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Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin.University of Wisconsin Press. Madison Wisconsin.

Carlson, D.M. et P.S. Bonislawsky.1981. The paddlefish (Polyodon spathula) fisheries of the Midwestern United States. Fisheries 6 (2):17-27.

Cavender, T.M. 1987. Archeological sites:a window to the past for the Lake Erie basin fish fauna. Ohio Journal of Science 89:2.

COSEPAC (Comité sur la situation des espèces en péril au Canada). 2000. COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Paddlefish Polyodon spathula in Canada. Comité sur la situation des espèces en péril au Canada. Ottawa. vi + 9 pp

Crance, J.H. 1987. Habitat suitability index curves for paddlefish, developed by the Delphi technique.North American Journal of Fisheries Management 7:123-130.

Etnier, D.A. et W.C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee. 681 pages.

Graham, K. 1997. Contemporary status of the North American paddlefish, Polyodon spathula.Environmental Biology of Fishes 48:279-289.

Halkett, A. 1913. Check list of the fishes of the Dominion of Canada and Newfoundland. King’s Printer. Ottawa, Ontario.

Hubbs, C.L., K.F. Lagler et G.R. Smith. 2004. Fishes of the Great Lakes region. Revised Edition. The University of Michigan Press. Ann Arbor. 276 pages.

Jennings, C.A. et S.J. Zigler. 2000. Ecology and biology of paddlefish in North America: historical perspectives, management approaches, and research priorities. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 10:167-181.

Lein, G.M. et D.R. DeVries. 1998. Paddlefish in the Alabama River drainage: population characteristics and the adult spawning migration.Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 127: 441-454.

Mandrak, N. E. et E. J. Crossman. 1992. A checklist of Ontario freshwater fishes

annotated with distribution maps.Royal Ontario Museum Publications in Life

Sciences. v + 176 pp.

Mero, S.W., D.W. Willis et G.J. Power.1994. Walleye and sauger predation on paddlefish in Lake Sakakawea, North Dakota. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 14: 226-227.

Mims, S.D. 2001. Aquaculture of paddlefish in the United States. Aquatic Living Resources 14:391-398.

Moen, C.T., D.L. Scarnecchia et J.S. Ramsey. 1992. Paddlefish movements and habitat use in Pool 13 of the upper Mississippi River during abnormally low river stages and discharges.North American Journal of Fisheries Management 12: 744-751.

NatureServe. 2006. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [application web]. Version 5.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginie. Accessible à : (Accès : 23 juillet 2006).

Page, L. M. et B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico.The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.

Parker, B. 1987. COSEPAC status report on the paddlefish Polyodon spathula in Canada. Comité sur la situation des espèces en péril au Canada. Ottawa. 16 pages.

Parker, B.J. 1988. Status of the paddlefish, Polyodon spathula, in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 102(2): 291-295.

Pasch, R.W., P.A. Hackney et J.A. Holbrook.1980. Ecology of paddlefish in Old Hickory Reservoir, Tennessee, with emphasis on first-year life history. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 109(2): 157-167.

Purkett, C.A., Jr. 1961. Reproduction and early development of the paddlefish. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 90(2): 125-129.

Rosen, R.A., D.C. Hales et D.G. Unkenholz. 1982. Biology and exploitation of paddlefish in the Missouri River below Gavins Point Dam. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 111:216-222.

Russell, T.R. 1986. Biology and life history of the paddlefish – a review. In:Dillard, J.G., L.K. Graham, and T.R. Russell (éd.), The Paddlefish: Status, Management and Propagation.American Fisheries Society, North Central Division, Special Publication 7, Bethesda, Maryland, pp 2-21.

Southall, P.D. et W.A. Hubert. 1984. Habitat use by adult paddlefish in the upper Mississippi River.Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 113: 125-131.

Trautman, M.B. 1957. The fishes of Ohio.Ohio State University Press. Columbus, Ohio.

Trautman, M.B. 1981. The fishes of Ohio.Ohio State University Press. Columbus, Ohio.

Van Meter, H.D. et M.B. Trautman. 1970. An annotated list of the fishes of Lake Erie and it’s tributary waters exclusive of the Detroit River. The Ohio Journal of Science 70(2): 65-78.

Wallus, R. 1986. Paddlefish reproduction in the Cumberland and Tennessee River systems. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 115: 424-428.

Yoder, C.O., E.T., Rankin, M.A. Smith., B.C. Alsdorf, D.J., Altfater, C.E., Boucher, R.J., Miltner, D.E., Mishne, R.E. Sanders et R.F. Thoma. 2005. Changes in fish assemblage status in Ohio’s nonwadeable rivers and streams over two decades. Pages 399-430. in J.N. Rinne, R.M. Hughes et B. Calamusso, éditeurs.Historical changes in large river fish assemblages of the Americas. American Fisheries Society Symposium 45, Bethesda, Maryland.