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L’ours blanc (Ursus maritimus)

Ouvrages cités

Amstrup, S.C. 1986. Research on polar bears in Alaska, 1983-1985. Proceedings of the Ninth Working Meeting of the IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group. UICN, Cambridge, Pages 85‑108.

Amstrup , S.C. 1995. Movements, distribution, and population dynamics of polar bears in the Beaufort Sea. Thèse de doctorat, University of Alaska (Fairbanks). 299 p.

Amstrup , S.C. 1993. Human disturbances of denning polar bears in Alaska. Arctic, 46:246-250.

Amstrup , S.C. et C.L. Gardner. 1994. Polar bear maternity denning in the Beaufort Sea. J. Wildl. Manage. 58:1-10.

Amstrup , S.C. , I. Stirling et J. lentfer. 1986. Size and trends of Alaskan polar bear populations. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 14:251-254.

Amstrup , S.C. , C. Gardner, K.C. Meyers et F.W. Oehme. 1989. Ethylene glycol (antifreeze) poisoning in a free ranging polar bear. Veterinary and Human Toxicology 31:317-319.

Bernhoft, A., Ø. Wiig, J.U. Skaare. 1996. Organochlorines in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in Svalbard. Environ. Pollut. 95: 159-175.

Born, E.W., A. D. Renzoni et R. Dietz. 1991. Total mercury in hair of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Greenland and Svalbard. Polar Res. 9:113-120.

Calvert, W., M. Taylor, I. Stirling, G.B. Kolenosky, S. Kearney, M. Crête et S. Luttich. 1995. Polar bear management in Canada 1988-92. Pages 61-80, in Ø. Wiig, E.W. Born et G.W. Garner, (éd.) Polar Bears: Proceedings of the Eleventh Working Meeting of the IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group, 25-27 janvier 1993. Copenhague (Danemark). Occ. Pap. IUCN SSC No. 10.

Clark , D.C., I. Stirling et W. Calvert. 1997. Distribution, characteristics, and use of earth dens and related excavations by polar bears in the western Hudson Bay Lowlands. Arctic, 158-166.

Cleator, H.J. et I. Stirling. 1990. Winter distribution of bearded seals (Erignathus barbatus) in the Penny Strait area, Northwest Territories, as determined by underwater vocalizations. Can. J. Fish. and Aquat. Sci. 47:1071-1076.

DeMaster, D.P., M.C.S. Kingsley et I. Stirling. 1980. A multiple mark and recapture estimate applied to polar bears. Can. J. Zool. 58:644-658.

DeMaster, D.P. et I. Stirling. 1981. Ursus maritimus. Mammal Species, 145. 7 p.

Derocher, A.E. et I. Stirling. 1990. Distribution of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) during the ice-free period in western Hudson Bay. Can. J. Zool. 68:1395-1403.

Derocher, A.E. et I. Stirling. 1991. Oil contamination of two polar bears. Polar Rec.     27: 56-57.

Derocher, A.E. et I. Stirling. 1995a. Mark-recapture estimation of population size and survival rates for polar bears in western Hudson Bay. J. Wildl. Manage. 59:215-221.

Derocher, A.E. et I. Stirling. 1995b. Temporal variation in reproduction and body mass of polar bears in western Hudson Bay. Can. J. Zool. 73:1657-1665.

Derocher, A.E. et I. Stirling. 1998. Offspring size and maternal investment in polar bears (Ursus maritimus). J. Zoology (Londres) (sous presse).

Derocher, A.E., D.S. Andriashek et I. Stirling. 1993. Terrestrial feeding by polar bears during the ice-free period in western Hudson Bay. Arctic 46:251-254.

Derocher, A.E., I. Stirling et D. Andriashek. 1992. Pregnancy rates and serum progesterone levels of polar bears in western Hudson Bay. Can. J. Zool. 70:561-566.

Derocher, A.E., I. Stirling et W. Calvert. 1997. Male-biased harvesting of polar bears in western Hudson Bay. J. Wildl. Manage. 61:1075-1082.

Doutt, J.K. 1967. Polar bear dens on the Twin Islands, James Bay, Canada. J. Mammal. 48:468-471.

Ferguson, S.H, M.K. Taylor et F. Messier. 1997. Space use of polar bears in and around Auyuittuq National Park, Northwest Territories, during the ice-free period. Can. J. Zool. 75:1585-1594.

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Furnell, D.J. et R.E. Schweinsburg. 1984. Population dynamics of central Canadian Arctic polar bears. J. Wildl. Manage. 48:722-728.

Garner, G.W., S.C. Amstrup, I. Stirling et S.E. Belikov. 1994. Habitat considerations for polar bears in the North Pacific Rim. Trans. N. Amer. Wildl. & Natur. Resour. Conf. 59:111-120.

Harington, C.R. 1968. Denning habits of the polar bear (Ursus maritimus Phipps). Can. Wildl. Serv. Report Series No. 5. 30 p.

IUCN Polar Bear Specialist Group. 1998. Worldwide Status of the Polar Bear. In Proceedings of the 12th Working Meeting of the IUCN Polar Bears Specialists, Janvier 1997. Oslo (Norvège).

Jonkel, C., G.B. Kolenosky, R.J. Robertson et R. Russell. 1972. Further notes on polar bear denning habits. Int. Conf. on Bear Res. Manage. 2:142-158.

Jonkel, C., P. Smith, I. Stirling et G.B. Kolenosky. 1976. Notes on the present status of the polar bear in the James Bay and Belcher Islands area. Service canadien de la faune. Publication hors série no 26. 42 p.

Jonkel, C., E. Land et R. Redhead. 1978. La productivité de l’ours blanc (Ursus maritimus) dans le Sud‑Est de l’île Baffin, Territoires du Nord‑Ouest. Service canadien de la faune. Cahier de biologie no 91.7 p.

Kiliaan, H.P.L., I. Stirling et C. Jonkel. 1978. Les ours blancs de la région du détroit de Jones et de la baie Norvégienne. Service canadien de la faune. Cahier de biologie no 88, 21 p.

Kingsley, M.C.S., I. Stirling et W. Calvert. 1985. The distribution and abundance of seals in the Canadian High Arctic, 1980-82. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42:1189-1210.


Kolenosky, G.B. et J.P. Prevett. 1983. Productivity and maternity denning of polar bears in Ontario. Int. Conf. Bear Res. Manage. 5:238-245.

Kolenosky, G.B., K.F. Abraham et C.J. Greenwood. 1992. Polar bears of southern Hudson Bay. Polar Bear Project, 1984-88, Rapport final, ministère des Richesses naturelles de l’Ontario, Maple (Ontario).

Lee, J. et M.K. Taylor. 1994. Aspects of the polar bear harvest in the Northwest Territories, Canada. Int. Conf. Res. Manage. 9:237-243.

Lentfer, J.W. 1975. Polar bear denning on drifting sea ice.J. Mammal. 56:716.

Lentfer, J.W., R.J. Hensel, J.R. Gilbert et F.E. Sorensen. 1980. Population characteristics of Alaskan polar bears. Int. Conf. Bear Res. Manage. 4:109‑116.

Letcher, R.J., R.J. Norstrom, Å. Bergman. 1995. Geographical distribution and identification of methyl sulphone PCB and DDE metabolites in pooled polar bear (Ursus maritimus) adipose tissue from western hemisphere Arctic and Subarctic regions. Sci. Total Envir. 160/161:409-420.

Lunn , N.J. et I. Stirling. 1985. The significance of supplemental food to polar bears during the ice-free period of Hudson Bay. Can. J. Zool. 63:2291-2297.

Lunn , N.J., I. Stirling, D. Andriashek et G.B. Kolenosky. 1997. Re-estimating the size of the polar bear population in Western Hudson Bay. Arctic. 50:234-240.

Lunn , N.J., I. Stirling et D. Andriashek. 1995. Movements and distribution of polar bears in the northeastern Beaufort Sea and McClure Strait. Final Report by Canadian Wildlife Service to the Inuvialuit Wildlife Management Advisory Committee.Inuvik (Territoires du Nord-Ouest). 65 p.

Lunn, N.J., W. Calvert, M.K. Taylor, I. Stirling, M. Obbard, C. Elliott, G. Lamontagne, J. Schaeffer, S. Atkinson et E. Bowden. 1998. Polar Bear Management in Canada, 1993-96. Proceedings of the Twelth Working Meeting of the IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group, 3-7 février 1997. Oslo (Norvège).

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Messier, F., M.K. Taylor et M.A. Ramsay. 1992. Seasonal activity patterns of female

polarbears (Ursus maritimus) in the Canadian Arctic as revealed by satellite

telemetry. J. Zool. Lond. 226:219-229.

Messier, F., M.K. Taylor et M.A. Ramsay. 1994. Denning ecology of polar bears in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. J. Mammal. 75:420-430.

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Paetkau, D., W. Calvert, I. Stirling et C. Strobeck. 1995. Microsatellite analysis of population structure in Canadian polar bears. Molecular Ecology, 4:347-354.

Prevett, J.P. et G.B. Kolenosky. 1982. The status of polar bears in Ontario. Naturaliste canadien (Review of Ecological Systems). 109:933‑‑939.

Ramsay, M.A. et D. Andriashek. 1986. Long distance route orientation of female polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in spring. J. Zool. Lond. (A) 208:63-72.

Ramsay, M.A. et I. Stirling. 1986. On the mating system of polar bears. Can. J. Zool. 64:2142-2151.

Ramsay, M.A. et I. Stirling. 1988. Reproductive biology and ecology of female polar bears (Ursus maritimus) J. Zool. (Londres) Series A 214:601-634.

Ramsay, M.A. et I. Stirling. 1990. Fidelity of polar bears to winter den sites. J. Mammal. 71:233-236.

Schweinsburg, R.E. 1979. Summer snow dens used by polar bears in the Canadian High Arctic. Arctic 32:165-169.

Schweinsburg, R.E. et L.J. Lee. 1982. Movements of four satellite-monitored polar bears in Lancaster Sound, Northwest Territories. Arctic, 35:504-511.

Schweinsburg, R.E., D.J. Furnell et S.J. Miller. 1981. Abundance, distribution and population structure of polar bears in the lower central arctic islands. Northwest Territories Wildlife Service Completion Report. No. 2, 80 p.

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Smith, P.A. et I. Stirling. 1976. Examen du commerce des peaux d’ours blanc au Canada, 1974‑1975. Service canadien de la faune. Cahier de biologie no 66, 7 p.

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Stirling, I. et W. Calvert. 1983. Environmental threats to marine mammals in the Canadian Arctic. Polar Rec. 21:433-449.

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