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Canadian Species at Risk May 2002

Canadian Species at Risk

May 2002

 

Coho salmon - Line drawing by Drew Bodaly. Encyclopedia of Canadian Fishes. Canadian Museum of Nature and Canadian Sportfishing Productions Inc. (1995). The Coho Salmon (Interior Fraser population) was designated by COSEWIC as Endangered in May 2002.

 

Aussi disponible en français

 

COSEWIC Logo

 

For additional copies contact:

COSEWIC Secretariat
c/o Canadian Wildlife Service
Environment Canada
Ottawa, ON
K1A 0H3

Tel.: (819) 997-4991 / (819) 953-3215
Fax: (819) 994-3684
E-mail: COSEWIC/COSEPAC@ec.gc.ca
Web site: http://www.cosewic.gc.ca

Courier address: 4th Floor, Place Vincent Massey, 351 St. Joseph Blvd., Hull, QC.

 

Cover Illustration

Coho salmon - Line drawing by Drew Bodaly. Encyclopedia of Canadian Fishes. Canadian Museum of Nature and Canadian Sportfishing Productions Inc. (1995). The Coho Salmon (Interior Fraser population) was designated by COSEWIC as Endangered in May 2002.

This list can be cited as follows:
COSEWIC, 2002. Canadian Species at Risk, May 2002. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 34 pp.

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COSEWIC Mandate

The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) determines the national status of wild species, subspecies, varieties, and nationally significant populations that are considered to be at risk in Canada. Designations are made on all native species for the following taxonomic groups: mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, lepidopterans, molluscs, vascular plants, mosses, and lichens.

 

COSEWIC Membership

COSEWIC comprises representatives from each provincial and territorial government wildlife agency, four federal agencies (Canadian Wildlife Service, Parks Canada Agency, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, and the Federal Biosystematics Partnership, chaired by the Canadian Museum of Nature), three nonjurisdictional members and the co-chairs of the species specialist and the Aboriginal Traditional Knowledge Subcommittees. The committee meets to consider status reports on candidate species.

 

Definitions

Species Any indigenous species, subspecies, variety, or geographically defined population of wild fauna and flora.

Extinct (X) A species that no longer exists.

Extirpated (XT) A species no longer existing in the wild in Canada, but occurring elsewhere.

Endangered (E) A species facing imminent extirpation or extinction.

Threatened (T) A species likely to become endangered if limiting factors are not reversed.

Special Concern (SC)* A species of special concern because of characteristics that make it particularly sensitive to human activities or natural events.

Not at Risk (NAR)** A species that has been evaluated and found to be not at risk.

Data Deficient (DD)*** A species for which there is insufficient scientific information to support status designation.

*      Formerly described as “Vulnerable” from 1990 to 1999, or “Rare” prior to 1990.
**    Formerly described as “Not In Any Category”, or “No Designation Required.”
***  Formerly described as “Indeterminate” from 1994 to 1999 or “ISIBD” (insufficient scientific information on which to base a designation) prior to 1994.

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COSEWIC Species designated in the five “risk” categories and in the NOT AT RISK and DATA DEFICIENT categories

 

Table 1. Summary of list 1: COSEWIC list of species at risk. Results include the May 2002 meeting.
CATEGORY /
STATUS
EXTINCTEXTIRPATEDENDANGEREDTHREATENEDSPECIAL
CONCERN
TOTALS
Mammals2418152463
Birds322182256
Reptiles 45111030
Amphibians 155718
Fishes5211203674
Lepidopterans 342211
Molluscs1171111
Vascular
Plants
 2503741130
Mosses  21 3
Lichens  2 46
TOTALS1119125100147402

 

Table 2. Summary of list 2: COSEWIC list of species not at risk. Results include the May 2002 meeting.

CATEGORY /

STATUS

NOT AT

RISK

Mammals46
Birds35
Reptiles4
Amphibians12
Fishes32
Lepidopterans 
Molluscs1
Vascular Plants16
Mosses 
Lichens 
TOTALS146

 

Table 3. Summary of list 3: COSEWIC list of data deficient species. Results include the May 2002 meeting.
CATEGORY /
STATUS
DATA
DEFICIENT
Mammals8
Birds2
Reptiles2
Amphibians 
Fishes7
Lepidopterans 
Molluscs2
Vascular Plants4
Mosses 
Lichens 
TOTALS25

 

Results of May 2002 COSEWIC meeting

 

Table 4. May 2002 species by status and taxon.
CATEGORY /
STATUS
EXTINCTEXTIRPATEDENDANGEREDTHREATENEDSPECIAL
CONCERN
NOT AT
RISK
DATA
DEFICIENT
TOTALS
Mammals 13321 10
Birds  1 1  2
Reptiles 21443216
Amphibians    3  3
Fishes  11 114
Lepidopterans  1    1
Molluscs       0
Vascular Plants  142  7
Mosses       0
Lichens  1 1  2
TOTALS03912135345

 

Table 5. May 2002 species by status and type of change in status.
CATEGORY /
STATUS
CHANGE*
EXTINCTEXTIRPATEDEXTIRPATED ENDANGEREDTHREATENEDSPECIAL
CONCER
NOT AT
RISK
DATA
DEFICIENT
TOTALS
New 26463223
Uplisted (3)  141  6
Downlisted (4)       0
No Change (5) 12461 14
Changed (0)      11
De-listed (6)     1 1
TOTALS03912135345

 

COSEWIC LISTS 

The lists that follow are organized by status category and then by taxonomic group. An explanation of the symbols and abbreviations is provided below. For each species, the information provided includes the common name, scientific name, population name, and range of occurrence (by province/ territory/ ocean). The most recent date of examination by COSEWIC is shown, and symbols provide information on the outcome of status re-examinations (e.g., uplisting, downlisting) and the basis of re-examination for species evaluated against the new quantitative criteria. For birds, geographical occurrence includes the Canadian breeding and wintering distribution.

The first COSEWIC “Endangered Species List” was issued in 1978. In 1990, it was decided that all species considered by COSEWIC should be listed even if the species were “not at risk” or “data deficient.” Therefore, this document is divided into three separate lists. List 1 includes Species designated as Extinct, Extirpated, Endangered, Threatened or Special Concern. List 2 includes species examined and designated in the Not at Risk category. List 3 includes species examined and designated in the Data Deficient category because of insufficient scientific information. All three lists include the geographical occurrence and most recent date of examination. 

Explanation of symbols

Re-assessments and new species

3 Species placed in a higher risk category (uplisted) after re-examination on the date shown.
4 Species placed in a lower risk category (downlisted) after re-examination on the date shown.
5 Species stays in the same risk category (no change) after re-examination on the date shown.
0 Species moved to the Not at Risk category from a risk category (de-listed) on the date shown.
6 Species moved to the Data Deficient Category from a risk category, or to a risk category from the Data Deficient Category (changed), on the date shown.
(no arrow) New species examined on the date shown.

Evaluation with COSEWIC’s new quantitative criteria

COSEWIC has recently begun using quantitative criteria to assess species’ risk of extinction.

These criteria were adapted from the criteria used by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and have been used by COSEWIC since October 1999.

1 or 1+ Species has been assessed with new quantitative criteria based on a new status report or an update status report. A plus sign (+) indicates the report has an addendum.
2 or 2+ Species re-assessed with new quantitative criteria using an existing status report. A plus sign (+) indicates the report has an addendum.

 

Geographical occurrence abbreviations

AB Alberta
BC British Columbia
MB Manitoba
NB New Brunswick
NF Newfoundland and Ladrador
NS Nova Scotia
NT Northwest Territories
NU Nunavut
ON Ontario
PE Prince Edward Island
QC Québec
SK Saskatchewan
YT Yukon Territory

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Species designated in the five "risk" categories, with geographical occurrence (by province / territory / ocean) and year of designation. For extinct and extirpated species, the approximate date of disappearance is indicated and geographical occurrence is based on historical distribution records. 

Extinct Category (11)
Taxon/
Assessment
Details
Common NameScientific
Name
Historical
Range of
Occurrence
Extinction
Date
Examination
Date
Mammals (2)
1, 5Caribou Dawson's subspecies, WoodlandRangifer tarandus dawsoniBC1920sMay 2000
2, 5Mink, SeaMustela macrodonAtlantic coastal waters1894May 2000
Birds (3)
2, 5Auk, GreatPinguinus impennisQC NB NS NF1844May 2000
2, 5Duck, LabradorCamptorhynchus labradoriusQC NB NS NF1875May 2000
2, 5Pigeon, PassengerEctopistes migratoriusSK MB ON QC NB NS PE1914May 2000
Reptiles (0)
Amphibians (0)
Fishes (5)
2, 5Cisco, DeepwaterCoregonus johannaeON1952May 2000
2, 5Dace, Banff LongnoseRhinichthys cataractae smithiAB1986May 2000
2, 5Stickleback, Benthic Hadley LakeGasterosteus sp.BC1999May 2000
2, 5Stickleback, Limnetic Hadley LakeGasterosteus sp.BC1999May 2000
2, 5Walleye, BlueStizostedion vitreum glaucumON1965May 2000
Lepidopterans (0)
Molluscs (1)
2, 5Limpet, EelgrassLottia alveus alveusQC NS NF1929May 2000
Plants (0)
Mosses (0)
Lichens (0)

 

Extirpated Category (19)
Taxon/
Assessment
Details
Common Name.gc.cScientific
Name
Population
Name
Historical
Range of
Occurrence

Extirpation

Date

Examination

Date

Mammals (4)
1, 5Bear, GrizzlyUrsus arctosPrairie populationAB SK MB1880sMay 2002
2, 5Ferret, Black-footedMustela nigripes AB SK MB1974May 2000
2, 5Walrus, AtlanticOdobenus rosmarus rosmarusNorthwest Atlantic populationAtlantic Oceanmid 19th centuryMay 2000
2, 5Whale, GreyEschrichtius robustusAtlantic populationAtlantic Oceanbefore end of 1800sMay 2000
Birds (2)
2, 5Grouse, SageCentrocercus urophasianus phaiosBritish Columbia populationBCnot observed since 1960sMay 2000
2, 5Prairie-Chicken, GreaterTympanuchus cupido AB SK MB ONlast reported in 1987 in SKMay 2000
Reptiles (4)
2, 5Lizard, Pygmy ShorthornedPhrynosoma douglassii
douglassii
British Columbia
population
BClast reported in 1898,
near Osoyoos, BC
May 2000
1Rattlesnake, TimberCrotalus horridus ON1941May 2001
1Snake, Pacific
Gopher
Pituophis catenifer
catenifer
 BCnot observed since
1957
May 2002
1Turtle, Pacific PondClemmys marmorata BCnot observed since
1959
May 2002
Amphibians (1)
1Salamander, TigerAmbystoma tigrinumGreat Lakes
population
ONNot observed since
1915
Nov 2001
Fishes (2)
2, 5Chub, GravelErimystax x-punctatus ONlast reported in 1958,
Thames River
drainage
May 2000
2, 5PaddlefishPolyodon spathula ON1917May 2000
Lepidopterans (3)
2, 5Blue, KarnerLycaeides melissa
samuelis
 ON1991May 2000
2, 5Elfin, FrostedCallophrys [Incisalia] irus ON1988May 2000
2, 5Marble, IslandEuchloe ausonides BCbefore 1910May 2000
Molluscs (1)
2, 5Wedgemussel, DwarfAlasmidonta heterodon NB1968May 2000
Plants (2)
2, 5

Spring blue-eyed

Mary

Collinsia verna ONnot observed since
1954
May 2000
2, 5Tick-trefoil, IllinoisDesmodium illinoense ONnot observed since
1888
May 2000
Mosses (0)
Lichens (0)

 

 

Endangered Category (125)
Taxon/
Assessment
Details
Common NameScientific
Name
Population NameRange of
Occurrence
Assessment
Date
 Mammals (18)
1Badger jacksoni subspecies, AmericanTaxidea taxus jacksoni ONMay 2000
1Badger jeffersonii subspecies, AmericanTaxidea taxus jeffersonii BCMay 2000
 Caribou, PearyRangifer tarandus pearyiBanks Island populationNTApr 1991
 Caribou, PearyRangifer tarandus pearyiHigh Arctic populationNT NUApr 1991
1, 5Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribouAtlantic-Gaspésie populationQCMay 2002
2, 5Fox, SwiftVulpes velox AB SKMay 2000
2+, 5Marmot, Vancouver IslandMarmota vancouverensis BCMay 2000
2, 5Marten, AmericanMartes americana atrataNewfoundland populationNFMay 2000
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucasUngava Bay population

NU QC Arctic Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

Apr 1988
5Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucas

St. Lawrence River

population

QCApr 1997
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucas

Southeast Baffin Island-

Cumberland Sound

NU NF Arctic OceanApr 1990
1Whale, BlueBalaenoptera musculusAtlantic populationAtlantic OceanMay 2002
1Whale, BlueBalaenoptera musculusPacific populationPacific OceanMay 2002
 Whale, BowheadBalaena mysticetusEastern Arctic populationNU Arctic OceanApr 1980
 Whale, BowheadBalaena mysticetusWestern Arctic population

YT NT NU Arctic

Ocean

Apr 1986
2+Whale, KillerOrcinus orcaNortheast Pacific southern
resident population
Pacific OceanNov 2001
5Whale, RightEubalaena glacialis Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Apr 1990
 WolverineGulo guloEastern populationQC NFApr 1989
Birds (21)
 Bobwhite, NorthernColinus virginianus ONApr 1994
1, 3Chat, Western Yellow breastedIcteria virens auricollisBritish Columbia populationBCNov 2000
1, 5Crane, WhoopingGrus americana NT ABNov 2000
1, 5Curlew, EskimoNumenius borealis YT NT NU BC AB SK
MB ON QC NB NS PE
NF
May 2000
1, 5Flycatcher, AcadianEmpidonax virescens ONNov 2000
2, 5Grouse, SageCentrocercus urophasianus
urophasianus
Prairie populationAB SKMay 2000
2, 5Owl, BarnTyto albaEastern populationON QCMay 2000
2, 5Owl, BurrowingAthene cunicularia BC AB SK MBMay 2000
2, 5Owl, Northern SpottedStrix occidentalis caurina BCMay 2000
1Plover circumcinctus
subspecies, Piping
Charadrius melodus
circumcinctus
 AB SK MB ONMay 2001
1

Plover melodus subspecies,

Piping

Charadrius melodus melodus QC NB NS PE NFMay 2001
1, 5Plover, MountainCharadrius montanus AB SKNov 2000
1, 5Rail, KingRallus elegans ONNov 2000
1Screech-owl macfarlanei subspecies, WesternOtus kennicottii macfarlanei BCMay 2002
1, 5Shrike, Eastern LoggerheadLanius ludovicianus migrans MB ON QCNov 2000
1, 5Sparrow, Henslow'sAmmodramus henslowii ONNov 2000
2, 5Tern, RoseateSterna dougallii QC NB NSOct 1999
1, 5Thrasher, SageOreoscoptes montanus BC AB SKNov 2000
2, 5Warbler, Kirtland'sDendroica kirtlandii ONMay 2000
2, 5Warbler, ProthonotaryProtonotaria citrea ONMay 2000
1, 3Woodpecker, White-headedPicoides albolarvatus BCNov 2000
Reptiles (5)
1, 5Racer, BlueColuber constrictor foxii ONMay 2002
 Snake, Lake Erie WaterNerodia sipedon insularum ONApr 1991
1Snake, NightHypsiglena torquata BCMay 2001
2, 5Snake, Sharp-tailedContia tenuis BCOct 1999
1, 5Turtle, LeatherbackDermochelys coriacea Pacific Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
May 2001
Amphibians (5)
1, 5Frog, Northern CricketAcris crepitans ONMay 2001
2, 5Frog, Northern LeopardRana pipiensSouthern Mountain populationBCMay 2000
1, 5Frog, Oregon SpottedRana pretiosa BCMay 2000
1Frog, Rocky Mountain TailedAscaphus montanus BCMay 2000
1Salamander, TigerAmbystoma tigrinumSouthern Mountain
population
BCNov 2001
Fishes (11)
2, 5Dace, NooksackRhinichthys sp BCMay 2000
2, 3Lamprey, Morrison CreekLampetra richardsoni BCMay 2000
1Salmon, AtlanticSalmo salarInner Bay of Fundy
populations
NB NS (rarely NF)  Atlantic OceanMay 2001
1Salmon, CohoOncorhynchus kisutchInterior Fraser populationBCMay 2002
2, 3Stickleback, Benthic Paxton
Lake
Gasterosteus sp. BCMay 2000
2, 3Stickleback, Benthic Vananda
Creek
Gasterosteus sp. BCMay 2000
2, 3Stickleback, Limnetic Paxton
Lake
Gasterosteus sp. BCMay 2000
2, 3Stickleback, Limnetic Vananda
Creek
Gasterosteus sp. BCMay 2000
 Sucker, SalishCatostomus sp. BCApr 1986
1, 5Trout, AuroraSalvelinus fontinalis
timagamiensis
 ONMay 2000
1, 5Whitefish, AtlanticCoregonus huntsmani NSNov 2000
Lepidopterans (4)
1Blue, IslandPlebejus saepiolus insulanus BCNov 2000
1Checkerspot, Taylor'sEuphydryas editha taylori BCNov 2000
1Moth, Yucca*Tegeticula yuccasella ABMay 2002
2, 5Ringlet, MaritimeCoenonympha tullia nipisiquit QC NBMay 2000
Molluscs (7)
2, 5Bean, RayedVillosa fabalis ONMay 2000
2, 5Lampmussel, Wavy-rayedLampsilis fasciola ONOct 1999
1Mussel, MudpuppySimpsonaias ambigua ONMay 2001
2, 5Physa, HotwaterPhysella wrighti BCMay 2000
2+, 5Riffleshell, NorthernEpioblasma torulosa rangiana ONMay 2000
2, 3Snail, Banff SpringsPhysella johnsoni ABMay 2000
1SnuffboxEpioblasma triquetra ONMay 2001
Plants (50)
2+, 5Agalinis, Gattinger'sAgalinis gattingeri ONMay 2001
2, 5Agalinis, Skinner'sAgalinis skinneriana ONMay 2000
2, 5Ammannia, ScarletAmmannia robusta BC ONMay 2001
2, 5Avens, Eastern MountainGeum peckii NSMay 2000
2, 5Balsamroot, DeltoidBalsamorhiza deltoidea BCMay 2000
2, 5BlueheartsBuchnera americana ONMay 2000
2+, 5Braya, Long'sBraya longii NFMay 2000
1Bugbane, TallCimicifuga elata BCMay 2001
1, 3Bulrush, BashfulTrichophorum planifolium ONMay 2000
2, 5Bush-clover, SlenderLespedeza virginica ONMay 2000
2, 5Buttercup, Water-plantain

Ranunculus alismaefolius var.

alismaefolius

 BCMay 2000
2, 5Cactus, Eastern Prickly PearOpuntia humifusa ONMay 2000
 2, 5Coreopsis, PinkCoreopsis rosea NSMay 2000
2, 5Cryptanthe, TinyCryptantha minima AB SKMay 2000
2, 5Fern, Southern MaidenhairAdiantum capillus-veneris BCMay 2000
2, 5Gentian, White PrairieGentiana alba ONMay 2001
2, 5Ginseng, AmericanPanax quinquefolius ON QCMay 2000
2+, 3Goat's-rue, VirginiaTephrosia virginiana ONMay 2000
2, 5Goldenrod, Showy

Solidago speciosa var.

rigidiuscula

 ONMay 2000
2, 5Lady's-slipper, Small WhiteCypripedium candidum MB ONMay 2000
2, 5Lotus, Seaside Birds-footLotus formosissimus BCMay 2000
2, 5Lousewort, Furbish'sPedicularis furbishiae NBMay 2000
2, 5Lupine, PrairieLupinus lepidus var. lepidus BCMay 2000
2, 5Milkwort, PinkPolygala incarnata ONMay 2000
2, 5Mountain-mint, HoaryPycnanthemum incanum ONMay 2000
2, 5Mulberry, RedMorus rubra ONMay 2000
1, 5Orchid, Western Prairie
Fringed
Platanthera praeclara MBMay 2000
2, 5Owl-clover, BeardedTriphysaria versicolor ssp. BCMay 2000
2+, 3Paintbrush, GoldenCastilleja levisecta BCMay 2000
2, 5Plantain, Heart-leavedPlantago cordata ONMay 2000
2, 5Pogonia, Large WhorledIsotria verticillata ONMay 2000
2, 5Pogonia, NoddingTriphora trianthophora ONMay 2000
2, 5Pogonia, Small WhorledIsotria medeoloides ONMay 2000
1, 5Quillwort, Engelmann'sIsoëtes engelmannii ONMay 2001
1Sanicle, Bear's-footSanicula arctopoides BCMay 2001
2,  3Sedge, False HopCarex lupuliformis ON QCMay 2000
2, 5Sedge, JuniperCarex juniperorum ONMay 2000
1Spike-rush, HorsetailEleocharis equisetoides ONNov 2000
1, 5Sundew, Thread-leavedDrosera filiformis NSMay 2001
2, 5Thistle, Pitcher'sCirsium pitcheri ONMay 2000
2, 5ToothcupRotala ramosior BC ONMay 2000
2, 5Tree, CucumberMagnolia acuminata ONMay 2000
2, 5Trillium, DroopingTrillium flexipes ONMay 2000
2+, 5Twayblade, PurpleLiparis liliifolia ONMay 2001
1, 3Violet, Bird's-footViola pedata ONMay 2002
1,Willow, BarrensSalix jejuna NFMay 2001
2, 5Wintergreen, SpottedChimaphila maculata ON QCMay 2000
2+, 5Wood-poppyStylophorum diphyllum ONMay 2000
2, 3Woodsia, Blunt-lobedWoodsia obtusa ON QCMay 2000
1Woolly-heads, TallPsilocarphus elatiorPacific populationBCMay 2001
Mosses (2)
1Moss, Poor PocketFissidens pauperculus BCNov 2001
2+, 3Moss, Rigid AppleBartramia stricta BCMay 2000
Lichens (2)
1Lichen, Boreal FeltErioderma pedicellatumAtlantic populationNB NSMay 2002
2, 5Seaside CentipedeHeterodermia sitchensis BCMay 2000

*The Yucca Moth (Tegeticula yuccasella) and Soapweed (Yucca glauca) have an obligate mutualistic relationship. Soapweed was designated Threatened in May 2000.

 

 Threatened Category (100)
Taxon/
Assessment
Details
Common NameScientific
Name
Population NameRange of
Occurrencemage/x-xbitm
Assessment
Date
Mammals (15)
1, 3Bat, PallidAntrozous pallidus BCMay 2000
1, 5Bison, WoodBison bison athabascae YT NT BC ABMay 2000
 Caribou, PearyRangifer tarandus pearyiLow Arctic populationNT NUApr 1991
1, 5Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribouBoreal population

NT BC AB SK MB

ON QC NF

May 2002
1, 5Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribou

Southern Mountain

population

BC ABMay 2002
1, 3

Ermine haidarum

subspecies

Mustela erminea haidarum BCMay 2001
1, 3Fox, GreyUrocyon cinereoargenteus MB ONMay 2002
 Mole, Townsend'sScapanus townsendii BCApr 1996
2, 5Otter, SeaEnhydra lutris Pacific coasta lwatersMay 2000
5Porpoise, HarbourPhocoena phocoena

Northwest Atlantic

population

Atlantic OceanApr 1991
2+, 5Shrew, Pacific WaterSorex bendirii BCMay 2000
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucas

Eastern Hudson Bay

population

QC Arctic OceanApr 1988
 Whale, HumpbackMegaptera novaeangliaeNorth Pacific populationPacific OceanApr 1985
2+Whale, KillerOrcinus orca

Northeast Pacific northern

resident population

Pacific OceanNov 2001
2+, 3Whale, KillerOrcinus orca

Northeast Pacific transient

population

Pacific OceanNov 2001
Birds (8)
2, 3Bittern, LeastIxobrychus exilis MB ON QC NBNov 2001
2, 5Falcon, Anatum PeregrineFalco peregrinus anatum YT NT NU BC AB
SK MB ON QC NB NS NF
May 2000
1, 3Goshawk, Queen CharlotteAccipiter gentilis laingi BCNov 2000
2, 3Gull, Ross'sRhodostethia rosea NT NU MBNov 2001
1, 5Murrelet, MarbledBrachyramphus marmoratus BCNov 2000
2, 5Pipit, Sprague'sAnthus spragueii AB SK MBMay 2000
1, 5Shrike, Prairie LoggerheadLanius ludovicianus excubitorides AB SK MBApr 1986
 Warbler, HoodedWilsonia citrina ONNov 2000
Reptiles (11)
2, 3Gartersnake, Butler'sThamnophis butleri ONNov 2001
 Rattlesnake, Eastern MassasaugaSistrurus catenatus catenatus ONApr 1991
1Ribbonsnake, NorthernThamnophis sauritusAtlantic populationNSMay 2002
2, 5Snake, Black RatElaphe obsoleta obsoleta ONMay 2000
2, 5Snake, Eastern FoxElaphe vulpina gloydi ONMay 2000
2, 3Snake, Eastern Hog-nosedHeterodon platirhinos ONNov 2001
1Snake, Great Basin GopherPituophis catenifer deserticola BCMay 2002
2, 5Snake, QueenRegina septemvittata ONMay 2000
1StinkpotSternotherus odoratus ON QCMay 2002
 Turtle, Blanding'sEmydoidea blandingiiNova Scotia populationNSApr 1993
1, 5Turtle, Eastern Spiny SoftshelApalone spinifera ON QCMay 2002
Amphibians (5)
2+, 3Salamander, Allegheny Mountain DuskyDesmognathus ochrophaeus QCNov 2001
1Salamander, JeffersonAmbystoma jeffersonianum ONNov 2000
1, 3Salamander, Pacific GiantDicamptodon tenebrosus BCNov 2000
2, 3Spadefoot, Great BasinSpea intermontana BCNov 2001
2+, 5Toad, Fowler'sBufo fowleri ONNov 2000
Fishes (20)
2+, 3Chubsucker, LakeErimyzon sucetta ONNov 2001
 Cisco, BlackfinCoregonus nigripinnis ONApr 1988
 Cisco, ShortjawCoregonus zenithicus NT AB SK MB ONApr 1987
 Cisco, ShortnoseCoregonus reighardi ONApr 1987
1, 5Darter, ChannelPercina copelandi ON QCMay 2002
2, 5Darter, Eastern SandAmmocrypta pellucida ON QCNov 2000
2, 3Gar, SpottedLepisosteus oculatus ONNov 2000
2, 3Lamprey, Cowichan LakeLampetra macrostoma BCNov 2000
2+, 3Minnow, Western SilveryHybognathus argyritis ABNov 2001
 Redhorse, BlackMoxostoma duquesnei ONApr 1988
 Redhorse, CopperMoxostoma hubbsi QCApr 1987
2, 3Sculpin, Cultus PygmyCottus sp. BCNov 2000
 Sculpin, DeepwaterMyoxocephalus thompsoniGreat Lakes populationsONApr 1987
1, 5Sculpin, ShortheadCottus confusus BCMay 2001
2, 3Shiner, RosyfaceNotropis rubellusManitoba populationMBNov 2001
2, 5Smelt, Lake Utopia DwarfOsmerus sp NBMay 2000
 Sticklebacks, Enos LakeGasterosteus spp BCApr 1988
 Whitefish, LakeCoregonus clupeaformisLake Simcoe populationONApr 1987
1Wolffish, NorthernAnarhichas denticulatus Arctic Ocean Atlantic
Ocean
May 2001
1Wolffish, SpottedAnarhichas minor Arctic Ocean Atlantic
Ocean
May 2001
Lepidopterans (2)
1Hairstreak, Behr's
(Columbia)
Satyrium behrii columbia BCNov 2000
1Skipper, DunEuphyes vestrisWestern populationBCNov 2000
Molluscs (1)
2, 5Abalone, NorthernHaliotis kamtschatkana Pacific coastal
waters
May 2000
Plants (37)
1, 5Aster, AnticostiSymphyotrichum anticostense QC NBMay 2000
1, 3Aster, Crooked-stemSymphyotrichum prenanthoides ONMay 2002
1, 3Aster, Western Silver leavedSymphyotrichum sericeum MB ONMay 2000
 Aster, White WoodEurybia divaricata ON QCApr 1995
2+, 5Aster, White-topSericocarpus rigidus BCMay 2000
1, 3Blazing Star, DenseLiatris spicata ONMay 2001
1, 5Blue-flag, WesternIris missouriensis ABMay 2000
2+, 5Braya, Fernald'sBraya fernaldii NFMay 2000
2, 3BuffalograssBuchloë dactyloides SK MBNov 2001
 Chestnut, AmericanCastanea dentata ONApr 1987
1, 5Coffee-tree, KentuckyGymnocladus dioicus ONNov 2000
1, 5ColicrootAletris farinosa ONNov 2000
1Corydalis, Scouler'sCorydalis scouleri BCMay 2001
1Daisy, LakesideHymenoxys herbacea ONMay 2002
1, 5DeerberryVaccinium stamineum ONNov 2000
2, 5Gentian, PlymouthSabatia kennedyana NSMay 2000
2, 5Golden CrestLophiola aurea NSMay 2000
1, 5GoldensealHydrastis canadensis ONMay 2000
2+, 5Greenbrier, Round-leavedSmilax rotundifoliaGreat Lakes Plains populationONMay 2001
1, 3Hyacinth, WildCamassia scilloides ONMay 2002
 Jacob's Ladder, van Brunt'sPolemonium van-bruntiae QCApr 1994
1Lily, Lyall's MariposaCalochortus lyallii BCMay 2001
 Lipocarpha, Small-floweredLipocarpha micrantha BC ON QCApr 1992
2, 5Mosquito-fern, MexicanAzolla mexicana BCMay 2000
1+, 4Mouse-ear-cress, SlenderHalimolobos virgata AB SKMay 2000
1, 3Orchid, PhantomCephalanthera austiniae BCMay 2000
2+, 5Prairie-clover, HairyDalea villosa var. villosa SK MBMay 2000
2, 5RedrootLachnanthes caroliana NSMay 2000
1, 3Rose, Climbing PrairieRosa setigera ONMay 2002
 Sand-verbena, Small floweredTripterocalyx micanthus AB SKApr 1992
1Sanicle, PurpleSanicula bipinnatifida BCMay 2001
1, 3Soapweed*Yucca glauca ABMay 2000
 Spiderwort, WesternTradescantia occidentalis AB MBApr 1992
1Spike-rush, TubercledEleocharis tuberculosa NSMay 2000
2, 5Violet, Yellow MontaneViola praemorsa ssp. praemorsa BCMay 2000
2, 5Water-pennywortHydrocotyle umbellata NSMay 2000
1, 5Water-willow, AmericanJusticia americana ON QCMay 2000
Mosses (1)
1Moss, Haller's AppleBartramia halleriana BC ABNov 2001
Lichens (0)

*Soapweed (Yucca glauca) and Yucca Moth (Tegeticula yuccasella) have an obligate mutualistic relationship. Yucca Moth was designated Endangered in May 2002.

 

Special Concern Category (147)
Taxon/
Assessment
Details
Common NameScientific
Name
Population NameRange of
Occurrence
Assessment
Date
Mammals (24)
 Bat, FringedMyotis thysanodes BCApr 1988
 Bat, Keen's Long-earedMyotis keenii BCApr 1988
 Bat, SpottedEuderma maculatum BCApr 1988
1, 5Bear, GrizzlyUrsus arctos YT NT NU BC ABMay 2002
5Bear, PolarUrsus maritimus YT NT NU MB ON QC
NF
Apr 1999
2, 5Beaver, MountainAplodontia rufa BCNov 2001
1, 3Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribouNorthern Mountain
population
YT NT BCMay 2002
 Cottontail, Nuttall'sSylvilagus nuttallii nuttalliiBritish Columbia populationBCApr 1994
 Kangaroo Rat, Ord'sDipodomys ordii AB SKApr 1995
2, 5Mole, EasternScalopus aquaticus ONNov 2000
 Mouse, Western HarvestReithrodontomys megalotis
megalotis
British Columbia populationBCApr 1994
2, 5Prairie Dog, Black-tailedCynomys ludovicianus SKNov 2000
 Seal, HarbourPhoca vitulina mellonaeLac des Loups MarinsQCApr 1996
 Shrew, GaspéSorex gaspensis QC NB NSApr 1988
 Squirrel, Southern FlyingGlaucomys volans ON QC NSApr 1988
2, 5Vole, WoodlandMicrotus pinetorum ON QCNov 2001
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucasEastern High Arctic / Baffin
Bay population
NU Arctic OceanApr 1992
 Whale, FinBalaenoptera physalus Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Apr 1987
 Whale, HumpbackMegaptera novaeangliaeWestern North Atlantic
population
Atlantic OceanApr 1985
2+Whale, KillerOrcinus orcaNortheast Pacific offshore
population
Pacific OceanNov 2001
 Whale, Northern BottlenoseHyperoodon ampullatusGully populationAtlantic OceanApr 1996
 Whale, Sowerby's BeakedMesoplodon bidens Atlantic OceanApr 1989
1, 0Wolf, EasternCanis lupus lycaon ON QCMay 2001
 WolverineGulo guloWestern populationYT NT NU BC AB SK MB ONApr 1989
Birds (22)
1, 5Chat, Eastern Yellow breastedIcteria virens virens ONNov 2000
 Curlew, Long-billedNumenius americanus BC AB SKApr 1992
1, 4Duck, HarlequinHistrionicus histrionicusEastern populationNU QC NB NS NFMay 2001
2, 5Falcon, Peale's PeregrineFalco peregrinus pealei BCNov 2001
4Falcon, Tundra PeregrineFalco peregrinus tundrius YT NT NU QC NFApr 1992
1Goldeneye, Barrow'sBucephala islandicaEastern populationQC NB NS PE NFNov 2000
2, 5Gull, IvoryPagophila eburnea YT NT NU NFNov 2001
4Hawk, FerruginousButeo regalis AB SK MBApr 1995
5Hawk, Red-shoulderedButeo lineatus ON QC NBApr 1996
 Heron, Pacific Great BlueArdea herodias fannini BCApr 1997
 Murrelet, AncientSynthliboramphus antiquus BCApr 1993
2, 5Owl, BarnTyto albaWestern populationBCNov 2001
2, 5Owl, FlammulatedOtus flammeolus BCNov 2001
 Owl, Short-earedAsio flammeus YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS
PE NF
Apr 1994
2, 5Rail, YellowCoturnicops noveboracensis NT BC AB SK MB ON
QC NB
Nov 2001
1Screech-owl kennicottii subspecies, WesternOtus kennicottii kennicottii BCMay 2002
1, 5Sparrow, "Ipswich" SavannahPasserculus sandwichensis
princeps
 NSMay 2000
 Thrush, Bicknell'sCatharus bicknelli QC NB NSApr 1999
 Warbler, CeruleanDendroica cerulea ON QCApr 1993
5Waterthrush, LouisianaSeiurus motacilla ON QCApr 1996
2, 5Woodpecker, Lewis'sMelanerpes lewis BCNov 2001
 Woodpecker, Red-headedMelanerpes erythrocephalus SK MB ON QCApr 1996
Reptiles (10)
 Lizard, Eastern Short-hornedPhrynosoma douglassii
brevirostre
 AB SKApr 1992
1Milksnake, EasternLampropeltis triangulum ON QCMay 2002
 Racer, Eastern Yellow-belliedColuber constrictor flaviventris SKApr 1991
1Ribbonsnake, NorthernThamnophis sauritusGreat Lakes populationONMay 2002
 Skink, Five-linedEumeces fasciatus ONApr 1998
 Skink, Northern PrairieEumeces septentrionalis septentrionalis MBApr 1989
1Skink, WesternEumeces skiltonianus BCMay 2002
1Turtle, Northern MapGraptemys geographica ON QCMay 2002
 Turtle, SpottedClemmys guttata ON QCApr 1991
 Turtle, WoodClemmys insculpta ON QC NB NSApr 1996
Amphibians (7)
1Frog, Coast TailedAscaphus truei BCMay 2000
 Frog, Northern LeopardRana pipiensPrairie populationNT AB SK MBApr 1998
2, 5Frog, Northern Red-leggedRana aurora BCMay 2002
2+, 5Salamander, Coeur d'AlènePlethodon idahoensis BCNov 2001
 Salamander, SmallmouthAmbystoma texanum ONApr 1991
2, 5Salamander, SpringGyrinophilus porphyriticus ON QCMay 2002
2, 5Toad, Great PlainsBufo cognatus AB SK MBMay 2002
Fishes (36)
 Buffalo, BigmouthIctiobus cyprinellus SK MB ONApr 1989
 Buffalo, BlackIctiobus niger ONApr 1989
1, 5Chub, SilverMacrhybopsis storeriana MB ONMay 2001
 Cisco, SpringCoregonus sp. QCApr 1992
 Cod, AtlanticGadus morhua Atlantic OceanApr 1998
 Dace, RedsideClinostomus elongatus ONApr 1987
 Dace, SpeckledRhinichthys osculus BCApr 1980
 Dace, UmatillaRhinichthys umatilla BCApr 1988
 Darter, GreensideEtheostoma blennioides ONApr 1990
 Killifish, BandedFundulus diaphanusNewfoundland populationNFApr 1989
 KiyiCoregonus kiyi ONApr 1988
 Lamprey, ChestnutIchthyomyzon castaneus SK MBApr 1991
 Lamprey, Northern BrookIchthyomyzon fossor MB ON QCApr 1991
0Madtom, NorthernNoturus stigmosus ONApr 1998
1, 5Minnow, PugnoseOpsopoeodus emiliae ONMay 2000
 Prickleback, PigheadAcantholumpenus mackayi Arctic OceanApr 1989
5Redhorse, RiverMoxostoma carinatum ON QCApr 1987
1Sculpin, Columbia MottledCottus bairdi hubbsi BCMay 2000
 Sculpin, FourhornMyoxocephalus quadricornisFreshwater formNT NUApr 1989
 Shiner, BigmouthNotropis dorsalis MBApr 1985
2+, 5Shiner, BridleNotropis bifrenatus ON QCNov 2001
 Shiner, PugnoseNotropis anogenus ONApr 1985
5Shiner, SilverNotropis photogenis ONApr 1987
 Stickleback, GiantGasterosteus sp. BCApr 1980
 Sticklebacks, Charlotte UnarmouredGasterosteus sp. BCApr 1983
 Sturgeon, GreenAcipenser medirostris BCApr 1987
 Sturgeon, ShortnoseAcipenser brevirostrum NBApr 1980
 Sturgeon, WhiteAcipenser transmontanus BCApr 1990
2+, 5Sucker, SpottedMinytrema melanops ONNov 2001
 Sunfish, OrangespottedLepomis humilis ONApr 1989
 Sunfish, RedbreastLepomis auritus NBApr 1989
1, 5Topminnow, BlackstripeFundulus notatus ONMay 2001
2+, 5WarmouthLepomis gulosus ONNov 2001
 Whitefish, SquangaCoregonus sp. YTApr 1987
1Wolffish, AtlanticAnarhichas lupus North Atlantic OceanNov 2000
 Wolffish, BeringAnarhichas orientalis Arctic OceanApr 1989
Lepidopterans (2)
2, 5MonarchDanaus plexippus BC AB SK MB ON
QC NB NS PE
Nov 2001
1Weidemeyer's AdmiralLimenitis weidemeyerii ABMay 2000
Molluscs (1)
1Oyster, OlympiaOstrea conchaphila BCNov 2000
Plants (41)
1, 4Ash, BlueFraxinus quadrangulata ONNov 2000
 Aster, BathurstSymphyotrichum subulatum NBApr 1992
 Aster, Gulf of St. LawrenceSymphyotrichum laurentianum QC NB PEApr 1989
 Aster, WillowSymphyotrichum praealtum ONApr 1999
 Bartonia, BranchedBartonia paniculata ssp. paniculata ONApr 1992
1Beggarticks, Vancouver
Island
Bidens amplissima BCNov 2001
 Bulrush, Long'sScirpus longii NSApr 1994
 Columbo, AmericanFrasera caroliniensis ONApr 1993
1Fern, American Hart's-tongueAsplenium scolopendrium var. americanum ONNov 2000
 Fern, Broad BeechPhegopteris hexagonoptera ON QCApr 1983
2, 5Fern, Coastal WoodDryopteris arguta BCNov 2001
 Fleabane, Provancher'sErigeron philadelphicus ssp.
provancheri
 QCApr 1992
 Gentian, Victorin'sGentianopsis victorinii QCApr 1987
1Goldenrod, Riddell'sSolidago riddellii MB ONNov 2000
 Goosefoot, SmoothChenopodium subglabrum AB SK MBApr 1992
 Green DragonArisaema dracontium ON QCApr 1984
 Hackberry, DwarfCeltis tenuifolia ONApr 1985
2, 5Hairgrass, MackenzieDeschampsia mackenzieana SKNov 2001
4Helleborine, GiantEpipactis gigantea BCApr 1998
2, 5Hop-tree, CommonPtelea trifoliata ON QCApr 1984
 Indian-plantain, TuberousArnoglossum plantagineum ONMay 2002
 Lilaeopsis, EasternLilaeopsis chinensis NSApr 1987
 Locoweed, Hare-footedOxytropis lagopus ABApr 1995
 Meadowfoam, Macoun'sLimnanthes macounii BCApr 1988
2, 5Milk-vetch, Fernald'sAstragalus robbinsii var. fernaldii QC NFNov 2001
5Oak, ShumardQuercus shumardii ONApr 1999
 Orchid, Eastern Prairie
Fringed
Platanthera leucophaea ONApr 1986
2+, 4Pepperbush, SweetClethra alnifolia NSMay 2001
 Pondweed, Hill'sPotamogeton hillii ONApr 1986
 Quillwort, Bolander'sIsoëtes bolanderi ABApr 1995
 Rose-mallow, SwampHibiscus moscheutos ONApr 1987
 Rue-anemone, FalseEnemion biternatum ONApr 1990
 Rush, New JerseyJuncus caesariensis NSApr 1992
1Tansy, FloccoseTanacetum huronense var.
floccosum
 SKMay 2000
2, 5Thrift, AthabascaArmeria maritima ssp. interior SKMay 2002
 Water-hemlock, Victorin'sCicuta maculata var. victorinii QCApr 1987
1Willow, Felt-leafSalix silicicola NU SKMay 2000
1Willow, Sand-dune
Short-capsuled
Salix brachycarpa var. psammophila SKMay 2000
1Willow, Turnor'sSalix turnorii SKMay 2000
1Woolly-heads, TallPsilocarphus elatior AB SKMay 2001
1Yarrow, Large-headed WoollyAchillea millefolium var.
megacephalum
Prairie populationSKMay 2000
Mosses (0)
Lichens (4)
 Cryptic PawNephroma occultum BCApr 1995
1Lichen, Boreal FeltErioderma pedicellatumBoreal populationNFMay 2002
 Oldgrowth SpecklebellyPseudocyphellaria rainierensis BCApr 1996
 Seaside BoneHypogymnia heterophylla BCApr 1996

Explanation of symbols

Re-assessments and new species

3 Species placed in a higher risk category (uplisted) after re-examination on the date shown.
4 Species placed in a lower risk category (downlisted) after re-examination on the date shown.
5 Species stays in the same risk category (no change) after re-examination on the date shown.
0 Species moved to the Not at Risk category from a risk category (de-listed) on the date shown.
6 Species moved to the Data Deficient Category from a risk category, or to a risk category from the Data Deficient Category (changed), on the date shown.
(no arrow) New species examined on the date shown.

Evaluation with COSEWIC’s new quantitative criteria

COSEWIC has recently begun using quantitative criteria to assess species’ risk of extinction.

These criteria were adapted from the criteria used by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and have been used by COSEWIC since October 1999.

1 or 1+ Species has been assessed with new quantitative criteria based on a new status report or an update status report. A plus sign (+) indicates the report has an addendum.
2 or 2+ Species re-assessed with new quantitative criteria using an existing status report. A plus sign (+) indicates the report has an addendum.

 

Return to Table of Contents

 

Species examined and designated in the NOT AT RISK category with geographical occurrence and date of last examination (by province / territory / ocean) (146 species).
Taxon/
Assessment
Details
Common NameScientific
Name
Population NameHistorical Range of OccurrenceExamination Date
Mammals (46)
1Badger taxus subspecies, AmericanTaxidae taxus taxus AB SK MBMay 2000
5Bear, American BlackUrsus americanus YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS NFApr 1999
1, 5Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribouNewfoundland populationNFMay 2002
5Cottontail, Nuttall'sSylvilagus nuttallii pinetisPrairie populationAB SKApr 1994
 Dolphin, Atlantic White-sidedLagenorhynchus acutus Atlantic OceanApr 1991
 Dolphin, BottlenoseTursiops truncatus Atlantic OceanApr 1993
 Dolphin, CommonDelphinus delphis Atlantic Ocean Pacific OceanApr 1991
 Dolphin, Northern Right WhaleLissodelphis borealis Pacific OceanApr 1990
 Dolphin, Pacific White-sidedLagenorhynchus obliquidens Pacific OceanApr 1990
 Dolphin, Risso'sGrampus griseus Atlantic Ocean Pacific OceanApr 1990
 Dolphin, StripedStenella coeruleoalba Atlantic Ocean Pacific OceanApr 1993
 Dolphin, White-beakedLagenorhynchus albirostris North Atlantic OceanApr 1998
6Gopher, Plains PocketGeomys bursarius MBApr 1998
1, 5Lynx, CanadaLynx canadensis YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS NFMay 2001
5NarwhalMonodon monceros Arctic OceanApr 1987
 Porpoise, Dall'sPhocoenoides dalli Pacific OceanApr 1989
 Sea Lion, CaliforniaZalophus californianus Pacific coastal watersApr 1987
 Sea Lion, StellerEumetopias jubatus Pacific coastal watersApr 1987
 Seal, BeardedErignathus barbatus Arctic and Atlantic coastal watersApr 1994
 Seal, GreyHalichoerus grypus Atlantic coastal watersApr 1999
 Seal, HarbourPhoca vitulina richardsi Pacific coastal watersApr 1999
 Seal, HoodedCystophora cristata Atlantic coastal watersApr 1986
 Seal, Northern ElephantMirounga angustirostris Pacific coastal watersApr 1986
 Seal, Northern FurCallorhinus ursinus Pacific coastal watersApr 1996
 Seal, RingedPhoca hispida Arctic and Atlantic coastal watersApr 1989
 Squirrel, Cascade Mantled  GroundSpermophilus saturatus BCApr 1992
 Squirrel, FoxSciurus niger MB ONApr 1979
 Walrus, AtlanticOdobenus rosmarus rosmarus Arctic OceanApr 1987
6Weasel, Long-tailedMustela frenata longicauda AB SK MBApr 1993
 Whale, Baird's BeakedBerardius bairdii Pacific OceanApr 1992
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucas Arctic Ocean populationApr 1993
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucas Arctic OceanApr 1985
 Whale, Blainville's BeakedMesoplodon densirostris Atlantic OceanApr 1989
 Whale, Cuvier's BeakedZiphius cavirostris Atlantic Ocean Pacific OceanApr 1990
 Whale, False KillerPseudorca crassidens Pacific OceanApr 1990
 Whale, GreyEschrichtius robustusNortheast Pacific
population
Pacific OceanApr 1987
 Whale, Hubb's BeakedMesoplodon carlhubbsi Pacific OceanApr 1989
 Whale, Long-finned PilotGlobicephala melas Atlantic OceanApr 1994
 Whale, Northern BottlenoseHyperoodon ampullatus Atlantic OceanApr 1993
 Whale, Pygmy SpermKogia breviceps Atlantic Ocean Pacific OceanApr 1994
 Whale, Short-finned PilotGlobicephala macrorhynchus Pacific OceanApr 1993
 Whale, SpermPhyseter macrocephalus Atlantic Ocean Pacific OceanApr 1996
 Whale, Stejneger's BeakedMesoplodon stejneri Pacific OceanApr 1989
 Whale, True's BeakedMesoplodon mirus Atlantic OceanApr 1989
 Wolf, Northern GreyCanis lupus occidentalis YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON
QC NF
Apr 1999
 Wolf, Southern GreyCanis lupus nubilus BCApr 1999
Birds (35)
6Bluebird, EasternSialia sialis AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PEApr 1996
1, 5Chat, Western Yellow-breastedIcteria virens auricollisPrairie populationAB SKNov 2000
 Coot, AmericanFulica americana YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ONApr 1991
 Cormorant, Double-crestedPhalocrocorax auritus YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NFApr 1978
 Crane, Greater SandhillGrus canadensis tabida BC MB ONApr 1979
 Eagle, BaldHaliaeetus leucocephalus YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NFApr 1984
5Eagle, GoldenAquila chrysaetos YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON
QC NF
Apr 1996
5Falcon, PrairieFalco mexicanus BC AB SKApr 1996
 Flycatcher, GreyEmpidonax wrightii BCApr 1992
 Goshawk, NorthernAccipiter gentilis atricapillus YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NFApr 1995
 Grebe, Red-neckedPodiceps grisegena YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NS NFApr 1982
5GyrfalconFalco rusticolus YT NT NU BC AB SK ON QC NS PE NFApr 1987
 Harrier, NorthernCircus cyaneus YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NFApr 1993
6Hawk, Cooper'sAccipiter cooperii BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NSApr 1996
 Hawk, Red-tailedButeo jamaicensis YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NFApr 1995
 Hawk, Rough-leggedButeo lagopus YT NT NU BC MB ON QC NFApr 1995
5Hawk, Sharp-shinnedAccipiter striatus YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NFApr 1997
 Loon, CommonGavia immer YT NT NU BC AB SKApr 1997
 Loon, Yellow-billedGavia adamsii YT NT NU BC AB MB QCApr 1997
 MerlinFalco columbarius YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NFApr 1985
 Owl, BorealAegolius funereus YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NFApr 1995
6Owl, Great Grey  YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QCApr 1996
 Owl, Northern HawkSurnia ulula YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NFApr 1992
 Owl, SnowyNyctea scandiaca YT NT NU MB QC NFApr 1995
6Pelican, American WhitePelecanus erythrorhynchos BC AB SK MB ONApr 1987
 Screech-Owl, EasternOtus asio SK MB ON QC NBApr 1986
6Sparrow, Baird'sAmmodramus bairdii AB SK MBApr 1996
 Sparrow, Nelson's Sharp-tailedAmmodramus nelsoni BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS
PE
Apr 1998
6Swan, TrumpeterCygnus buccinator YT NT BC AB SK ONApr 1996
5Tern, BlackChlidonias niger NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NB
NS
Apr 1996
6Tern, CaspianSterna caspia NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NFApr 1999
 Tern, CommonSterna hirundo NT AB SK MB ON QC NB NS
PE NF
Apr 1998
6Warbler, PrairieDendroica discolor  Apr 1999
 Wren, CanyonCatherpes mexicanus BCApr 1992
 Wren, SedgeCistothorus platensis AB SK MB ON QC NBApr 1993
Reptiles (4)
1Brownsnake, DeKay'sStoreria dekayi ON QCMay 2002
1Lizard, Northwestern AlligatorElgaria coerulea principis BCMay 2002
 Racer, Western Yellow-belliedColuber constrictor mormon BCApr 1991
1Watersnake, CommonNerodia sipedon sipedon ON QCMay 2002
Amphibians (12)
 EnsatinaEnsatina eschscholtzii BCApr 1999
1Frog, Columbia SpottedRana luteiventris YT BC ABMay 2000
 Frog, Northern LeopardRana pipiensEastern populationON QC NB NS NFApr 1999
 Frog, PickerelRana palustris ON QC NB NSApr 1999
1Frog, Western ChorusPseudacris triseriata ON QCMay 2001
1MudpuppyNecturus maculosus MB ON QCMay 2000
 Salamander, Four-toedHemidactylium scutatum ON QC NB NSApr 1999
 Salamander, Northern DuskyDesmognathus fuscus ON QC NBApr 1999
 Salamander, NorthwesternAmbystoma gracile BCApr 1999
1Salamander, TigerAmbystoma tigrinumPrairie / Boreal
population
AB SK MBNov 2001
1Salamander, Western Red-backedPlethodon vehiculum BCNov 2001
 Treefrog, Cope's GreyHyla chrysoscelis MBApr 1999
Fishes (32)
 BloaterCoregonus hoyi ONApr 1988
 Chub, HornyheadNocomis biguttatus MB ONApr 1988
 Chub, RiverNocomis micropogon ONApr 1988
 Dace, LeopardRhinichthys falcatus BCApr 1990
 Darter, LeastEtheostoma microperca ONApr 1989
 Darter, RiverPercina shumardi MB ONApr 1989
 Darter, TessellatedEtheostoma olmstedi ON QCApr 1993
 Herring, BluebackAlosa aestivalis NB NSApr 1980
 Killifish, BandedFundulus diaphanusMainland populationMB ON QC NB NS PE NFApr 1989
1, 6Madtom, BrindledNoturus miurus ONMay 2001
 Minnow, BluntnosePimephales notatus MB ON QCApr 1998
 Minnow, CutlipsExoglossum maxillingua ON QCApr 1994
 Minnow, Eastern SilveryHybognathus regius ON QCApr 1997
 Pickerel, ChainEsox niger QC NB NSApr 1997
 Pickerel, RedfinEsox americanus americanus QCApr 1998
 Redhorse, GoldenMoxostoma erythrurum MB ONApr 1989
1, 6Sardine, PacificSardinops sagax Pacific OceanMay 2002
 Sculpin, FourhornMyoxocephalus quadricornisSalt water formArctic Ocean Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Apr 1989
 Sculpin, SpoonheadCottus ricei YT NT BC AB SK MB ON QC 
 Shiner, BlackchinNotropis heterodon MB ON QC 
 Shiner, GhostNotropis buchanani ON 
 Shiner, RedfinLythrurus umbratilis ON 
 Shiner, RosyfaceNotropis rubellusEastern populationON QC 
 Shiner, StripedLuxilus chrysocephalus ON 
 Shiner, WeedNotropis texanus MB 
 Silverside, BrookLabidesthes sicculus ON QC 
6Stoneroller, CentralCampostoma anomalum ON 
 Sturgeon, LakeAcipenser fulvescens AB SK MB ON QC 
 Sucker, MountainCatostomus platyrhynchus BC AB SK 
 Sunfish, GreenLepomis cyanellus ON 
 Sunfish, LongearLepomis megalotis ON QC 
 Y-PricklebackAllolumpenus hypochromus BC 
Lepidopterans (0)
Molluscs (1)
1Capshell, Rocky MountainAcroloxus coloradensisWestern populationBC ABNov 2001
Plants (16)
 Aster, Short'sSymphyotrichum shortii ONApr 1999
 Aster, YukonSymphyotrichum yukonense YT NTApr 1996
 Brickellia, Large-floweredBrickellia grandiflora BC ABApr 1996
 FameflowerTalinum sediforme BCApr 1990
 Fleabane, DwarfErigeron radicatus AB SKApr 1996
 Goldenweed, Northern MockStenotus borealis YTApr 1997
 Mermaid, FalseFloerkea proserpinacoides ON QC NSApr 1984
 Phlox, BluePhlox alyssifolia AB SKApr 1996
 Pink, RushStephanomeria runcinata AB SKApr 1996
 Rhododendron, PacificRhododendron macrophyllum BCApr 1997
 Sagebrush, Wood'sArtemisia rupestris ssp. woodii YTApr 1997
 Sedge, NebraskaCarex nebrascensis ABApr 1995
 Stitchwort, SandStellaria arenicola AB SKApr 1992
 Wallflower, Narrow-leavedErysimum angustatum YTApr 1993
6Willow, Tyrrell'sSalix tyrrellii NT SKApr 1999
 Wooly-heads, SlenderPsilocarphus tenellus var.
tenellus
 BCApr 1996
Mosses (0)
Lichens (0)

 

 

 

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Species examined and designated in the DATA DEFICIENT category because of insufficient scientific information, with geographical occurrence and date of last examination (by province / territory / ocean) (25 species).
Taxon/
Assessment
Details
Common NameScientific
Name
Population NameRange of
Occurrence
Examination Date
Mammals (8)
0CougarPuma concolor couguarEastern populationON QC NB NSApr 1998
 Mouse, Western Harvest

Reithrodontomys megalotis

dychei

Prairie populationABApr 1994
 Porpoise, HarbourPhocoena phocoenaPacific Ocean populationPacific OceanApr 1991
 Seal, HarbourPhoca vitulina concolor Atlantic and Arctic coastal watersApr 1999
 Vole, SagebrushLemmiscus curtatus AB SKApr 1996
 Whale, Dwarf SpermKogia simus Pacific OceanApr 1997
2+, 5Whale, KillerOrcinus orca

Northwest Atlantic /

Eastern Arctic

populations

Arctic Ocean Atlantic OceanNov 2001
 Wolf, Arctic GreyCanis lupus arctos NT NUApr 1999
Birds (2)
 Poorwill, CommonPhalaenoptilus nuttallii BC AB SKApr 1993
 Tern, Forster'sSterna forsteri BC AB SK MB ONApr 1996
Reptiles (2)
1BullsnakePituophis catenifer sayi AB SKMay 2002
1Turtle, Eastern BoxTerrapene carolina carolina ONMay 2002
Amphibians (0)
Fishes (7)
 Catfish, FlatheadPylodictis olivaris ONApr 1993
 ChiselmouthAcrocheilus alutaceus BCApr 1997
 Cisco, BeringCoregonus laurettae YTApr 1990
 Lamprey, DarktailLethenteron alaskense NTApr 1990
2, 0Madtom, MarginedNoturus insignis ON QCMay 2002
 Sculpin, SpinynoseAsemichthys taylori Pacific coastApr 1997
2, 5Whitefish, LakeCoregonus clupeaformis NSNov 2000
Lepidopterans (0)
Molluscs (2)
1Capshell, Rocky MountainAcroloxus coloradensisEastern populationON QCNov 2001
 Snail, Gatineau TadpolePhysella parkeri latchfordi QCApr 1997
Plants (4)
 Barley, LittleHordeum pusillum ABApr 1993
 Goldenweed, Rabbit-brushEricameria bloomeri BCApr 1997
 Pinweed, Impoverished

Lechea intermedia var.

depauperata

 SKApr 1997
 Whitlow-grass, KananaskisDraba kananaskis ABApr 1992
Mosses (0)
Lichens (0)

Return to Table of Contents

"Ipswich" Savannah Sparrow

Designated Special Concern in April 1979. Status re-examined and confirmed Special Concern in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Acadian Flycatcher

Designated Endangered in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Allegheny MountainDusky Salamander

Designated Special Concern in April 1998. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

American Badger

Designated Not at Risk in April 1979. Original Canada-wide listing de-activated in May 2000 when the American Badger was split according to subspecies.

American Black Bear

Designated Not at Risk in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999. Last assessment based on an update status report.

American Ginseng

Designated Threatened in April 1988. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

American Marten (Newfoundland population)

Designated Not at Risk in April 1979. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in April 1986. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

American Water-willow

Designated Threatened in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

American White Pelican

Designated Threatened in April 1978. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1987. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Anatum Peregrine Falcon

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined and downlisted to Threatened in April 1999. Status re-assessed and confirmed Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Anticosti Aster

Designated Threatened in April 1990. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Athabasca Thrift

Designated Threatened in April 1981. Status re-examined and downlisted to Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Atlantic Walrus (Northwest Atlantic population)

Extirpated around 1850. Designated Extirpated in April 1987. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Atlantic Whitefish

Designated Endangered in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Aurora Trout

Designated Endangered in April 1987. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Baird's Sparrow

Designated Threatened in April 1989. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1996. Last assessment based on an update status report.

BanffLongnose Dace

Extinct since 1986. Designated Extinct in April 1987. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Banff Springs Snail

Designated Threatened in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Barn Owl

Canadian range was considered as a whole when the Barn Owl was designated as Special Concern in April 1984. In April 1999, COSEWIC assessed the Western and Eastern populations of this species separately. The original listing for the Canadian range of the Barn Owl was de-activated.

Barn Owl (Eastern population)

Canadian range was considered as a whole when the Barn Owl was designated as Special Concern in April 1984. In April 1999, COSEWIC assessed the Western and Eastern populations of this species separately. The Eastern population was designated Endangered. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Barn Owl (Western population)

Canadian range was considered as a whole when the Barn Owl was designated as Special Concern in April 1984. In April 1999, the Western and Eastern populations of this species were assessed separately. The Western population was designated Special Concern. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Bashful Bulrush

Designated Special Concern in April 1986. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Bearded Owl-clover

Designated Endangered in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Beluga Whale (St. Lawrence River population)

Designated Endangered in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1997. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Benthic Hadley Lake Stickleback

Extinct in 1999. Designated Extinct in April 1999. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Benthic Paxton Lake Stickleback

Designated Threatened in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Benthic Vananda Creek Stickleback

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Bird's-foot Violet .

Designated Threatened in April 1990. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Black Rat Snake

Designated Threatened in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Black Tern

Designated Not at Risk in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1996. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Black-footed Ferret

Extirpated by 1974. Designated Extirpated in April 1978. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Black-tailed Prairie Dog

Designated Special Concern in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed Special Concern in April 1988, April 1999 and in November 2000. Last

assessment based on an existing status report.

Blackstripe Topminnow

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Blue Ash

Designated Threatened in April 1983. Status re-examined and downlisted to Special Concern in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Blue Racer

Designated Endangered in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Blue Walleye

Extinct since 1965. Designated Extinct in April 1985. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Blue Whale

Canadian range was designated Special Concern in April 1983. Original listing for Blue Whale was de-activated in May 2002 when the listing was split into two populations: Blue Whale (Atlantic population) and Blue Whale (Pacific population). The Atlantic and the Pacific populations were both designated Endangered in May 2002.

Bluehearts

Designated Threatened in April 1985. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Blunt-lobed Woodsia

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Bowhead Whale (Eastern and Western Arctic Populations)

Designated Endangered in April 1980. Split into two populations (Eastern Arctic and Western Arctic) to allow a separate designation for the Western Arctic population in April 1986. Original listing was de-activated.

Bridle Shiner

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Brindled Madtom

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Buffalograss

Designated Special Concern in April 1998. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Burrowing Owl

Designated Threatened in April 1979. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1991. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1995. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Butler's Gartersnake

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

CanadaLynx

Designated Not at Risk in April 1989. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Caspian Tern

Designated Special Concern in April 1978. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1999. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Central Stoneroller

Designated Special Concern in 1985. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in 1998. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Channel Darter

Designated Threatened in April 1993. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Climbing Prairie Rose

Designated Special Concern in April 1986. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Coastal Wood Fern

Designated Special Concern in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Coeur d'Alène Salamander

Designated Special Concern in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Colicroot

Designated Threatened in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Cooper's Hawk

Designated Special Concern in April 1983. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1996. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Cougar (Eastern population)

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined in April 1998 and designated Data Deficient. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Cowichan LakeLamprey

Designated Special Concern in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1998. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Crooked-stem Aster

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Cucumber Tree

Designated Endangered in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Cultus Pygmy Sculpin

Designated Special Concern in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Deepwater Cisco

Extinct since 1952. Designated Extinct in April 1988. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Deerberry

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Deltoid Balsamroot

Designated in April 1996 as Endangered. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Dense Blazing Star

Designated Special Concern in April 1988. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Drooping Trillium

Designated Endangered in April 1996. Status re-assessed and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Dwarf Wedgemussel

Extirpated by 1968. Designated Extirpated in April 1999. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Eastern Bluebird

Designated Special Concern in April 1984. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1996. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Eastern Fox Snake

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Eastern Hog-nosed Snake

Designated Special Concern in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status

report.

Eastern Loggerhead Shrike

Entire Canadian range designated as Threatened in April 1986. Split according to subspecies in April 1991. The migrans subspecies was uplisted to Endangered in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Eastern Mole

Designated Special Concern in April 1980. Status re-examined and confirmed Special Concern in April 1998 and in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Eastern Mountain Avens

Designated Endangered in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1999 and May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Eastern Prickly Pear Cactus

Designated Endangered in April 1985. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Eastern Sand Darter

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Eastern Spiny Softshell Turtle

Designated Threatened in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Eastern Wolf

Designated Data Deficient in April 1999. Status re-examined in May 2001 and designated Special Concern. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Eastern Yellow-breasted Chat

Designated Special Concern in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Eelgrass Limpet

Extinct since 1929. Designated Extinct in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Engelmann's Quillwort

Designated Endangered in April 1992. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Ermine haidarum subspecies

Designated Special Concern in April 1984. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Eskimo Curlew

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

False Hop Sedge

Designated Threatened in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Fernald's Braya

Designated Threatened in April 1997. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Fernald's Milk-vetch

Designated Special Concern in April 1997. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Ferruginous Hawk

Designated Threatened in April 1980. Status re-examined and downlisted to Special Concern in April 1995. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Flammulated Owl

Designated Special Concern in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed Special Concern in April 1999 and in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Fowler's Toad

Designated Special Concern in April 1986. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Frosted Elfin

Extirpated by 1988. Designated Extirpated in April 1999. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Furbish's Lousewort

Designated Endangered in April 1980. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Gattinger's Agalinis

Designated Endangered in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Giant Helleborine

Designated Threatened in April 1984. Status re-examined and downlisted to Special Concern in April 1998. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Golden Crest

Designated Threatened in April 1987. Status re-examined and confirmed Threatened in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Golden Eagle

Designated Not at Risk in April 1987. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1996. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Golden Paintbrush

Designated Threatened in April 1995. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Goldenseal

Designated Threatened in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Gravel Chub

Last recorded in Thames River drainage, ON in 1958. Designated Endangered in April 1985. Status re-examined and uplisted to Extirpated in April 1987. Extirpated status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Great Auk

Believed to be Extinct since 1844. Designated in April 1985 based on historic records only. Status report prepared and approved by COSEWIC in 1994. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Great Basin Spadefoot

Designated Special Concern in April 1998. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Great Grey Owl

Designated Special Concern in April 1979. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1990. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1996. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Great Plains Toad

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed Special Concern in May 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Greater Prairie-Chicken

Last reported in 1987. Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined and uplisted to Extirpated in April 1990. Status re-confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Grey Fox

Designated Special Concern in April 1979. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Grey Whale (Atlantic population)

Extirpated before the end of the 1800's. Designated Extirpated in April 1987. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Grizzly Bear

Canadian range considered as one population and designated Not at Risk in April 1979. Split into two populations in April 1991 (Prairie population and [non-prairie population]). Original listing for "Grizzly Bear" across Canada de-activated.

Grizzly Bear

Canadian range considered as one population and designated Not at Risk in April 1979. Split into two populations in April 1991 (Prairie population and [non-prairie population]). [Non-prairie population] designated Special Concern in April 1991. The status was re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Grizzly Bear (Prairie population)

Canadian range considered as one population and designated Not at Risk in April 1979. Split into two populations in April 1991 (Prairie population and [non-prairie population]). Prairie population designated Extirpated in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000 and in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Gyrfalcon

Designated Not at Risk in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1987. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Hairy Prairie-clover

Designated Threatened in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Harbour Porpoise (Northwest Atlantic population)

Designated Threatened in April 1990. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1991. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Harlequin Duck (Eastern population)

The Eastern population was designated Endangered in April 1990. Status re-examined and downlisted to Special Concern in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Heart-leaved Plantain

Designated Endangered in April 1985. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Henslow's Sparrow

Designated Threatened in April 1984. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1993. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Hoary Mountain-mint

Designated Endangered in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Hooded Warbler

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Hotwater Physa

Designated Endangered in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Humpback Whale (Western North Atlantic and North Pacific populations)

The "Western North Atlantic and North Pacific populations" were given a single designation of Threatened in April 1982. Split into two populations in April 1985 (Western North Atlantic population and North Pacific population). Original listing was de-activated.

IllinoisTick-trefoil

No site records since 1888. Designated Extirpated in April 1991. Extirpated status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Island Marble

Extirpated by 1910. Designated Extirpated in April 1999. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Ivory Gull

Designated Special Concern in April 1979. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1996 and in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Juniper Sedge

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Karner Blue

Has not been observed since 1991. Designated Extirpated in April 1997. Extirpated status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

KentuckyCoffee-tree

Designated Threatened in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Killer Whale (North Pacific "resident" populations)

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Original listing for Killer Whale (North Pacific "resident" populations) was de-activated in November 2001 when the listing was split into two populations: Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific northern resident population) and Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific southern resident population).

Killer Whale (Northeast Pacific transient population)

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Killer Whale (Northwest Atlantic / Eastern Arctic populations)

Designated Data Deficient in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

King Rail

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Kirtland's Warbler

Designated Endangered in April 1979. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Labrador Duck

Believed to be Extinct since 1875. Designated in April 1985 based on historic records only. Status report prepared and approved by COSEWIC in 1994. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Lake Chubsucker

Designated Special Concern in April 1994. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Lake UtopiaDwarf Smelt

Designated Threatened in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Lake Whitefish (Mira River population)

Designated Data Deficient in April 1999 and in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Large Whorled Pogonia

Designated Endangered in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Least Bittern

Designated Special Concern in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Leatherback Turtle

Designated Endangered in April 1981. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Lewis's Woodpecker

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Limnetic Hadley Lake Stickleback

Extinct in 1999. Designated Extinct in April 1999. Status confirmed in May 2000 Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Limnetic Paxton Lake Stickleback

Designated Threatened in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Limnetic Vananda Creek Stickleback

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Loggerhead Shrike

Entire Canadian range was designated as Threatened in April 1986. The excubitorides and the migrans subspecies were designated separately in April 1991, and the original listing was de-activated.

Long's Braya

Designated Endangered in April 1997. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Long-tailed Weasel (Prairie population)

Designated Threatened in April 1982. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1993. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Longjaw Cisco

Extinct since 1975. Designated Extinct in April 1985. Status confirmed in May 2000. Listing was de-activated in May 2002 because it was concluded that this species is a synonym of the Shortjaw Cisco, Coregonus zenithicus, which was designated as Threatened in 1987.

LouisianaWaterthrush

Designated Special Concern in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1996. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Mackenzie Hairgrass

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Marbled Murrelet

Designated Threatened in April 1990. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Margined Madtom

Designated Threatened in April 1989. Status re-examined in May 2002 and placed in the Data Deficient category. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Maritime Ringlet

Designated Endangered in April 1997. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Mexican Mosquito-fern

Designated Threatened in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Monarch

Designated Special Concern in April 1997. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Morrison Creek Lamprey

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Mountain Beaver

Designated Not at Risk in April 1984. Status re-examined and uplisted to Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed as Special Concern in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Mountain Plover

Designated Endangered in April 1987. Status re-examined and confirmed November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Narwhal

Designated Not at Risk in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1987. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Nodding Pogonia

Designated Threatened in April 1988. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Nooksack Dace

Designated Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Northern Abalone

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Northern Cricket Frog

Designated Endangered in April 1990. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Northern Leopard Frog (Southern Mountain population)

Designated Endangered in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Northern Madtom

Examined in April 1993 and placed in the Data Deficient category. Re-examined in April 1998 and designated Special Concern. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Northern Red-legged Frog

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Northern Riffleshell

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Northern Spotted Owl

Designated Endangered in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Nuttall's Cottontail (Prairie population)

Designated Not at Risk in 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1994. Last assessment based on an update status report.

OregonSpotted Frog

Designated Endangered in an emergency listing in November 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on a new status report.

Pacific Giant Salamander

Designated Special Concern in April 1989. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Pacific Sardine

Designated Special Concern in April 1987. Status re-examined and de-listed (designated Not at Risk) in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Pacific Water Shrew

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Paddlefish

Disappeared from Canada in approximately 1917. Designated Extirpated in April 1987. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Pallid Bat

Designated Special Concern in April 1988. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Passenger Pigeon

Believed to be Extinct since 1914. Designated in April 1985 based on historic records only. Status report prepared and approved by COSEWIC in 1994. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Peale's Peregrine Falcon

Designated Special Concern in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Peary Caribou

The Canadian range of the Peary Caribou was considered as a whole in April 1979 and designated Threatened. In April 1991, the population was split to allow designation of three separate populations (Banks Island, High Arctic and Low Arctic populations). The original listing was de-activated.

Phantom Orchid

Designated Special Concern in April 1992. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Pink Coreopsis

Designated Endangered in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Pink Milkwort

Designated Endangered in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Piping Plover

Entire Canadian population designated Threatened in April 1978. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1985. In May 2001, the species was re-examined and split into two groups according to subspecies. The melodus subspecies and circumcinctus subspecies were each designated Endangered in May 2001. The original listing for the entire Canadian population was de-activated.

Pitcher's Thistle

Designated Threatened in April 1988. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Pixie Poacher

Designated Data Deficient in April 1991. Status re-examined and de-activated in November 2001.

Plains Pocket Gopher

Designated Special Concern in April 1979. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1998. Last assessment based on an update status report.

PlymouthGentian

Designated Threatened in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Polar Bear

Designated Not at Risk in April 1986. Status re-examined and uplisted to Special Concern in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed as Special Concern in April 1999. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Prairie Falcon

Designated Not at Risk in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1982 and in April 1996. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Prairie Lupine

Designated Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Prairie Warbler

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1999. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Prothonotary Warbler

Designated Special Concern in April 1984. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Pugnose Minnow

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Purple Twayblade

Designated Threatened in April 1989. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed as Endangered in May 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Pygmy Short-horned Lizard (British Columbia population)

Last reported in 1898. Designated Extirpated in April 1992. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Queen Charlotte Goshawk

Designated Special Concern in April 1995. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Queen Snake

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Rayed Bean

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Red Mulberry

Designated Threatened in April 1987. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Red-shouldered Hawk

Designated Special Concern in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1996. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Redroot

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Right Whale

Designated Endangered in 1980. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1985 and in April 1990. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Rigid Apple Moss

Designated Threatened in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

River Redhorse

Designated Special Concern in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1987. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Roseate Tern

Designated Threatened in April 1986. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1999. Endangered status re-examined and confirmed in October 1999. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Ross's Gull

Designated Special Concern in April 1981. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1996. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Rosyface Shiner (Manitoba population)

Designated Special Concern in April 1994. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Round-leaved Greenbrier (Great Lakes Plains population)

Designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Sage Grouse (British Columbia population)

Has not been reported since the 1960's. Designated Extirpated in April 1997. Extirpated status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Sage Grouse (Prairie population)

Given conditional designation of Threatened in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in April 1998 based on a revised status report. Status re-examined confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Sage Thrasher

Designated Endangered in April 1992. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Scarlet Ammannia

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Sea Mink

Believed Extinct since 1894. Designated Extinct in April 1986. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Sea Otter

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1986. Status re-examined and downlisted to Threatened in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

SeasideBirds-foot Lotus

Designated Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

SeasideCentipede

Designated Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Sharp-shinned Hawk

Designated Not at Risk in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1997. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Sharp-tailed Snake

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in October 1999. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Shorthead Sculpin

Designated Threatened in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed Threatened in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Showy Goldenrod

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Shumard Oak

Designated Special Concern in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Silver Chub

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Silver Shiner

Designated Special Concern in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1987. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Skinner's Agalinis

Designated Endangered in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Slender Bush-clover

Designated Endangered in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Slender Mouse-ear-cress

Designated Endangered in April 1992. Status re-examined and downlisted to Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report with an addendum.

Small White Lady's-slipper

Designated Endangered in April 1981. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Small Whorled Pogonia

Designated Endangered in April 1982. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Soapweed

Designated Special Concern in April 1985. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Southern Maidenhair Fern

Designated Endangered in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Spotted Gar

Designated Special Concern in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed Special Concern in April 1994. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Spotted Sucker

Designated Special Concern in April 1983. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1994 and in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Spotted Wintergreen

Designated Endangered in April 1987. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1998 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report

Sprague's Pipit

Designated Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Spring blue-eyed Mary

No site records since 1954. Designated Extirpated in April 1987. Extirpated status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Spring Salamander

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Sweet Pepperbush

Designated Threatened in April 1986. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1998. Status re-examined and downlisted to Special Concern in May 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Swift Fox

Last seen in Saskatchewan in 1928. Designated Extirpated in April 1978. Status re-examined and downlisted to Endangered in April 1998 after successful re-introductions. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Thread-leaved Sundew

Designated Endangered in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Tiny Cryptanthe

Designated Endangered in April 1998. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Toothcup

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Trumpeter Swan

Designated Special Concern in April 1978. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1996. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Tuberous Indian-plantain

Designated Special Concern in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed in April 1999 and in May 2002. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Tundra Peregrine Falcon

Designated Threatened in April 1978. Status re-examined and downlisted to Special Concern in April 1992. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Tyrrell's Willow

Designated Threatened in April 1981. Status re-examined and de-listed (Not at Risk) in April 1999. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Vancouver IslandMarmot

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed Endangered in April 1997 and in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Virginia Goat's-rue

Designated Threatened in April 1996. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Warmouth

Designated Special Concern in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Water-pennywort

Designated Endangered in April 1985. Status re-examined and downlisted to Threatened in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Water-plantain Buttercup

Designated Endangered in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Wavy-rayed Lampmussel

Designated Endangered in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in October 1999. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Western Blue-flag

Designated Threatened in April 1990. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Western Prairie Fringed Orchid

Designated Endangered in April 1993. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Western Screech-Owl

Entire western range was placed in the Data Deficient category in April 1995. In May 2002, the species was re-examined and split into two groups according to subspecies. The kennicottii subspecies was designated Special Concern and the macfarlanei subspecies was designated Threatened in May 2002. The original listing was de-activated.

Western Silver-leaved Aster

Designated Special Concern in 1988. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Western Silvery Minnow

Designated Special Concern in April 1997. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Western Yellow-breasted Chat (British Columbia population)

The British Columbia population of the auricollis subspecies was designated Threatened in April 1994. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Western Yellow-breasted Chat (Prairie population)

The Prairie population of the auricollis subspecies was designated Not at Risk in April 1994. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

White Prairie Gentian

Designated Endangered in April 1991. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2001. Last assessment based on an update status report.

White-headed Woodpecker

Designated Threatened in April 1992. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

White-top Aster

Designated Threatened in April 1996. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Whooping Crane

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Wild Hyacinth

Designated Special Concern in April 1990. Re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Wolverine

Canadian range considered as one population in April 1982 and designated Special Concern. Split into two populations in April 1989 (Western and Eastern populations). Original listing was de-activated.

Wood Bison

Designated Endangered in April 1978. Status re-examined and downlisted to Threatened in April 1988. Status re-examined and confirmed Threatened in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Wood-poppy

Designated Endangered in April 1993. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report with an addendum.

Woodland Caribou (Atlantic-Gaspésie population)

Atlantic-Gaspésie population designated as Threatened in April 1984. Status re-examined and uplisted to Endangered in May 2000. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Woodland Caribou (Boreal population)

Boreal population designated Threatened in May 2000. This newly defined population is comprised of a portion of the de-activated "Western population" and all of the de-activated "Labrador-Ungava population." Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Woodland Caribou (Labrador-Ungava population)

Labrador-Ungava population designated Not at Risk in April 1984. Labrador-Ungava population de-activated in May 2000. Former Labrador-Ungava population is contained within the Boreal population.

Woodland Caribou (Newfoundland population)

Newfoundland population designated Not at Risk in April 1984. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000 and in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Woodland Caribou (Northern Mountain population)

Northern Mountain population designated Not at Risk in May 2000. This population was formerly designated as part of the "Western population" (now de-activated). Status re-examined and uplisted to Special Concern in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Woodland Caribou (Southern Mountain population)

Southern Mountain population designated Threatened in May 2000. This population was formerly designated as part of the "Western population" (now e-activated). Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2002. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Woodland Caribou (Western population)

Western population designated Special Concern in April 1984. Western population de-activated in May 2000. Former Western population is contained within the following newly designated populations: Northern Mountain, Southern Mountain and Boreal.

Woodland Caribou Dawson's subspecies

Extinct by the 1920's. Designated Extinct in April 1984. Status confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an update status report.

Woodland Vole

Designated Special Concern in April 1998.Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Yellow Montane Violet

Designated Threatened in April 1995. Status re-examined and confirmed in May 2000. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

Yellow Rail

Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and confirmed in November 2001. Last assessment based on an existing status report.

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Cross-reference of common and scientific names (including population names, where applicable) for COSEWIC-listed species. Most of the names in the list have been used by COSEWIC in the past but are no longer in use. Some common synonyms are also included.
Current Common Name or Scientific
Name (Population)
Previous Name(s) or Synonym
Acris crepitansAcris crepitans blanchardi
Allegheny Mountain Dusky SalamanderMountain Dusky Salamander
Arctic Grey WolfGrey Wolf
Ardea herodias fanniniArdea herodias fannini
Arnoglossum plantagineumCacalia plantaginea
Ascaphus montanusAscaphus truei
Ascaphus trueiAscaphus truei (Pacific Coast population); Ascaphus truei (Southern Mountain population)*
Athene cuniculariaSpeotyto cunicularia
Atlantic WhitefishAcadian Whitefish
Bashful BulrushFew-flowered Club-rush
Benthic Paxton Lake SticklebackBenthic Texada Island Stickleback
Bufo fowleriBufo woodhousii fowleri
Callophrys [Incisalia] irusIncisalia irus
Canada LynxLynx
Coast Tailed FrogTailed Frog (Pacific Coast population)
Coregonus clupeaformis (Lake Simcoe population)Coregonus clupeaformis
Coregonus clupeaformis (Mira River population)Coregonus clupeaformis
Coregonus huntsmaniCoregonus canadensis
Cowichan Lake LampreyLake Lamprey
Eastern LilaeopsisLilaeopsis
Eastern Loggerhead ShrikeLoggerhead Shrike (Eastern population)
Eastern Spiny Softshell TurtleSpiny Softshell Turtle
Eastern WolfGrey Wolf
Eastern Yellow-breasted ChatYellow-breasted Chat (Eastern population)
Eelgrass LimpetBowl Limpet
Emydoidea blandingiiEmydoidea blandingi
Enemion biternatumIsopyrum biternatum
Ermine haidarum subspeciesErmine (Queen Charlotte Islands population)
Eurybia divaricataAster divaricatus
Gasterosteus sp.Gasterosteus aculeatus
Gentianopsis victoriniiGentiana victorinii
Gymnocladus dioicusGymnocladus dioica
Icteria virens virensIcteria virens virens (Eastern population)
Lake Whitefish (Lake Simcoe population)Lake Simcoe Whitefish
Lake Whitefish (Mira River population)Mira River Whitefish
Lanius ludovicianus excubitoridesLanius ludovicianus excubitorides (Prairie population)
Lanius ludovicianus migransLanius ludovicianus migrans (Eastern population)
Limnetic Paxton Lake SticklebackLimnetic Texada Island Stickleback
Lottia alveus alveusLottia alveus
Mexican Mosquito-fernMexican Mosquito Fern
Mudpuppy MusselSalamander Mussel
Mustela erminea haidarumMustela erminea haidarum (Queen Charlotte Islands population)
Northern Cricket FrogBlanchard's Cricket Frog
Northern Grey WolfGrey Wolf
Northern Mock GoldenweedMacLean's Goldenweed
Northern Spotted OwlSpotted Owl
Panax quinquefoliusPanax quinquefolium
Pighead PricklebackBlackline Prickleback
Prairie Loggerhead ShrikeLoggerhead Shrike (Prairie population)
Rangifer tarandus dawsoniRangifer tarandus dawsoni (Queen Charlotte Islands population)
Rigid Apple MossApple Moss
Rocky Mountain Tailed FrogTailed Frog (Southern Mountain population)
Sericocarpus rigidusAster curtus
Simpsonaias ambiguaSimpsonais ambigua
Small-flowered Sand-verbenaSand Verbena
Southern Grey WolfGrey Wolf
Sowerby's Beaked WhaleNorth Sea Beaked Whale
Spring blue-eyed MaryBlue-eyed Mary
Stenotus borealisHaplopappus macleanii
Strix occidentalis caurinaStrix occidentalis
Symphyotrichum anticostenseAster anticostensis
Symphyotrichum laurentianumAster laurentianus
Symphyotrichum praealtumAster praealtus
Symphyotrichum prenanthoidesAster prenanthoides
Symphyotrichum sericeumVirgulus sericeus
Symphyotrichum shortiiAster shortii
Symphyotrichum subulatum (Bathurst population)Aster subulatus var. obtusifolius
Symphyotrichum yukonenseAster yukonensis
Trichophorum planifoliumScirpus verecundus
Tripterocalyx micanthusAbronia micrantha
Western Yellow-breasted Chat (British Columbia population)Yellow-breasted Chat (British Columbia population)
Western Yellow-breasted Chat (Prairie population)Yellow-breasted Chat (Prairie population)
Woodland Caribou Dawson's subspeciesWoodland Caribou (Queen Charlotte Islands population)

* Now known as Ascaphus montanus

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Species Specialist and Aboriginal Traditional Knowledge

Subcommittee Contacts

(2002-2003)

  

Chair, COSEWIC
Dr. Marco Festa-Bianchet
Département de biologie
Université de Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke, QC, J1K 2R1

 

 

Species Specialist and Aboriginal Traditional Knowledge Subcommittees

Amphibians & Reptiles

Co-chair
Dr. David M. Green
Redpath Museum, McGill University
859 Sherbrooke Street, West
Montreal, QC H3A 2K6

Co-chair
Dr. Ronald J. Brooks
Department of Zoology
College of Biological Science
University of Guelph
Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1

Terrestrial Mammals

Co-chair
Dr. Brock Fenton
Department of Biology
York University
North York, ON, M3J 1P3

Co-chair
Dr. Marco Festa-Bianchet
Département de biologie
Université de Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke, QC, J1K 2R1

Birds

Co-chair
Dr. Gilles Seutin
Parcs Canada
25, rue Eddy, 4e étage
Hull, QC K1A 0M5

Co-chair
Richard (Dick) Cannings
1330 East Debeck Road
Site 11, Comp. 96, RR # 1
Naramata, BC, V0H 1N0

Lepidopterans & Molluscs

Co-chair
Dr. Theresa Fowler (Lepidopterans)
Canadian Wildlife Service
Environment Canada
Ottawa, ON, K1A 0H3

Co-chair
Dr. Gerald L. Mackie (Mollusca)
College of Biological Sciences
University of Guelph
Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1

Marine Mammals

Co-chair
Dr. Andrew Trites
Marine Mammal Research Unit
Fisheries Centre
University of British Columbia
2205 Main Mall, Vancouver B.C. V6T 1Z4

Co-chair
Dr. Hal Whitehead
Biology Department
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS, B3H 4J1

Plants & Lichens

Co-chair
Dr. Erich Haber (Vascular Plants &
Lichens)
National Botanical Services
604 Wavell Avenue
Ottawa, ON, K2A 3A8

Co-chair
Dr. René Belland (Mosses)
Devonian Botanic Garden
University of Alberta
Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E1

Marine Fishes

Co-chair (Atlantic)
Dr. Richard L. Haedrich
Department of Biology
Memorial University of Newfoundland
St. John’s, NF, A1B 5S7

Co-chair (Pacific)
Dr. Mart R. Gross
Department of Zoology
University of Toronto
Suite 503
25 Harbord St.
Toronto, ON, M5S 3G5

Aboriginal Traditional

Knowledge

Interim Co-chair

F. Henry Lickers
Mohawk Council of Akwesasne,
Department of the Environment,
P.O. Box 579
Cornwall Ontario
K6H 5T3
Second co-chair to be announced.

Freshwater Fishes

Co-chair
Dr. Robert Campbell
131 Dahlia Avenue
Ottawa, ON, K1A 6G1

Co-chair
Dr. Claude Renaud
Canadian Museum of Nature
P.O. Box 3443, Station D
Ottawa, ON, K1P 6P4

COSEWIC 25 COSEPAC

The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) was created in 1977 as a result of a recommendation at the Federal-Provincial Wildlife Conference held in 1976. It arose from the need for a single, official, scientifically sound, national listing of wildlife species at risk. In 1978, COSEWIC designated its first species and produced its first list of Canadian species at risk. Species designated at meetings of the full committee are added to the list. In 2002, COSEWIC is celebrating 25 years of Science and Knowledge for species at risk in Canada.

The Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, provides full administrative and financial support to the COSEWIC Secretariat.

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