Warning This Web page has been archived on the Web.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived on the Web is for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It has not been altered or updated after the date of archiving. Web pages that are archived on the Web are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards, as per the Policy on Communications and Federal Identity.

Skip booklet index and go to page content

 

Species designated in the five "risk" categories, with range of occurrence (by province, territory or ocean) and year of designation. For extinct and extirpated species, the historical range of occurrence and the approximate date of disappearance are shown (431 species).

 

Extinct Category (12)
Taxon/
Assessment
Details
Common NameScientific
Name
Population
Name
Historical
Range of
Occurrence
Extinction
Date
Assessment
Date
Mammals (2)
1, 5

Caribou dawsoni

subspecies

Rangifer tarandus

dawsoni

 BC1920sMay 2000
2, 5Mink, SeaMustela macrodon 

Atlantic coastal

waters

1894May 2000
Birds (3)
2, 5Auk, GreatPinguinus impennis QC NB NS NL1844May 2000
2, 5Duck, Labrador

Camptorhynchus

labradorius

 QC NB NS NL1875May 2000
2, 5Pigeon, PassengerEctopistes migratorius 

SK MB ON QC NB

NS PE

1914May 2000
Reptiles (0)
Amphibians (0)
Fishes (5)
2, 5Cisco, DeepwaterCoregonus johannae ON1952May 2000
2, 5Dace, Banff Longnose

Rhinichthys cataractae

smithi

 AB1986May 2000
2, 5

Stickleback, Benthic

Hadley Lake

Gasterosteus sp. BC1999May 2000
2, 5

Stickleback, Limnetic

Hadley Lake

Gasterosteus sp. BC1999May 2000
2, 5Walleye, Blue

Stizostedion vitreum

glaucum

 ON1965May 2000
Lepidopterans (0)
Molluscs (1)
2, 5Limpet, EelgrassLottia alveus alveus QC NS NL1929May 2000
Vascular Plants (0)
Mosses (1)
1Moss, Macoun's ShiningNeomacounia nitida ON

not

observed

since 1864

Nov 2002
Lichens (0)

 

Extirpated Category (21)
Taxon/
Assessment
Details
Common NameScientific
Name
Population
Name
Historica
Range of
Occurrence
Extinction
Date
Assessment
Date
Mammals (4)
1, 5Bear, GrizzlyUrsus arctosPrairie
population
AB SK MB1880sMay 2002
2, 5Ferret, Black-footedMustela nigripes AB SK MB1974May 2000
2, 5Walrus, AtlanticOdobenus
rosmarus
rosmarus
 Atlantic
Ocean
mid 19th
century
May 2000
2, 5Whale, GreyEschrichtius
robustus
 Atlantic
Ocean
before end
of 1800s
May 2000
Birds (2)
2, 5Prairie-Chicken, GreaterTympanuchus
cupido
 AB SK
MB ON
last reported
in 1987 in
Saskatchewan
May 2000
2, 5Sage-grouse phaios
subspecies, Greater
Centrocercus
urophasianus
phaios
 BCnot observed
since 1960s
May 2000
Reptiles (4)
1Gophersnake, PacificPituophis catenifer
catenifer
 BCnot observed
since 1957
May 2002
2, 5Lizard, Pigmy ShorthornedPhrynosoma
douglasii
British
Columbia
population
BClast reported
in 1898, near
Osoyoos, BC
May 2000
1Rattlesnake, TimberCrotalus
horridus
 ON1941May 2001
1Turtle, Pacific PondActinemys
marmorata
 BCnot observed
since 1959
May 2002
Amphibians (1)
1Salamander, TigerAmbystoma tigrinumGreat Lakes
population
ON1915Nov 2001
Fishes (2)
2, 5Chub, GravelErimystax x-punctatus ON

last reported

in 1958,

Thames River

drainage

May 2000
2, 5PaddlefishPolyodon spathula ON1917May 2000
Lepidopterans (3)
2, 5Blue, Karner

Lycaeides melissa

samuelis

 ON1991May 2000
2, 5Elfin, Frosted

Callophrys [Incisalia]

irus

 ON1988May 2000
2, 5Marble, IslandEuchloe ausonides BCbefore 1910May 2000
Molluscs (2)
1Snail, Puget OregonianCryptomastix devia BC

not observed

since 1905

Nov 2002
2, 5Wedgemussel, DwarfAlasmidonta heterodon NB1968May 2000
Vascular Plants (2)
2, 5Spring Blue-eyed MaryCollinsia verna ON

not observed

since 1954

May 2000
2, 5Tick-trefoil, IllinoisDesmodium illinoense ON

not observed

since 1888

May 2000
Mosses (1)
1Moss, Incurved Grizzled

Ptychomitrium

incurvum

 ON1828Nov 2002
Lichens (0)

 

Endangered Category (153)
Taxon/
Assessment
Details
Common NameScientific
Name
Population NameRange of
Occurrence
Assessment
Date
Mammals (22)
1

Badger jacksoni subspecies,

American

Taxidea taxus jacksoni ONMay 2000
1

Badger jeffersonii subspecies,

American

Taxidea taxus jeffersonii BCMay 2000
 Caribou, PearyRangifer tarandus pearyiBanks Island populationNTApr 1991
 Caribou, PearyRangifer tarandus pearyiHigh Arctic populationNT NUApr 1991
1, 5Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribouAtlantic-Gaspésie populationQCMay 2002
2, 5Fox, SwiftVulpes velox AB SKMay 2000
2+, 5Marmot, Vancouver IslandMarmota vancouverensis BCMay 2000
2, 5Marten, NewfoundlandMartes americana atrata NLMay 2000
1, 3Mole, Townsend'sScapanus townsendii BCMay 2003
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucas

Southeast Baffin Island-

Cumberland Sound population

NU NL

Arctic Ocean

Apr 1990
5Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucas

St. Lawrence River

population

QCApr 1997
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucasUngava Bay population

NU QC Arctic Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

Apr 1988
1Whale, BlueBalaenoptera musculusAtlantic populationAtlantic OceanMay 2002
1Whale, BlueBalaenoptera musculusPacific populationPacific OceanMay 2002
 Whale, BowheadBalaena mysticetusEastern Arctic populationNU Arctic OceanApr 1980
 Whale, BowheadBalaena mysticetusWestern Arctic population

YT NT NU

Arctic Ocean

Apr 1986
2+Whale, KillerOrcinus orca

Northeast Pacific southern

resident population

Pacific OceanNov 2001
1Whale, North Atlantic RightEubalaena glacialis Atlantic OceanMay 2003
5Whale, North Pacific RightEubalaena japonica Pacific OceanApr 1990
2+, 3Whale, Northern BottlenoseHyperoodon ampullatusScotian Shelf populationAtlantic OceanNov 2002
1Whale, SeiBalaenoptera borealisPacific populationPacific OceanMay 2003
1, 5WolverineGulo guloEastern populationQC NLMay 2003
Birds (21)
 Bobwhite, NorthernColinus virginianus ONApr 1994
1, 3Chat, Western YellowbreastedIcteria virens auricollis

British Columbia

population

BCNov 2000
1, 5Crane, WhoopingGrus americana NT ABNov 2000
1, 5Curlew, EskimoNumenius borealis 

YT NT NU BC AB

SK MB ON QC NB

NS PE NL

May 2000
1, 5Flycatcher, AcadianEmpidonax virescens ONNov 2000
2, 5Owl, BarnTyto albaEastern populationON QCMay 2000
2, 5Owl, BurrowingAthene cunicularia BC AB SK MBMay 2000
2, 5Owl, Northern SpottedStrix occidentalis caurina BCMay 2000
1Plover circumcinctus subspecies, Piping

Charadrius melodus

circumcinctus

 AB SK MB ONMay 2001
1

Plover melodus subspecies,

Piping

Charadrius melodus melodus QC NB NS PE NLMay 2001
1, 5Plover, MountainCharadrius montanus AB SKNov 2000
1, 5Rail, KingRallus elegans ONNov 2000
2, 5

Sage-grouse urophasianus

subspecies, Greater

Centrocercus urophasianus

urophasianus

 AB SKMay 2000
1

Screech-owl macfarlanei

subspecies, Western

Otus kennicottii macfarlanei BCMay 2002
1, 5Shrike, Eastern LoggerheadLanius ludovicianus migrans MB ON QCNov 2000
1, 5Sparrow, Henslow'sAmmodramus henslowii ONNov 2000
2, 5Tern, RoseateSterna dougallii QC NB NSOct 1999
1, 5Thrasher, SageOreoscoptes montanus BC AB SKNov 2000
2, 5Warbler, Kirtland'sDendroica kirtlandii ONMay 2000
2, 5Warbler, ProthonotaryProtonotaria citrea ONMay 2000
1, 3Woodpecker, White-headedPicoides albolarvatus BCNov 2000
Reptiles (5)
1NightsnakeHypsiglena torquata BCMay 2001
1, 5Racer, BlueColuber constrictor foxii ONMay 2002
1, 5Seaturtle, LeatherbackDermochelys coriacea 

Pacific Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

May 2001
2, 5Snake, Sharp-tailedContia tenuis BCOct 1999
 Watersnake, Lake ErieNerodia sipedon insularum ONApr 1991
Amphibians (5)
 1, 5Frog, Northern CricketAcris crepitans ONMay 2001
2, 5Frog, Northern LeopardRana pipiens

Southern Mountain

population

BCMay 2000
1, 5Frog, Oregon SpottedRana pretiosa BCMay 2000
1Frog, Rocky Mountain TailedAscaphus montanus BCMay 2000
1Salamander, TigerAmbystoma tigrinum

Southern Mountain

population

BCNov 2001
Fishes (19)
1Cod, AtlanticGadus morhua Atlantic OceanMay 2003
2, 5Dace, NooksackRhinichthys sp. BCMay 2000
1, 3Dace, SpeckledRhinichthys osculus BCNov 2002
2, 3Lamprey, Morrison CreekLampetra richardsoni BCMay 2000
2+, 3Madtom, NorthernNoturus stigmosus ONNov 2002
1Salmon, AtlanticSalmo salar

Inner Bay of Fundy

populations

NB NS (rarely NL)

Atlantic Ocean

May 2001
1Salmon, CohoOncorhynchus kisutchInterior Fraser populationBCMay 2002
1, 5Salmon, SockeyeOncorhynchus nerkaCultus populationBC Pacific OceanMay 2003
1, 5Salmon, SockeyeOncorhynchus nerkaSakinaw populationBC Pacific OceanMay 2003
1, 3Shiner, PugnoseNotropis anogenus ONNov 2002
1Stickleback, Benthic Enos LakeGasterosteus sp. BCNov 2002
2, 3

Stickleback, Benthic Paxton

Lake

Gasterosteus sp. BCMay 2000
2, 3

Stickleback, Benthic Vananda

Creek

Gasterosteus sp. BCMay 2000
1Stickleback, Limnetic Enos LakeGasterosteus sp. BCNov 2002
2, 3

Stickleback, Limnetic Paxton

Lake

Gasterosteus sp. BCMay 2000
2, 3

Stickleback, Limnetic Vananda

Creek

Gasterosteus sp. BCMay 2000
1, 5Sucker, SalishCatostomus sp. BCNov 2002
1, 5Trout, Aurora

Salvelinus fontinalis

timagamiensis

 ONMay 2000
1, 5Whitefish, AtlanticCoregonus huntsmani NSNov 2000
Lepidopterans (5)
1Blue, IslandPlebejus saepiolus insulanus BCNov 2000
1Checkerspot, Taylor'sEuphydryas editha taylori BCNov 2000
1Metalmark, MormonApodemia mormo

Southern Mountain

population

BCMay 2003
1Moth, YuccaTegeticula yuccasella ABMay 2002
2, 5Ringlet, Maritime

Coenonympha tullia

nipisiquit

 QC NBMay 2000
Molluscs (11)
2, 5Bean, RayedVillosa fabalis ONMay 2000
1Forestsnail, OregonAllogona townsendiana BCNov 2002
1Hickorynut, RoundObovaria subrotunda ONMay 2003
1KidneyshellPtychobranchus fasciolaris ONMay 2003
2, 5Lampmussel, Wavy-rayedLampsilis fasciola ONOct 1999
1Mussel, MudpuppySimpsonaias ambigua ONMay 2001
2, 5Physa, HotwaterPhysella wrighti BCMay 2000
2+, 5Riffleshell, NorthernEpioblasma torulosa rangiana ONMay 2000
2, 3Snail, Banff SpringsPhysella johnsoni ABMay 2000
1Snail, Lake Winnipeg PhysaPhysa sp. MBNov 2002
1SnuffboxEpioblasma triquetra ONMay 2001
Vascular Plants (58)
2+, 5Agalinis, Gattinger'sAgalinis gattingeri ONMay 2001
2, 5Agalinis, Skinner'sAgalinis skinneriana ONMay 2000
2, 5Ammannia, ScarletAmmannia robusta BC ONMay 2001
2, 5Avens, Eastern MountainGeum peckii NSMay 2000
2, 5Balsamroot, DeltoidBalsamorhiza deltoidea BCMay 2000
2, 5BlueheartsBuchnera americana ONMay 2000
2+, 5Braya, Long'sBraya longii NLMay 2000
1Bugbane, TallActaea elata BCMay 2001
1, 3Bulrush, BashfulTrichophorum planifolium ONMay 2000
2, 5Bush-clover, SlenderLespedeza virginica ONMay 2000
2, 5Buttercup, Water-plantain

Ranunculus alismaefolius var.

alismaefolius

 BCMay 2000
2, 5Cactus, Eastern Prickly PearOpuntia humifusa ONMay 2000
1Catchfly, Coastal Scouler'sSilene scouleri ssp. grandis BCMay 2003
2, 5Coreopsis, PinkCoreopsis rosea NSMay 2000
2, 5Cryptanthe, TinyCryptantha minima AB SKMay 2000
2, 5Fern, Southern MaidenhairAdiantum capillus-veneris BCMay 2000
1, 5Gentian, White PrairieGentiana alba ONMay 2001
2, 5Ginseng, AmericanPanax quinquefolius ON QCMay 2000
2+, 3Goat's-rue, VirginiaTephrosia virginiana ONMay 2000
2, 5Goldenrod, ShowySolidago speciosa ONMay 2000
1Grass, Forked Three-awnedAristida basiramea ON QCNov 2002
2, 5Lady's-slipper, Small WhiteCypripedium candidum MB ONMay 2000
1, 3Lipocarpha, Small-floweredLipocarpha micrantha BC ONNov 2002
2, 5Lotus, Seaside Birds-footLotus formosissimus BCMay 2000
2, 5Lousewort, Furbish'sPedicularis furbishiae NBMay 2000
2, 5Lupine, PrairieLupinus lepidus var. lepidus BCMay 2000
1Lupine, StreambankLupinus rivularis BCNov 2002
2, 5Milkwort, PinkPolygala incarnata ONMay 2000
2, 5Mountain-mint, HoaryPycnanthemum incanum ONMay 2000
2, 5Mulberry, RedMorus rubra ONMay 2000
1, 3

Orchid, Eastern Prairie

Fringed

Platanthera leucophaea ONMay 2003
1, 5

Orchid, Western Prairie

Fringed

Platanthera praeclara MBMay 2000
2, 5Owl-clover, Bearded

Triphysaria versicolor ssp.

versicolor

 BCMay 2000
2+, 3Paintbrush, GoldenCastilleja levisecta BCMay 2000
2, 5Plantain, Heart-leavedPlantago cordata ONMay 2000
2, 5Pogonia, Large WhorledIsotria verticillata ONMay 2000
2, 5Pogonia, NoddingTriphora trianthophora ONMay 2000
2, 5Pogonia, Small WhorledIsotria medeoloides ONMay 2000
1, 5Quillwort, Engelmann'sIsoëtes engelmannii ONMay 2001
1Rush, Kellogg'sJuncus kelloggii BCMay 2003
1, 3Sand-verbena, Small-floweredTripterocalyx micranthus AB SKNov 2002
1Sanicle, Bear's-footSanicula arctopoides BCMay 2001
2, 3Sedge, False HopCarex lupuliformis ON QCMay 2000
2, 5Sedge, JuniperCarex juniperorum ONMay 2000
1Spike-rush, HorsetailEleocharis equisetoides ONNov 2000
1, 5Sundew, Thread-leavedDrosera filiformis NSMay 2001
2, 5Thistle, Pitcher'sCirsium pitcheri ONMay 2000
2, 5ToothcupRotala ramosior BC ONMay 2000
2, 5Tree, CucumberMagnolia acuminata ONMay 2000
2, 5Trillium, DroopingTrillium flexipes ONMay 2000
1Triteleia, Howell'sTriteleia howellii BCMay 2003
2+, 5Twayblade, PurpleLiparis liliifolia ONMay 2001
1, 3Violet, Bird's-footViola pedata ONMay 2002
1Willow, BarrensSalix jejuna NLMay 2001
2, 5Wintergreen, SpottedChimaphila maculata ON QCMay 2000
2+, 5Wood-poppyStylophorum diphyllum ONMay 2000
2, 3Woodsia, Blunt-lobedWoodsia obtusa ON QCMay 2000
1Woolly-heads, TallPsilocarphus elatior BCMay 2001
Mosses (5)
1Moss, Margined StreamsideScouleria marginata BCNov 2002
1Moss, Poor PocketFissidens pauperculus BCNov 2001
2+, 3Moss, Rigid AppleBartramia stricta BCMay 2000
1Moss, Silver HairFabronia pusilla BCNov 2002
1Moss, Spoon-leavedBryoandersonia illecebra ONMay 2003
Lichens (2)
1Lichen, Boreal FeltErioderma pedicellatumAtlantic populationNB NSMay 2002
2, 5Seaside CentipedeHeterodermia sitchensis BCMay 2000

 

Threatened Category (102)
Taxon/
Assessment
Details
Common NameScientific
Name
Population NameRange of
Occurrence
Assessment
Date
1, 3Bat, PallidAntrozous pallidus BCMay 2000
1, 5Bison, WoodBison bison athabascae YT NT BC ABMay 2000
 Caribou, PearyRangifer tarandus pearyiLow Arctic populationNT NUApr 1991
1, 5Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribouBoreal population

NT BC AB SK MB

ON QC NL

May 2002
1, 5Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribou

Southern Mountain

population

BC ABMay 2002
1, 3Ermine haidarum subspeciesMustela erminea haidarum BCMay 2001
1, 3Fox, GreyUrocyon cinereoargenteus MB ONMay 2002
2, 5Otter, SeaEnhydra lutris 

Pacific coastal

waters

May 2000
2+, 5Shrew, Pacific WaterSorex bendirii BCMay 2000
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucas

Eastern Hudson Bay

population

QC Arctic OceanApr 1988
2, 5Whale, HumpbackMegaptera novaeangliaeNorth Pacific populationPacific OceanMay 2003
2+Whale, KillerOrcinus orca

Northeast Pacific northern

resident population

Pacific OceanNov 2001
2+, 3Whale, KillerOrcinus orca

Northeast Pacific

transient population

Pacific OceanNov 2001
Birds (8)
2, 3Bittern, LeastIxobrychus exilis MB ON QC NBNov 2001
2, 5

Falcon anatum subspecies,

Peregrine

Falco peregrinus anatum YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS NLMay 2000
1, 3

Goshawk laingi subspecies,

Northern

Accipiter gentilis laingi BCNov 2000
2, 3Gull, Ross'sRhodostethia rosea NT NU MBNov 2001
1, 5Murrelet, MarbledBrachyramphus marmoratus BCNov 2000
2, 5Pipit, Sprague'sAnthus spragueii AB SK MBMay 2000
 Shrike, Prairie Loggerhead

Lanius ludovicianus

excubitorides

 AB SK MBApr 1986
1, 5Warbler, HoodedWilsonia citrina ONNov 2000
Reptiles (11)
2, 5Foxsnake, EasternElaphe gloydi ONMay 2000
2, 3Gartersnake, Butler'sThamnophis butleri ONNov 2001
1Gophersnake, Great Basin

Pituophis catenifer

deserticola

 BCMay 2002
1, 5MassasaugaSistrurus catenatus ONNov 2002
2, 5Ratsnake, EasternElaphe obsoleta ONMay 2000
1Ribbonsnake, EasternThamnophis sauritusAtlantic populationNSMay 2002
2, 3Snake, Eastern Hog-nosedHeterodon platirhinos ONNov 2001
2, 5Snake, QueenRegina septemvittata ONMay 2000
1, 5Softshell, SpinyApalone spinifera ON QCMay 2002
1StinkpotSternotherus odoratus ON QCMay 2002
 Turtle, Blanding'sEmydoidea blandingiiNova Scotia populationNSApr 1993
Amphibians (5)
2+, 3

Salamander, Allegheny

Mountain Dusky

Desmognathus ochrophaeus QCNov 2001
1, 3Salamander, Coastal GiantDicamptodon tenebrosus BCNov 2000
1Salamander, JeffersonAmbystoma jeffersonianum ONNov 2000
2, 3Spadefoot, Great BasinSpea intermontana BCNov 2001
2+, 5Toad, Fowler'sBufo fowleri ONNov 2000
Fishes (22)
1BocaccioSebastes paucispinis Pacific OceanNov 2002
2+, 3Chubsucker, LakeErimyzon sucetta ONNov 2001
 Cisco, BlackfinCoregonus nigripinnis ONApr 1988
1, 5Cisco, ShortjawCoregonus zenithicus NT AB SK MB ONMay 2003
 Cisco, ShortnoseCoregonus reighardi ONApr 1987
1Cod, AtlanticGadus morhua Atlantic OceanMay 2003
1CuskBrosme brosme Atlantic OceanMay 2003
1, 5Darter, ChannelPercina copelandi ON QCMay 2002
2+, 5Darter, Eastern SandAmmocrypta pellucida ON QCNov 2000
2, 3Gar, SpottedLepisosteus oculatus ONNov 2000
2, 3Lamprey, Cowichan LakeLampetra macrostoma BCNov 2000
2+, 3Minnow, Western SilveryHybognathus argyritis ABNov 2001
 Redhorse, BlackMoxostoma duquesnei ONApr 1988
 Redhorse, CopperMoxostoma hubbsi QCApr 1987
2, 3Sculpin, Cultus PygmyCottus sp. BCNov 2000
 Sculpin, DeepwaterMyoxocephalus thompsoni ONApr 1987
1, 5Sculpin, ShortheadCottus confusus BCMay 2001
2, 3Shiner, RosyfaceNotropis rubellus MBNov 2001
2, 5Smelt, Lake Utopia DwarfOsmerus sp. NBMay 2000
 Whitefish, LakeCoregonus clupeaformis ONApr 1987
1Wolffish, NorthernAnarhichas denticulatus 

Arctic Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

May 2001
1Wolffish, SpottedAnarhichas minor 

Arctic Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

May 2001
Lepidopterans (3)
1Hairstreak, Behr's (Columbia)Satyrium behrii columbia BCNov 2000
1Metalmark, MormonApodemia mormoPrairie populationSKMay 2003
1Skipper, DunEuphyes vestrisWestern populationBCNov 2000
Molluscs (2)
2, 5Abalone, NorthernHaliotis kamtschatkana 

Pacific coastal

waters

May 2000
1Jumping-slug, DromedaryHemphillia dromedarius BCMay 2003
Vascular Plants (37)
1, 5Aster, Anticosti

Symphyotrichum

anticostense

 QC NBMay 2000
2, 3Aster, Crooked-stem

Symphyotrichum

prenanthoides

 ONMay 2002
1, 3Aster, Western SilverySymphyotrichum sericeum MB ONMay 2000
1, 5Aster, White WoodEurybia divaricata ON QCNov 2002
2+, 5Aster, White-topSericocarpus rigidus BCMay 2000
2, 3Aster, WillowleafSymphyotrichum praealtum ONMay 2003
1, 3Blazing Star, DenseLiatris spicata ONMay 2001
1, 5Blue-flag, WesternIris missouriensis ABMay 2000
2+, 5Braya, Fernald'sBraya fernaldii NLMay 2000
2, 3BuffalograssBuchloë dactyloides SK MBNov 2001
 Chestnut, AmericanCastanea dentata ONApr 1987
1, 5Coffee-tree, KentuckyGymnocladus dioicus ONNov 2000
1, 5ColicrootAletris farinosa ONNov 2000
1Corydalis, Scouler'sCorydalis scouleri BCMay 2001
1Daisy, LakesideHymenoxys herbacea ONMay 2002
1, 5DeerberryVaccinium stamineum ONNov 2000
1Fern, Lemmon's HollyPolystichum lemmonii BCMay 2003
2, 5Gentian, PlymouthSabatia kennedyana NSMay 2000
2, 5Golden CrestLophiola aurea NSMay 2000
1, 5GoldensealHydrastis canadensis ONMay 2000
2+, 5Greenbrier, Round-leavedSmilax rotundifolia

Great Lakes Plains

population

ONMay 2001
1, 3Hoptree, CommonPtelea trifoliata ONNov 2002
1, 3Hyacinth, WildCamassia scilloides ONMay 2002
1, 5Jacob's-ladder, Van Brunt'sPolemonium vanbruntiae QCNov 2002
1Lily, Lyall's MariposaCalochortus lyallii BCMay 2001
2, 5Mosquito-fern, MexicanAzolla mexicana BCMay 2000
1+, 4Mouse-ear-cress, SlenderHalimolobos virgata AB SKMay 2000
1, 3Orchid, PhantomCephalanthera austiniae BCMay 2000
2+, 5Prairie-clover, HairyDalea villosa var. villosa SK MBMay 2000
2, 5RedrootLachnanthes caroliana NSMay 2000
1Sanicle, PurpleSanicula bipinnatifida BCMay 2001
1, 3SoapweedYucca glauca ABMay 2000
1, 5Spiderwort, WesternTradescantia occidentalis AB SK MBNov 2002
1Spike-rush, TubercledEleocharis tuberculosa NSMay 2000
2, 5Violet, Yellow Montane

Viola praemorsa ssp.

praemorsa

 BCMay 2000
2, 5Water-pennywortHydrocotyle umbellata NSMay 2000
1, 5Water-willow, AmericanJusticia americana ON QCMay 2000
Mosses (1)
1Moss, Haller's AppleBartramia halleriana BC ABNov 2001
Lichens (0)

 

Special Concern Category (143)
Taxon/
Assessment
Details
Common NameScientific
Name
Population NameRange of
Occurrence
Assessment
Date
Mammals (23)
 Bat, FringedMyotis thysanodes BCApr 1988
 Bat, Keen's Long-earedMyotis keenii BCApr 1988
 Bat, SpottedEuderma maculatum BCApr 1988
1, 5Bear, GrizzlyUrsus arctosNorthwestern
population
YT NT NU BC ABMay 2002
2+, 5Bear, PolarUrsus maritimus YT NT NU MB ON
QC NL
Nov 2002
2, 5Beaver, MountainAplodontia rufa BCNov 2001
1, 3Caribou, WoodlandRangifer tarandus caribouNorthern
Mountain
population
YT NT BCMay 2002
 

Cottontail nuttallii

subspecies, Nuttall's

Sylvilagus nuttallii nuttallii BCApr 1994
 Kangaroo Rat, Ord'sDipodomys ordii AB SKApr 1995
2, 5Mole, EasternScalopus aquaticus ONNov 2000
 

Mouse megalotis subspecies,

Western Harvest

Reithrodontomys megalotis

megalotis

 BCApr 1994
1, 4Porpoise, HarbourPhocoena phocoenaNorthwest
Atlantic
population
Atlantic OceanMay 2003
2, 5Prairie Dog, Black-tailedCynomys ludovicianus SKNov 2000
 

Seal Lacs des Loups Marins

subspecies, Harbour

Phoca vitulina mellonae QCApr 1996
 Shrew, GaspéSorex gaspensis QC NB NSApr 1988
 Squirrel, Southern FlyingGlaucomys volans ON QC NSApr 1988
2, 5Vole, WoodlandMicrotus pinetorum ON QCNov 2001
 Whale, BelugaDelphinapterus leucasEastern
High Arctic /
Baffin Bay
population
NU Arctic OceanApr 1992
 Whale, FinBalaenoptera physalus Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Apr 1987
2+Whale, KillerOrcinus orcaNortheast
Pacific
offshore
population
Pacific OceanNov 2001
 Whale, Sowerby's BeakedMesoplodon bidens Atlantic OceanApr 1989
1, 0Wolf, EasternCanis lupus lycaon ON QCMay 2001
1, 5WolverineGulo guloWestern
population

YT NT NU BC AB

SK MB ON

May 2003
Birds (22)
1, 5Chat, Eastern Yellow-breastedIcteria virens virens ONNov 2000
1, 5Curlew, Long-billedNumenius americanus BC AB SKNov 2002
1, 4Duck, HarlequinHistrionicus histrionicusEastern
population
NU QC NB NS NLMay 2001
2, 5

Falcon pealei subspecies,

Peregrine

Falco peregrinus pealei BCNov 2001
4

Falcon tundrius subspecies,

Peregrine

Falco peregrinus tundrius YT NT NU QC NLApr 1992
1Goldeneye, Barrow'sBucephala islandica QC NB NS PE NLNov 2000
2, 5Gull, IvoryPagophila eburnea YT NT NU NLNov 2001
4Hawk, FerruginousButeo regalis AB SK MBApr 1995
5Hawk, Red-shoulderedButeo lineatus ON QC NBApr 1996
 

Heron fannini subspecies,

Great Blue

Ardea herodias fannini BCApr 1997
 Murrelet, AncientSynthliboramphus antiquus BCApr 1993
2, 5Owl, BarnTyto albaWestern
population
BCNov 2001
2, 5Owl, FlammulatedOtus flammeolus BCNov 2001
 Owl, Short-earedAsio flammeus YT NT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NLApr 1994
2, 5Rail, YellowCoturnicops noveboracensis NT BC AB SK MB ON QC NBNov 2001
1

Screech-owl kennicottii

subspecies, Western

Otus kennicottii kennicottii BCMay 2002
1, 5

Sparrow princeps subspecies,

Savannah

Passerculus sandwichensis

princeps

 NSMay 2000
 Thrush, Bicknell'sCatharus bicknelli QC NB NSApr 1999
1, 5Warbler, CeruleanDendroica cerulea ON QCMay 2003
5Waterthrush, LouisianaSeiurus motacilla ON QCApr 1996
2, 5Woodpecker, Lewis'sMelanerpes lewis BCNov 2001
 Woodpecker, Red-headedMelanerpes erythrocephalus SK MB ON QCApr 1996
Reptiles (11)
1Boa, RubberCharina bottae BCMay 2003
 Lizard, Greater Short-hornedPhrynosoma hernandesi AB SKApr 1992
1MilksnakeLampropeltis triangulum ON QCMay 2002
 Racer, Eastern Yellow-bellied

Coluber constrictor

flaviventris

 SKApr 1991
1Ribbonsnake, EasternThamnophis sauritusGreat Lakes
population
ONMay 2002
 Skink, Five-linedEumeces fasciatus ONApr 1998
 Skink, Northern Prairie

Eumeces septentrionalis

septentrionalis

 MBApr 1989
1Skink, WesternEumeces skiltonianus BCMay 2002
1Turtle, Northern MapGraptemys geographica ON QCMay 2002
 Turtle, SpottedClemmys guttata ON QCApr 1991
 Turtle, WoodGlyptemys insculpta ON QC NB NSApr 1996
Amphibians (8)
1Frog, Coast TailedAscaphus truei BCMay 2000
2, 5Frog, Northern LeopardRana pipiensWestern
Boreal/Prairie
populations
NT AB SK MBNov 2002
2, 5Frog, Red-leggedRana aurora BCMay 2002
2+, 5Salamander, Coeur d'AlenePlethodon idahoensis BCNov 2001
 Salamander, Small-mouthedAmbystoma texanum ONApr 1991
2, 5Salamander, SpringGyrinophilus porphyriticus ON QCMay 2002
2, 5Toad, Great PlainsBufo cognatus AB SK MBMay 2002
1Toad, WesternBufo boreas YT NT BC ABNov 2002
Fishes (32)
 Buffalo, BigmouthIctiobus cyprinellus SK MB ONApr 1989
 Buffalo, BlackIctiobus niger ONApr 1989
1, 5Chub, SilverMacrhybopsis storeriana MB ONMay 2001
 Cisco, SpringCoregonus sp. QCApr 1992
1Cod, AtlanticGadus morhuaArctic
population
Arctic OceanMay 2003
1Cod, AtlanticGadus morhuaMaritimes
population
Atlantic OceanMay 2003
 Dace, RedsideClinostomus elongatus ONApr 1987
 Dace, UmatillaRhinichthys umatilla BCApr 1988
 Darter, GreensideEtheostoma blennioides ONApr 1990
1, 5Killifish, BandedFundulus diaphanusNewfoundland
population
NLMay 2003
 KiyiCoregonus kiyi ONApr 1988
 Lamprey, ChestnutIchthyomyzon castaneus SK MBApr 1991
 Lamprey, Northern BrookIchthyomyzon fossor MB ON QCApr 1991
1, 5Minnow, PugnoseOpsopoeodus emiliae ONMay 2000
5Redhorse, RiverMoxostoma carinatum ON QCApr 1987
1Sculpin, Columbia MottledCottus bairdi hubbsi BCMay 2000
 Sculpin, FourhornMyoxocephalus quadricornis NT NUApr 1989
 Shiner, BigmouthNotropis dorsalis MBApr 1985
2+, 5Shiner, BridleNotropis bifrenatus ON QCNov 2001
5Shiner, SilverNotropis photogenis ONApr 1987
 

Stickleback, Charlotte

Unarmoured

Gasterosteus sp. BCApr 1983
 Stickleback, GiantGasterosteus sp. BCApr 1980
 Sturgeon, GreenAcipenser medirostris BCApr 1987
 Sturgeon, ShortnoseAcipenser brevirostrum NBApr 1980
 Sturgeon, WhiteAcipenser transmontanus BCApr 1990
2+, 5Sucker, SpottedMinytrema melanops ONNov 2001
 Sunfish, OrangespottedLepomis humilis ONApr 1989
 Sunfish, RedbreastLepomis auritus NBApr 1989
1 5Topminnow, BlackstripeFundulus notatus ONMay 2001
2+, 5WarmouthLepomis gulosus ONNov 2001
 Whitefish, SquangaCoregonus sp. YTApr 1987
1Wolffish, AtlanticAnarhichas lupus 

North Atlantic

Ocean

Nov 2000
Lepidopterans (2)
2, 5MonarchDanaus plexippus 

BC AB SK MB ON

QC NB NS PE

Nov 2001
1Weidemeyer's AdmiralLimenitis weidemeyerii ABMay 2000
Molluscs (2)
1Jumping-slug, WartyHemphillia glandulosa BCMay 2003
1Oyster, OlympiaOstrea conchaphila BCNov 2000
Vascular Plants (39)
1, 4Ash, BlueFraxinus quadrangulata ONNov 2000
 Aster, BathurstSymphyotrichum subulatum NBApr 1992
 Aster, Gulf of St. Lawrence

Symphyotrichum

laurentianum

 QC NB PEApr 1989
 Bartonia, Branched

Bartonia paniculata ssp.

paniculata

 ONApr 1992
1Beggarticks, Vancouver IslandBidens amplissima BCNov 2001
 Bulrush, Long'sScirpus longii NSApr 1994
 Columbo, AmericanFrasera caroliniensis ONApr 1993
1Fern, American Hart's-tongueAsplenium scolopendrium var. ONNov 2000
 Fern, Broad BeechPhegopteris hexagonoptera ON QCApr 1983
2, 5Fern, Coastal WoodDryopteris arguta BCNov 2001
 Fleabane, Provancher's

Erigeron philadelphicus ssp.

provancheri

 QCApr 1992
 Gentian, Victorin'sGentianopsis victorinii QCApr 1987
1Goldenrod, Riddell'sSolidago riddellii MB ONNov 2000
 Goosefoot, SmoothChenopodium subglabrum AB SK MBApr 1992
 Green DragonArisaema dracontium ON QCApr 1984
 Hackberry, DwarfCeltis tenuifolia ONApr 1985
2, 5Hairgrass, MackenzieDeschampsia mackenzieana SKNov 2001
4Helleborine, GiantEpipactis gigantea BCApr 1998
2, 5Indian-plantain, TuberousArnoglossum plantagineum ONMay 2002
 Lilaeopsis, EasternLilaeopsis chinensis NSApr 1987
 Locoweed, Hare-footedOxytropis lagopus ABApr 1995
 Meadowfoam, Macoun'sLimnanthes macounii BCApr 1988
2, 5Milk-vetch, Fernald's

Astragalus robbinsii var.

fernaldii

 QC NLNov 2001
5Oak, ShumardQuercus shumardii ONApr 1999
2+, 4Pepperbush, SweetClethra alnifolia NSMay 2001
 Pondweed, Hill'sPotamogeton hillii ONApr 1986
 Quillwort, Bolander'sIsoëtes bolanderi ABApr 1995
2+, 4Rose, Climbing PrairieRosa setigera ONMay 2003
 Rose-mallow, SwampHibiscus moscheutos ONApr 1987
 Rue-anemone, FalseEnemion biternatum ONApr 1990
 Rush, New JerseyJuncus caesariensis NSApr 1992
1Tansy, Floccose

Tanacetum huronense var.

floccosum

 SKMay 2000
2, 5Thrift, Athabasca

Armeria maritima ssp.

interior

 SKMay 2002
 Water-hemlock, Victorin's

Cicuta maculata var.

victorinii

 QCApr 1987
1Willow, Felt-leafSalix silicicola NU SKMay 2000
1Willow, Sand-dune Shortcapsuled

Salix brachycarpa var.

psammophila

 SKMay 2000
1Willow, Turnor'sSalix turnorii SKMay 2000
1Woolly-heads, TallPsilocarphus elatiorPrairie
population
AB SKMay 2001
1Yarrow, Large-headed Woolly

Achillea millefolium var.

megacephalum

 SKMay 2000
Mosses (0)
Lichens (4)
 Cryptic PawNephroma occultum BCApr 1995
1Lichen, Boreal FeltErioderma pedicellatumBoreal
population
NLMay 2002
 Oldgrowth SpecklebellyPseudocyphellaria rainierensis BCApr 1996
 Seaside BoneHypogymnia heterophylla BCApr 1996


Explanation of symbols

Re-assessments and new species

3 Species placed in a higher risk category (uplisted) after re-examination on the date shown.
4 Species placed in a lower risk category (downlisted) after re-examination on the date shown.
5 Species stays in the same risk category (no change) after re-examination on the date shown.
0 Species moved to the Not at Risk category from a risk category (de-listed) on the date shown.
6 Species moved to the Data Deficient Category from a risk category, or to a risk category from the Data Deficient Category (changed), on the date shown.
(no arrow) New species examined on the date shown.

Evaluation with COSEWIC’s new quantitative criteria

COSEWIC has recently begun using quantitative criteria to assess species’ risk of extinction.

These criteria were adapted from the criteria used by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and have been used by COSEWIC since October 1999.

1 or 1+  Assessment based on a new status report or an update status report. A plus sign (+) indicates the report has an addendum.
2 or 2+  Species re-assessed using an existing status report. A plus sign (+) indicates the report has an addendum or that the report has been modified.