea ONMay 20031
1    ↔Fringed-orchid, Western PrairiePlatanthera praeclara MBMay 20001
1    ↔Gentian, White PrairieGentiana alba ONMay 20011
2   ↔Ginseng, AmericanPanax quinquefolius ON QCMay 20001
2+  ↑Goat's-rue, VirginiaTephrosia virginiana ONMay 20001
2   ↔Goldenrod, ShowySolidago speciosa ONMay 20001
1  Grass, Forked Three-awnedAristida basiramea ON QCNovember 20021
2   ↔Lady's-slipper, Small WhiteCypripedium candidum MB ONMay 20001
1    ↑Lipocarpha, Small-floweredLipocarpha micrantha BC ONNovember 20021
2   ↔Lotus, Seaside Birds-footLotus formosissimus BCMay 20001
2   ↔Lousewort, Furbish'sPedicularis furbishiae NBMay 20001
1  Lupine, Dense-floweredLupinus densiflorus BCMay 2005**
2   ↔Lupine, PrairieLupinus lepidus var. lepidus BCMay 20001
1  Lupine, StreambankLupinus rivularis BCNovember 20021
1  Meconella, WhiteMeconella oregana BCMay 2005**
2   ↔Milkwort, PinkPolygala incarnata ONMay 20001
2   ↔Mountain-mint, HoaryPycnanthemum incanum ONMay 20001
2   ↔Mulberry, RedMorus rubra ONMay 20001
2   ↔Owl-clover, BeardedTriphysaria versicolor ssp. versicolor BCMay 20001
1  Owl-clover, Grand CouleeOrthocarpus barbatus BCMay 2005**
1  Owl-clover, RosyOrthocarpus bracteosus BCMay 20041
2+  ↑Paintbrush, GoldenCastilleja levisecta BCMay 20001
1  Phacelia, BranchedPhacelia ramosissima BCMay 2005**
2   ↔Plantain, Heart-leavedPlantago cordata ONMay 20001
2   ↔Pogonia, Large WhorledIsotria verticillata ONMay 20001
2   ↔Pogonia, NoddingTriphora trianthophora ONMay 20001
2   ↔Pogonia, Small WhorledIsotria medeoloides ONMay 20001
1  Pussytoes, StoloniferousAntennaria flagellaris BCMay 20041
1    ↔Quillwort, Engelmann'sIsoëtes engelmannii ONMay 20011
1  Rush, Kellogg'sJuncus kelloggii BCMay 20031
1  Sand-verbena, PinkAbronia umbellata BCMay 20041
1    ↑Sand-verbena, Small-floweredTripterocalyx micranthus AB SKNovember 20021
1  Sandwort, DwarfMinuartia pusilla BCMay 20041
1  Sanicle, Bear's-footSanicula arctopoides BCMay 20011
2   ↑Sedge, False HopCarex lupuliformis ON QCMay 20001
2   ↔Sedge, JuniperCarex juniperorum ONMay 20001
1  Spike-primrose, DenseEpilobium densiflorum BCMay 2005**
1  Spike-rush, HorsetailEleocharis equisetoides ONNovember 20001
1    ↔Sundew, Thread-leavedDrosera filiformis NSMay 20011
2   ↔Thistle, Pitcher'sCirsium pitcheri ONMay 20001
1  Tonella, Small-floweredTonella tenella BCNovember 20031
2   ↔ToothcupRotala ramosior BC ONMay 20001
2   ↔Tree, CucumberMagnolia acuminata ONMay 20001
1  Trefoil, Bog Bird’s-footLotus pinnatus BCMay 20041
2   ↔Trillium, DroopingTrillium flexipes ONMay 20001
1  Triteleia, Howell'sTriteleia howellii BCMay 20031
2+  ↔Twayblade, PurpleLiparis liliifolia ONMay 20011
1    ↑Violet, Bird's-footViola pedata ONMay 20021
1  Willow, BarrensSalix jejuna NLMay 20011
2   ↔Wintergreen, SpottedChimaphila maculata ON QCMay 20001
2+  ↔Wood-poppyStylophorum diphyllum ONMay 20001
2   ↑Woodsia, Blunt-lobedWoodsia obtusa ON QCMay 20001
1  Woolly-heads, DwarfPsilocarphus brevissimus BCNovember 20033
1  Woolly-heads, TallPsilocarphus elatiorPacific populationBCMay 20011
Mosses (6)
1  Cord-moss, RustyEntosthodon rubiginosus BCNovember 2004**
1  Moss, Margined StreamsideScouleria marginata BCNovember 20021
1  Moss, Poor PocketFissidens pauperculus BCNovember 20011
2+  ↑Moss, Rigid AppleBartramia stricta BCMay 20001
1  Moss, Silver HairFabronia pusilla BCNovember 20021
1  Moss, Spoon-leavedBryoandersonia illecebra ONMay 20031
Lichens (2)
1  Lichen, Boreal FeltErioderma pedicellatumAtlantic populationNB NSMay 20021
2   ↔Seaside CentipedeHeterodermia sitchensis BCMay 20001