Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus)
4.1 Population Goal
The goal of this plan is to recover the Harlequin Duck population in eastern Canada by increasing the population to have at least 3000 individuals wintering in eastern North America for three of five consecutive years with at least 1000 breeding aged females.
This reflects the goal of the original Recovery Plan for the Harlequin Duck (Montevecchi et al. 1995). If it is determined that 3000 individuals does not constitute a sustainable population then the alternate goal will be to increase the population to allow for removal from the Species at Risk Act legal species list, and related Provincial species at risk lists.
1. Clarify possible threats to the species and outline a regime(s) to address these issues.
2. Assess population status.
3. Identify, protect and manage important areas for breeding, moulting, wintering, and staging habitat.
4. Work with governments, industry, aboriginal groups, and private citizens to identify the threats to the Harlequin Duck, and work toward eliminating or reducing these threats.
5. Identify targeted groups for education and stewardship initiatives on Harlequin Duck issues, and develop appropriate campaigns and programs.
6. Conduct gap analysis to determine shortcomings in knowledge of the Harlequin Duck.
7. Engage Greenland in further collaboration with Canada regarding Harlequin Duck conservation.
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