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Recovery Strategy for the Whooping Crane (Grus americana) in Canada (Proposed)
Allen, R.P. 1952. The Whooping Crane. National Audubon Society Resource Report 3. 246 pp.
Allen, R.P. 1956. A report on the Whooping Cranes' northern breeding grounds. National Audubon Society Supplemental Resource Report 3. 60 pp.
Archibald, G.W. 1975. The evolutionary and taxonomic relationships of cranes as revealed by their unison calls. Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 151 pp.
Armbruster, M.J. 1990. Characterization of habitat used by Whooping Cranes during migration. Biological Report 90(4):1–16.
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Canadian Wildlife Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2005. International Recovery Plan for the Whooping Crane (Grus americana) (Revised). Environment Canada, Ottawa, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Albuquerque, New Mexico. 158 pp.
Carlson, G. 1991. The feasibility of individual identification and sex determination of Whooping Cranes (Grus americana) by analysis of vocalizations. M.S. thesis, Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. 60 pp.
Chavez-Ramirez, F. 1996. Food availability, foraging ecology, and energetics of Whooping Cranes wintering in Texas. Ph.D. dissertation, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas. 103 pp.
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DeWandel, M. 2003. Socio-economic considerations and protection options for Whooping Crane habitat in the Northwest Territories. Report prepared for Canadian Wildlife Service, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
Drewien, R.C., W.M. Brown, and W.L. Kendall. 1995. Recruitment in Rocky Mountain Greater Sandhill Cranes and comparison with other crane populations. Journal of Wildlife Management 59(2):339–356.
Evans, D.E. and T.V. Stehn. 1997. Use of dredged material to construct winter Whooping Crane habitat. Proceedings of the North American Crane Workshop 7:67–71.
Frankham, R. 1995. Conservation genetics. Annual Review of Genetics 29:305–327.
Glenn, T.C., W. Stephan, and M.J. Braun. 1999. Effects of a population bottleneck on mitochondrial DNA variation in Whooping Cranes. Conservation Biology 13(5):1097–1107.
Howe, M.A. 1987. Habitat use by migrating Whooping Cranes in the Aransas–Wood Buffalo corridor. Pages 303–311 in J.C. Lewis and J.W. Ziewitz, eds. Proceedings of the 1985 Crane Workshop. Platte River Whooping Crane Habitat Maintenance Trust and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Grand Island, Nebraska.
Howe, M.A. 1989. Migration of radio-marked Whooping Cranes from the Aransas–Wood Buffalo population: Patterns of habitat use, behavior, and survival. Fish and Wildlife Technical Report 21. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, D.C. 33 pp.
Hunt, H.E. and R. Slack. 1987. Winter foods of the Whooping Crane based on stomach content analyses. Pages 217–218 in J.C. Lewis and J.W. Ziewitz, eds. Proceedings of the 1985 Crane Workshop. Platte River Whooping Crane Habitat Maintenance Trust and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Grand Island, Nebraska.
IUCN. 2001. IUCN Red List categories and criteria: Version 3.1. IUCN Species Survival Commission, World Conservation Union/International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), Cambridge, U.K.
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Johns, B.W. 1992. Preliminary identification of Whooping Crane staging areas in Prairie Canada. Pages 61–66 in D.A. Wood, ed. Proceedings of the 1988 North American Crane Workshop. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee, Florida.
Johns, B.W. 1998. Whooping Cranes nesting in Alberta. Blue Jay 56:31–33.
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Kuyt, E. 1976a. Whooping Cranes: The long road back. Nature Canada 5:2–9.
Kuyt, E. 1976b. The continuing story of the Whooping Crane. Pages 109–111 in T. Mosquin and C. Suchal, eds. Proceedings of the Symposium on Canada's Threatened Species and Habitats. Canadian Nature Federation Special Publication 6. Canadian Nature Federation and World Wildlife Fund (Canada), Ottawa, Ontario.
Kuyt, E. 1981. Population status, nest site fidelity, and breeding habitat of Whooping Cranes. Pages 119–125 in J.C. Lewis and H. Masatomi, eds. Crane Research Around the World. Proceedings of the International Crane Symposium, Sapporo, Japan. International Crane Foundation, Baraboo, Wisconsin.
Labuda, S.E. and K.O. Butts. 1979. Habitat use by wintering Whooping Cranes on the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge. Pages 152–157 in J.C. Lewis, ed. Proceedings of the 1978 International Crane Workshop. Colorado State University Printing Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.
Lacy, R.C. 1997. Importance of genetic variation to the viability of mammalian populations. Journal of Mammalogy 78(2):320–335.
Lewis, J.C. 1991. International cooperation in recovery of Whooping Cranes: A model for other nations. Pages 389–394 in Proceedings of the 1987 International Crane Workshop. International Crane Foundation, Baraboo, Wisconsin.
Lewis, J.C. 1992. The contingency plan for federal–state cooperative protection of Whooping Cranes. Pages 293–300 in D.A. Wood, ed. Proceedings of the 1988 North American Crane Workshop. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee, Florida.
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Lewis, T.E. and R.D. Slack. 1992. Whooping Crane response to disturbances at the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge. Proceedings of the North American Crane Workshop 6:176.
Lingle, G.R. 1987. Status of Whooping Crane migration habitat within the Great Plains of North America. Pages 331–340 in J.C. Lewis and J. Zewitz, eds. Proceedings of the 1985 Crane Workshop. Platte River Whooping Crane Habitat Maintenance Trust and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Grand Island, Nebraska.
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McNulty, F. 1966. The Whooping Crane. E.P. Dutton & Co., New York, New York. 88 pp.
Meine, C.D. and G.W. Archibald, compilers. 1996. The cranes: status survey and conservation action plan. IUCN Species Survival Commission Crane Specialist Group, World Conservation Union/International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), Gland, Switzerland. 282 pp.
Mirande, C., R. Lacy, and U. Seal. 1993. Whooping Crane (Grus americana) conservation viability assessment workshop report. Captive Breeding Specialist Group, World Conservation Union/International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), Apple Valley, Minnesota. 115 pp.
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Morkill, A.E. 1990. Effectiveness of markers in reducing Sandhill Crane collisions with powerlines. MS thesis, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.
Morkill, A.E. and S.H. Anderson. 1991. Effectiveness of marking powerlines to reduce Sandhill Crane collisions. Wildlife Society Bulletin 19:442–449.
Morkill, A.E. and S.H. Anderson. 1993. Effectiveness of yellow aviation balls in reducing Sandhill Crane collisions with power lines. Pages 21-1 to 21-17 in Proceedings of the International Workshop on Avian Interactions with Utility Structures. Electric Power Research Institute, Pleasant Hill, California.
Novakowski, N. 1965. The day we rescued a Whooping Crane. Audubon Magazine 67:230–233.
Novakowski, N. 1966. Whooping Crane population dynamics on the nesting grounds, Wood Buffalo National Park, Northwest Territories, Canada. Canadian Wildlife Service Research Report Series 1. 20 pp.
Olson and Olson Planning & Design Consultants Inc. 2003. Whooping Crane potential habitat mapping project. Report prepared for Parks Canada and Canadian Wildlife Service. Ottawa, Ontario.
Richert, A.D., J.S. Taylor, and S.E. Richert. 2000. Stopover habitat selection by Whooping Cranes in Nebraska. Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, 2000, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Robertson, S., T. Stehn, and J. Magera. 1993. Oil spill contingency plan for Aransas National Wildlife Refuge, Texas. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 2. 25 pp.
Stephenson, J.D. 1971. Plumage development and growth of young Whooping Cranes. MS thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. 56 pp.
Stevenson, J.O. and R.E. Griffith. 1946. Winter life of the Whooping Crane. Condor 48:160–178.
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Timoney, K.P., S.C. Zoltai, and L. Goldsborough. 1997. Boreal diatom ponds: a rare wetland associated with nesting Whooping Cranes. Wetlands 17(4):539–551.
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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1979. Contingency plan for the protection of Whooping Cranes during a major oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. 23 pp.
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