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CHOUETTE TACHETÉE DU NORD (Strix occidentalis caurina)

Ouvrages cités

Barrows, C.W. 1981. Roost selection by Spotted Owls: An adaptation to heat stress, Condor 83:302–309.

Barrows, C., et K. Barrows. 1978. Roost characteristics and behavioural thermoregulation in the Spotted Owl, Western Birds 9:1–8.

Bart, J. 1995. Amount of suitable habitat and viability of Northern Spotted Owls, Conservation Biology 9:943–946.

Blackburn, I.R., A.S. Harestad, J.N.M. Smith, S. Godwin, R. Hentze et C.B. Lenihan. 2002. Population assessment of the Northern Spotted Owl in British Columbia 1992–2001, B.C. Minist. Water, Land and Air Protection, Surrey (Colombie-Britannique). 22 p.

Blackburn, I.R., et A.S. Harestad. 2002. Supplement to the population assessment of the Northern Spotted Owl in British Columbia 1992–2001, B.C. Minist. Water, Land and Air Protection, Surrey (Colombie-Britannique). 44 p.

Blackburn, I.R., et S. Godwin. 2003. Status of the Northern Spotted Owl in British Columbia, B.C. Minist. Water, Land and Air Protection, Surrey (Colombie-Britannique).

Blakesley, J.A., A.B. Franklin et R.J. Gutiérrez. 1992. Spotted Owl roost and nest site selection in northwestern California, J. Wildlife Management 56:388–392.

Buchanan, J.B., L.L. Irwin et E.L. McCutchen. 1993. Characteristics of Spotted Owl nest trees in the Wenatchee National Forest, J. Raptor Research 27:1–7.

Buchanan, J.B., L.L. Irwin et E.L. McCutchen. 1995. Within-stand nest site selection by Spotted Owls in the eastern Washington Cascades, J. Wildlife Management 59:301–310.

Buchanan, J.B., J.C. Lewis et D.J. Pierce.1999. Characteristics of young forests used by Spotted Owls on the Western Olympic Peninsula, Washington, Northwest Science 73(4):255–263.

Campbell, E.C., et R.W. Campbell. 1986. Status report on the Spotted Owl, Strix occidentalis, in Canada, CSEMDC, Ottawa (Ontario).

Campbell, R.W., N.K. Dawe, I. McTaggart-Cowan, J.M. Cooper, G.W. Kaiser et M.C.E. McNall. 1990. The Birds of British Columbia, Vol. 2, Nonpasserines: Diurnal birds of prey through woodpeckers, Royal British Columbia Museum et Service canadien de la faune, Mitchell Press, Vancouver (Colombie-Britannique), 636 p.

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Carey, A., S. Horton et B. Biswell. 1992. Northern Spotted Owls: Influence of prey base and landscape character, Ecological Monographs 62:223–250.

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Dale, V.H., L.A. Joyce, S. McNulty, R.P. Neilson, M.P. Ayres, M.D. Flannigan, P.J. Hanson, L.C. Irland, A.E. Lugo, C.J. Peterson, D. Simberloff, F.J. Swanson, B.J. Stocks et B.M. Wotton. 2001, Climate change and forest disturbance, BioScience 51:723–734.

Dawson, W., J. Ligon, J. Murphy, J. Myers, D. Simberloff et J. Verner. 1986. Report of the scientific advisory panel on the Spotted Owl, Condor 89:205–229.

Delaney, D.K., T.G. Grubb, P. Beier, L.L. Pater et M.H. Reiser. 1999. Effects of helicopter noise on Mexican Spotted Owls, J. Wildlife Management 63:60–76.

Demarchi, D.A. 1998. A spatial simulation model for evaluating the response of rare and endangered species to conservation strategies and forest practices: A case study of the Northern Spotted Owl, mémoire de maîtrise ès sciences, Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver (Colombie-Britannique).

Dunbar, D., et I. Blackburn. 1994. Management options for the Northern Spotted Owl in British Columbia, rapport de l’équipe canadienne de rétablissement de la Chouette tachetée, B.C. Minist. Environ. Lands and Parks, Surrey (Colombie-Britannique), 180 p.

Dunbar, D., Booth, B., Forsman, E., Hetherington, A., et D. Wilson. 1991. Status of the Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis) and Barred Owl (Strix varia) in southwestern British Columbia, Canadian Field-Naturalist 105:464–468.

Forsman, E.D. 2003. Northern Spotted Owl, disponible en ligne à l’adresse http://biology.usgs.gov/s+t/SNT/noframe/pn172.htm

Forsman, E.D., R.G. Anthony, J.A. Reid, P.J. Loschl, S.G. Sovern, M. Taylor, B.L. Biswell, A. Ellingson, E.C. Meslow, G.S. Miller, K.A. Swindle, J.A. Thrailkill, F.F. Wagner et D.E. Seaman. 2002a. Natal and breeding dispersal of Northern Spotted Owls, Wildlife Monographs 149:1–35.

Forsman, E.D., et A.R. Giese. 1997. Nests of the Northern Spotted Owl on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington, Wilson Bulletin 109:28–41.

Forsman, E.D., E.C. Meslow et H.M. Wight. 1984. Distribution and biology of the Spotted Owl in Oregon, Wildlife Monographs 87:1–64.

Forsman, E.D., I.A. Otto, S.G. Govern, M. Taylor, D.W. Hays, H. Allen, S.L. Roberts et D.E. Seaman. 2001. Spatial and temporal variation in diets of Spotted Owls in Washington, J. Raptor Research 35:141–150.

Forsman, E.D., J.A. Reid, S. Graham, J.S. Mowdy et A.L. Price. 2002b. Demographic characteristics of Northern Spotted Owls (Strix occidentalis) on the Tyee Study Area, Roseburg, Oregon, 1985–2002, rapport inédit sur les relations faune-habitat dans l’État de Washington et l’Oregon, USDA Forest Service.

Forsman, E.D., S. Sovern et M. Taylor. 2002c. Demography of Spotted owls on the east slope of the Cascade Range, Washington, 1989–2002, rapport inédit sur les relations faune-habitat dans l’État de Washington et l’Oregon, USDA Forest Service.

Franklin, A.B., K.P. Burnham, G.C. White, R.G. Anthony, E.D. Forsman, C. Schwarz, J.D. Nichols et J. Hines. 1999. Range-wide status and trend in Northern Spotted Owl populations, rapport inédit, Colorado State University et Oregon State University, Fort Collins (Colorado).

Franklin, A.B., R.J. Gutiérrez, P.C. Carlson, D. Pavlacky, J. Rockwiett, W. King, A. Walston et S. Unger. 2002. Population ecology of the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) in northwestern California: Annual results, 2001, Annual Progress Report for Region 5, USDA Forest Service, 18 p.

GUIRR, Guide de rétablissement du RESCAPÉ. 2003. Document de travail, 30 janvier 2003, Secrétariat du RESCAPÉ, Service canadien de la faune, Environnement Canada, Ottawa.

Gutiérrez, R.J., A.B. Franklin et W.S. La Haye. 1995. Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis), in A. Poole et F. Gill (éd.) The Birds of North America No. 179. Acad. Nat. Sci., Philadelphia (Pennsylvanie), et Am. Ornithol. Union, (Washington DC), 28 p.

Hamer, T.E. 1988. Home range size of the Northern Barred Owl and Northern Spotted Owl in western Washington, mémoire de maîtrise, Western Washington University, Bellingham, (Washington).

Hamer, T.E., E.D. Forsman, D. Fuchs et M. Walters. 1994. Hybridization between Barred and Spotted Owls, Auk111:487–492.

Hamer, T.E., D.L. Hays, C.M. Senger et E.D. Forsman. 2001. Diets of Northern Barred Owls and Northern Spotted Owls in an area of sympatry, J. Raptor Research 35:221–227.

Hamer, T.E., S.G. Seim et K.R. Dixon.1989. Northern Spotted Owl and Northern Barred Owl habitat use and home range size in Washington, rapport préliminaire, Washington Department of Wildlife, 65 p.

Hanson, E., D. Hays, L. Hicks, L. Young et J. Buchanan. 1993. Spotted Owl habitat in Washington, Washington Forest Practices Board, Washington, 116 p.

Harper, W.L., et R. Milliken. 1994. Other species associated with late successional forests. Appendix C. in D. Dunbar et I. Blackburn, Management options for the Northern Spotted Owl in British Columbia, rapport présenté à l’équipe canadienne de rétablissement de la Chouette tachetée, B.C. Minist. Environ. Lands and Parks, Surrey (Colombie‑Britannique), 180 p.

Herter, D.R., et L.L. Hicks. 1995. Northern Spotted Owl surveys and demography in the Plum Creek Cascade Habitat Conservation Plan area, Tech. Rep. 1, Plum Creek Timber Company, L.P., Seattle (Washington), 79 p.

Hilton, A., et S. Hilton. 2002. Inventory of Northern Spotted Owls: Lillooet Forest District, rapport inédit pour le Minist. Water, Land and Air Protection, Kamloops (Colombie‑Britannique), 58 p.

Hobbs, J. 2002. Spotted Owl nest searches in the Lillooet Forest District, 2002: Summary of results, rapport inédit pour le Minist. Water, Land and Air Protection, Victoria (Colombie‑Britannique).

Hodum, P., et S. Harrison. 1997. Ecological assessment of the British Columbia Spotted Owl management plan, rapport inédit, University of California, Davis (Californie).

Horoupian, N., C.B. Lenihan, A.S. Harestad et I.R. Blackburn. En cours de préparation. Diet of Northern Spotted Owls in British Columbia.

Kelly, E.G. 2002. The range expansion of the Northern Barred Owl: An evaluation of the impact on Northern Spotted Owls, mémoire de maîtrise, Oregon State University, Corvallis (Oregon).

Kelly, E.G., E.D. Forsman et R.G. Anthony. 2003. Are Barred Owls displacing Spotted Owls? Condor 105:45–53.

Keystone Wildlife Research Ltd. 2003. Spotted Owl data review and management plan for the Fraser TSA, rapport provisoire inédit préparé pour Fraser TSA Co-operative Assoc., 53 p.

Kirk, D.A. 1999. COSEWIC status report on the Northern Spotted Owl, Strix occidentalis caurina. Comité sur la situation des espèces en péril au Canada, 24 p.

Kurz, W.A., et J.A. Greenough. 1996. Spotted Owl adaptive management program and research needs: Workshop report, préparé par ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver (Colombie‑Britannique) pour le B.C. Minist. Forests et le B.C. Minist. Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria (Colombie‑Britannique), 39 p.

Lamberson, R.H., B.R. Noon, C. Voss et R. McKelvey. 1994. Reserve design for terrestrial species: The effects of patch size and spacing on the viability of the Northern Spotted Owl, Conservation Biology 8:185–195.

LEP, Loi sur les espèces en péril. 2003. Chapitre 29, Partie III, Gazette du Canada, Lois du Canada, 2002, Imprimeur de la Reine pour le Canada, Ottawa, 97 p.

Loye, J.E., et S.P. Carroll. 1998. Ectoparasite behavior and its effects on avian nest site selection, Annals of the Entomological Society of America 91:159–163.

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MELP, B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks. 1998. Environmental trends in British Columbia, Minist. Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria (Colombie‑Britannique).

Meyer, J.S., L.L. Irwin et M.S. Boyce. 1998. Influence of habitat abundance and fragmentation on Northern Spotted Owls in western Oregon, Wildlife Monographs 139:1–51.

Miller, A. 2004. Northern Spotted Owl Recovery Strategy for British Columbia, Canada, rapport provisoire inédit, 65 p.

Miller, G., S. Small et E.C. Meslow.1997. Habitat selection by Spotted Owls during natal dispersal in western Oregon, J. Wildlife Management 61:140–150.

Moller, A.P. 1993. Ectoparasites increase the cost of reproduction in their hosts, J. Animal Ecology 62:309–322.

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