Sauter l'index du livret et aller au contenu de la page

Évaluation et Rapport de situation du COSEPAC sur la Chevêche des terriers au Canada – Mise à jour

Remerciements

Nous remercions tout particulièrement Troy Wellicome, Geoff Holroyd, Ray Poulin et Danielle Todd pour nous avoir fourni de l’information inédite considérable sur la situation et la biologie des Chouettes des terriers au Canada. Les rapports précédents du COSEPAC produits par Wellicome et Haug (1995), Haug et Didiuk (1991) et Wedgwood (1979) ont servi à rédiger le présent rapport. Nous exprimons notre gratitude également aux membres de l’Équipe de rétablissement de la Chevêche des terriers pour nous avoir permis d’assister à leur réunion de 2004 et de nous avoir présenté un compte rendu de leurs données inédites. Troy Wellicome, Geoff Holroyd et Danielle Todd ont lu le rapport complet et ont fourni un nombre considérable de suggestions qui ont grandement contribué à en améliorer la qualité. Le financement a été fourni par le Service canadien de la faune d’Environnement Canada.


Sources d'information

Alberta Sustainable Resource Development and Alberta Conservation Association. 2005. Status of the burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia) in Alberta: update 2005, Alberta Sustainable Resource Development, Wildlife Status Report No. 11 (Mise à jour de 2005), Edmonton (Alberta), 28 p.

Butts, K.O. 1973. Life history and habitat requirements of Burrowing Owls in western Oklahoma, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater (Oklahoma).

Butts, K.O., et J.C. Lewis. 1982. The importance of prairie dog colonies to Burrowing Owls in Oklahoma, Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Sciences 62:46-52.

Campbell, R.W., N.K. Dawe, I. McTaggart-Cowan, J.M. Cooper, G.W. Kaiser et M.C.E. McNall. 1990. The birds of British Columbia, Vol. 2, Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria (Colombie-Britannique).

Clark, R.J. 1997. A review of the taxonomy and distribution of the Burrowing Owl (Speotyto cunicularia), p. 14-23, in J.L. Lincer et K. Steenhof (éd.), The Burrowing Owl, its Biology and Management, including the Proceedings of the First International Burrowing Owl Symposium, Journal of Raptor Research Report 9.

Clayton, K.M. 1997. Post-fledging ecology of Burrowing Owls in Alberta and Saskatchewan: dispersal, survival, habitat use, and diet, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon (Saskatchewan), 66 p.

Clayton, K.M., et J.K. Schmutz. 1999. Is the decline of burrowing owls Speotyto cunicularia in prairie Canada linked to changes in Great Plains ecosystems?Bird Conservation International 9:163-185.

COSEPAC. 2001. Espèces canadiennes en péril, Comité sur la situation des espèces en péril au Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

Desmond, M.J. 1991. Ecological aspects of Burrowing Owl nesting strategies in the Nebraska panhandle, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, University of Nebraska, Lincoln (Nebraska).

Desmond, M.J., J.A. Savidge et K.M. Eskridge. 2000. Correlations between Burrowing Owl and black-tailed prairie dog declines: a 7-year analysis, Journal of Wildlife Management 64:1067-1075.

Drost, C.A., et R.C. McCluskey. 1992. Extirpation of alternative prey during a small rodent crash, Oecologia 92:301-304.

Duxbury, J.M. 2004. Stable isotope analysis and the investigation of the migrations and dispersal of peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) and burrowing owls (Athene cunicularia), mémoire, University of Alberta, Edmonton (Alberta), Canada.

Dyer, O.N. 1991. Reintroductions of Burrowing Owls to the South Okanagan Valley, British Columbia (1983 to 1988), p. 231-235, in G.L. Holroyd, G. Burns et H.C. Smith (éd.), Proceedings of the second endangered species and prairie conservation workshop, Provincial Museum of Alberta, Natural History Occasional Paper No. 15, Edmonton (Alberta), Canada.

Équipe de rétablissement de la Chevêche des terriers, réunion de 2004. Du 5 au 7 octobre, Moose Jaw (Saskatchewan).

Fox, G.A., P. Mineau, B. Collins et P.C. James. 1989. The impact of the insecticide carbofuran (Furadan 480F) on the burrowing owl in Canada, Séries de rapports techniques du Service canadien de la faune, Ottawa (Ontario).

Franken, R.J., et T.I. Wellicome. 2003. Burrowing Owl demographics workshop summary report (les 20 et 21 mars, Canmore [Alberta]), rapport inédit du Service canadien de la faune, 28 p.

Gervais, J.A., et R.G. Anthony. 2003. Chronic organochlorine contaminants, environmental variability, and the demographics of a burrowing owl population, Ecological Applications 13:1250-1262.

Gervais, J.A., D.K. Rosenberg et R.G. Anthony. 2003. Space use and pesticide exposure risk of male burrowing owls in an agricultural landscape, Journal of Wildlife Management 67:155-164.

Green, G.A. 1983. Ecology of breeding Burrowing Owls in the Columbia basin, Oregon, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis (Oregon).

Haug, E.A. 1985. Observations on the breeding ecology of Burrowing Owls in Saskatchewan, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon (Saskatchewan).

Haug, E.A., et C. Churchward. 1988. Manitoba Burrowing Owl conservation program, rapport final inédit préparé pour le Manitoba Department of Natural Resources, Winnipeg.

Haug, E.A., et L.W. Oliphant. 1990. Movements, activity patterns, and habitat use of Burrowing Owls in Saskatchewan, Journal of Wildlife Management 54:27-35.

Haug, E.A., et A.B. Didiuk. 1991. Updated status report on the Burrowing Owl in Canada, Comité sur la statut des espèces menacées de disparition au Canada, Ottawa (Ontario), Canada.

Haug, E.A, B.A. Millsap et M.S. Martell. 1993. Burrowing Owl (Speotyto cunicularia), in The Birds of North America, No. 61 (A. Poole et F. Gill, éd.), The Academy of Natural Sciences (Philadelphie) et The American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington (District de Columbia).

Henny, C.J., et L.J. Blus. 1981. Artificial burrows provide new insight into Burrowing Owl nesting biology, Raptor Research 15:82-85.

Hjertaas, D.G. 1997. Operation Burrowing Owl in Saskatchewan, Raptor Research Report 9:112-116.

Hjertaas, D.G., S. Brechtel, K. De Smet, O. Dyer, E.A. Haug, G. Holroyd, P.C. James et J.K. Schmutz. 1995. National recovery plan for the Burrowing Owl, Comité pour le Rétablissement des espèces canadiennes en péril (RESCAPÉ), Ottawa (Ontario), 33 p

Hjertaas, D.G., et W. Lyon. 1987. A stratified random survey for Burrowing Owls on the Weyburn (62E) and Regina (72I) map areas, Wildlife Technical Report 87-2, Saskatchewan Parks and Renewable Resources, Regina (Saskatchewan).

Holroyd, G.L., R. Rodriguez-Estrella et S.R. Sheffield. 2001. Conservation of the Burrowing Owl in western North America: issues, challenges, and recommendations, Journal of Raptor Research 35:399-407.

Hoyt, J.S., T.I. Wellicome, K. De Smet, J.K. Schmutz, P.C. James, K.M. Clayton, R.G. Poulin, L.D. Todd, G.L. Holroyd et D. Stepnisky. 2001. Survival estimates for three burrowing owl populations in Prairie Canada, rapport interne du Service canadien de la faune, 24 p.

Howie, R. 1980. The Burrowing Owl in British Columbia, p. 88−95, in R. Stace-Smith (éd.), Threatened species and habitats in British Columbia and the Yukon, B.C. Ministry of Environment, Victoria (Colombie-Britannique).

James, P.C. 1992. Where do Canadian Burrowing Owls spend the winter? Blue Jay 50:93-95.

James, P.C., et G.A. Fox. 1987. Effects of some insecticides on productivity of Burrowing Owls, Blue Jay 45:65-71.

James, P.C., et R.H.M. Espie. 1997. Current status of the Burrowing Owl in North America: an agency survey, Raptor Research Report 9:3-5.

James, P.C., T.J. Ethier et M.K. Toutloff. 1997. Parameters of a declining Burrowing Owl population in Saskatchewan, Raptor Research Reports 9:34-37.

James, P.C., G.A. Fox et T.J. Ethier. 1990. Is the operational use of strychnine to control ground squirrels detrimental to Burrowing Owls? Journal of Raptor Research 24:120-123.

Johnson, B.S. 1997. Demography and populations dynamics of the Burrowing Owl, Raptor Research Reports 9:28-33.

King, R.A., et J.R. Belthoff. 2001. Post-fledging dispersal of burrowing owls in southwestern Idaho: characterization of movements and use of satellite burrows, Condor 102:118-126.

Kirk, D.A., et U. Banasch. 1996. Second updated status report of the prairie falcon Falco mexicanus in Canada, Comité sur le statut des espèces menacées de disparition au Canada, Ottawa (Ontario), 8 p.

Klute, D.S., L.W. Ayers, M.T. Green, W.H. Howe, S.L. Jones, J.A. Shaffer, S.R. Sheffield et T.S. Zimmerman. 2003. Status Assessment and Conservation Plan for the Western Burrowing Owl in the United States, U. S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Biological Technical Publication FWS/BTP-R6001-2003, Washington (District de Columbia).

Landry, R.E. 1979. Growth and development of the Burrowing Owl, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, California State University, Long Beach (Californie).

Leupin, E.E., et D.J. Low. 2001. Burrowing Owl reintroduction efforts in the Thompson-Nicola region of British Columbia, Journal of Raptor Research 35:392-398.

Lutz, R.S., et D.L. Plumpton. 1999. Metapopulation dynamics of a Burrowing Owl (Speotyto cunicularia) population in Colorado, p. 255-259, in J.R. Duncan, D.H. Johnson et T.H. Nicholls (éd.), Biology and conservation of owls of the Northern Hemisphere: Second International Symposium, USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NC-190, North Central Forest Experiment Station.

Martell, M.S. 1990. Reintroduction of Burrowing Owls into Minnesota: A feasibility study, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

McDonald, D., N.M. Korfanta et S.J. Lantz. 2004. The Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia): a technical conservation assessment, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Denver (Colorado), États-Unis. [en ligne : www.fs.fed.us/r2/projects/scp/assessments/burrowingowl.pdf].

Michner, G.R., et J.K. Schmutz. 2002. Richardson’s ground squirrel Spermophilus richardsonii, Alberta Prairie Conservation Forum – Prairie Notes Online Paper (http:www.albertapcf.ab.ca/prairie_notes.htm).

Millsap, B.A., et C. Bear. 1988. Cape Coral Burrowing Owl population monitoring. Annual performance report, Florida Game and Freshwater Fish Commission, Tallahassee (Floride).

Olenick, B.E. 1990. Breeding biology of Burrowing Owls using artificial nest burrows in Southeastern Idaho, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, Idaho State University, Pocatello (Idaho).

Plumpton, D.L. 1992. Aspects of nest site selection and habitat use by Burrowing Owls at Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Colorado, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock (Texas).

Poulin, R.G. 2003. Relationships between burrowing owls (Athene cunicularia), small mammals, and agriculture, thèse de doctorat, University of Regina, Regina (Saskatchewan).

Poulin, R.G., L.D. Todd, K.M. Dohms, R.M. Brigham et T.I. Wellicome. 2005. Factors associated with nest- and roost-burrow selection by Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia) on the Canadian prairies, Canadian Journal of Zoology 83:1373-1380.

Russell, R.F. 2002. 2002 Burrowing Owl trend block survey and monitoring, Brooks area, Alberta Sustainable Resource Department, Fish and Wildlife Division, Alberta Species at Risk Report No. 58, Edmonton (Alberta).

Salt, W.R., et A.L. Wilk. 1958. The birds of Alberta, Queen’s Printer, Edmonton (Alberta).

Samson, F.B., et F.L. Knopf. 1994. Prairie conservation in North America, BioScience 44:418-421.

Sauer, J.R., J.E. Hines et J. Fallon. 2003. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966 – 2002, version 2003.1, USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel (Maryland), ÉTATS-UNIS.

Schmutz, J.K., C.S. Houston et S.J. Barry. 2001. Prey and reproduction in a metapopulation decline among Swainson’s Hawks, Buteo swainsoni, Canadian Field Naturalist 115:257-273.

Schmutz, J.K., G. Wood et D. Wood. 1991. Spring and summer prey of Burrowing Owls, Blue Jay 49:93-97.

Scobie, D. 2002. 2001 Burrowing Owl trend block survey and monitoring, Brooks and Hanna areas, Alberta Sustainable Resource Department, Fish and Wildlife Division, Alberta Species at Risk Report No. 51, Edmonton (Alberta).

Sheffield, S.R. 1997. Owls as biomonitors of environmental health hazards, p. 383-398, in Biology and conservation of owls of the Northern Hemisphere, USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report NC-190.

Shyry, D.T. 2005. Western Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia hypugaea) in Southeast Alberta: Juvenile Survivorship from Fledging to Migration, Effect of Tags, and Late Season Diets,thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton (Alberta), 92 p.

Sissons, R., K. Scalise et T.I. Wellicome. 2001. Nocturnal foraging habitat use of the Burrowing Owl in a heavily cultivated region of southern Saskatchewan, Journal of Raptor Research 35:304-309.

Sissons, R. 2003. Nocturnal foraging habitat use of the Burrowing Owl on the continuous grasslands of southern Alberta, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton.

Skeel, M.A., J. Keith et C.S. Palaschuk.2001. A population decline recorded by Operation Burrowing Owl in Saskatchewan, Journal of Raptor Research 35:371−377.

Sleno, J. 2000. Possible cat predation on Burrowing Owls, Blue Jay 58:191-192

Smith, A.R. 1996. Atlas of Saskatchewan Birds, Environnement Canada et Nature Saskatchewan, Regina.

Telfer, E.S. 1992. Habitat change as a factor in the decline of the western Canadian loggerhead shrike, Lanius ludovicianus population.

Todd, L.D. 2001a. Dispersal patterns and post-fledging mortality of juvenile burrowing owls in Saskatchewan, Journal of Raptor Research 35:282-287.

Todd, L.D. 2001b. Survival and dispersal of juvenile Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia) during the post-fledging, pre-migratory period, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, University of Regina, Regina (Saskatchewan), 76 p.

Todd, L.D., R.G. Poulin, T.I. Wellicome et R.M. Brigham. 2003. Post-fledging survival of burrowing owls in Saskatchewan, Journal of Wildlife Management 67:512-519.

Valdez Gomez, H.E., G.L. Holroyd et H.E. Trefry. 2002. The winter diet of the Burrowing Owl in central Mexico, Abstract from the Third North American Ornithological Conference, Nouvelle-Orléans (Louisiane).

Warnock, R.G., et M.A. Skeel. 2004. Effectiveness of voluntary stewardship in conserving grassland: case of Operation Burrowing Owl in Saskatchewan, Environmental Management 33:306-317.

Wapple, R.D. 2005. Historical Abundance of Seven COSEWIC Bird Species on the Canadian Prairies, rapport inédit préparé pour le Service canadien de la faune, Région des Prairies et du Nord.

Wedgwood, J.A. 1978. The status of the Burrowing Owl in Canada, rapport préparé pour le Comité sur le statut des espèces menacées de disparition au Canada, Service canadien de la faune, 84 p.

Wellicome, T.I. 1997. Status of the Burrowing Owl (Speotyo cunicularia hypugaea) in Alberta, Wildlife Status Report No. 11, Alberta Environmental Protection, Wildlife Management Division, Edmonton (Alberta), 21 p. [en ligne : www.gov.ab.ca/env/fw/status/reports/bowl]

Wellicome, T.I. 2000. Effects of food on reproduction in Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia) during three stages of the breeding season, thèse de doctorat, University of Alberta, Edmonton (Alberta), 113 p.

Wellicome, T.I. 2005. Hatching asynchrony in Burrowing Owls is influenced by clutch size and hatching success but not by food, Oecologia 142:326-334.

Wellicome, T.I., et E.A. Haug. 1995. Second update of Status Report on the Burrowing Owl (Speotyto cunicularia) in Canada, Comité sur le statut des espèces menacées de disparition au Canada, Service canadien de la faune, Environnement Canada, Ottawa (Ontario), 32 p.

Wellicome, T.I., et G.L. Holroyd. 2001. The Second International Burrowing Owl Symposium: background and context, Journal of Raptor Research 35:269-273.

Wellicome, T.I., G.L. Holroyd, K. Scalies et E.R. Wiltse. 1997. The effects of predator exclusion and food supplementation of Burrowing Owl (Speotytocunicularia) population change in Saskatchewan, p. 487-497, in J.R. Duncan, D.H. Johnson et T.H. Nicholls (éd.), Biology and conservation of owls of the Northern Hemisphere: Second International Symposium, USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report NC-190, North Central Forest Experimental Station.

Woodard, J. 2002. The influence of diet, habitat, and recreational shooting of prairie dogs on burrowing owl demography, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins (Colorado).