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Raie tachetée (Leucoraja ocellata)

Remerciements

Nous remercions Richard Haedrich, Ph.D., de la Memorial University et Jim Simon de l'Institut océanographique de Bedford, à Dartmouth (Nouvelle-Écosse), de nous avoir fourni en temps opportun les données nécessaires au présent rapport et d’avoir contribué à l’interprétation de ces données. Également, nous remercions généreusement Dave Methven de sa rétroaction et de ses propositions dans le cadre de la rédaction de ce rapport.


Experts contactés

Richard Haedrich, Ph.D. Professeur, Memorial University, Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador.

Jim Simon. Technicien des pêches, MPO, Division des poissons de mer, Institut océanographique de Bedford, Dartmouth (Nouvelle-Écosse).

Howard Powles, Ph.D. Directeur, Direction des Sciences de la biodiversité, MPO, Ottawa.


Sources d'information

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Benoît, H.P., E.D. Darbyson et D.P. Swain. 2003b. An atlas of the geographic distribution of marine fish and invertebrates in the sGSL based on annual bottom trawl surveys (1971-2002), Can. Data Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1112, 185 p.

Bigelow , H.B., et W.C. Schroeder. 1953. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic, Sawfishes, guitarfishes, skates and rays, chimaeroides, Memoir Sears Foundation Marine Research.

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Collette, B.B., et G. Klein-MacPhee. 2002. Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, Smithsonian Press, Washington.

Darbyson, E., et H.P. Benoît. 2003. An atlas of the seasonal distribution of marine fish and invertebrates in the sGSL, Can. Data Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1113, 294 p.

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Hunter, E., A.A. Buckley, C. Stewart et J.D. Metcalfe. Présenté. Migratory behaviour of the thornback ray, Raja clavata, in the southern North Sea, Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the British Isles.

Kulka, D.W., E.M. DeBlois et D.B. Atkinson.1996. Non-traditional groundfish species on Labrador Shelf and Grand Banks - Skate, MPO, Pêche de l’Atlantique, doc. rech. 96/98.

McEachran, J.D., D.F. Boesch et J.A. Musick. 1976. Food division within two Sympatric species-pairs of skates (Pisces: Rajidae), Marine Biology 35:301-17.

McEachran, J.D., et C.O. Martin. 1977. Possible occurrence of character displacement in the sympatric skates Raja erinacea and Raja ocellata (Pisces: Rajidae), Environment and Biology of Fishes 2:121-130

Messieh, S.N., T.W. Rowell, D.L. Peer et P.J. Cranford. 1991. The effects of trawling, dredging and ocean dumping on the eastern Canadian continental shelf seabed, Continental Shelf Research 11(8-10):1237-1263.

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NOAA. 2003a. Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act Provisions; Fisheries of the Northeastern United States; Northeast Skate Complex (Skate) Fisheries; Skate Fishery Management Plan, National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration, Federal Register Vol. 68, No. 160, le 19 août 2003, p. 49693-49698.

NOAA. 2003b. Essential fish habitat source document: winter skate, Leucoraja ocellata, life history and habitat characteristics, National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-179, Woods Hole (Massachusetts).

Robins, C.R., et G.C. Ray. 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, États-Unis.

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Simon, J.E., et K.T. Frank. 1996. Assessment of the Division 4VsW skate fishery, MPO, Pêche de l’Atlantique, doc. rech. 96/105.

Simon, J.E., et K.T. Frank. 1998. Assessment of the winter skate fishery in Division 4VsW, MPO, Pêche de l’Atlantique, doc. rech. 98/145.

Simon, J.E., et K.T. Frank. 2000. Assessment of the winter skate fishery in Division 4VsW, MPO, Secrétariat canadien pour l’évaluation des stocks, doc. rech. 2000/140.

Simon, J.E. et K.T. Frank. 2000. Assessment of the winter skate fishery in Division 4VsW, MPO, Rapport sur l’état des stocks A3-29 (2000).

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Sulikowski, J.A., M.D. Morin, S.H. Suk et W.H. Howell. 2003. Age and growth estimates of the winter skate (Leucoraja ocellata) in the western Gulf of Maine, Fishery Bulletin 101(2):405-413.

Tyler, A.V. 1971. Periodic and resident components in communities of Atlantic fishes, Journal of the fisheries Research Board of Canada 28:751-63.

Vladykov, V.D. 1936. Capsules d’oeufs de raies de l’Atlantique canadien appartenant au genre Raja, Nature Canadian 63:211-231.

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