Sauter l'index du livret et aller au contenu de la page

Évaluation et Rapport de situation du COSEPAC sur le Renard véloce Vulpes velox au Canada – 2009

Sources d’information

Administration du rétablissement agricole des Prairies (ARAP). 2008. Programme des pâturages communautaires, Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada, Ottawa (Ontario). (Consulté en octobre 2008).

Agence de réglementation de la lutte antiparasitaire (ARLA). 2008. Information sheet on the emergency use of strychnine to control Richardon’s Ground Squirrels in Saskatchewan (en anglais seulement). (Consulté en avril 2009).

ARLA. 2006a. Projet d'acceptabilité d'homologation continue PACR2006–08 : Réévaluation du phosphure de zinc, Santé Canada, Agence de réglementation de la lutte antiparasitaire, Ottawa (Ontario), 17 p.

ARLA. 2006b. Décision de réévaluation RRD2006–23 : Cyanure de sodium, Santé Canada, Agence de réglementation de la lutte antiparasitaire, Ottawa (Ontario), 3 p.

ARLA. 2005. Projet d'acceptabilité d'homologation continue PACR2006–08 : Réévaluation de la strychnine Santé Canada, Agence de réglementation de la lutte antiparasitaire, Ottawa (Ontario), 17 p.

Aguirre, A.A.  2009. Wild canids as sentinels of ecological health: a conservation medicine perspective, Parasites & Vectors 2 (Suppl 1):S7.

Alberta Fish and Wildlife. 2001. Recommended Land Use Guidelines for Protection of Selected Wildlife Species and Habitat Within Grassland and Parkland Natural Regions of Alberta, Alberta Fish and Wildlife, Edmonton (Alberta), 5 p.

Alberta Swift Fox Recovery Team (ASFRT). 2007. Alberta swift fox recovery plan 2006–2011, Alberta Species at Risk Recovery Plan No. 14, Sustainable Resource Development de l’Alberta, Fish and Wildlife Division, Edmonton (Alberta), 23 p.

ANHIC (Alberta Natural Heritage Information Centre). 2008. Mammal Tracking List. Alberta Natural Heritage Information Centre, Alberta Tourism, Parks, and Recreation, Edmonton (Alberta) (en anglais seulement). (Consulté en octobre 2008).

Allardyce, D. et M.A. Sovada. 2003. A review of the ecology, distribution, and status of swift foxes in the United States, p. 3–18, in M.A. Sovada et L.N. Carbyn (éd.), The Swift Fox: Ecology and Conservation of Swift Foxes in a Changing World, Canadian Plains Research Centre, University of Regina, Regina (Saskatchewan).

Andersen, D.E., T.R. Laurion, J.R. Cary, R.S. Sikes, M.A. McLeod et E.M. Gese. 2003. Aspects of swift fox ecology in southeastern Colorado, p. 139–147, in M.A. Sovada et L.N. Carbyn (éd.), The Swift Fox: Ecology and Conservation of Swift Foxes in a Changing World, Canadian Plains Research Centre, University of Regina, Regina (Saskatchewan).

Archives nationales d'information et de données climatologiques. 2002. Normales et moyennes climatiques au Canada 1971–2000, Environnement Canada, Ottawa (Ontario). (Consulté en octobre 2008)

Audubon, J.J., et J. Bachman. 1851. The Quadrupeds of North America, V.G. Audubon, New York (New York), 334 p.

Ausband, D.E., et K.R. Foresman. 2007. Swift fox reintroductions on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation, Montana, USA, Biological Conservation 136:423–430.

Ausband, D., et A. Moehrenschlager. 2009. Long–range juvenile dispersal and its implication for conservation of reintroduced swift fox Vulpes velox populations in the USA and Canada, Oryx 43:73–77.

Baker, P.J., et S. Harris. 2004. The behavioural ecology of red foxes in urban Bristol, p. 207–216, in D.W. Macdonald et C. Sillero–Zubiri (éd.), Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids, Oxford University Press, Oxford, Royaume-Uni.

Bardeleben, C. R.L. Moore et R.K. Wayne. 2005. A molecular phylogeny of the Canidae based on six nuclear loci, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37:815–831.

Binder, H. 2009. Opinion: Wind turbines on public land. Alberta Natural History, August 2009 ("http://fanweb.ca/resources-services/staff_and_volunteers/news/august-2009/opinion-wind-turbines-on-public-land-by-henry-binder/" en anglais seulement).

Bininda–Emonds, O.R.P., J.L. Gittleman et A. Purvis. 1999. Building large tree by combining phylogenetic information: a complete phylogeny of the extant Carnivora (Mammalia), Biological Review 74:143–175.

Blus, L.J., G.R. Sherman et J.D. Henderson. 1967. A Noteworthy record of the swift fox in McPherson County, Nebraska, Journal of Mammalogy 48:471–472.

Bonsal, B., et M. Regier. 2007. Historical comparison of the 2001/2002 drought in the Canadian prairies, Climate Research 33:229–242.

Brechtel, S.H., L.N. Carbyn, D. Hjertaas et C. Mamo. 1993. Canadian Swift Fox Reintroduction Feasibility Study: 1989–1992, Fish and Wildlife Services de l’Alberta, Edmonton (Alberta), 95 p.

Cameron, M.W. 1984. The swift fox (Vulpes velox) on the Pawnee National Grassland: its food habits, population dynamics and ecology, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley (Colorado), 117 p.

Carbyn, L.N. 1998. Rapport du COSEPAC sur la situation du renard véloce (Vulpes velox) au Canada – Mise à jour, Comité sur la situation des espèces en péril au Canada, Ottawa (Ontario), 50 p.

Carbyn, L.N., H.J. Armbruster, et C. Mamo. 1994. The swift fox reintroduction program in Canada from 1983 to 1992, p. 247–270, in M.L. Bowles et C.J. Whelan (éd.), Restoration of Endangered Species: Conceptual Issues, Planning and Implementation, Cambridge University Press, New York (New York), 408 p.

Carlington, B.G. 1980. Reintroduction of the swift fox to the Canadian prairie, thèse de maîtrise en conception de l’environnement, University of Calgary, Calgary (Alberta), 180 p.

Chambers, G.D. 1978. Little fox on the prairie, Audubon 80:63–69.

Comité sur la situation des espèces en péril au Canada (COSEPAC). 2000. Évaluation et Rapport de situation du COSEPAC sur le renard véloce (Vulpes velox) au Canada – Mise à jour, Comité sur la situation des espèces en péril au Canada, Ottawa (Ontario), 50 p.

Cotterill, S.E. 1997a. Population Census of Swift Fox (Vulpes velox) in Canada: Winter 1996–1997, Environmental Protection de l’Alberta, Natural Resources Service, Wildlife Management Division, Edmonton (Alberta), 50 p.

Cotterill, S.E. 1997b. Status of the Swift Fox (Vulpes velox) in Alberta, Wildlife Status Report No. 7, Environmental Protection de l’Alberta, Wildlife Management Division, Edmonton (Alberta), 17 p.

Covell, D.F. 1992. Ecology of the swift fox (Vulpes velox) in southeastern Colorado, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison (Wisconsin), 111 p.

Coupland, R.T. 1987. Endangered prairie habitats: the mixed prairie, p. 35–42, in G.H. Holroyd, W.B. McGillvray, P.H.R. Stepney, D.M. Ealey, G.C. Trottier et K.E. Eberhart (éd.), Proceedings of the Workshop on Endangered Species in the Prairie Provinces, Natural History Occasional Paper No. 9, Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton (Alberta).

Creel, S.R., G. Spong et N. Creel. 2001. Interspecific competition and the population biology of extinction–prone carnivores, p. 35–60, in J.L. Gittleman, S.M. Funk, D.W. Macdonald et R.K. Wayne (éd.), Carnivore Conservation, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Royaume-Uni.

Cully, Jr., J.F., et E.S. Williams. 2001. Interspecific comparisons of sylvatic plague in prairie dogs, Journal of Mammalogy 82:394–905

Cutter, W.L. 1958a. Denning of the swift fox in northern Texas, Journal of Mammalogy 39:70–74.

Cutter, W.L. 1958b. Food habits of the swift fox in northern Texas, Journal of Mammalogy 39:527–532.

Cypher, B.L. 2003. Foxes (Vulpes species, Urocyon species, and Alopex lagopus), p. 511–546, in G.A. Feldhamer, B.C. Thompson et J.A. Chapman (éd.), Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management, and Conservation, 2e édition, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore (Maryland).

Cypher, B.L., P.A. Kelly et D.F. Williams. 2003. Factors influencing populations of endangered San Joaquin kit foxes, p. 125–137, in M.A. Sovada et L.N. Carbyn (éd.), The Swift Fox: Ecology and Conservation of Swift Foxes in a Changing World, Canadian Plains Research Centre, University of Regina, Regina (Saskatchewan).

Doherty, K.E., D.E. Naugle, B.L. Walker et J.M. Graham. 2008. Greater sage–grouse winter habitat selection and energy development, Journal of Wildlife Management 72:187–195.

Dowd Stukel, E. 2008. Swift Fox Conservation Team meeting – Hotel Alex Johnson, Rapid City, South Dakota, 17–19 April, 2007, p. 54–70, in B. Krueger et M. Ewald (éd.), Swift Fox Conservation Team: Report for 2007, Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Laramie (Wyoming).

Dragoo, J.W., J.R. Choate, T.L. Yates et T.P. O'Farrell. 1990. Evolutionary and taxonomic relationships among North American arid–land foxes, Journal of Mammalogy 71:318–332.

Egoscue, H.J. 1979. Mammalian Species: Vulpes velox, Lawrence (Kansas), American Society of Mammalogists 122:1–5.

Erickson, P., P. Fargey, S. Forrest, M. Green, B. Martin, S. Michalsky, J. Nicholson et L. Rodger. 2004. Initiative overview and digital atlas, in K. Smith et P. Fargey (éd.), Shared Prairie – Shared Vision: The Northern Mixed Grass Transboundary Conservation Initiative, Conservation Site Planning Workshop Proceedings and Digital Atlas, Service canadien de la faune, Environnement Canada, Regina (Saskatchewan).

Fecske, D., 2008. North Dakota swift fox report, 2006–2007, p. 13, in B. Krueger et M. Ewald (éd.), Swift fox conservation team: report for 2007, Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Laramie (Wyoming).

Fehlner–Gardiner, C., F. Muldoon, S. Nadin–Davis, A. Wandeler, J. Kush et L.T. Jordan. 2008. Laboratory diagnosis of rabies in Canada for calendar year 2006, The Canadian Veterinary Journal 49:359–361.

Flaherty, M., et R. Plaake. 1986. Response of swift fox (Vulpes velox) to water stress, The Journal of Colorado–Wyoming Academy of Sciences 18:51.

Floyd, B.L., et M.R. Stromberg. 1981. New records of the swift fox (Vulpes velox) in Wyoming, Journal of Mammalogy 62:650–651.

Forrest, S.C., H. Strand, W.H. Haskins, C. Freese, J. Proctor et E. Dinerstein. 2003. Ocean of grass: a conservation assessment for the northern Great Plains, Northern Plains Conservation Network and Northern Great Plains Ecoregion, World Wildlife Fund (US), Bozeman (Montana), ?? p.

Gasper, P.W., et R.P. Watson. 2001. Plague and Yersiniosis, p. 313–329, in E.S. Williams et I.K. Barker (éd.), Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals, 3e Édition, Iowa State University Press, Ames (Iowa).

Gauthier, D.A., et E.B. Wiken. 2003. Monitoring the conservation of grassland habitats, Prairie Ecozone, Canada, Environment Monitoring and Assessment 88:343–364.

Geffen, E., A. Mercure, D.J. Girman, D.W. Macdonald et R.K. Wayne. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships of the fox–like canids: mitochondrial DNA restriction fragment, site and cytochrome beta sequence analyses, Journal of Zoology 228:27–39.

Gese, E.M., S.M. Karki, M.L. Klavetter, E.R. Schauster et A.M. Kitchen. 2004. Serologic survey of canine infectious diseases among sympatric swift foxes (Vulpes velox) and coyotes (Canis latrans) in southeastern Colorado, Journal of Wildlife Diseases 40:741–748.

Giddings, B. 2006. Swift fox monitoring activities in Montana, p. 7–9, in J.N. Stuart et S. Wilson (éd.), Swift Fox Conservation Team: Annual Report for 2004, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Santa Fe, New Mexico and Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Lincoln (Nebraska).

Grassel, S.M. 2007. Lower Brule Sioux Tribe swift fox reintroduction summary, p. 82–83, in E. Dowd Stukel et D.M. Fecske (éd.), Swift Fox Conservation Team: Report for 2005–2006, South Dakota Department of Game, Fish, and Parks, Pierre, South Dakota and North Dakota Game and Fish Department, Bismarck (Dakota du Nord).

Hall, E.R. 1981. The Mammals of North America, Volume II. 2e édition, John Wiley and Sons (New York), p. 601–1181.

Hammermeister, A., D. Gauthier et K. McGovern. 2001. Saskatchewan’s native prairie: statistics of a vanishing ecosystem and dwindling resource, Native Plant Society of Saskatchewan Inc., Saskatoon (Saskatchewan), 17 p.

Harrison, R.L. 2003. Swift fox demography, movements, denning, and diet in New Mexico, The Southwestern Naturalist 48:261–273.

Harrison, R.L., et J. Whitaker Hoagland. 2003. A literature review of swift fox habitat and den–site selection, p. 79–92, in M.A. Sovada et L.N. Carbyn (éd.), The Swift Fox: Ecology and Conservation of Swift Foxes in a Changing World, Canadian Plains Research Centre, University of Regina, Regina (Saskatchewan).

Herrero, S. 2003. Canada’s experimental reintroduction of swift foxes into an altered ecosystem, p. 33–40, in M.A. Sovada et L.N. Carbyn (éd.), The Swift Fox: Ecology and Conservation of Swift Foxes in a Changing World, Canadian Plains Research Centre, University of Regina, Regina (Saskatchewan).

Herrero, S., C. Mamo, L.N. Carbyn et J.M. Scott–Brown. 1991. Swift fox reintroduction into Canada, p. 246–252, in G.L. Holroyd, G. Burns et H.C. Smith (éd.), Proceedings of the Second Endangered Species and Prairie Conservation Workshop, Occasional Paper No. 15, Provincial Museum of Alberta, Natural History Section, Edmonton (Alberta).

Herrero, S., C. Schroeder et S. Scott–Brown. 1986. Are Canadian foxes swift enough? Biological Conservation 36:159–167.

Hildebrand, J. 2008. New US–Fort McMurray highway proposal bad news for native prairie, Wilderness Watch 16:20–21.

Hillman, C.N., et J.C. Sharps. 1978. Return of the swift fox to the northern Great Plains, Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Sciences 57:154–162.

Hines, T.D. 1980. An ecological study of Vulpes velox in Nebraska, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, University of Nebraska, Lincoln (Nebraska), 103 p.

Hines, T.D., et R.M. Case. 1991. Diet, home range, movements, and activity periods of swift fox in Nebraska, Prairie Naturalist 23:131–138.

Hjertaas, D. 1994. Reintroduction of the Swift Fox on the Wood Mountain Plateau, préparé pour Saskatchewan Environment and Resource Management, Regina (Saskatchewan), 14 p.

Hoffman, R.S., P.L. Wright et F.E. Newby. 1969. The distribution of some mammals in Montana I. Other than bats, Journal of Mammalogy 50:579–604.

Humphreys, F.A. et A.G. Campbell. 1947. Plague, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and tularaemia surveys in Canada, Canadian Journal of Public Health 38:124–130.

Jackson, V. 1997. Denning ecology of swift foxes (Vulpes velox) in western Kansas, rapport final, Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks, 23 p.

Kahn, R., L. Fox, H. Horner, B. Giddings et C. Roy. 1997. Conservation assessment and conservation strategy for swift fox in the United States, rapport préparé par le Swift Fox Conservation Team, 54 p.

Kamler, J.F., et W.B. Ballard. 2002. A review of native and non–native red foxes in North America, Wildlife Society Bulletin 30:370–379.

Kamler, J.F., W.B. Ballard, M.C. Wallace et P.S. Gipson. 2007a. Diets of swift foxes (Vulpes velox) in continuous and fragmented prairie in northwestern Texas, The Southwestern Naturalist 52:504–510.

Kamler. J.F., W.B. Ballard, M.C. Wallace, R.L. Gilliland et P.S. Gipson. 2007b. Dietary overlap of swift foxes and coyotes in northwestern Texas, American Midland Naturalist 158:139–146.

Kamler, J.F., W.B. Ballard, P.R. Lemons et K. Mote. 2004. Variation in mating system and group structure in two populations of swift foxes, Vulpes velox, Animal Behaviour 68:83–88.

Kamler, J.F., W.B. Ballard, E.B. Fish, P.R. Lemons, K. Mote et C.C. Perchellet. 2003a. Habitat use, home ranges, and survival of swift foxes in a fragmented landscape: conservation implications, Journal of Mammalogy 84:989–995.

Kamler, J.F., W.B. Ballard, R.L. Gilliland, P.R. Lemons et K. Mote. 2003b. Impacts of coyotes on swift foxes in northwestern Texas, Journal of Wildlife Management 67:317–323.

Karki, S.M., E.M. Gese et M.L. Klavetter. 2007. Effects of coyote population reduction on swift fox demographics in southeastern Colorado, Journal of Wildlife Management 71:2707–2718.

Kilgore, D.L., Jr. 1969. An ecological study of the swift fox (Vulpes velox) in the Oklahoma panhandle, American Midland Naturalist 81:512–534.

Kitchen, A.M., E.M. Gese, L.P. Waits, S.M. Karki et E.R. Schauster (2006). Multiple breeding strategies in the swift fox, Vulpes velox, Animal Behaviour 71:1029–1038.

Kitchen, A.M., E.M. Gese et E.R. Schauster. 1999. Resource partitioning between coyotes and swift foxes: space, time, and diet, Canadian Journal of Zoology 77:1645–1656.

Knowlton, F.F. 1972. Preliminary interpretations of coyote population mechanics with some management implications, Journal of Wildlife Management 36:369–382.

Kunkel, K., L. Bighorn et R. Magnan. 2008. Restoration of swift fox on the Fort Peck Indian Reservation and in northeastern Montana – final phase one summary report, p. 39–40, in B. Krueger et M. Ewald (éd.), Swift fox Conservation Team: Report for 2007, Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Laramie (Wyoming).

Laubin, R. 1977. Indian Dances of North America: Their Importance to Indian Life, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman (Oklahoma), 576 p.

Laurenson, M.K., C. Sillero–Zubiri, H. Thompson, F. Shiferaw, S. Thirgood et J.R. Malcolm. 1998. Disease threats to endangered species: Ethiopian wolves, domestic dogs and canine pathogens, Animal Conservation 1:273–280.

Lawton, J.H. 1993. Range, population abundance and conservation, Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8:409–413.

Leighton, F.A., H.A. Artsob, M.C. Chu et J.G. Olson. 2001. A serological survey of rural dogs and cats on the southwestern Canadian prairie for zoonotic pathogens, Canadian Journal of Public Health 92:67–71.

Licht, D., et G. Schroeder. 2008. Status of swift fox in the National Park Service units in 2007, p. 41–45, in B. Krueger et M. Ewald (éd.), Swift Fox Conservation Team: Report for 2007, Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Laramie (Wyoming).

Lindberg, M.S. 1986. Swift fox distribution in Wyoming: a biogeographical study, thèse de maîtrise, University of Wyoming, Laramie (Wyoming), 64 p.

Linhart, S.B., et W.B. Robinson. 1972. Some relative carnivore densities in areas under sustained coyote control, Journal of Mammalogy 53:880–884.

Maldonado, J.E., R. Cotera, E. Geffen et R.K. Wayne. 1997. Relationships of the endangered Mexican kit fox (Vulpes macrotis zinseri) to North American arid–land foxes based on mitochondrial DNA sequence data, Southwestern Naturalist 42:460–470.

Mamo, C. 1994. Swift fox Population Survey 1994, préparé pour l’Alberta Fish and Wildlife et la Swift fox Conservation Society, Edmonton (Alberta), 30 p.

Matlack, R.S., P.S. Gipson et D.W. Kaufman. 2000. The swift fox in rangeland and cropland in western Kansas: relative abundance, mortality, and body size, The Southwestern Naturalist 45:221–225.

McGee, B.K., K.L. Nicholson, W.B. Ballard et M.J. Butler. 2006a. Characteristics of swift fox dens in northwest Texas, Western North American Naturalist 66:239–245.

McGee, B.K., J.J. Butler, D.B. Pence, J.L. Alexander, J.B. Nissen, W.B. Ballard et K.L. Nicholson. 2006b. Possible vector dissemination by swift foxes following a plague epizootic in black–tailed prairie dogs in northwestern Texas, Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42:415–420.

Mercure, A., K. Ralls, K.P. Koepfli et R.K. Wayne. 1993. Genetic subdivisions among small canids: mitochondrial DNA differentiation of swift, kit, and arctic foxes, Evolution 47:1313–1328.

Merriam, C.H. 1902. Three new foxes of the kit and desert fox, Proceedings of the Biological Society, Washington 15:73–74.

Miller, D.S., D.F. Covell, R.G. McLean, W.J. Adrian, M. Niezgoda, J.M. Gustafson, O.J. Rongstad, R.D. Schultz, L.J. Kirk et T.J. Quan. 2000. Serologic survey for selected infectious disease agents in swift and kit foxes from the western United States, Journal of Wildlife Diseases 36:798–805.

Moehrenschlager, A. 2000. Effects of ecological and human factors on the behaviour and population dynamics of reintroduced Canadian swift foxes (Vulpes velox), thèse de doctorat, Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, Royaume-Uni, 301 p.

Moehrenschlager, A., comm. pers. 2009. Communications par téléphone et par courriel de mai à novembre 2009, chef du Centre for Conservation Research Calgary Zoological Society, Calgary Zoo.

Moehrenschlager, A., et D.W. Macdonald. 2003. Movement and survival parameters of translocated and resident swift foxes, Animal Conservation 6:199–206.

Moehrenschlager, A., et C. Moehrenschlager. 2006. Population Census of Reintroduced Swift Foxes, Vulpes velox, in Canada and Northern Montana 2005/2006, Centre for Conservation Research Report No. 1, Calgary Zoo, Calgary (Alberta).

Moehrenschlager, A., et C. Moehrenschlager. 2001. Census of Swift Fox (Vulpes velox) in Canada and Northern Montana: 2000–2001, Alberta Sustainable Resource Development, Fish and Wildlife Division, Alberta Species at Risk Report No. 24, Edmonton (Alberta).

Moehrenschlager, A., et C. Moehrenschlager. 1999. Canadian Swift Fox (Vulpes velox) Population Assessment: Winter 1999, rapport préparé pour l’Alberta Environmental Protection, Edmonton (Alberta), 37 p.

Moehrenschlager, A., et M.A. Sovada. 2004. Swift FoxVulpes velox, p. 109–116, in C. Sillero–Zubiri, M. Hoffman et D.W. Macdonald (éd.), Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals, and Dogs, Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland et Cambridge, Royaume-Uni, 430 p.

Moehrenschlager, A., S.M. Alexander et T. Brichieri–Colombi. 2007a. Habitat suitability and population viability analysis for reintroduced swift foxes in Canada and Northern Montana, rapport inédit, Centre for Conservation Research, Calgary Zoo, Calgary (Alberta), 30 p.

Moehrenschlager, A., R. List et D.W. Macdonald. 2007b. Escaping intraguild predation: Mexican kit foxes survive while coyotes and golden eagles kill Canadian swift foxes, Journal of Mammalogy 88:1029–1039.

Moehrenschlager, A., B.L. Cypher, K. Ralls, R. List et M.A. Sovada. 2004. Swift and kit foxes: comparative ecology and conservation priorities of swift and kit foxes, p. 185–198, in D.W. Macdonald et C. Sillero–Zubiri (éd.), Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids. Oxford University Press, Oxford, Royaume-Uni.

Morgan Ernest, S.K. 2003. Life history characteristics of placental non–volant mammals, Ecology 84:3402.

NatureServe. 2008. NatureServe Explorer: An Online Encyclopedia of Life (en anglais seulement), Version 7.0, NatureServe, Arlington (Virginie). (Consulté en octobre 2008).

Nicholson, J., comm. pers. 2009. Communications par téléphone et par courriel en août et septembre 2009, biologiste principal des espèces en péril, Alberta Fish and Game Department, Medicine Hat (Alberta).

Nicholson, K.L., W.B. Ballard, B.K. McGee et H.A. Whitlaw. 2007. Dispersal and extraterritorial movements of swift foxes (Vulpes velox) in northwestern Texas, Western North American Naturalist 67:102–108.

Nowak, R.M. 1999. Walker’s Mammals of the World, sixième édition, 2 volumes, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore (Maryland), 2015 p.

Odell, E. 2008. Status of swift fox activities in Colorado, 2007, p. 1–2, in B. Krueger et M. Ewald (éd.), Swift Fox Conservation Team: Report for 2007, Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Laramie (Wyoming).

Olsen, P.F. 1981. Sylvatic plague, p. 232–243, in J.W. Davis, L.H. Karstad et D.O. Trainer (éd.), Infectious Diseases of Wild Animals, 2e édition, Iowa State Press, Ames (Iowa).

Olson, T.L. 2000. Population characteristics, habitat selection patterns, and diet of swift foxes in southeast Wyoming, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, University of Wyoming, Laramie (Wyoming), 139 p.

Olson, T.L., et F.G. Lindzey. 2002. Swift fox survival and production in southeastern Wyoming, Journal of Mammalogy 83:199–206.

Olson, T.L., J.S. Dieni et F.G. Lindzey. 1997. Swift fox survey evaluation, productivity, and survivorship in southeast Wyoming, Wyoming Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Laramie (Wyoming), 30 p.

Pechacek, P., F.G. Lindzey et S.H. Andersen. 2000. Home range size and spatial organization of swift fox Vulpes velox (Say, 1823) in southeastern Wyoming, Zeitschrift fur Saugetierkunde 65:209–215.

Prairie Conservation Action Plan (PCAP) Partnership. 2003. Saskatchewan Prairie Conservation Action Plan 2003–2008, Canadian Plains Research Centre, University of Regina, Regina (Saskatchewan), 46 p.

Pruss, S.D. 2002. Ecology of coyotes (Canis latrans) in Elk Island National Park, Alberta, Canada, thèse de doctorat, University of Alberta, Edmonton (Alberta).

Pruss, S.D. 1999. Selection of natal dens by swift fox (Vulpes velox) on the Canadian prairies, Canadian Journal of Zoology 77:646–652.

Pruss, S.D. 1994. An observational natal den study of wild swift fox (Vulpes velox) on the Canadian Prairie, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary (Alberta), 214 p.

Pruss, S.D., P. Fargey et A. Moehrenschlager. 2008. Programme de rétablissement du renard véloce (Vulpes velox) au Canada, préparé en consultation avec l’équipe canadienne de rétablissement du renard véloce, série de Programmes de rétablissement en vertu de la Loi sur les espèces en péril, Agence Parcs Canada, Ottawa (Ontario), vi + 28 p.

Pybus, M.J., et E.S. Williams. 2003. A review of parasites and diseases of wild swift fox, p. 231–236, in M.A. Sovada et L.N. Carbyn (éd.), The Swift Fox: Ecology and Conservation of the Swift Fox in a Changing World. Canadian Plains Research Centre, University of Regina, Regina (Saskatchewan).

Rand, A.L. 1948. Mammals of the eastern Rockies and western plains of Canada, Bulletin No. 108, Biological Series No. 35, Musée national du Canada, Ottawa (Ontario), 237 p.

Registre public de la Loi sur les espèces en péril (LEP). 2008. Profil d’espèce : le renard véloce, Environnement Canada, Ottawa (Ontario). (Consulté en octobre 2008).

Reid, R. 2006. Peterson Field Guide to Mammals of North America, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, New York (New York), 608 p.

Reynolds, J.L., L.N. Carbyn, M. Nietfeld, H. Armbruster, S. Herrero et C. Mamo. 1991. Food habits of swift foxes (Vulpes velox) in release programs in Alberta and Saskatchewan, rapport inédit, 26 p.

Riley, S.J., G.M. Nesslage et B.A. Maurer. 2004. Dynamics of early wolf and cougar eradication efforts in Montana: implications for conservation, Biological Conservation 119:575–579.

Robinson, W.B. 1961. Population changes of carnivores in some coyote–control areas, Journal of Mammalogy 42:510–515.

Rohwer, S.A., et D.L. Kilgore, Jr. 1973. Interbreeding in the arid–land foxes, Vulpes velox and V. macrotis, Systematic Zoology 22:157–165.

R.C. Rosatte 1988. Rabies in Canada: history, epidemiology and control, Canadian Veterinary Journal 29:362–365.

Roy, L.D., et M.J. Dorrance. 1985. Coyote movements, habitat use, and vulnerability in central Alberta, Journal of Wildlife Management 49:307–313.

Salkeld, D.J., R.J. Eisen, P. Stapp, A.P. Wilder, J. Lowell, D.W. Tripp, D. Albertson et M.F. Antolin. 2007. The potential role of swift foxes (Vulpes velox) and their fleas in plague outbreaks in prairie dogs, Journal of Wildlife Diseases 43:425–431.

Samson, F.B., F. Knopf et W.R. Ostlie. 2004. Great Plains ecosystems: past, present and future, Wildlife Society Bulletin 32:6–15.

Sargeant, A.B., R.J. Greenwood, M.A. Sovada et T.L. Shaffer. 1993. Distribution and Abundance of Predators that Affect Duck Production – Prairie Pothole Region, Resource Publication No. 194, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington D.C., 96 p.

Saskatchewan Conservation Data Centre (SCDC). 2003. Saskatchewan Activity Restriction Guidelines for Sensitive Species in Natural Habitats, Saskatchewan Conservation Data Centre, Fish and Wildlife Branch, Saskatchewan Environment, Regina (Saskatchewan), 5 p.

Saskatchewan Department of Tourism and Renewable Resources. 1978. COSEWIC Status Report on the Swift Fox Vulpes velox in Canada, Comité sur le statut des espèces menacées de disparition au Canada, Ottawa (Ontario), 7 p.

Saskatchewan Environment. 2006. Saskatchewan Representative Areas Network, Progress Report 2005, gouvernement de la Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan Environment, Regina (Saskatchewan), 7 p.

Sauchyn, D.J., E.M. Barrow, R.F. Hopkinson et P.R. Leavitt. 2002. Aridity on the Canadian plains, Géographie Physique et Quarternaire 56:247–259.

Say, T. 1823. Account of an expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains : performed in the years 1819 and 1820, by order of the Hon, J.C. Calhoun, sec’y of war, under the command of Major Stephen H. Long : from the notes of Major Long, Mr. T. Say, and other gentlemen of the exploring party compiled by Edwin James, botanist and geologist for the expedition; in two vols.

SCDC (Saskatchewan Conservation Data Centre). 2008. Taxa List for Vertebrates, Saskatchewan Conservation Data Centre, Fish and Wildlife Branch, Saskatchewan Environment, Regina (Saskatchewan), 38 p.

Schauster, E.R. 2001. Swift fox (Vulpes velox) on the Piñon Canyon Maneuver Site, Colorado: population ecology and evaluation of survey methods, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, Utah State University, Logan (Utah).

Schauster, E.R., E.M. Gese et A.M. Kitchen. 2002. Population ecology of swift foxes (Vulpes velox) in southeastern Colorado, Canadian Journal of Zoology 80:307–319.

Schroeder, C.A. 1985. A preliminary management plan for securing swift fox reintroductions into Canada, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, Faculty of Environmental Design, University of Calgary, Calgary (Alberta), 211 p.

Scott–Brown, J.M., S. Herrero et J. Reynolds. 1987. Swift fox, p. 433–441, in M. Novak, J.A. Baker, M.E. Obbard et B. Malloch (éd.), Wild Furbearer Management and Conservation in North America, ministère des Richesses naturelles de l’Ontario, Toronto (Ontario).

Seton, E.T. 1909. Life Histories of the Northern Mammals: Account of the Mammals of Manitoba, Volume II – Flesh Eaters, Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York (New York), 1267 p.

Sissons, R.A., K.L. Scalise et T.I. Wellicome. 2001. Nocturnal foraging and habitat use by male burrowing owls in a heavily–cultivated region of southern Saskatchewan, Journal of Raptor Research 35:304–309.

Smeeton, C. 2006. Re–introduction of swift fox to the Blackfeet Confederacy Tribal Lands of western North America: three programs, three realities, Re–introduction News 25:33–35.

Smeeton, C., et K. Weagle. 2000. The reintroduction of the swift fox Vulpes velox to South Central Saskatchewan, Oryx 34:171–179.

Smeeton, C., K. Weagle et S.S. Waters. 2003. Captive breeding of the swift fox at the Cochrane Ecological Institute, Alberta, p. 199–206, in M.A. Sovada et L.N. Carbyn (éd.), Swift Fox: Ecology and Conservation of Swift Foxes in a Changing World, Canadian Plains Research Centre, University of Regina, Regina (Saskatchewan).

Soper, J.D. 1964. The Mammals of Alberta, Hamly Press Ltd., Edmonton (Alberta), 402 p.

Sovada, M.A., C.C. Roy, J.B. Bright et J.R. Gillis. 1998. Causes and rates of mortality of swift foxes in western Kansas, Journal of Wildlife Management 62:1300–1306.

Sovada, M.A., C.C. Roy et D.J. Telesco. 2001. Seasonal food habits of swift fox (Vulpes velox) in cropland and rangeland landscapes in western Kansas, American Midland Naturalist 145:101–111.

Sovada, M.A., C.C. Slivinski et R.O. Woodward. 2003. Home range, habitat use, pup dispersal and litter sizes of swift foxes in western Kansas, p. 149–159, in M.A Sovada et L.N. Carbyn (éd.), Swift Fox: Ecology and Conservation of Swift Foxes in a Changing World, Canadian Plains Research Centre, University of Regina, Regina (Saskatchewan).

Stephens, R.M., et S.H. Anderson. 2005. Swift Fox (Vulpes velox): A Technical Conservation Assessment, préparé pour le USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Species Conservation Project, Wyoming Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Wyoming, Laramie (Wyoming).

Stromberg, M.R., et M.S. Boyce. 1986. Systematics and Conservation of the Swift fox, Vulpes velox, in North America, Biological Conservation 35:97–110.

Tannerfeldt, M., A. Moehrenschlager et A. Angerbjörn. 2003. Den ecology of swift, kit, and Arctic foxes: a review, p. 167–181, in M.A. Sovada et L.N. Carbyn (éd.), The Swift Fox: Ecology and Conservation of Swift Foxes in a Changing World, Canadian Prairie Research Centre, University of Regina, Regina (Saskatchewan).

Thomas, R.E., M.L. Beard, T.J. Quan, L.G. Carter, A.M. Barnes et C.E. Hopla. 1989. Experimentally induced plague infection in the northern grasshopper mouse (Onychomys leucogaster) acquired by consumption of infected prey, Journal of Wildlife Diseases 25:477–480.

Thornton, W.A., et G.C. Creel. 1975. The taxonomic status of kit foxes, Texas Journal of Science 26:127–136.

Thwaites, R.G. 1905. Early Western Travels, 1748–1846, Microcard Editions, Washington D.C. (Publié en 30 volumes de 1904 à 1907 par la A.H. Clark Company, Cleveland [Ohio]).

Timm, S. F., J.M. Stokely, T.B. Gehr, R.L. Peebles et D.K. Garcelon. 2000. Investigation into the decline of island foxes on Santa Catalina Island, rapport préparé pour le Ecological Restoration Department, Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, Institute for Wildlife Studies, Avalon (Californie), États-Unis.

Union internationale pour la conservation de la nature (UICN). 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (en anglais seulement). (Consulté en octobre 2008).

UICN. 2008. Standards and Petitions Working Group de l’UICN. Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria (en anglais seulement) (PDF; 432 Ko), version 7.0, préparé par le Standards and Petitions Working Group du Biodiversity Assessments Sub–Committee de la Commission de la sauvegarde des espèces de l’UICN en août 2008.

Underwood, L.S., et J.A. Mosher. 1982. Arctic fox, p. 491–503, in J.A. Chapman et G.A. Feldhamer (éd.), Wild Mammals of North America, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore (Maryland).

United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 2001. Annual notice of findings on recycled petitions, Federal Register 66:1295–1300.

Uresk, D.W., et J.C. Sharps. 1986. Denning habitat and diet of the swift fox in western South Dakota, The Great Basin Naturalist 46:249–253.

Wayne, R.K., et S.J. O’Brien. 1987. Allozyme divergence within the Canidae, Systematic Zoology 36:339–355.

Whitaker Hoagland, J. 1997. A review of literature related to swift fox habitat use, p. 113–125, in B. Gidding (éd.), Swift Fox Conservation Team: 1997 Annual Report, Colorado Division of Wildlife, Denver (Colorado).

Wissler, C., et D.C. Duvall. 1995. Mythology of the Blackfoot Indians, A.B. Kehoe (éd), University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln (Nebraska), 172 p.

Woodroffe, R., et J.R. Ginsberg. 1999. Conserving the African wild dog Lycaon pictus I. Diagnosing and treating causes of decline, Oryx 33:132–142.

Wooley, T.P., F.G. Lindzey et R. Rothwell. 1995. Swift fox surveys in Wyoming – Annual Report, p. 61–76, in S.H. Allen, J. Whitaker Hoagland et E. Dowd Stukel (éd.), rapport au Swift Fox Conservation Team 1995, North Dakota Game and Fish Department, Bismarck (Dakota du Nord).

Zimmerman, A.L. 1998. Reestablishment of swift fox (Vulpes velox) in northcentral Montana, thèse de maîtrise ès sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman (Montana), 44 p.

Zimmerman, A.L., L. Irby et B. Giddings. 2003. The status and ecology of swift foxes in north central Montana, p. 49–59, in M.A. Sovada et L.N. Carbyn (éd.), The Swift Fox: Ecology and Conservation of Swift Foxes in a Changing World, Canadian Plains Research Centre, University of Regina, Regina (Saskatchewan).

Zrzavỳ, J., et V. Řičánková . 2004. Phylogeny of recent Canidae (Mammalia, Carnivora): relative reliability and utility of morphological and molecular datasets, Zoologica Scripta 33:311–333.

Zumbaugh, D.M., J.R. Choate et L.B. Fox. 1985. Winter food habits of the swift fox on the central high plains, Prairie Naturalist 17:41–47.