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Bec-croisé des sapins de la sous-espèce percna

Références

Adkisson, C.S. 1996. Red Crossbill, in A. Poole et F. Gill (éd.), The Birds of North America, No. 256, American Ornithologists’ Union, (Washington DC).

Benkman, C.W. 1989. On the evolution and ecology of island populations of crossbills, Evolution 43: 1324-1330.

Benkman, C. W. 1993a. Adaptation to single resources and the evolution of crossbill (Loxia) diversity, Ecological Monographs 63: 305-325.

Benkman, C.W. 1993b. Logging, conifers, and the conservation of crossbills, Conservation Biology 7: 473-479.

Benkman, C.W. 1993c. The evolution, ecology, and decline of the Red Crossbill of Newfoundland, American Birds 47: 225-229.

Bijlsma, R.G. 2004. Ornithology from the tree tops, Ardea 92: 1-2.

Burns, R.M., et B.K. Honkala (coord. tech.). 1990. Silvics of North America, Volume 1: Conifers; Volume 2: Hardwoods, Agriculture Handbook 654, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, (Washington DC), vol. 2, 877 p.

COSEPAC. 2004. Évaluation et Rapport de situation du COSEPAC sur le Bec croisé des sapins de la sous espèce percna (Loxia curvirostra percna) au Canada, Comité sur la situation des espèces en péril au Canada, Ottawa, vii + 53 p., disponible à l’adresse(

http://www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/sar/assessment/status_f.cfm).

Courchamp, F., T. Clutton-Brock et B. Grenfell. 1999. Inverse density dependence and the Allee effect, Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14: 405–410.

Dickerman, R.W. 1987. The “Old Northeastern” subspecies of Red Crossbill, American Birds 41: 189-194

Edelaar, P. et K. Terpstra. 2004. Is the nominate subspecies of the Common Crossbill Loxia c. curvirostra polytypic? I. Morphological differences among years at a single site, Ardea 92: 93-101.

Erskine, A.J. 1992. Atlas of breeding birds of the Maritime provinces, Nimbus Publishing Ltd. et le Nova Scotia Museum, Halifax (Nouvelle-Écosse).

Fowells, H. A. 1965. Silvics of forest trees of North America, Agriculture Handbook No. 271, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 762 p.

Godfrey, W.E. 1986. Les oiseaux du Canada, édition révisée, Musée national des sciences naturelles, Ottawa (Ontario).

Gouvernement de Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador. 2003. Provincial sustainable forest management strategy, 77 pages + annexes.

Groth, J.G. 1993. Evolutionary differentiation in morphology, vocalizations, and allozymes among nomadic sibling species in the North American Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) complex, University of California Publications in Zoology 127: 1-143.

Helle, P. 1985. Effects of forest fragmentation on bird densities in northern boreal forests, Ornis Fennica 62: 35-41

Marquiss, M., et R. Rae. 1994. Seasonal trends in abundance, diet and breeding of Common Crossbills (Loxia curvirostra) in an area of mixed species conifer plantation following the 1990 crossbill “irruption” , Forestry 67: 32–45.

Marquiss, M., et R. Rae. 2002. Ecological differentiation in relation to bill size amongst sympatric, genetically undifferentiated crossbills Loxia spp., Ibis 144: 494-508.

Parchman, T.L., et C.W. Benkman. 2002. Diversifying coevolution between crossbills and black spruce on Newfoundland, Evolution 56: 1663-1672.

Payne, R.B. 1972. Nuts, bones, and a nesting of Red Crossbills in the Panamint Mountains, California, Condor 74: 485-486

Peters, H.S., et T.D. Burleigh. 1951. The Birds of Newfoundland, Newfoundland Department of Natural Resources, St. John’s (Terre-Neuve).

Smith, J.W., C.W. Benkman et K. Coffey. 1999. The use and misuse of public information by foraging Red Crossbills, Behavioral Ecology 10: 54–62.

Summers, R.W., et R. Proctor. 1999. Tree and cone selection by crossbills Loxia sp. and Red Squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) at Abernethy forest Strathspey, For. Ecol. Manage. 118: 173-182

Summers, R.W., D.C. Jardine, M. Marquiss et R. Rae. 2002. The distribution and habitats of crossbills Loxia spp. in Britain, with special reference to the Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica, Ibis 144: 393 - 410

Thompson, I.D., H.A. Hogan et W.A. Montevecchi.1999. Avian communities of mature Balsam Fir forests in Newfoundland: age-dependence and implications for timber harvesting, Condor 101: 311 - 323

Thompson, I.D., D.J. Larson et W.A. Montevecchi.2003. Characterization of old “wet boreal” forests, with an example from balsam fir forests of western Newfoundland, Environmental Reviews 11: S23 – S46

Todd, W.E.C. 1963. Birds of the Labrador peninsula and adjacent areas, Carnegie Museum et University of Toronto Press, Pittsburgh (Pennsylvanie).

Wren, L.S. 2001. Continental and regional distribution and abundance patterns of boreal cardueline finches: Influences of conifer seed availability, mémoire de maîtrise ès sciences, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s (Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador).