Skip booklet index and go to page content

Recovery Strategy for the Salish Sucker (Catostomus sp.) in Canada (proposed)

5. Literature cited

Allan, J. D. 2004. Landscapes and riverscapes: The influence of land use on stream ecosystems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 35: 257-284.

Allan, J. D., M. S. Wipfli, J. P. Caouette, A. Prussian, and J. Rodgers. 2003. Influence of streamside vegetation on inputs of terrestrial invertebrates to salmonid food webs. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 60:309-320.

Barton, B. A. 1980. Spawning migrations, age, growth and summer feeding of white and longnose suckers in an irrigation reservoir. Canadian Field Naturalist 90:300-304.

Blueweiss, L., H. Fox, V. Kudzma, D. Nakashima, R. Peters, and S. Sams. 1978. Relationship between body size and some life history parameters. Oecologia 37:257-272.

Boyle, C. A., L. Lavkulich, H. Schreier, and E. Kiss. 1997. Changes in land cover and subsequent effects on Lower Fraser Basin ecosystems from 1827 to 1990. Environmental Management 21:185-196.

Brown, G. W., and J. T. Krygier. 1970. Effects of clear-cutting on stream temperature. Water Resources Research 6:1133-1139.

Brown, J. H., D. W. Mehlman, and G. C. Stevens. 1995. Spatial variation in abundance. Ecology 76:2028-2043.

Burt, A., D. Kramer, K. Nakatsuru, and C. Spry. 1988. The tempo of reproduction in Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis (Characidae) with a discussion on the biology of 'multiple spawning' in fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes 22:15-27.

Castelle, A. J., A. W. Johnson, and C. Conolly. 1994. Wetland and stream buffer size requirements - A review. Journal of Environmental Quality 23:878 - 882.

CCREM 1987. Canadian water quality guidelines. Canadian Council of Resource and Environment Ministers, Ottawa.

Chapleau F., C.S., Findlay and E. Szenasy. 1997. Impact of piscivorous fish introductions on fish species richness of small lakes in Gatineau Park, Quebec. Ecoscience 4: 259-268

Culp, J. M., and R. W. Davies. 1983. An assessment of the effects of streambank clear-cutting on macroinvertebrate communities in a managed watershed. Canadian Technical Reports on Fisheries and Aquatic Science 1208:115 p.

Davies, P. E., and M. Nelson. 1994. Relationships between riparian buffer widths and the effects of logging on stream habitat, invertebrate community composition and fish abundance. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 45:1289-1305.

Dhondt, K., P. Boeck, O. Van Cleemput, G. Hofman, and F. de Troch. 2002. Seasonal groundwater nitrate dynamics in a riparian buffer zone. Agronomie (Paris) 22:747-753.

Findlay, C. S., D. G. Bert, and L. Zheng. 2000. Effect of introduced piscivores on native minnow communities in Adirondack lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 57: 570–580

Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 1998. Wild, threatened, endangered and lost streams of the lower Fraser Valley Summary Report: Lower Fraser Valley Stream Review Vol. 3. Fraser River Action Plan, Habitat and Enhancement Branch, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Vancouver.

Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO). 2007. Documenting habitat use of species and risk and quantifying habitat quality. DFO Canadian Science Advisory Report 2007/038

Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2009. Recovery potential assessment for the Salish Sucker (Catostomus sp.) in Canada. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2008/046.

Forman, R. T. T. 1995. Some general principles of landscape and regional ecology. Landscape Ecology 10: 133-142.

Fox, J. G., and A. K. Keast. 1990. Effects of winterkill on population structure and prey consumption patterns of pumpkinseed in isolated beaver ponds. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68:2489-2498.

Frissell, C. A., W. J. Liss, C. E. Warren, and M. D. Hurley. 1986. A hierarchical framework for stream habitat classification: viewing streams in a watershed context. Environmental Management 10:199-214.

Gido, K. B., and J. H. Brown. 1999. Invasion of North American drainages by alien fish species. Freshwater Biology 42:387-399.

Government of Canada. 2005. Canada – British Columbia Agreement on Species at Risk [PDF 1.46 MB].

Government of Canada. 2011. Species at Risk Act Policies. Environment Canada, Ottawa.

Gurnell, A. M. 1998. The hydrogeomorphological effects of beaver dam-building activity. Progress in Physical Geography 22: 167-189.

Hall, K.J. and H. Schreier. 1996. Urbanization and agricultural intensification in the Lower Fraser River valley: Impacts on water use and quality. Geojournal 40: 135-146

Hall, K. J., H. Schreier, and S. J. Brown. 1991. Water quality in the Fraser River basin in J. R. Griggs, editor. Water in sustainable development: Exploring our common future in the Fraser River Basin. Westwater Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.

Hanson, W. D., and R. S. Campbell. 1963. The effects of pool size and beaver activity on distribution and abundance of warm-water fishes in a North Missouri stream. American Midland Naturalist 69:136-149.

Hatfield, T. and S. Pollard. 2006. Non-native freshwater fish species in British Columbia. Biology, biotic effects, and potential management actions. Report prepared for Freshwater Fisheries Society of British Columbia, Victoria BC

Haycock, R. 2000. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) status report on the Oregon spotted frog Rana pretiosa in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa, 1‑22pp.

Haycock, R. pers. comm. 2005. Telephone conversation with Mike Pearson. Hyla Environmental, Port Moody BC.

Imhof, J. G., J. Fitzgibbon and W.K. Annable. 1996. A hierarchical evaluation system for characterizing watershed ecosystems for fish habitat. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 53 (Suppl. 1): 312-326.

Ives, A. R., and E. D. Klopper. 1997. Spatial variation in abundance created by stochastic temporal variation. Ecology 78:1907-1913.

Jackson, D. A., P. R. Peres-Neto, and J. D. Olden. 2001. What controls who is where in freshwater fish communities - the roles of biotic, abiotic and spatial factors. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 58:157-170.

Keast, A. K., and M. G. Fox. 1990. Fish community structure, spatial distribution and feeding ecology in a beaver pond. Environmental Biology of Fishes 27:201-214.

Kiffney, P. M., J. S. Richardson, and J. P. Bull. 2003. Response of periphyton and insects to experimental manipulation of riparian buffer width along forest streams. Journal of Applied Ecology 40:1060-1076.

Lavkulich, L. M., K. J. Hall, and H. Schreier. 1999. Land and water interactions: Present and future. in M. C. Healey, editor. Seeking sustainability in the lower Fraser Basin: Issues and Choices. Institute for Resources and Environment, Westwater Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.

Lee, K. H., T. M. Isenhart, R. C. Schultz, and S. K. Mickelson. 2003. Multispecies riparian buffers trap sediment and nutrients during rainfall simulations. Journal of Environmental Quality 29:1200-1205.

Lynch, J. A., G. B. Rishel, and E. S. Corbett. 1984. Thermal alteration of streams draining clearcut watersheds: Quantifications and biological implications. Hydrobiologia 111:161-169.

MacRae, P.S.D. and D.A. Jackson. 2001. The influence of smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) predation and habitat complexity on the structure of littoral zone fish assemblages. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 58: 342–351.

Martin, T. L., N. K. Kaushik, J. T. Trevors, and H. R. Whiteley. 1999. Review: denitrification in temperate climate riparian zones. Water, air and soil pollution 111:171-186.

McKergow, L. A., D. M. Weaver, I. P. Prosser, R. B. Grayson, and A. E. G. Reed. 2003. Before and after riparian management: Sediment and nutrient exports from a small agricultural catchment, Western Australia. Journal of Hydrology.

McPhail, J. D. 1987. Status of the Salish Sucker, Catostomus sp., in Canada. Canadian Field Naturalist 101:231-236.

McPhail, J. D., and R. Carveth 1994. Field key to the freshwater fishes of British Columbia. Superior Repro, Vancouver.

McPhail, J. D., and E. B. Taylor. 1999. Morphological and genetic variation in northwestern longnose suckers, Catostomus catostomus: the Salish Sucker problem. Copeia 1999:884-893.

Miller, R. R., J. D. Williams, and J. E. Williams. 1989. Extinctions of North American fishes during the past century. Fisheries 14:22-38.

Moring, J. R. 1982. Decrease in stream gravel permeability after clear-cut logging: an indication of intragravel conditions for developing salmonid eggs and alevins. Hydrobiologia 88:295-298.

Murphy, M. L., J. Heifetz, S. W. Johnson, K. V. Koski, and J. F. Thedinga. 1986. Effects of clear-cut logging with and without buffer strips on juvenile salmonids in Alaskan streams. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 43:1521-1533.

Murphy, M. L., and K. V. Koski. 1989. Input and depletion of woody debris in Alaska streams and implications for streamside management. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 9:427-436.

Naiman, R. J., J. M. Melillo, and J. E. Hobbie. 1986. Ecosystem alteration of boreal forest streams by beaver (Castor canadensis). Ecology 67:1254-1269.

Patton, T. M. 2003. Evaluation of the Salish Creek mitigation project. M.Sc.Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Pearson, M. P. 2004a. The ecology, status, and recovery potential of Nooksack Dace (Rhinichthys cataractae ssp.) and Salish Sucker (Catostomus sp.) in Canada. Ph.D. thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Pearson, M. P. 2004b. Threats to the Salish Sucker and Nooksack Dace. Prepared for the National Recovery Team for Salish Sucker and Nooksack Dace, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Vancouver.

Pearson, M.P. 2008. An assessment of potential critical habitat for Nooksack Dace (Rhinichthys cataractae ssp.) and Salish Sucker (Catostomus sp.). Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat, Research Document 2007/058, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ottawa.

Pearson, M. P., and M. C. Healey. 2003. Life history characteristics of the endangered Salish Sucker (Catostomus sp.) and their implications for management. Copeia 2003:759-768.

Pearson, M. P., pers. comm. 2010. E-mail correspondence with Todd Hatfield. Pearson Ecological, Aldergrove. B.C.. February 2010.

Province of British Columbia. 2006. Riparian areas regulation assessment methods (

Puckett, L. J. 2004. Hydrologic controls on the transport and fate of nitrate in ground water beneath riparian buffer zones: results from thirteen studies across the United States. Water Science and Technology 49:47-53.

Pullman, H.R. 1988. Sources, sinks and population regulation. American Naturalist 132:652-661

Reed, H. R., J. J. O'Grady, B. W. Brook, J. D. Ballou, and R. Frankham. 2003. Estimates of minimum viable population sizes for vertebrates and factors influencing those estimates. Biological Conservation 113:23-34.

Richter, B. D. 1997. Threats to imperilled freshwater fauna. Conservation Biology 11:1081-1093.

Rosenfeld, J. S. and T. Hatfield. 2006. Information needs for assessing critical habitat of freshwater fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 63:683–698.

Schlosser, I. J. 1990. Environmental variation, life history attributes and community structure in stream fishes: Implications for environmental management and assessment. Environmental Management 14:621-628.

Schlosser, I. J. 1991. Stream fish ecology: A landscape perspective. BioScience 41:704-712.

Schlosser, I. J. 1995. Dispersal, boundary processes and trophic level interactions in streams adjacent to beaver ponds. Ecology 76:908-925.

Schlosser, I. J., and L. W. Kallemyn. 2000. Spatial variation in fish assemblages across a beaver-influenced successional landscape. Ecology 81:1371-1382.

Schreier, H., K. J. Hall, L. Elliott, J. Addah, and K. Li. 2003. Ground water and surface water issues in Agassiz, B.C. Institute for Resources, Environment, and Sustainability, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.

Schreier, H. pers. comm. 2005. Telephone conversation with Mike Pearson. Professor of Resource Management and Environmental Science, University of British Columbia.

Scott, W. B., and E. J. Crossman 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ottawa.

Stabler, D. F. 1985. Increasing summer flow in small streams through management of riparian areas and adjacent vegetation: a synthesis. Pages 206-210 in Symposium on riparian ecosystems and management. Tucson, Arizona.

Stauffer, J. C., R. M. Goldstein, Neuman R.M. 2000. Relationship of wooded riparian zones and runoff potential to fish communtiy composition in agricultural streams. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 57: 307-316.

Thomas, C. D. 1990. What do real population dynamics tell us about minimum viable population sizes? Conservation Biology 4:324-327.

Vander Zanden, M. J., J. M. Casselman, and J. B. Rasmussen. 1999. Stable isotope evidence for the food web consequences of species invasions in lakes. Nature 401:464–467.

Walters, C. J., and C. S. Holling. 1990. Large-scale management experiments and learning by doing. Ecology 71:2060-2068.

Waters, T. F. 1995. Sediment in streams: sources, biological effects and control. American Fisheries Society Monograph 7, Bethesda, Maryland.

Wehrly, K. E., M. J. Wiley, Seelbach, P.W. 2003. Classifying regional variation in thermal regime based on stream fish community patterns. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 132: 18-38.

Weller, D. E., T. E. Jordan, and D. L. Correll. 1998. Heuristic models for material discharge from landscapes with riparian buffers. Ecological Applications 8:1156-1169.

Whitaker, D. M., A. L. Carroll, and V. A. Montevecchi. 2000. Elevated numbers of flying insects and insectivorous birds in riparian buffer strips. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78:740-747.

Whittier, T.R., D.B. Halliwell and S.G. Paulsen. 1997. Cyprinid distributions in northeast U.S.A. lakes: evidence of regional-scale minnow biodiversity losses. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54: 1593–1607.

Whittier, T.R. and T.M. Kincaid. 1999. Introduced fish in northeastern USA lakes: regional extent, dominance, and effect on native species richness. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 128:769–783.

Wigington, P. J., S. M. Griffith, J. A. Field, J. E. Baham, W. R. Horwath, J. Owen, J. H. Davis, S. C. Rain, and J. J. Steiner. 2003. Nitrate removal effectiveness of a riparian buffer along a small agricultural stream in western Oregon. Journal of Environmental Quality 32:162-170.