COSEWIC Assessment and Update Status Report on the Redside Dace in Canada
- Assessment Summary
- Executive Summary
- COSEWIC History, Mandate, Membership and Definitions
- Lists of Figures, Tables and Appendices
- Species Information
- Population Sizes and Trends
- Limiting Factors and Threats
- Special Significance of the Species
- Existing Protection or Other Status Designations
- Technical Summary
- Acknowledgements, Authorities Contacted, and Information Sources
- Biographical Summary of Report Writers and Collections Examined
- Appendix: Results of Early and Recent Sampling in Canadian Watersheds (Tables 1 - 22)
Provisional, 6- and 2-month drafts of the report were prepared for cosewic by Erling Holm (Department of Natural History, Royal Ontario Museum, 100 Queens Park, Toronto, ON M5S 2C6), and Alan Dextrase (Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Box 7000, Peterborough, Ontario K9J 8M5). The Freshwater Fishes Species Specialist Subcommittee of COSEWIC carried out revision of 2-month interim and final drafts, including recommendations for status and applicability of criteria.
Numerous individuals have assisted over the last 20 years in providing documents and data that were used in this report. Some of the major contributors are A. Zammit and D. Sutherland (Natural Heritage Information Centre); J. Clayton, D. Lawrie, B. Graham, and S. Jarvie (Toronto Region Conservation Authority); J. Andersen (Lake Simcoe Region Conservation Authority); L. Stanfield, M. Malhiot, A. Timmerman, S. Gibson, G. Cull, A. McKee, M. Heaton, K. Mott, L. Norminton, P. Davids (OMNR); S. Laframboise and B. Coad (Canadian Museum of Nature); J. Weise, N. Mandrak, S. Staton, and J. Barnucz (Fisheries and Oceans Canada); G. Coker (Cam Portt and Associates); R. Steedman, D. Martin-Downs and G. Wichert (formerly at the University of Toronto); B. Morrison, L. Grewal and J. Clayton (Credit Valley Conservation); M. Sabaj (Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia); C. Wilson and C. Reaume (Trent University); R. Daniels (New York State Museum); D. Carlson (New York State Department of Environmental Conservation); T. Coon (Michigan State University); C. Johnston (Auburn University); C. Ethier and L. Richardson (Grand River Conservation Authority); G. Senior (Saugeen Valley Conservation Authority); D. Clark (Ecotec Ltd), K. McIlwrick, S. Watson-Leung and K. Barrett (Halton Conservation); D. Featherstone (Nottawasaga Valley Conservation Authority); B. Duncan and S. Wiseman (Hamilton Region Conservation Authority); E. Kott (Wilfrid Laurier University); D. Forder and C. Weidenfelder (Ontario Streams); W. King (LGL Limited); T. Warren (Sir Sanford Fleming College); M. Ruthven and D. Parks (AMEC Earth and Environmental Ltd.); J. Lane (Dillon Consulting); P. Anderson (Natural Resources Information Solutions); R. Bilz (FRI Limited). The manuscript has benefited from the input of seven anonymous reviewers.
Funding was provided by the Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada
Andersen, J.J. 2001. unpublished data. Lynde Creek Aquatic Resource Management Plan, Fisheries Data (Sites with redside dace capture only).
Anderson, J.J., pers. comm. 2001. Conversation with E. Holm. Central Lake Ontario Conservation Authority, Oshawa, Ontario (now with Lake Simcoe Region Conservation Authority, Newmarket, Ontario).
Andersen, J.J. 2002. Status of redside dace, Clinostomus elongatus, in the Lynde and Pringle Creek watersheds of Lake Ontario. Canadian Field-Naturalist 116(1):76-80.
Bailey, R.M., W.C. Latta and G.R. Smith. 2004. An atlas of Michigan fishes with keys and illustrations for their identification. Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, No. 192. Ann Arbor Michigan. 215 pp.
Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin.
Berkman, H.E., and C. F. Rabeni. 1987. Effect of siltation on stream fish communities. Environmental Biology of Fishes 18:285-294.
Bonner, T.H., and G.R. Wilde, 2002. Effects of turbidity on prey consumption by prairie stream fishes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 131(6): 1203-1208.
Booth, D.B., and C.R. Jackson. 1997. Urbanization of aquatic systems: degradation thresholds, stormwater detection, and the limits of mitigation. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 33: 1077-1090.
Bryan, S.D., A.T. Robinson, and M.G. Sweetser. 2002. Behavioral responses of a small native fish to multiple introduced predators. Environmental Biology of Fishes 63:49-56.
Canadian Endangered Species Council. 2006. The general status of species in Canada. Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and Government Services.
Cavender, T.M., and M.M. Coburn. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships of North American Cyprinidae. Pp. 293-327, in R.L. Mayden (ed.). Systematics, Historical Ecology, and North American Freshwater Fishes. Stanford University Press, Stanford California.
Coad, B.1995. Encyclopedia of Canadian Fishes. Co-published by Canadian Museum of Nature and Canadian Sportfishing Productions Inc. 928 pp.
Coad, B., pers. comm. 2003. Email correspondence to E. Holm. Research Scientist, Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario.
Coburn, M M.,and Cavender, T.M. 1992. Interrelationships of North American cyprinid fishes. Pp. 328-373, in R.L. Mayden (ed.). Systematics, Historical Ecology, and North American Freshwater Fishes. Stanford University Press, Stanford California.
Coker, G., pers. comm. 2001. Email Correspondence to, and Conversation with E. Holm. Biologist, Cam Portt and Associates, Guelph, Ontario.
Coker, G., pers. comm. 2004. Conversation with E. Holm. Biologist, Cam Portt and Associates, Guelph, Ontario.
Coker, G.A., C.B. Portt, and C.K. Minns. 2001. Morphological and Ecological Characteristics of Canadian Freshwater Fishes. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2554.
Coon, T.G. 1993. Projected impact of wastewater discharge on redside dace, Clinostomus elongatus, in Seeley Drain, Michigan. Unpublished MS. 34 pages.
Cooper, E.L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania and the northeastern United States. Penn. State Univ. Press, University Park and London.
Copeland, S., pers. comm. 2002. Email correspondece to E. Holm. Ontario Streams, Belfountain, Ontario,
COSEWIC, 2003, Guidelines for Recognizing Designatable Units Below the Species Level, Fig. 2. National Freshwater Ecological Area, prepared by N.E. Mandrak, 03/06/03
COSEWIC, 2004.Canadian Species at Risk, November 2004. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 49 pp.
Coulson, D., pers. comm. 1999. Conversation with E. Holm. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Pembroke.
Culley, J.L., E.F. Bolton and V. Bernyk. 1983. Suspended solids and phosphorus loads from a clay soil: I plot studies. Journal of Environmental Quality, 12:493-503.
CVC (Credit Valley Conservation). 2002. Integrated Watershed Monitoring Program, 2001 Report.
Daniels, R.A., pers. comm. 2005. Email Correspondence to E. Holm. New York State Museum, Albany.
Daniels, R.A.and Wisniewski, S.J. 1994. Feeding ecology of redside dace, Clinostomus elongatus. Ecol. Freshwat. Fish 3: 176-183.
Duncan, B., pers. comm. 1998. Email correspondence with E. Holm. Ecologist Hamilton Region Conservation Authority.
Environment Canada. 2004. How much habitat is enough? A framework for guiding habitat rehabilitation in Great Lakes Areas of Concern (second edition). Minister of Public Works and Government Services, Ottawa, Ontario. 80 pp.
Featherstone, D., pers. comm. 2000. Conversation with E. Holm. Formerly with Halton Conservation, Milton, now with Nottawasaga Valley Conservation Authority. Utopia, Ontario.
Federation of Ontario Naturalists. 2001. Urban sprawl in Ontario and how to stop it. Federation of Ontario Naturalists, Don Mills, Ontario, 4 p.
Fish, M.P.1932. Contributions to the early life histories of sixty-two species of fishes from Lake Erie and its tributary waters. U.S. Departement of Commerce, Bureau of Fisheries Volume 47 Bulletin 10.
Forder, D. 2005. Saugeen River Watershed redside dace Monitoring Project, 2004. Unpublished Report prepared for Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Owen Sound District by Ontario Streams.
Gamsby & Mannerow Limited. 1995. Highway 9 Expansion from Weston Road to Regional Road 38 Aquatic Ecosystems Impact Assessment. Report prepared for the Ontario Ministry of Transportation, Central Region, Planning and Design.
Gilbert, C.R. 1980. Clinostomus elongatus (Kirtland). redside dace. P. 148, in D.S. Lee et al. Atlas of North American Freshwater Fishes. North Carolina Biological Survey. N.C. State Museum of Natural History Publication, Raleigh, i-r + 854 pp.
Gilbert, C.R.,and D.S. Lee. 1980. Clinostomus funduloides Girard. Rosyside Dace. P. 149, in D.S. Lee et al. Atlas of North American Freshwater Fishes. North Carolina Biological Survey. N.C. State Museum of Natural History Publication, Raleigh, i-r + 854 pp.
Goforth. R.R.2000. Special Animal Abstract forClinostomus elongatus (redside dace). Michigan Natural Features Inventory. Lansing, MI. 2 pp.
GRCA (Grand River Conservation Authority). 1996. computer printout received from L. Richarson.
Greeley, J.R. 1938. II. Fishes of the Area with Annotated List. Pp. 48-?? in A Biological Survey of the Allegheny and Chemung Watersheds. Supplemental to the 27th Annual Report, 1937. Albany New York.
Grewal, L., pers. comm. 1999. Conversation with E. Holm. Biologist, Credit Valley Conservation, Mississauga, Ontario.
Holm, E. 1999. The redside dace in Spencer Creek, Unpublished report on 1998 fieldwork by the Royal Ontario Museum and the Hamilton Region Conservation Authority. On file, Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Authority, Royal Ontario Museum.
Holm, E. 2003. Biological inventory and assessment of redside dace (Clinostomus elongatus) in Irvine Creek, West Garafraxa Township. Unpublished report to the Grand River Conservation Authority and the Ministry of Natural Resources, Guelph, Ontario. Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, Royal Ontario Museum.
Holm, E., and, J.J. Andersen. 2005. Redside Database. A Microsoft Access database maintained by members of the Redside Dace Recovery Team.
Holm, E., and E.J. Crossman, 1986. A Report on a 1985 attempt to resurvey some areas within the Ontario distribution of Clinostomus elongatus, the Redside Dace and to summarize previous records. Royal Ontario Museum. 11 pages, 9 tables, 13 Figs.
IDNR (Indiana Department of Natural Resources). 2002. Endangered, threatened, rare and extirpated vertebrates and invertebrates in Indiana. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indianapolis, IN. 11 pp.
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2001. Summary for policy makers. Climate change 2001: Impacts, Adaptations and Vulnerability. A report of working group 11 of the IPCC (http://www.ipcc.ch/pub/wq25Mfinal.pdf).
Johnston, C.E.,and L.M. Page. 1992. The evolution of complex reproductive strategies in North American minnows (Cyprinidae). Pp. 600-621, in R.L. Mayden (ed.). Systematics, Historical Ecology, and North American Freshwater Fishes. Stanford University Press, Stanford California.
Johnston, C., pers. comm. 2001. Email correspondence with E. Holm. Research Associate, Auburn University.
Johnson, S.L., and J.A. Jones. 2000. Stream temperature responses to forest harvest and debris flows in western Cascades, Oregon. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 57 (Supplement 2):30-39.
Koster, W.J.1939. Some phases of the life history and relationships of the cyprinid, Clinostomus elongatus (Kirtland). Copeia 1939 (4):201-208.
Latta, W.C. 1998. Status of some of the endangered, threatened, special concern and rare fishes of Michigan in 1998. Report prepared for the National Heritage Program, Wildlife Division, Michigan Department of Natural Resources. 32 pp.
Lawrie, D., pers. comm. 2005. Conversation with E. Holm. Toronto Region Conservation Authority,
Leopold, L.B 1968. Hydrology for Urban Land Planning--A Guidebook on the Hydrologic Effects of Urban Land Use. Geol Surv Circ 554.
Lyons, J., P.A. Cochran, and D. Fago. 2000. Wisconsin Fishes 2000: Status and Distribution. Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute, Madison, WI.
Malhiot, M., pers. comm. 2001. Email correspondence with E. Holm. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Clinton.
Mandrak, N.E., pers. comm. 2003. Email correspondence including a database on the distribution of redside dace in Ohio. Research Scientist, Great Lakes Laboratory for Fisheries and Aquatic Central & Arctic Region Fisheries and Oceans Canada.
Mandrak, N.E., and E.J. Crossman. 1992. A checklist of Ontario freshwater fishes annotated with distribution maps. Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Miscellaneous Publication.
Martin, D. 1985. Don River Biological Inventory Past, Present and Future Evaluation. Report prepared for the Toronto Area Watershed Management Strategy Study, Ontario Ministry of the Environment by the Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Toronto and the Metropolitan Toronto and Region Conservation Authority. 105 pp.
McKee, P.M., and B.J. Parker, 1982. The distribution, biology, and status of the fishes Campostoma anomalum, Clinostomus elongatus, Notropis photogenis (Cyprinidae), and Fundulus notatus (Cyprinodontidae) in Canada. Can. J. Zool. 60: 1347-1358.
Meade, L., D.L. McNeely, L. Kornman, and A. Surmont. 1986. New records of the redside dace, Clinostomus elongatus, with comments on its habitat requirements. Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Sciences 47:121-125.
MDNR (Michigan Department of Natural Resources) 2004. Michigan Fish Atlas Maps University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Center for Great Lakes and Aquatic Science at the University of Michigan (CGLAS/UM). (http://www.dnr.state.mi.us/spatialdatalibrary/pdf_maps/fish_atlas/clielo.pdf)
MPIR (Ministry of Public Infrastructure Renewal). 2004. Places to grow: better choices, brighter future. Queen’s Printer for Ontario, Toronto, Ontario. 55 pp.
NatureServe. 2006. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 4.7. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://www.natureserve.org/explorer. (Accessed: May 16, 2006 ).
Novinger, D.C., and T.H. Coon. 2000. Behaviour and physiology of the redside dace, Clinostomus elongatus, a threatened species in Michigan. Environmental Biology of Fishes 57:315-326.
OMNR (Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources). 2001. Natural channel systems: adaptive management of stream corridors in Ontario. Queens Printer for Ontario.
ODPD (Ontario Department of Planning and Development).1946-1959. Stream Survey Reports at Ontario Archives, and Royal Ontario Museum.
Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams. 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 386 pp.
NYDEC (New York Department of Environmental Conservation). 2004. Databases (Historic.mdb Recent (after 1987).mdb) obtained from Douglas Carlson.
Page, L.M.,and B.M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to the freshwater fishes, North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.
Parish, J. 2004. Redside Dace Recovery Strategy fluvial geomorpholgy study. Report Prepared for the Redside Dace Recovery Team by Parish Geomorphic. 22 p. + app.
Parker, B.J.,and P. McKee. 1980. Rare, threatened, and endangered fishes in Ontario. Status reports. A report for Department of Supply and Services, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, and National Museum of Natural Sciences. Beak Consultants Limited, Mississauga, Ontario.
Parker, B.J., P. McKee, and R,R. Campbell. 1988. Status of the Redside Dace, Clinostomus elongatus, in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 102(1):163-169.
Redside Dace Recovery Strategy. 2005. Recovery strategy for redside dace in Ontario. Draft Recovery Strategy, 23 pp.
Rincon, P.A.,and G.D. Grossman. 1998. The effects of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) on the use of spatial resources and behavior of rosyside dace (Clinostomus funduloides). Arch. Hydrobiol. 141(3):333-352.
ROM (Royal Ontario Museum). 2005. Fish collection records. Toronto.
Ruthven, M., pers. comm. 2000. Field notes on fish sampling. Consulting Biologist, AMEC Earth & Environmental (Ontario), Mississauga.
Sabaj, M.H. 2000. Illinois status survey of the redside dace, Clinostomus elongatus, the newest addition to the state’s native fauna. Technical Report submitted to IL Department of Natural Resources, Division of Natural Heritage. 12 p. + Appendix.
Schwartz, F.J., and J. Norwell. 1958. Food growth and sexual dimorphism of the redside dace Clinostomus elongatus (Kirtland) in Linesville Creek, Crawford County, Pennsylvania. Ohio J. Sci. 58(5):311-316.
Scott, W.B., and E.J. Crossman, 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Fish. Res. Board Can. Bull. No. 184. pp. 1-966.
Stanfield, L., S.F. Gibson, and J.A. Borwick. 2004. Using a landscape approach to predict the distribution and density patterns of juvenile salmonines in the Lake Ontario basin. Aquatic Research and Development Section, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Canada-Ontario Agreement Project Report, 31 pp. + Figs. + Apps.
Staton, S., K. Smith, and B. Duncan. 1993. Spencer Creek Fisheries Habitat Study. Report prepared for the Hamilton Region Conservation Authority.
Stewart, D.J., pers. comm. 2006. Email Correspondence with E. Holm. SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY.
Stuart-Smith, R.D., A.M.M. Richardson, and R.W.G. White. 2004. Increasing turbidity significantly alters the diet of brown trout: a multi-year longitudinal study. Journal of Fish Biology 65 (2): 376-388.
Sweka, J.A., and K.J. Hartman. 2001. Effects of turbidity on prey consumption and growth in brook trout and implications for bioenergetics modeling. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 58:386-393.
Taylor, J.T.1988. Letter to Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Cambridge District from University of Guelph
Thompson, D., E. Rankin, J. Breck, N. Scott, and L. Michalak. 1995. Spencer Creek Watershed Fisheries and Habitat Assessment. Report prepared for the Hamilton Region Conservation Authority.
TRCA (Toronto Region Conservation Authority). 2000. Database obtained from J. Clayton.
Trautman, M.B. 1981. The fishes of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbia, Ohio.
Wang, L., J. Lyons,and P. Kanehl. 2001. Impacts of Urbanization on Stream Habitat and Fish across Multiple Spatial Scales. Environmental Management Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 255–266.
Watson-Leung, S., pers. comm. 2001. Conversation with E. Holm. Conservation Halton, Milton, Ontario.
Wilson, C., pers. comm. 2005. Conversation/Email Correspondence with A. Dextrase. Research Scientist, Aquatic Biodiversity and Conservation OMNR, Trent University.
- Date Modified: